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Foundation Engineering

CLASS EXAMPLE

The following results were obtained from an oedometer test on a clay sample for a pressure

increment of 150-250kN/m2.

Time (min)

Sample Thickness

(mm)

19.000

18.908

18.857

18.805

18.760

18.665

16

18.567

25

18.478

36

18.419

49

18.391

64

18.377

Determine:

(a) The coefficient of consolidation and the coefficient of permeability

assuming a void ratio at the beginning and end of the test to be

0.85 and 0.75 respectively

(b)The time required for a layer of this clay, 12m thick and drained at

the top surface only, to reach 80% primary consolidation.

consolidation settlement at this time.

100

80

U%

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

60

Ulayer

40

20

0

0.2

0.4

Time Factor, T

0.6

cv t

H2

d

T

0.008

0.031

0.071

0.126

0.197

0.287

0.403

0.567

0.848

0.8

1.0

(Time)

19.0

18.955 0

19.0

18.9

18.9

18.8

18.8

18.7

18.7

18.6

18.6

18.5

18.5

18.4

18.4

18.3

18.3

Assumed20

origin

1/2

(mins.

Time (minutes)

40

60

80

1/2

6.65 mins.

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