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Foundation Engineering

CLASS EXAMPLE

Estimate the elastic settlement and ultimate consolidation settlement under the centre

of a uniformly loaded area 3m3m (assumed flexible) placed on the surface of a

saturated clay 10m thick overlying rock. Take Eu = 15MN/m2 and mv = 0.2m2/MN and

that the increase in vertical stress (z) beneath the centre of the footing is as follows:

Depth (m)

z (kN/m2)

0

50

1

40

2

30

3

15

6

3

10

0

You are reminded of the following:

Elastic Settlement

Elastic settlement below the corner of a loaded area resting on a clay layer of finite

thickness is given by:

1 2

I

E

qB

1 2

1

where I F1

F2

Consolidation Settlement

H = mv(2 1)H

0.1

Values of F1

0.2

0.3

____

) and F2

0.4

0.5

(----)

0.6

0.7

0.8

L/B = 1

2

F1

L/B = 2

4

L/B = 5

F2

6

L/B = 5

L/B = 10

8

L/B = oo

L/B = 2

L/B = 1

10

L/B = 10

L/B = oo

SOLUTION

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