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Timeline of Philippine history

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This is a timeline of Philippine history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and
political events in the Philippines and their predecessor states. To read about the background to
these events, see History of the Philippines. See also the list of Presidents of the Philippines.
This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy particular standards for
completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.
Centuries: 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th 21st

10th century[edit]
Year
900

Date

Event
End of prehistory. Laguna Copperplate Inscription, the earliest known Philippine
document, is written in the Manila area in Kawi script.
Rise of Indianized Kingdom of Tondo around Manila Bay.

Kingdom of Tondo - Tondo, (also referred to as Tundo, Tundun, Tundok, Lusung) was a fortified
kingdom which was located in the Manila Bay area, specifically north of the Pasig River, on
Luzon island. It is one of the settlements mentioned by the Philippines' earliest historical record,
the Laguna Copperplate Inscription. Originally an Indianized kingdom in the 10th century,
Tondo built upon and capitalized on being central to the long-existing ancient regional trading
routes throughout the archipelago to include among others, initiating diplomatic and commercial
ties with China during the Ming Dynasty. Thus it became an established force in trade
throughout Southeast Asia and East Asia. (See Lues). Tondo's regional prominence further
culminated during the period of its associated trade and alliance with Brunei's Sultan Bolkiah,
when around 1500 its peak age as a thalassocratic force in the northern archipelago was realized.
When the Spanish first arrived in Tondo in 1570 and defeated the local rulers in the Manila Bay
area in 1591, Tondo came under the administration of Manila (a Spanish fort built on the remains
of Kota Seludong), ending its existence as an independent state. This subjugated Tondo continues
to exist today as a district of the city of Manila.

11th century[edit]
Year
1000
1001

Date

Event
People from Central Vietnam called Orang Dampuan establish trade zones in
Sulu
Song Shih document records tributary delegation from the Buddhist Kingdom of
Butuan on March 17.

Kingdom of Butuan - The Kingdom of Butuan(Tagalog: Kahariang Butuan) ( in Chinese


records) was an ancient Indianized kingdom in pre-colonial southern Philippines centered on the
present Mindanao island city of Butuan. It was known for its mining of gold, its gold products
and its extensive trade network across the Nusantara area. The kingdom had trading relationships
with the ancient civilizations of Japan, China, India, Indonesia, Persia, Cambodia and areas now
comprised in Thailand The balangay (large outrigger boats) that have been found along the east
and west banks of the Libertad river(old Agusan River) have revealed much about Butuan's
history. As a result Butuan is considered to have been a major trading port in the Caraga region
during the pre-colonial era.

12th century[edit]
Year
1175

Date

Event
Kingdom of Namayan reaches its peak.

Kingdom of Namayan - The ancient Kingdom of Namayan (also called the Kingdom of Sapa,
Maysapan or Nasapan,[1] and sometimes Lamayan - both references to its capital) was one of
three major kingdoms that dominated the banks of the Pasig River and the coast of Laguna de
Bay in the Philippines prior to the Spanish conquest in the 16th century. Namayan is said to be
the oldest of the three kingdoms, predating the kingdoms of Tondo and Maynila. Formed by a
confederation of barangays, it is said to have achieved its peak in 1175.

13th century[edit]
Year
1240

Date

Event
Tuan Masha'ika, an Arab, travels and introduces Islam to Sulu.

Arab people - Arab people, also known as Arabs (Arabic: , arab), are a panethnicity
primarily living in the Arab world, which is located in Western Asia and North Africa. They are
identified as such on one or more of genealogical, linguistic, or cultural grounds, with tribal
affiliations, and intra-tribal relationships playing an important part of Arab identity. The word
"Arab" has had several different, but overlapping, meanings over the centuries (and sometimes
even today). In addition to including all Arabized people of the world (with language tending to
be the acid test), it has also at times been used exclusively for bedouin (Arab nomads [although a
related word, "`a-RAB," with the Arabic letter "alif" in the second syllable, once was sometimes
used when this specific meaning was intended] and their now almost entirely settled
descendants). It is sometimes used that way colloquially even today in some places.
Townspeople once were sometimes called "sons of the Arabs." As in the case of other ethnicities
or nations, people identify themselves (or are identified by others) as "Arabs" to varying degrees.
This may not be one's primary identity (it tends to compete with country, religion, sect, etc.), and
whether it is emphasized may depend upon one's audience. If the diverse Arab pan-ethnicity is
regarded as a single ethnic group, then it constitutes one of the world's largest after Han Chinese.
Islam - Islam (/slm/; Arabic: ,, al-Islm IPA: [lslm] ( listen)) is a monotheistic
and Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, a book considered by its adherents to be the
verbatim word of God (Arabic: Allh) and by the teachings and normative example (called the

Sunnah and composed of Hadith) of Muhammad, considered by them to be the last prophet of
God. An adherent of Islam is called a Muslim. Muslims believe that God is one and
incomparable and the purpose of existence is to love and serve God. Muslims also believe that
Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed at many times
and places before, including through Abraham, Moses and Jesus, whom they consider prophets.
They maintain that the previous messages and revelations have been partially misinterpreted or
altered over time, but consider the Arabic Qur'an to be both the unaltered and the final revelation
of God. Religious concepts and practices include the five pillars of Islam, which are basic
concepts and obligatory acts of worship, and following Islamic law, which touches on virtually
every aspect of life and society, providing guidance on multifarious topics from banking and
welfare, to warfare and the environment. Most Muslims are of two denominations, Sunni (75
90%),or Shia (1020%).About 13% of Muslims live in Indonesia, the largest Muslim-majority
country, 25% in South Asia,20% in the Middle East,[10] and 15% in Sub-saharan Africa.[11]
Sizable minorities are also found in Europe,China, Russia, and the Americas. Converts and
immigrant communities are found in almost every part of the world (see Islam by country). With
about 1.57 billion followers or 23% of earth's population,Islam is the second-largest religion and
one of the fastest-growing religions in the world. Sulu - Sulu (Tausg: , Sg),
(Chavacano:Provincia de Sl), (Filipino: Lalawigan ng Sulu) is an autonomous island province
of the Philippines located in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). Its capital
is Jolo and occupies the middle group of islands of the Sulu Archipelago, between Basilan and
Tawi-Tawi.

14th century[edit]
Year
1380
1400

Date

Event
Karim Al-Makhdum arrives in Jolo and builds a Mosque.
Birth of the Baybayin, Hanunoo, Tagbanwa, and Buhid scripts from Brahmi.

