You are on page 1of 40

) ( .

) (crypts ).(1



.




:
:

.
:




).(2
:
) (
.
:

.
:



.
Byron E. Shafer, temple of ancient Egypt , the American University in Cairo press,
Egypt , 2005, Pag. 189 , 190.
() 2 :
2006 .22 20
)(



)(



.


.
:
) ( .
:
" " )(



.
:








).(1
:

.
:
.
:

.
:

).(2

)(

)(

: .26 24
: .27/3/2007


) (


.

.




).(1


45 137
).(2


).(3
:

) .(4 " " nbit
" " nbw
" "
ombos " "
).(5
:

() 1 : .28
Anthony Sattin & Sylvie Franquet : Egypt the Explorer Guide, 1st published , Egypt
2000, the American university in Cairo press, P.176.
)(
Kent R. weeks : The Illustrated Guide to Luxor, 1st print , 2005, the American University
in Cairo press, P.549.
() 4 : )( 1996
.78
() 5 : 2001
.439
)(


) (
)(



3.

.


)
(
).(1


)(

)(
.





)(
) (

181.
400
.




.


.
)(
Toby Wilkinson : Dictionary of Ancient Egypt, 2005, Thames & Hudson , LTD, London.
P.132.




.


.


.


) ( )(

)(
.

.


.



) .(1




.


.

" "
1873
) (10-8
.
() 1 : .442
.

10




1869 " :

".


1893
).(1

) ( )(
.


.


) (



" " ) (.

" "
"
".
:
][ :
-1 : ) (
) (2
"
1

11

)( : :
.126
)( : .

" .

)(1
) ( )( .
-2 :

.

).(2
-3 :

) - ( .
][ :
-1 :

.


) .(3 ) (Her
) (23 ).(4
-2 :
.
-3 : .

:
: !

:


)(5
.

)(

12

Richard H.Wilkinson : The Complet Gods and Goddesses, the American university in
Cairo press, first pub. Egypt 2003, P.218.
)( :
2000 .91 90
)( : 1987
.214
)(
4
Richard H.Wilkinson , Op.Cit , Pag. 200.
)( : 16 1994
.358
1







" "


).(1
:



).(2

13

)(

)(

: .358
: .




.




) 1470.( .


.(1)Ptolemies

15

3







) (




)(2
.

" " " " 181.


. )400( ).(3

.

.
)(
1
Jill Kamil : Aswan and Abu simbel, the American university in Cairo, press , 1990,
P.136.
() 2 : .80 79
)(
3
Dieter Arnold : Lexikon der Agyptischen Bau kunst , 2000, P.175.

14


.



.






).(1
) (


) (





.


).(2


.

) .(3
.

: :
() 1 : ) (
2003 .180

) (

)( .
() 2 : 1988
.330 329
)(
3
Richard H.Wilkinson : the complet templs of ancient Egypt, the American university in
Cairo press, P.209 , 210.

15



) : ( .



)(1
)( .


)(

.


)(



.




.
-
.


" "podjuom
) ( ) .(2


.


.


)(

Byron E.Sshafer : Temples of Ancient Egypt, the American university in Cairo press ,
Egypt, 2005, P.185-190.
)(
Richard H.Wilkinson : Op.ict, P.209

16




)(



).(1

:
] [1 : The Outer Tower



)
(.



.

((ankh


.




) (
) ( ).(2

.
-2 : The pylon


.
() 1 : .434 432
)(
2
Jill Kamil : Upper Egypt and Nubia , 1st published, 1996 , Elias Modern press, P.179.

17

" "


.
)(
. " "

) (

52) .(1
"" " "

.
-3 :open court The

)(

163

)(2
.


) .(3



.
.
)
( )( )( ( .

).(4
-4 : First Hypostyle
() 1 : .133
" " " " "
" " "
.
)(
2
Lisa Checchi Ross; self guide Egypt , langen seheidt publisher, , 1990 , P.238.
() 3 : .422
() 4 : .135

18

) (





) (.




.


).(1




22
.
18
21.25

.


.

) ( " " )
(

)(2
.


() 1 : .330
() 2 : .138 137



.
.

19

) (





.

) (


) ( .


" "

.

) (
) (
) (
) (
).(1
-5 :Second Hypostyle Hall

) (
) .(2

.

.


) .(3
) (
)(

Jill Kamil : Aswan and Abu-Simbel, the American university in Cairo press, P.332.
Alberto Siliotti: Dictionary of Ancient Egypt, the American university in Cairo press,
P.332.

.
() 3 : .423
)(

20

1
2


.

)(

.


)(
" "

.


).(1
-6 : Three Vistibules

-
) .(2
).(3
) (:




" " .

).(4


.
) : (:

.

) (.
.
() 1 : .449 448
)(
2
Jill Kamil : Op.cit , P.181.
() 3 :
1999 .176 175
)(
4
Jill Kamil : Aswan and Abu Simble , the American university in Cairo press, P.140.

21







) .(1 ) (
) (
)
(.



.
) (:


.

.



""
) ( .

- ).(2
-7 Sanctuary ,
:subsidiary rooms
.

.




).(3) (Crypt
1
2
3

22

)( : .154
)( : .452
)( : )( 1996
.82



-



.

