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Dental terms for quiz

Vestibule:
o Space between the teeth and the inner mucosal lining of the
lips and
cheeks

Oral Cavity Proper:


o Space
and lower

contained within the upper


dental arches

Dental terms for quiz

Dentition:
o Describes the natural teeth in the jawbones

Primary Dentition:
o First set of 20 primary teeth baby teeth or deciduous
teeth

Permanent Dentition:
o Refers

to the 32 secondary or
adult teeth

Mixed Dentition:
o Occurs when both the primary and permanent teeth are
present
o Between ages 6 to 12 years old

Dental terms for quiz

Maxillary Arch:
o Upper arch
o Part of the skull
o Fixed and not capable of movement
o Set in the maxilla, the maxillary bone

Mandibular Arch:
o Lower arch
o Capable of movement through the action of the
temporomandibular joint
o The mandible, mandibular bone, supports the teeth in the
lower arch

Dental terms for quiz

Quadrants:
o Imaginary midline divides each arch into left and right
halves
o When maxillary and mandibular arches are each divided into
halves, four sections result = quadrants
1. Maxillary right quadrant
2. Maxillary left quadrant
3. Mandibular right quadrant
4. Mandibular left quadrant

Oral Cavity:
o Anterior:
TOWARDS the FRONT of the mouth
o Posterior:
TOWARDS the BACK of the mouth

Dental terms for quiz

Medial:
TOWARDS the MIDDLE or TOWARDS the MIDDLE OF
THE ARCH

Lateral:
TOWARDS the SIDE or TOWARDS the OUSTIDE of the
mouth

Dental terms for quiz

Mesial:
TOWARDS the MID-LINE of the dental arch

Distal:
AWAY from the MID-LINE of the dental arch

Eruption:
o Movement of the tooth through the surrounding tissues, so
that more of the tooth becomes visible in the mouth

Exfoliation:
o Process by which the roots of the baby tooth are resorbed and
dissolved until so little root remains that the baby tooth falls
out

Dental terms for quiz

Occlusion:
o Relationship of the mandibular and maxillary teeth when
closed or during excusive movements of the mandible
o When tooth comes into contact with the teeth of the maxillary
arch in any functional relationship

Types of
Teeth:
o Teeth vary
depending on
the individuals teeth shape, size, and location in the jaws
o Three basic food processing functions:
1. Cutting
2. Holding
3. Grasping and Grinding

Incisors:
o Single-rooted teeth
o Relatively sharp thin edge referred to as incisal edge
o Located in the FRONT of the mouth
o CENTRAL (front teeth) and LATERAL (distal to the centrals)
o Designed to CUT FOOD WITHOUT the application of heavy
forces

Dental terms for quiz

Canines:
o
o
the arch
o Designed
and TEARING

Premolars:
o Older
o
o
o
o
o

Cuspids
CORNER of
for
CUTTING
foods with application of FORCE

term =
bicuspids

CROSS between canines and molars


Pointed cusps HOLD and GRIND the food
Broader surface for chewing food
Two sets of premolars in the permanent dentition
NO premolars in the primary dentition

Dental terms for quiz

o
o
o
o
o

Molars:
MUCH LARGER than premolars
More cusps than other teeth
Used to CHEW or GRIND up food
Two sets of molars in primary teeth
Three sets of molars in permanent teeth

Succedaneous Teeth:
o Each quadrant has 5
permanent teeth:
1. Central
2. Lateral
3. Canine
4. Premolars

Dental terms for quiz


o

Each quadrant is succeeded or taken the place of the 5


primary teeth:
1. Central
2. Lateral
3. Canine
4. Molars

Nonsuccedaneous Teeth:
o Three permanent molars DO NOT succeed primary
teeth in each quadrant

G.V. Black Classification of Carious Lesions:


o Class I:
Chewing Surfaces

Dental terms for quiz

o Class II:
Proximal Surfaces of Posteriors Only

o Class III and IV:


Proximal or Anteriors Only (IV Includes the
Incisal Edge)

o Class V:
Gingival or Cervical (gum line) Buccal, Facial,
or Lingual

Dental terms for quiz

o Class VI:
Cusp tip