Makhdum Karim - Makhdum Karim was a 14th-century Arab trader who brought Islam to the
Philippines, in 1380. He established a mosque in Sulu, known as Sheik Karimal Makdum
Mosque which is the oldest mosque in the country.
This biographical article about a person notable in connection with Islam
is a stub.
This biographical article about a Filipino religious figure is a stub.

15th century[edit]
Year
1457

Date

Event
Sultanate of Sulu founded by Sharif Al-Hashim.[1]

Sultanate of Sulu - The Sultanate of Sulu Dar al-Islam[note 1] (Jawi: , ) was an


Islamic Tausg[note 2] state that ruled over many of the islands of the Sulu Sea, in the southern
Philippines and certain portions of present-day Sabah (then North Borneo) specifically "northwest coast and extending along the whole east coast as far as the Sibuco River in the south and

comprising amongst others the States of Paitan, Sugut, Bangaya, Labuk, Sandakan, Kina
Batangan, Mumiang, and all the other territories and states to the southward thereof bordering on
Darvel Bay and as far as the Sibuco river with all the islands within three marine leagues of the
coast."[2] The sultanate was founded in 1457[note 3] by a Johore-born Arab explorer and
religious scholar Sayyid Abu Bakr Abirin[note 4] after he settled in Banua Buansa Ummah
(ummah is an Arabic term for "community"), Sulu. After the marriage of Abu Bakr and local
dayang-dayang (princess) Paramisuli, he founded the sultanate and assumed the title Paduka
Mahasari Maulana al Sultan Sharif ul-Hshim. The Sultanate's temporal power was relinquished
in March 1915 after American commanders negotiated with Sultan Jamalul Kiram on behalf of
then-Governor-General Francis Burton Harrison. An agreement was subsequently signed and
was called as the "Carpenter Agreement". By this agreement, the Sultan relinquished all temporal
power over territory within the Philippines (except for certain specific land granted to Sultan
Jamalul Kiram and his heirs), but retained his rights of sovereignty over the territory of North
Borneo and his religious authority as titular head of the Islamic Church in Sulu.

16th century[edit]
Year
1500
1521

Date

March 16
March 28
March 29
March 31
April 7
April 27
1525
1526
1527
1529
1536
1543
February
2
1565 February
13
8 May

Event
Rise of Kingdom of Maynila under the Bolkiah dynasty
Ferdinand Magellan lands on Homonhon with three small ships, named the
Concepcion, Trinidad and Victoria. Magellan calls the place the Arcigelago de
San Lazaro since March 16 is the feast day of Saint Lazarus
Magellan reaches the Philippines
Blood Compact between Magellan and Rajah Kulambo of Limasawa
The first mass on Philippine soil is celebrated.
Magellan meets Rajah Humabon of Cebu and enters into another Blood
Compact. Humabon and his wife are baptized into the Catholic Church.
Magellan is killed by Lapu-Lapu in the battle of Mactan.
Spain sends an expedition under Juan Garcia Jofre de Loaysa to the
Philippines. The Loaysa Expedition failed
Spain sends another expedition under Juan Cabot to the Philippines. The Cabot
Expedition also failed
Spain sends a fourth expedition under Alvaro de Saavedra to the Philippines.
Saavedra's expedition returns to Spain without Saavedra who died on the way
home.
The Loaysa expedition returns to Spain. One of its survivors is Andres de
Urdaneta, its chronicler.
Spain sends a fifth expedition under Ruy Lpez de Villalobos to the
Philippines. The Expedition succeeds
Villalobos arrives in the Philippines and names the islands of Samar and Leyte
as Las Islas Filipinas in honor of the crown prince of Spain, Philip of Asturias
Miguel Lpez de Legazpi arrives in the Philippines with four ships and 380
men
Legazpi established the first permanent Spanish settlement in the country

1567
1568
1570
1571

1572
1574

1575

1579
1580

1582
1583
1584
1585
1587
1589
1590

1592
1593

1595

Philippines was governed as a territory of the Viceroyalty of New Spain.


Dagami Revolt (1567)[2][3][4][5][6]
The Portuguese, under the command of General Gonzalo de Pereira, attack
Cebu and blockade its port.
The Portuguese again attack the colony and are repulsed.
May
Legaspi sends an expedition under the leadership of Martin de Goiti to Manila.
19 May The ruler of Manila, Rajah Suliman, wages war against the Spaniards
Legaspi establishes the Spanish Colonial Government in Manila and proclaims
June 24
it the capital of the colony
Legazpi dies and Guido de Lavezaris succeeds him as Governor-General
August 20
(15721575)
November
The Chinese pirate captain Limahong attacks Manila but fails
23
December Limahong again attacks Manila with 1500 soldiers but again fails to defeat the
2
Spaniards
December Lakandula leads a short revolt against the Spanish.[2][3][4][5][6]
Ciudad de Nueva Cceres(later renamed as Naga City) established by Captain
Pedro de Sanchez
August 25 Francisco de Sande appointed Governor-General (15751580)
Diocese of Manila established
April
Gonzalo Ronquillo de Pealoza appointed Governor-General (15801583)
King Philip II of Spain becomes King of Portugal, ending the Portuguese
harassment of the Philippines
The Spaniards institute forced labor on all male natives aged 16 to 60.
Battles take place between Spanish forces and Japanese Ronin
March 10 Diego Ronquillo appointed Governor-General (15831584)
August
A great fire destroys Manila
16 May Santiago de Vera appointed Governor-General (15841590)
Pampangos Revolt (1585)[2][3][4][5][6]
Conspiracy of the Maharlikas (15871588)[2][3][4][5][6]
Revolts Against the Tribute (1589)[2][3][4][5][6]
Missionaries from the Society of Jesus established the Colegio de Manila in
Intramuros.[7][8][9]
June 1
Gmez Prez Dasmarias appointed Governor-General (15901593)
Miguel de Benavides's Doctrina Christiana in Chinese published
Doctrina Christiana in Spanish and Tagalog published
October Pedro de Rojas appointed Governor-General (1593)
December
Luis Prez Dasmarias appointed Governor-General (15931596)
3
Diocese of Manila raised to an Archbishopric
Diocese of Nueva Segovia established.
Diocese of Caceres established.
Diocese of Cebu established.

