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HERIOT - WATT UNIVERSITY

School of Energy, Geoscience, Infrastructure and Society


Foundation Engineering
CLASS EXAMPLE

Consider the following situation where the effective stress at the centre of
the clay layer is 50kN/m2 with a void ratio of 1.11.

After load application, the stress at the centre of the clay layer increased
by 50kN/m2 and at the end of primary consolidation, the void ratio had
decreased to 1.01. If cv = 0.305m2/year and assuming 1-D conditions
prevail:
i)

estimate the permeability, k, of the clay.

ii)

plot the settlement vs time curve for the layer (for this, evaluate the
time at which 10%, 20%, 30% settlement .etc has been achieved)

iii)

evaluate the excess pore water pressure at mid-depth after 1.5


years.

Appropriate Figures supplied over

100
80
U%
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90

60

Ulayer

40
20
0

0.2

0.4

Time Factor, T

0.6
cv t

H2
d

T
0.008
0.031
0.071
0.126
0.197
0.287
0.403
0.567
0.848

0.8

1.0