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Topic presentation:

FAIR TRADE
Fair trade is a way of buying and selling products, so it is an
alternative to the convectional trade. It is also a method of fight
against the injustices caused by the conventional trade. The
conventional trade tends to discriminate and pressure the
poorest producers. These producers are often located in the
countries with more development difficulties.
I think it is an actual alternative to try to get a better world. So, the
question is: How can Fair trade help people?
The fair trade method is based in some principles. These principles
are standards that guarantee fair labour practices and environmental
regulations too.
Firstly, fair trade guarantees reasonable prices for goods. The
producers and farmers are promised minimum prices. In example, for
a regular chocolate bar, producers are usually paid $0.20. If the buyer
had been a fair trade company, the producer would have received
$0.24. That means a 20% more. This extra benefit may help local
companies to contribute and invest in health and educational
projects. On the other hand, producers can be paid before the harvest
in order to avoid bank credits.
Secondly, producers must assure fair working conditions. Workers
must have safe working conditions and living wages. In this sense, no
children work is allowed. As I am concern, this is one of the most
important advantages of this way of trade.
Other standards are the direct trade between producers and sellers.
Nowadays, the fact is convectional trade has a lot of middlemen that
cause too much cost, that sometimes are not necessary.

1. Democratic and transparent decisions. The groups of producers


must operate under democratic principles.
2. Environmental sustainability in production. In fair trade, only
sustainable agriculture practices are used. No genetically-modified
organisms are allowed.
I would like to highlight is that this type of trade is not charity or a
donation way. It is an actual way of selling products with profit, but
without pressing or damaging the producers.