You are on page 1of 10

Control Charts

For Variables
1. X - Bar Chart
2. R - Chart
3. S - Chart
4. X -Bar with S Chart
For Attributes
1. P - Chart
2. np - Chart
3. C - Chart
4. U - Chart

I and II.

X - Bar and R - Chart

The following is the data related to a manufacuting unit producing cutting


blades. Three sets of samples are collected each time for 15 times. Draw a
X-Bar and R-Chart for the data.
Sample
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

Set - 1

Set - 2

Set - 3

Total

41
78
84
60
46
64
43
37
50
57
24
78
51
41
56

70
53
34
36
47
16
53
43
29
83
42
48
57
29
64

22
68
48
25
29
56
64
30
57
32
39
39
50
35
36

133
199
166
121
122
136
160
110
136
172
105
165
158
105
156

X-Double
Bar =

X - Bar

X- Bar Chart

UCL =

X-- + A2 R-

R-Chart

UCL =

D4 R-

III.

LCL = X-- - A2RLCL =

CL =

D3 R-

S - CHART
LCL = B3 * S-

IV.

CL =

S-

UCL =

B4 * S-

X Bar Chart with S Chart


LCL =
CL =
Std. Dev

X-- - A3 * SX-=

16.95

UCL =

X-- + A3 * S-

R-Bar

X--

X-- + A3 * S-

Control Charts

For Attributes
1. P - Chart
2. np - Chart
3. C - Chart
4. U - Chart

P - Chart (Fixed Sample Size)

The following table shows the data related to number of defects in 10 samples of different
wheter the process is stable or not.

Sample
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

LCL =

No. of
Sample Size
Errors
3
100
2
100
1
100
2
100
1
100
3
100
3
100
2
100
1
100
2
100
Total FDs =

Fraction
Defective
0.03
0.02
0.01
0.02
0.01
0.03
0.03
0.02
0.01
0.02
0.2

P -Bar =

Total FDs /
Samples size =

SP-

(P- - 3SP-)

CL =

III.
LCL = (P- - 3SP-)

P - CHART (With Variable Sample


CL =

The following table shows the data related to number of defects in 10 samples of different
process is stable or not.

Sample

Defects

Sample Size

Fraction NonConforming

SP Bar

1
2
3

18
20
14

137
158
92

0.13
0.13
0.15

0.0257436444
0.0239718619
0.0314149518

122

0.05

0.0272803788

11

86

0.13

0.0324923472

22

187

0.12

0.02203482

7
8

6
9

156
117

0.04
0.08

0.0241250383
0.0278571948

14

110

0.13

0.0287298904

10

12

142

0.08

0.0252863497

Total =

132

1307
P-bar

0.1009946442

Control Charts

P - Chart (Fixed Sample Size)

cts in 10 samples of different Sample Sizes. Draw a P-Chart and comment

0.002

Sqrt (P Bar (1 - P Bar) / 100)

P-

UCL =

(P- + 3SP-)

HART (With Variable Sample Size)


P-

UCL =(P- + 3SP-)

cts in 10 samples of different Sample Sizes. Draw a P-Chart and comment wheter the

UCL

LCL

0.1782255774
0.17291023
0.1952394996

0.023763711
0.0290790584
0.0067497888

0.1828357805

0.0191535079

0.1984716859

0.0035176025

0.1670991044

0.0348901841

0.1733697592
0.1845662285

0.0286195292
0.01742306

Use P-Bar and SP Bar Values with Sample Size as 137

0.1871843153

0.0148049731

Similarly calculate the limits for all the other samples too

0.1768536932

0.0251355952

P - Bar = (Total Defects / Total Sample Size)

Control Limits for Sample-1

+ 3SP-)

+ 3SP-)

ent wheter the

Total Sample Size)

mits for Sample-1

ues with Sample Size as 137

ts for all the other samples too