1596
July 14
1598
1600

Colegio de San Ildefonso founded in Cebu


Magalat Revolt (1596)[2][3][4][5][6]
Francisco de Tello de Guzmn appointed Governor-General (15961602)
Colegio de Santa Potenciana, the first school for girls in the Philippines,
established[7][10][11][12]
Pedro Bucaneg inscribes the oral epic Biag ni Lam-ang

17th century[edit]
Year
1600

Date

Event
The Dutch attacks the archipelago in a tactical offensive during the European
war between Spain and the Netherlands
Bandala System is formed by the Spanish Colonial Government
The Galleon trade between Manila and Acapulco, Mexico begins.
1601
Igorot Revolt (1601).[2][3][4][5][6]
August 1 Colegio de San Jose is established[7][13][14][15]
1602
Chinese revolt of 1602[2][3][4][5][6]
May
Pedro Bravo de Acua appointed Governor-General (16021606).
Cristbal Tllez de Almanza appointed Governor-General (16061608) by the
1606 June 24
Audiencia Real.
1608 June 15 Rodrigo de Vivero y Velasco appointed Governor-General (16081609).
1609 April
Juan de Silva appointed Governor-General (16091616).
University of Santo Tomas established as the Colegio de Nuestra Seora del
1611 April 28
Santsimo Rosario (later renamed the Colegio de Santo Tomas).[7][16][17]
Andrs Alcaraz appointed Governor-General (16161618) by the Audiencia
1616 April 19
Real.
1618 July 3
Alonso Fajardo de Entenza appointed Governor-General (16181624).
University of Santo Tomas, then known as Colegio de Nuestra Seora del
1619
Santissimo Rosario, recognized by the Holy See.[16][17]
Colegio de San Juan de Letran established as the Colegio de Huerfanos de San
1620
Pedro y San Pablo.[7][18][19][20]
1621
The Colegio de Manila raised to the status of a University and renamed as the
Universidad de San Ignacio by Pope Gregory XV.[7][9]
Tamblot Revolt (16211622)[2][3][4][5][6]
Bankaw Revolt (16211622)[2][3][4][5][6]
1624
Jeronimo de Silva appointed Governor-General (16241625) by the Audiencia
July
Real.
July
Fernando de Silva appointed Governor-General (16241626).
1625
Isneg Revolt (16251627)[2][3][4][5][6]
1626 June 29 Juan Nio de Tabora appointed Governor-General (16261632).
University of Santo Tomas, then Colegio de Santo Tomas, authorized to confer
1627
degrees by Pope Urban VIII.[16][17]
1632 July 22
Lorenzo de Olaza appointed Governor-General (16321633) by the Audiencia

Real.
Colegio de Santa Isabel established[7][21][22]
1633 August 29 Juan Cerezo de Salamanca appointed Governor-General (16321635).
1635 June 25 Sebastin Hurtado de Corcuera appointed Governor-General (16351644).
1639
Cagayan Revolt (1639)[2][3][4][5][6]
Universidad de San Felipe de Austria established as the first Public University
1640
in the Philippines[7][23]
1643
Universidad de San Felipe de Austria closed down[7][23]
Ladia Revolt (1643)[2][3][4][5][6]
1644 August 11 Diego Fajardo Chacn appointed Governor-General (16441653).
1645
The Colegio de Santo Tomas raised to the status of a university and renamed as
University of Santo Tomas by Pope Innocent X, upon the request of King
Philip IV of Spain.[16][17]
Zambales Revolt (1645)[2][3][4][5][6]
Pampanga Revolt (1645)[2][3][4][5][6]
1647
Dutch besieged the Spanish in the Battle of Puerto de Cavite.
1649
Sumuroy Revolt (164950)[2][3][4][5][6]
Pintados Revolt (164950)[2][3][4][5][6]
1653 July 25
Sabiniano Manrique de Lara appointed Governor-General (16531663).
1660
Zambal Revolt (1660)[2][3][4][5][6]
Maniago Revolt (1660)[2][3][4][5][6]
Malong Revolt (16601661)[2][3][4][5][6]
1661
Ilocano Revolt (1661)[2][3][4][5][6]
1662
Chinese revolt of 1662[2][3][4][5][6]
1663 September
Diego de Salcedo appointed Governor-General (16631668).
8
Tapar Revolt (1663)[2][3][4][5][6]
September
1668
Juan Manuel de la Pea Bonifaz appointed Governor-General (16681669).
28
September
1669
Manuel de Len appointed Governor-General (16691677).
24
1677 September
Francisco Coloma appointed Governor-General (1677) by the Audiencia Real.
21
September Francisco Sotomayor y Mansilla appointed Governor-General (16771678) by
21
the Audiencia Real.
September
1678
Juan de Vargas y Hurtado appointed Governor-General (16781684).
28
University of Santo Tomas placed under Royal Patronage by King Charles II of
1680 12 May
Spain.[16][17]
1681
Sambal Revolt (16811683)[2][3][4][5][6]
1684 August 24 Gabriel de Curuzealegui y Arriola appointed Governor-General (16841689).
1686
Tingco plot (1686)
1689 April
Alonso de Avila Fuertes appointed Governor-General (16891690) by the

1690 July 25

Audiencia Real
Fausto Cruzat y Gongora appointed Governor-General (16901701).

18th century[edit]
Year

Date
Event
December
1701
Domingo Zablburu de Echevarri appointed Governor-General (17011709).
8
1709 August 25 Martn de Urzua y Arismendi appointed Governor-General (17091715).
Jose Torralba appointed Governor-General (17151717) by the Audiencia
1715 February 4
Real.
Fernando Manuel de Bustillo Bustamante y Rueda appointed Governor1717 August 9
General (17171719).
1718
Rivera Revolt (1718)[2][3][4][5][6]
1719 October Archbishop Francisco de la Cuesta of Manila becomes acting Governor11
General (17191721).
Caragay Revolt (1719)[2][3][4][5][6]
1721 August 6 Toribio Jos Cosio y Campo appointed Governor-General (17211729).
1722
Colegio de San Jose conferred with the title Royal.
1729 August 14 Fernndo Valds y Tamon appointed Governor-General (17291739).
1739 July
Gaspar de la Torre appointed Governor-General (17391745).
1744
Dagohoy Rebellion (17441829)
1745 September Archbishop Juan Arrechederra of Manila becomes acting Governor-General
21
(17451750).
Agrarian Revolt (17451746)[2][3][4][5][6]
1750 July 20
Jose Francisco de Obando y Solis appointed Governor-General (17501754).
1754
Mt Taal emits magma and destroys the towns of Lipa, Sala, Tanauan and
15 May
Talisay.
Pedro Manuel de Arandia Santisteban appointed Governor-General (1754
July 26
1759).
1759 June
Miguel Lino de Ezpeleta appointed Governor-General (17591761).
Archbishop Manuel Rojo del Rio y Vieyra of Manila Manilaappointed
1761 July
Governor-General (17611762).
1762
Silang Revolt (176263)
Palaris Revolt (17621765)
Camarines Revolt (17621764)
Cebu Revolt (17621764)
British forces looted and plundered many of Manila establishments through the
so-called Rape of Manila.
September
British fleet entered seizes Manila Bay as part of the Seven Years' War
22
October 5 Manila fell under the British rule; start of the British occupation.
October 6 Simn de Anda y Salazar appointed Governor-General (1762-17614) by the

