You are on page 1of 16

# 8.

7 Modeling with
Exponential & Power
Functions
p. 509

## Just like 2 points determine a

line, 2 points determine an
exponential curve.

## Write an Exponential function,

y=abx whose graph goes thru
(1,6) & (3,24)
Substitute the coordinates into y=ab x to
get 2 equations.
1. 6=ab1
2. 24=ab3
Then solve the system:

## Write an Exponential function,

y=abx whose graph goes thru
(1,6) & (3,24) (continued)

1. 6=ab1 a=6/b
2. 24=(6/b) b3

24=6b2
4=b2
2=b

a= 6/b = 6/2 = 3

So the function is
Y=32x

## Write an Exponential function,

y=abx whose graph goes thru
(-1,.0625) & (2,32)
.0625=ab-1
32=ab2

(.0625)=a/b
b(.0625)=a

32=[b(.0625)]b2
32=.0625b3
512=b3

y=1/2 8x

## When you are given more than 2

points, you can decide whether
an exponential model fits the
points by plotting the natural
logarithms of the y values
against the x values. If the
new points (x, lny) fit a linear
pattern, then the original points
(x,y) fit an exponential pattern.

## (-2, ) (-1, ) (0, 1) (1, 2)

(x, lny)
(-2, -1.38) (-1, -.69) (0,0) (1, .69)

Finding a model.
Cell phone subscribers 1988-1997
t= # years since 1987

1.6

2.7

4.4

6.4

lny

10

## 8.9 13.1 19.3 28.2 38.2 48.7

0.47 0.99 1.48 1.86 2.19 2.59 2.96 3.34 3.64 3.89

be a good fit.

## Use 2 points to write the linear equation.

(2, .99) & (9, 3.64)
m= 3.64 - .99 = 2.65 = .379
92
7
(y - .99) = .379 (x 2)
y - .99 = .379x - .758
y = .379x + .233 LINEAR MODEL FOR (t,lny)
The y values were lns & xs were t so:
lny = .379t + .233 now solve for y
elny = e.379t + .233
exponentiate both sides
y = (e.379t)(e.233)
properties of exponents
y = (e.233)(e.379t)
Exponential model

y = (e.233)(e.379t)

y = 1.26 1.46t

## You can use a graphing

calculator that performs
exponential regression to do
this also. It uses all the
original data.
Input into L1 and L2
and push exponential
regression

L1 & L2 here
Then edit & enter
the data. 2nd quit to
get out.

Exp regression is 10
So the calculators exponential
equation is
y = 1.3 1.46t
which is close to what we found!

## Modeling with POWER functions

y = axb
Only 2 points are
needed
(2,5) & (6,9)
5 = a 2b
9 = a 6b

a = 5/2b
9 = (5/2b)6b
9 = 53b
1.8 = 3b
log31.8 = log33b
.535 b
a = 3.45
y = 3.45x.535

## You can decide if a power model fits

data points if:
(lnx,lny) fit a linear pattern
Then (x,y) will fit a power pattern
See Example #5, p. 512

## You can also use power regression on

the calculator to write a model for data.

Assignment