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Foundation Engineering

CLASS EXAMPLE

The figure below shows the subsoil profile across a site. 33m pad footings are to be used to

support the column loading at a depth of 1.00m below ground surface and centred over

Boreholes (BH) #1 and #2. Permanent water-table (W.T.) is located at a depth of 2.00m; the

load carried by the footing (inclusive of weight of pad) is 1950kN and their centre-to-centre

spacing is 12.0m. The bulk unit weight of the soil above the water-table is 16.7kN/m3.

Laboratory tests were carried out on representative samples of clay material from BH#1 and

BH#2. For BH#1, the average value of m v between horizons -4.00m and -8.00m was

0.5m2/MN; and between horizons -8.00m and -10.00m was 0.35m 2/MN. For BH#2, mv

between -2.00m and -8.00m was 0.55m2/MN, and between -8.00m and -10.00m the clay has

similar properties to that of BH#1 at these levels.

If the settlement is entirely due to the consolidation settlement of the clay, calculate, assuming

1-dimensional consolidation, the settlement under each footing and the angular distortion

between the footings. Comment on your answers.

BH#1

W.T

BH#2

+0.00

-2.00

Granular soil

-4.00

Normally consolidated clay

-10.00

-10.00

Granular soil

Note: Assume that the load is dispersed at an angle of 2:1 (i.e. 1 unit

horizontal, two units vertical).

SOLUTION

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