Real Audiencia. Provisional Government established in Bacolor, Pampanga


with de Anda as dictator.
November The British East India Company commissioned The Rt Hon. Dawsonne Drake
2
became the first British governor-general of the Philippines until 1764.
1763
Dabo and Marayac Revolt (1763)
Isabela Revolt (1763).
February
Treaty of Paris implicitly returns Manila to Spain.
10
Deaths of Gabriela Silang, the only Filipina to have led a revolt, and her
28 May
husband Diego.
1764
de Anda hands over the control of the colonial government to Francisco Javier
March 17
de la Torre, newly appointed Governor-General (17641765)
The last of the British ships that sailed to Manila leaves the Philippines for
June 11
India, ending the British occupation.
1765
Royal Fiscal of Manila Don Francisco Landro de Viana writes the famous
letter to King Charles III of Spain, later called as "Viana Memorial of 1765".
February
The document advised the king to abandon the colony due to the economic and
10
social devastation created by the Seven Years' War. The suggestion was not
heeded.
July 6
Jos Antonio Ran y Gutirrez appointed Governor-General (17651770)
Governor Raon orders the minting of parallelogramic-shaped coins called
barrillas, the first coined minted in the Philippines.
The Society of Jesus in the Philippines is expelled by Ran after receiving a
dated later from Charles III's chief minister Don Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea
1769 July 23
on March 1, 1767. The Jesuit's Properties are confiscated by the Spanish
Colonial Government
1770 July
Simn de Anda y Salazar appointed Governor-General (17701776)
Moro pirates traveled all over the country and raids many fishing villages in
1771
Manila Bay, Mariveles, Paraaque, Pasay and Malate.
November
1774
Parishes secularized by order of King Charles III of Spain.
9
October
1776
Pedro de Sarrio appointed Governor-General (17761778)
30
1778 July
Jos Basco y Vargas appointed Governor-General (17781787)
Real Sociedad Economica de los Amigos del Pais de Filipinas (Royal
Economic Society of Friends of the Philippines) introduced in the Philippines
1780
to offer local and foreign scholarships and professorships to Filipinos, and
financed trips of scientists from Spain to the Philippines
Bishop Mateo Joaquin de Arevalo of Cebu establishes the Colegio-Seminario
de San Carlos(later renamed as the University of San Carlos) from the old
1783
building of the defunct Colegio de San Ildefonso, which was closed down in
1769 after the suppression of the Jesuits.
1785
Lagutao Revolt (1785).
20 May University of Santo Tomas granted Royal Title by King Charles III of Spain.[16]

[17]

September
Pedro de Sarrio appointed Governor-General (17871788)
22
1788
Ilocos Norte Revolt (1788).
April 2
Birth of the greatest Tagalog poet from Bulacan Francisco "Balagtas" Baltazar.
July 1
Flix Berenguer de Marquina appointed Governor-General (17881793)
September Rafael Mara de Aguilar y Ponce de Len appointed Governor-General (1793
1793
1
1806)
1787

19th century[edit]
Year
Date
Event
1805
Nueva Vizcaya Revolt (1805)
1806 August 7 Mariano Fernndez de Folgueras appointed Governor-General (18061810)
1807
Ambaristo Revolt (1807)
French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte installs his brother Joseph Bonaparte as
1808 May
King of Spain.
King Joseph Bonaparte gives Filipinos Spanish Citizenship and grants the
1809 January 22
colony representation in the Spanish Cortes
1810 March 4 Manuel Gonzalez de Aguilar appointed Governor-General (18061813)
1812 March 19 The Spanish Cortes promulgates the Cadiz Constitution
September The first Philippine delegates to the Spanish Cortes, Pedro Perez de Tagle and
24
Jose Manuel Coretto take their oath of office in Madrid, Spain.
1813 September
Jos Gardoqui Jaraveitia appointed Governor-General (18061816)
4
March 17 The Cadiz Constitution implemented in Manila
October
Napoleon is defeated in the Battle of the Nations near Leipzig
16
October British General Duke of Wellington drives the Napoleonic forces out of Spain
1814
Ferdinand VII proclaimed as King of Spain; Conservatives return to the
Spanish Cortes
1815 June 18 Napoleon is defeated in Waterloo
October
Napoleon is exiled in St. Helena's Island
15
1816
Cadiz Constitution is rejected by the conservative government and Filipino
representation in the Spanish Cortes is abolished
December
Mariano Fernndez de Folgueras appointed Governor-General (18161822)
10
October
1822
Juan Antonio Martnez appointed Governor-General (18221825)
30
October
1825
Mariano Ricafort Palacn y Abarca appointed Governor-General (18251830)
14
1828
Earthquake strikes Manila destroying many of its buildings

1830 December
Pascual Enrile y Alcedo appointed Governor-General (18301835)
23
Manila is opened to the world market
1835 March 1 Gabriel de Torres appointed Governor-General (1835)
April 23 Joaqun de Crmer appointed Governor-General (1835)
September
Pedro Antonio Salazar Castillo y Varona appointed Governor-General (1835)
9
Chamber of Commerce is formed
1837 August 27 Andrs Garca Camba appointed Governor-General (18371838)
Manila is made an open port.
1838 December
Luis Lardizbal appointed Governor-General (18381841)
29
Florante at Laura is published.
February
1841
Marcelino de Ora Lecumberri appointed Governor-General (18411843)
14
Francisco de Paula Alcal de la Torre appointed Governor-General (1843
1843 June 17
1844)
1844 July 16
Narciso Clavera y Zalda appointed Governor-General (18441849)
December
1849
Antonio Mara Blanco appointed Governor-General (18491850)
26
1850 July 29
Antonio de Urbistondo y Egua appointed Governor-General (18501853)
December
1852
Glowing avalanche from Mt Hibok-Hibok.
4
December
1853
Ramn Montero y Blandino appointed Governor-General (18531854)
20
1854 February 2 Manuel Pava y Lacy appointed Governor-General (1854)
October
Ramn Montero y Blandino appointed Governor-General (1854)
28
November
Manuel Crespo y Cebran appointed Governor-General (1854)
20
December
1856
Ramn Montero y Blandino appointed Governor-General (18561857)
5
1857 January 12 Fernndo Norzagaray y Escudero appointed Governor-General (18571860)
1859
Jesuits return to the Philippines
Jesuits takes over the Escuela Municipal and establishes the Ateneo Municipal
1860 January 12 Ramn Mara Solano y Llanderal appointed Governor-General (1860)
August 29 Juan Herrera Dvila appointed Governor-General (18601861)
1861
Jos Lemery e Ibarrola Ney y Gonzlez appointed Governor-General (1861
February 2
1862)
June 19 Jose Rizal, Philippines' National Hero is born.
Escuela de Artes Y Oficios de Bacolor established as Asia's oldest vocational
school.
1862 July 7
Salvador Valds appointed Governor-General (1862)