) (Metal Clamps
. .


.
)(







).(1
-8 : Inner,Outer vestibules


.



) .(2


.
)
(

) (
() 1 : .454 452
() 2 : .454 452

.

23



.

) .(1
) ( ) (Isis
) (Mskhnt .





" " ) .(2
) .(3) (swnw

)
(
.
) (37
)
( ) .(4 :
:
-1 .
-2 ).(wd3t eye
-3 ) (hpt
.
5 -4 ) (ligature
.
7 -6
.
9 -8 d3
.
() 1 : .424
Robert A.Armouy: Gods and Myths of Ancient Egypt, 2nd print , 2001, The American
university in Cairo press, P.107.


.
() 3 : :
2003 .354
)(
4
Nabil I.Ebied: Egyptian Medicine In The Days Of The Pharaohs, General Egyptian
Book Organization , 1999, P.130.
)(

24

-10 .(5)dwc
11-12 ) (ms
Mamisi
.
13-14 .
:
1-3 hooks
.
4-6 .
7-8 .
9-10 Towlclips
.
11-15
"".
:
1-2.
3-4

.
5-6 ) wd3t (

.
-7 .
-8 .t3,mhw
:
1-2
)( .
-3
.
-4 .
5-6 .
7-8 ).(2




) (
() 5 : .340
() 2 : 1998
.232 231
.

25


" " .



" .
-9 : Outer Wall


).(1


: )(:


).(2

26

)(

)(

: .455
: .92

) (m3 ms

" ".


" "
.
.

)..(1
)
(



).(2
:
-1
.
-2 " "

) (


).(3
: :

"" ).(4


)
Opus Quadratum .( Ashler



)(

Donald B. Red ford ; the Oxford encyclopedia of ancient Egypt ; volume II, the
American university in Cairo press, fist publ. Egypt , 2005, P.248, 250.
() 2 : .456 455
() 3 : .456
() 4 / .431

,

27

) .(1


).(2



).(3
: :


.


4 : 3

)(4
.
: :
* :



.




.
).(5
:

) (6
)(


.
() 1 : .456
() 2 .457
() 3 : .169
() 4 : .456
() 5 .457
() 6 : .

28

-
" "


.
: :

).(1







.



.


.
.

29

)(

: .456

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

41


: :
-1 :
1988 .
-2 : 1998
.
-3 : 16
.1994
-4 : )
( .
-5 :
.2000
-6 : )
( 1996 .
-7 :
.1999
-8 : .2001
-9 :
2001 .
-10 & :
2006 .
-11 :
2001 .
-12 : ) (2007
.28/3/2007
-13 :
2003 .

42

: )(:
-1 : :
.
-2 : )
( 2003
.180
-3 :
2000 .91 90
-4 : :

.
-5 :
.1987

43

: :
1- Alberto Siliotti: Dictionary of Ancient Egypt, the American university
in Cairo press.
2- Alberto Siliotti: Discovery of Ancient Egypt, the American university
in Cairo press.
3- Anthony Salttin & Sylvie Franquet : Egypt the Explorer Guide, 1st
published , Egypt 2000, the American university in Cairo press.
4- Byron E. shafer : Templesof Ancient Egypt, the American university
in Cairo press.
5- Dieter Arnold : The Encylopadia of Ancient Egyptian Architecture,
2003, Egypt the American university in Cairo press.
6- Dieter Arnold : Lexikon der Agyptischen Bau kunst , 2000.
7- Donald B. Red ford ; The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt ;
volume II, the American university in Cairo press.
8- Evelyn Rossiter : The Book of The Dead Famous Egyptain Papyri ,
minerra.
9- Geraldine H. and Delia Pemberton : The Illnstrated Encyclopaedia of
Ancient Egypt, British museum press.
10- Henri Stierlin :The Pharaohs Master-Builders, 1995, Terrail.
11- Ian Portman: The Temple of Kom Ombo , 2001, the palm press.
12- Ian Shaw and Paul Nicholson: British Museum Dicttionary of Ancient
Egypt , the American university in Cairo press.
13- Jill Kamil :upper Egypt and Nubia , 1st published, 1996 , Elias
Modern press.
14- : Aswan and Abu simbel, the American university in Cairo, press.
15- John Bains and Jaromir Malek : Atlas of Ancient Egypt, 2002.
16- Kent R. weeks : The Illustrated Guide to Luxor, 1st published 2005,
the American university in Cairo press.

44

17- Lisa Checchi Ross and Langen Scheidt : Self Guide Egypt, 1990.
18- Nabil I.Ebied: Egyptian Medicine In The Days of The Pharaohs,
General Egyptian Book Organization.
19- Richard H.Wilkinson : The Complete Templs of Ancient Egypt, the
American university in Cairo press.
20- Richard H.Wilkinson : The Complete Gods and Goddesses, the
American university in Cairo press.
21- Robert A.Armour: Gods and Myths of Ancient Egypt, 2nd print ,
2001, The American university in Cairo press
22- Salima I Karam and A. Dodson :The Mummy in Ancient Egypt, 1st
published , 1998, Egypt, the American university in Cairo press.
23- Toby Wilkinson : Dictionary of Ancient Egypt, 2005, Thames &
Hudson , LTD, London. P.132.

45