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• Where do most volcanoes form? form at this location? Why would they • What is

Where do most volcanoes form? form at this location?

Why would they

What is the relationship between the locations of earthquakes and volcanoes?

Look at #9. What is different? How would a volcano form here?

• Where do most volcanoes form? form at this location? Why would they • What is
What is a volcano? A vent or fissure in Earth’s surface through which magma and gases

What is a volcano?

What is a volcano? A vent or fissure in Earth’s surface through which magma and gases

A vent or fissure in Earth’s surface through which magma and gases are expelled

Lava vs. Magma

o Magma: liquid rock produced under Earth’s surface

o Lava: magma that flows onto Earth’s surface

What is a volcano? A vent or fissure in Earth’s surface through which magma and gases

Where do volcanoes form?

Where do volcanoes form? • Subduction zones o Convergent boundary • Divergent boundaries Hot Spots •

Subduction zones o Convergent boundary

Divergent boundaries

Hot Spots

Where do volcanoes form? • Subduction zones o Convergent boundary • Divergent boundaries Hot Spots •
Where do volcanoes form? • Subduction zones o Convergent boundary • Divergent boundaries Hot Spots •
Volcanoes at Subduction Zones Oceanic and Continental Collision • Oceanic plate is DENSER so it subducts
Volcanoes at Subduction
Zones
Oceanic and Continental
Collision
Oceanic plate is DENSER
so it subducts
Trench forms at boundary
Oceanic and Oceanic
Collision
Denser of the two plates
gets subducted
Continental plate buckles
and forms mountains on
the edge of the continent
Trench forms at boundary
Subducted plate melts
Oceanic plate melts
Magma rises to surface to
form volcanoes on LAND
Magma rises to surface to
form volcanoes on OCEAN
FLOOR
Creates island arcs (Chain
of volcanic islands)

Volcanoes at Divergent Boundaries

Volcanoes at Divergent Boundaries • Occur at Mid-Ocean Ridges • New crust forms as magma rises

Occur at Mid-Ocean Ridges

Volcanoes at Divergent Boundaries • Occur at Mid-Ocean Ridges • New crust forms as magma rises

New crust forms as magma rises to fill the gap created by diverging plates

Magma erupts to form volcanoes on SEA FLOOR

Most are unnoticed (deep underwater)

Example: Iceland

Volcanoes at Divergent Boundaries • Occur at Mid-Ocean Ridges • New crust forms as magma rises
Volcanoes at Hot Spots Hawaii • • Hot spot under Pacific Plate Hot spot: Magma rises
Volcanoes at Hot Spots
Hawaii
Hot spot under Pacific Plate
Hot spot: Magma rises
through the crust
Chain of volcanoes form as
plate moves over hot spot
Hawaii is the youngest
active volcanic island
Loihi will be next
Yellowstone
Hot spot under North
American plate
Chain of volcanoes form as
plate moves over hot spot
Last major eruption
640,000 years ago

Quiet

low

Quiet low quiet new explosive Explosive high

quiet

new
new

explosive

Explosive

high

Quiet low quiet new explosive Explosive high