July 9
1863 June 3
1865

Rafal de Echage y Bermingham appointed Governor-General (18621865)


An earthquake leaves Manila in ruins
University of Santo Tomas made the center for public instruction throughout
the Philippines by royal decree of Queen Isabella II of Spain.[16][17]
Observatorio Meteorolgico del Ateneo Municipal de Manila (Manila
Observatory) established by the Jesuits
March 24 Joaqun del Solar e Ibez appointed Governor-General (18621865)
April 25 Juan de Lara e Irigoyen appointed Governor-General (18621865)
1866 July 13
Jos Laureano de Sanz y Posse appointed Governor-General (1866)
September
Juan Antonio Osorio appointed Governor-General (1866)
21
September
Joaqun del Solar e Ibez appointed Governor-General (1866)
27
October
Jos de la Gndara y Navarro appointed Governor-General (18661869)
26
Colegio de Santa Isabel established in Naga by Bishop Francisco Gainza, OP
1867
of Nueva Caceres, through the royal decree of Queen Isabella II of Spain.
1869 November
Suez Canal opened
17
Colegio de Santa Isabel inaugurated as the first Normal School in Southeast
Asia
June 7
Joaqun del Solar e Ibez appointed Governor-General (1866)
June 23 Jos de la Gndara y Navarro appointed Governor-General (18691871)
1871
The Gabinete de Fisica of the University of Santo Tomas established as the
first Museum in the Philippines.[16][17]
The Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of the University of Santo Tomas is
established as the first schools of Medicine and Pharmacy in the Philippines.[16]
[17]

April 4
1872

1873
1874
1875
1877
1880

Rafael de Izquierdo y Guterrez appointed Governor-General (18711873)


200 Filipino soldiers stage a mutiny in Cavite.
February Priests Mariano Gomez, Jos Apolonio Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora (together
17
known as Gomburza) are implicated in the Cavite Mutiny and executed.
January 8 Manuel MacCrohon appointed Governor-General (1873)
January 24 Juan Alaminos y Vivar appointed Governor-General (18731874)
March 17 Manuel Blanco Valderrama acting appointed Governor-General (1874)
June 18 Jos Malcampo y Monje appointed Governor-General (18741877)
The Colegio de San Jose incorporated into the Faculty of Medicine and
Pharmacy of the University of Santo Tomas.[16][17][24][25]
February Domingo Moriones y Murillo appointed Governor-General (18771880)
28
March 20 Rafael Rodrguez Arias appointed Governor-General (1880)
April 15 Fernando Primo de Riverae appointed Governor-General (18801883)(1st
Term)

Manila is connected through telegraphic cable Europe by Eastern Telecom.


Two shocks of an earthquake create destruction from Manila to Santa Cruz,
July 18
Luguna. Tremors continue until Aug 6
1882 March 3 Jose Rizal leaves for Spain to continue his medical studies
June 2
Jose Rizal begins writing the Noli Me Tangere(novel)
1883 March 10 Emilio Molns becomes acting Governor-General (1883). (First Term)
April 7
Joaqun Jovellar appointed Governor-General (18831885)
1884
Required forced labor of 40 days a year is reduced to 15 days by the Spanish
Colonial Government.
June 21 Rizal finishes his medical studies in Spain
1885 April 1
Emilio Molns becomes acting Governor-General (1885). (First Term)
April 4
Emilio Terrero y Perinat appointed Governor-General (18851888)
1887 29 May Noli Me Tangere published.
October Rizal starts writing the El Filibusterismo
The Manila School of Agriculture is established.
1888 March 10 Antonio Molto becomes acting Governor-General (1888)
Federico Lobaton becomed acting Governor-General (1888)
Valeriano Wyler appointed Governor-General (18881891)
December
La Solidaridad established
10
1891 March 28 Rizal finishes writing El Filibusterismo in Biarritz, France
El Filibusterismo published in Ghent, Belgium
Eulogio Despujol appointed Governor-General (18911893)
1892 June 26 Rizal arrives in the Philippines from Europe via Hong Kong
July 3
Rizal forms the La Liga Filipina
July 7
Rizal is arrested for establishing the La Liga Filipina
July 17
Rizal is exiled to Dapitan
1893 March 10 Federico Ochando becomes acting Governor-General (1893)
Ramn Blanco appointed Governor-General (18931896)
1894 July 8
Bonifacio forms the Katipunan
1896
Rizal is recruited as a physician for the Spanish Army in Cuba by Governor
July 1
Ramon Blanco
August 6 Rizal returns to Manila from Cuba
The Katipunan discovered by the Spanish Colonial Government. Katipuneros
August 19
flee to Balintawak
Revolution is proclaimed by Bonifacio at the Cry of Balintawak. Katipuneros
August 23
tear up their cedulas
Andres Bonifacio, Emilio Jacinto and other Katipuneros board Rizal's ship to
August 26
Barcelona. They offer his rescue but Rizal refused
Revolutionary Battle at San Juan del Monte. Governor Ramon Blanco
August 30 proclaims a state of war in Manila, Laguna, Cavite, Batangas, Pampanga,
Bulacan, Tarlac and Nueva Ecija.
September Rizal Boards the ship Isla de Panay for Barcelona

2
October 3
October 4
October 6
October
31
November
13
November
20
December
13
December
30
1897 March 22
April 15
April 23

Rizal arrives at Barcelona


Rizal is imprisoned in Montjuich by order of Capt. Gen. Despujo
Rizal returns to Manila as a prisoner
A new group of the Katipunan is formed in Cavite headed by Emilio Aguinaldo
Rizal arrives in Manila and incarcerated in Fort Santiago
Rizal is interrogated for charges against the Spanish Colonial Government
Camilo Polavieja becomes acting Governor-General (18961897)
Rizal is executed at Bagumbayan

