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# HERIOT - WATT UNIVERSITY

## School of Energy, Geoscience, Infrastructure and Society

Foundation Engineering
CLASS EXAMPLE

## A partially compensated foundation of plan dimensions 10m 5m is founded in a deep layer

of granular material and transmits a total design load of 36.6MN. The water-table would
normally be well below founding depth but, at certain times of the year, can rise to ground
level. Using Design Approach 1 and partial factor set Combination 2 (A2 + M2 + R1) from
Tables appended, determine a suitable founding depth.
The characteristic soil properties are as follows: saturated unit weight, sat = 19kN/m3, bulk
unit weight above water table, bulk = 16kN/m3, and ' = 35.

## General Bearing Capacity equation (drained condition for strip)

Bearing resistance/unit area, R'/A = c'Nc + q'Nq + 0.5BN

## Bearing capacity factors (EN 1997-1:2004):

Nc = (Nq-1)cot' ; Nq = etan' tan2(45 + '/2) ; N = 2(Nq-1)tan'

## Shape factors (EN 1997-1:2004)::

s q N q 1

sc =

N q 1

; sq = 1 + (B/L)sin' ; s = 1 - 0.3(B/L)

Depth factors:
For preliminary design purposes take as unity.

Set
Soil Parameter

M1

M2

## Angle of shearing resistance*

1.0

1.25

Effective cohesion

1.0

1.25

1.0

1.4

Weight Density

1.0

1.0

Set
Resistance

R1

R2

R3

Bearing

1.0

1.4

1.0

Sliding

1.0

1.1

1.0

Action

Symbol

Unfavourable
Permanent
Favourable

Unfavourable
Variable

Set
A1
1.35

A2
1.0

1.0

1.0

1.5

1.3

Q
Favourable

SOLUTION