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How to model stuff with exp and power functions

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7 Modeling with

Exponential & Power

Functions

p. 509

line, 2 points determine an

exponential curve.

y=abx whose graph goes thru

(1,6) & (3,24)

Substitute the coordinates into y=ab x to

get 2 equations.

1. 6=ab1

2. 24=ab3

Then solve the system:

y=abx whose graph goes thru

(1,6) & (3,24) (continued)

1. 6=ab1 a=6/b

2. 24=(6/b) b3

24=6b2

4=b2

2=b

a= 6/b = 6/2 = 3

So the function is

Y=32x

y=abx whose graph goes thru

(-1,.0625) & (2,32)

.0625=ab-1

32=ab2

(.0625)=a/b

b(.0625)=a

32=[b(.0625)]b2

32=.0625b3

512=b3

y=1/2 8x

points, you can decide whether

an exponential model fits the

points by plotting the natural

logarithms of the y values

against the x values. If the

new points (x, lny) fit a linear

pattern, then the original points

(x,y) fit an exponential pattern.

(x, lny)

(-2, -1.38) (-1, -.69) (0,0) (1, .69)

Finding a model.

Cell phone subscribers 1988-1997

t= # years since 1987

1.6

2.7

4.4

6.4

lny

10

0.47 0.99 1.48 1.86 2.19 2.59 2.96 3.34 3.64 3.89

be a good fit.

(2, .99) & (9, 3.64)

m= 3.64 - .99 = 2.65 = .379

92

7

(y - .99) = .379 (x 2)

y - .99 = .379x - .758

y = .379x + .233 LINEAR MODEL FOR (t,lny)

The y values were lns & xs were t so:

lny = .379t + .233 now solve for y

elny = e.379t + .233

exponentiate both sides

y = (e.379t)(e.233)

properties of exponents

y = (e.233)(e.379t)

Exponential model

y = (e.233)(e.379t)

y = 1.26 1.46t

calculator that performs

exponential regression to do

this also. It uses all the

original data.

Input into L1 and L2

and push exponential

regression

L1 & L2 here

Then edit & enter

the data. 2nd quit to

get out.

Exp regression is 10

So the calculators exponential

equation is

y = 1.3 1.46t

which is close to what we found!

y = axb

Only 2 points are

needed

(2,5) & (6,9)

5 = a 2b

9 = a 6b

a = 5/2b

9 = (5/2b)6b

9 = 53b

1.8 = 3b

log31.8 = log33b

.535 b

a = 3.45

y = 3.45x.535

data points if:

(lnx,lny) fit a linear pattern

Then (x,y) will fit a power pattern

See Example #5, p. 512

the calculator to write a model for data.

Assignment

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