The Katipunan holds its election. Emilio Aguinaldo is elected as president


Jos de Lachambre becomes acting Governor-General (1897)
Fernando Primo de Rivera appointed Governor-General (18971898)
Katipuneros arrest Andres Bonifacio and his brothers Procopio and Ciriaco on
April 29 orders of Aguinaldo with sedition and treason before a military court of the
Katipunan.
8 May
The Katipunan convicts and sentences Bonifacio brothers to death
Andres Bonifacio and his brothers are executed at Mt. Buntis, Maragondon,
10 May
Cavite.
Aguinaldo establishes a Philippine republican government in Biak-na-Bato,
31 May
San Miguel, Bulacan.
Aguinaldo begins negotiating with the Spaniards colonial government in
August 10
Manila with Pedro Paterno as representative.
August 15 A 7.9 intensity estimated earthquake hits Luzon's northwest coast
November
Constitution of Biak-na-Bato ratified
1
December Pact of Biak-na-Bato between Aguinaldo and Governor Primo de Rivera
14
signed
December
Aguinaldo is self-exiled to Hong Kong following the Pact of Biak-na-Bato
27
1898 February 8 The Katipunan is revived by Emilio Jacinto and Feliciano Jocson
April 11 Basilio Augustn appointed Governor-General (1898)
The US government promises support in exchange for his cooperation.
April 24
Aguinaldo agrees
April 26 The US declares war on Spain.
1 May
Commodore George Dewey attacks Manila
19 May Aguinaldo and his companions return to the Philippines from exile
24 May Aguinaldo proclaims a dictatorial government and issues two decrees which
show his trust and reliance in US protection

June 12 Aguinaldo proclaims Philippine Independence


June 23 Aguinaldo changes the dictatorial government to revolutionary government.
July 15
Aguinaldo creates a cabinet
July 15
The Malolos Congress in established
July 17
US reinforcements and troops arrive in the Philippines.
July 24
Fermn Judenes becomes acting Governor-General (1898)
August 13 Francisco Rizzo becomes acting Governor-General (1898)
August 13 Wesley Merritt appointed Military Governor (1898)
August 14 The Spanish surrenders to the US after at mock battle of Manila
August 29 Elwell S. Otis appointed Military Governor (18981900)
September Diego de los Ros becomes acting Governor-General (1898)
September
The Malolos Congress meets and elects its officers.
15
Spain and the US sign the Treaty of Paris. Article III provides for the cession
December
of the Philippines to the US by Spain and the payment of 20 million dollars to
10
Spain by the US.
December
US President McKinley issues the Benevolent Assimilation Proclamation
21
1899
US President McKinley appoints the First Philippine Commission, known as
January 20
the Schurrman Commission
January 21 The Malolos Constitution is promulgated by Aguinaldo.
The Malolos Republic government is inaugurated. Aguinaldo takes his oath of
January 23
office as President.
February 4 Hostilities break out between the Filipino and US forces.
February 6 The US Senate ratifies the Treaty of Paris with Spain
March 4 The Schurrman Commission arrives in Manila
6 May
Aguinaldo creates a new cabinet
20 May Aguinaldo's moves face opposition from Apolinario Mabini and Antonio Luna
June 5
Antonio Luna assassinated
1900 January 21 The Schurrman Commission returns to the US.
US President McKinley appoints the second Philippine Commission, known as
March 16
the Taft Commission
5 May
Arthur MacArthur, Jr appointed Military Governor (19001901)
June 3
The Taft Commission arrives in Manila
December
Partido Liberal established
23

20th century[edit]
Year
1901

Date

Event
The Army Appropriation Act, also known as the Spooner Amendment, is
March 2
passed by the US Senate.
March 23 Aguinaldo is captured by US authorities.

April 1
June 17
July 4

1902

1903
1904

1905

Aguinaldo takes an oath of allegiance to the US.


El Colegio de San Beda established
Adna Chaffee appointed as the last US Military Governor (19011902)
A civil government is established in the Philippines with William Howard Taft
July 4
as the first Civil Governor (19011904)
July 18
The US organizes the Philippine Constabulary
Silliman Institute, later known as Silliman University, is established as the first
August 28
American university in the Philippines
September The first Filipino members of the second Philippine Commission are appointed
September Guerillas, headed by the Filipino Captain Daza, attack the US military barracks
27
in Balangiga, Samar
September
Balangiga massacre occurs
28
October A U.S. Marine battalion arrives on Samar to conduct the March across Samar
20
operation
November
The Philippine Commission enacts the Sedition Law
4
December
An earthquake estimated of magnitude 7.8 shakes Lucena City.
14
The first labor union of The Country, Union de Litografose Impresores de
January
Filipinas, is organized.
The Philippine Commission calls for the organization of Public Schools in the
January 21
Philippines.
March 30 The US Marines leave Balangiga
April 16 General Miguel Malvar surrenders to the US forces
Governor Taft negotiates with Pope Leo XIII the sale of the friar lands in the
May
Philippines
July
Philippine Commission passes the Philippine Organic Act
July 1
Cooper Act is passed by the US Senate. Philippine Assembly is established
Americans proclaim the end of the Philippine-American War, however fighting
July 4
continues
The Foundation of Iglesia Filipina Independiente separated from Roman
August 3 Catholic Church was proclaimed by The Union Obrera Democratica with
Gregorio Aglipay as The 1st Obispo Maximo
September Pope Leo XIII formally bestows a Pontifical title on the University of Santo
17
Tomas[16][17]
November Bandolerism Act passed by the Philippine Commission. All armed resistance
12
against US rule are considered banditry
Governor Taft enunciates the policy of The Philippines for the Filipinos
February 1 Luke Edward Wright appointed as Civil Governor (19041905)
October The Manila Business School is renamed the Philippine School of Commerce
19
(later the Polytechnic University of the Philippines).
November
Henry Clay Ide appointed as Civil Governor (19051906)
3

1906 September
James Francis Smith appointed as Civil Governor (19061909)
20
December St. Scholastica's College established by the Benedictine Missionary Sisters of
3
Tutzing
1907 June 3
Centro Escolar University established as Centro Escolar de Seoritas.
June 30 First Congressional Elections held
1908 June 18 The University of the Philippines is established in Manila.
1911 January 27 Mt Taal erupts, and kills 1,334 people
De La Salle University-Manila is founded as De La Salle College by the
June 16
Brothers of Christian Schools.
December
Tricentennial of the Royal and Pontifical University of Santo Tomas[16][17]
28
1913 September
Newton W. Gilbert appointed as acting Civil Governor (1913)
1
October 6 Francis Burton Harrison appointed as Civil Governor (19131921)
Iglesia ni Cristo (largest independent church in Asia) is registered to the
1914 July 27
government.
1916 October
The Jones Law is passed establishing an all-Filipino legislature
16
Manuel Quezon elected Senate President while Sergio Osmenna is elected as
October
House Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of the
16
Philippines
1917 January 11 The first cabinet of Filipinos under the US regime is organized.
March 10 Ambos Camarines Dissolved; Split into Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur.
1921 March 5 Charles Yeater appointed as acting Civil Governor (1921)
October
Leonard Wood appointed as Civil Governor (19211927)
14
1927 August 7 Eugene Allen Gilmore appointed as acting Civil Governor (1927)
December
Henry L. Stimson appointed as Civil Governor (19271929)
27
1929 February
Eugene Allen Gilmore appointed as acting Civil Governor (1929)
23
July 8
Dwight F. Davis appointed as Civil Governor (19291932)
November
1930
The Communist Party of the Philippines is formally established
30
1932 January 9 George C. Butte appointed as acting Civil Governor (1932)
February
Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. appointed as Civil Governor (19321933)
29
Adamson School of Industrial Chemistry (ASIC) later known as Adamson
June 20
University was founded by George Lucas Adamson
October The Communist Party of the Philippines is declared illegal by the Supreme
26
Court
Frank Murphy appointed as the last Civil Governor of the Philippines (1933
1933 July 15
1935)

1934

The Tydings-McDuffie Law, known as the Philippine Independence Law, is


approved by US President Roosevelt.
202 delegates are elected to the Constitutional Convention in accordance with
July 10
the Tydings-McDuffie Law
July 30
The Philippine Constitutional Convention is inaugurated
1935 February 8 The Constitutional Convention creates a new constitution
February
The Philippine Constitution is signed
15
14 May The Philippine electorate ratifies the Constitution in a referendum
September
Manuel Quezon elected President in the first Philippine Presidential elections
17
November
The Philippine Commonwealth is inaugurated
15
November
The Office of Civil Governor is abolished
15
1941 November
Manuel Quezon re-elected as President
11
December
Start of the Japanese Invasion of the Philippines
8
December
President Quezon, his family and the war cabinet move to Corregidor Island
20
December
General MacArthur declares Manila an open city
26
December
Filipino and US armies retreat to Bataan
28
December
Manuel Quezon takes his oath of Office at the Corregidor Island
30
1942 January 2 Japanese troops enters Manila
January 3 Masaharu Homma appointed as Japanese Military Governor (1942)
General Masaharu Homma declares the end of American Rule in the
January 3
Philippines
January 3 Martial Law declared
All forms of opposition against the Japanese forces declared subject to death
January 13
penalty
An executive committee, composed of Filipinos, is formed by General Homma
January 23
as a conduit of the military administration's policies and requirements.
February The Japanese Military Government issues an order adopting the Japanese
17
educational system in The Country
February
President Quezon and the war cabinet leave for the US
20
General MacArthur leaves for Australia to take command of the South Western
March 11
Pacific Area
March 13 The Commonwealth government is moved to the US
March 29 The People's Anti-Japanese Army or Hukbong Bayan Laban sa Hapon
March 24

April
April 9
26 May
June 8
June 14

(Hukbalahap) is organized.
A pro-US resistance movement is organized, mainly to provide data to the US
on enemy positions
Bataan, under US commander General Edward King, is the last province that
surrenders to the Japanese armies.
Corregidor Island falls to Japanese forces
Shizuichi Tanaka appointed as Japanese Military Governor (19421943)
The Commonwealth of the Philippines becomes a member of the United
Nations

December
The Kalibapi is organized by the Japanese
30
1943 28 May Shigenori Kuroda appointed as Japanese Military Governor (19431942)
Japanese Premier Hideki Tojo nominates an all Filipino 20 member
June 20
Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence
September The Philippine Preparatory Commission for Independence drafts a new
4
Constitution which provides for a unicameral national assembly
September The 108 delegates to the National Assembly are chosen by the members of the
20
Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence.
September Jose P. Laurel elected President of the Philippines by the National Assembly
October
The puppet government is inaugurated. Laurel takes his oath of office
14
November The Philippine economy collapses, the shortage of rice becomes serious.
1944 May
The puppet government inaugurates the Green Revolution Movement.
Sergio Osmena assumes the Office of the President of the Commonwealth of
August 1
the Philippines after the death of Manuel Quezon
September
US forces raids Manila
21
September
Tomoyuki Yamashita appointed as Japanese Military Governor (19441945)
26
October General MacArthur lands in Palo, Leyte, accompanied by President Sergio
20
Osmena and US troops
October The Commonwealth government of the Philippines is re-established in
23
Tacloban, Leyte
December Pro-Japanese Philippine generals Pio Duran and Benigno Ramos organize the
8
Makapilis
1945 February 4 US troops enter Manila
February
Hukbalahap troop leaders arrested by the US forces
22
February The Battle of Manila ends. The Japanese surrender to the combined US and
24
Filipino troops
February
MacArthur hands over Malacanang Palace to Osmena.
27
March 3 The US and Filipino troops recaptured Manila.
March 22 The families of pro-Japanese President Laurel and Speaker Aquino leave The

1946

1947

1950
1951
1953

1954

1957

1958
1961

1965

Country for Japan to seek refuge


June 5
The Congress elected in 1941 convenes for the first time
July 5
General MacArthur announces the liberation of the Philippines
August 6 The American forces drop an atomic bomb over Hiroshima, Japan.
August 9 The American forces an atomic bomb over Nagasaki, Japan.
August 15 The Empire of Japan accepts defeat
September
Jose P. Laurel is arrested by the US army
12
Manuel Roxas separates from the Nacionalista Party of Sergio Osmena Sr and
December
joins the Liberal Party
April 23 Manuel Roxas wins in the last Presidential Election under the Commonwealth
The United States recognizes the Independence of the Republic of the
July 4
Philippines
September
The Amended Tenancy Act is promulgated.
30
January 28 President Roxas issues an amnesty proclamation to collaborators
March 6 HUKBALAHAP declared illegal
President Roxas dies from a heart attack at Clark Air Field; Vice President
April 15
Quirino Assumes the Office of President
April 17 Elpidio Quirino takes his oath of office as President of the Philippines
September The Philippine representative to the Far Eastern Commission, Carlos P.
8
Romulo, signs the Japanese Peace Treaty
President Quirino appoints Ramon Magsaysay as Secretary of the Department
August 31
of National Defense
August
The National Movement for Free Elections (NAMFREL) is established
November
Ramon Magsaysay is elected President of the Republic of the Philippines
10
December
Magsaysay takes his oath of office
30
The Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty is signed in Manila, creating the
July 21
South East Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO)
December
The Laurel-Langley Agreement is signed
15
President Magsaysay dies in a plane crash; Vice-President Carlos P. Garcia
March 17
assumes the presidency
November
Carlos P. Garcia elected President of the Republic of the Philippines
14
August 28 The Filipino first policy is promulgated
December
Diosdado Macapagal elected President of the Republic of the Philippines
7
December
Macapagal takes his oath of office
30
November Ferdinand Marcos elected President of the Republic of the Philippines

9
December
Ferdinand Marcos takes his oath of office
30
December
1968
A new Communist Party of the Philippines established by Jose Sison
26
1969
Jos Sison formally organizes the military arm of the Communist Party of the
March 29
Philippines, The New People's Army
November
Ferdinand Marcos re-elected President of the Republic of the Philippines
11
November
1970
Elections for 315 members of a Constitutional Convention held.
17
1971
The Constitutional Convention assembles to rewrite the 1935 Constitution. The
June 1
Convention elects former President Carlos Garcia as its head.
Garcia dies and former President Diosdado Macapagal takes over the top
June 14
position at the Convention.
August 21 Plaza Miranda bombed during the election campaign of the Liberal Party
August 22 President Marcos suspends the Writ of Habeas Corpus
1972
Suspicious bombing incidents increase all over The Country . The MNLF
launches its campaign for the independence of the Muslim provinces.
September President Marcos signs the Martial Law Edict (at that time not publicly
21
announced).
September
Marcos places the entire country under martial law
22
September
Senator Benigno Aquino, Jr. is arrested
23
September
The implementation of martial law is officially announced
23
September The whole country is proclaimed a land reform area and an Agrarian Reform
26
Program is decreed.
October
Marcos passes the Tenant's Emancipation Patent
21
October
The first major armed defiance of martial law takes place in Lanao del Sur
21
October The battle between the MNLF and the government troops ends with the latter
22
regaining control of the city.
November
The Constitutional Convention passes the new Constitution of the Philippines.
29
1973
Misuari leaves The Country for Libya to solicit armed support from Muslim
countries for the war in Mindanao.
A plebiscite referendum is held among the citizens' assemblies to ratify the
January 10
new Constitution
The National Democratic Front (NDF), the united front organization of the
April
Communist Party of the Philippines, is formally organized.
July 27
Marcos' term as President extended by virtue of a referendum

1974 February
27
December
1
1976 January 4
August 26
October
16
December
23

Presidential appointments to local elective positions declared legal by virtue of


another referendum
Jose Sison's essay entitled Specific Characteristics of Our People's War
published
New people's Army Spokesman Satur Ocampo arrested
Kumander Dante of the New People's Army arrested
Martial Law allowed to exted by virtue of a Plebicte
Tripoli Agreement signed

An earthquake of 7.8 magnitude and a following tsunami (flood wave) kills


8,000 people on and off the coast of Mindanao.
The Armed Forces of the Philippines enters into a ceasefire agreement with the
January 20
MNLF.
President Marcos issues a decree creating the autonomous Bangsa Moro
March 4
Islamic Government
November
The CPP head Jose Maria Sison arrested
10
December A referendum is held, the result of which again empowers the President to
16
continue in office, and to become Prime Minister as well.
Rodolfo Salas takes over the leadership of the Communist Party of the
Philippines.
April 8
Members of the Interim Batasang Pambansa are elected.
August 21 Benigno Aquino, Jr. assassinated
Philippine parliamentary election, 1984
February 6 Philippine presidential election, 1986
EDSA Revolution ousts President Marcos; Corazon Aquino becomes president
Philippine legislative election, 1987
September
Death of Ferdinand Marcos
28
Senate of the Philippines rejects renewal of U.S military bases in the
Philippines
Philippine general election, 1992 (Fidel V. Ramos is elected)
Philippine general election, 1995
Asian financial crisis
Philippine general election, 1998 (Joseph Estrada is elected)
Centennial of Philippines Independence
President Estrada declares an "all-out-war" against the Moro Islamic
Liberation Front (MILF).
President Estrada impeached by House of Representatives
August 17

1977

1978

1983
1984
1986
1987
1989
1991
1992
1995
1997
1998
2000

21st century[edit]

Year
2001

2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2009

Date

Event
EDSA II Revolution ousts Joseph Estrada; vice-president Gloria MacapagalArroyo becomes president
EDSA III
Philippine general election, 2001
Oakwood mutiny
Philippine general election, 2004 (Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo elected to a sixyear term)
Hello Garci scandal (Legitimacy of declared election winners questioned)
A state of emergency was declared in February in response to coup rumours.
Philippine general election, 2007
Manila Peninsula mutiny
Three International Committee of the Red Cross volunteers were kidnapped by
the rebel group Abu Sayyaf
Death of former president Corazon Aquino.
Great Flood because of Typhoon Ondoy

November
Maguindanao massacre
23
2010 10 May The 2010 Philippine general elections took place.
President-elect Benigno Aquino III won the Presidential election, being the
June 9
15th President of the Philippines.
Inauguration of the President-elect Benigno Aquino III took place, officially
June 30
declaring him as the 15th President of the Philippines.
The hostage crisis in Manila took place, killing eight Hong Kong
August 23
holidaymakers.
October Typhoon Juan, officially as Typhoon Megi, hits northeastern Luzon at Sierra
16
Madre, creating widespread damage over Luzon. (to October 18)
December Vizconde Massacre Case Finished. Result Webb's Freedom
December Philippine New Banknotes Released
The Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro is signed which seeks for the
October
2012
creation of a new autonomous political entity, Bangsamoro replacing the
15
Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao.
2013
The United Federated States of Bangsamoro Republik (UFSBR) declares it
July 27
independence from the Philippines
September
The UFSBR ceases to exists as it is defeated in the Zamboanga City crisis.
28
October In the morning, at 8:12 a.m. (PST), the Bohol province suffered a severe
15
earthquake with a magnitude of 7.2 Ms. Its epicenter was located at a depth of
33 kilometres (21 mi), 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) east of Carmen, Bohol, and 629
kilometres (391 mi) from the Philippines' capital, Manila. The quake was felt
as far as Davao City, a city located in the island of Mindanao. 99 were reported
dead while 276 people were injured. It was the deadliest earthquake in the
Philippines in 23 years. The energy of the quake released was equivalent to 32
Hiroshima bombs dropped in Hiroshima, Japan during the World War II.

Typhoon Haiyan known in the Philippines as "Yolanda" hits Regions


November MIMAROPA, Western Visayas, Central Visayas, and Eastern Visayas resulting
8
of 6201 deaths, 27665 injured, 1785 missing and 138,552,546.55
(US$3,208,322.78) total damages