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Foundation Engineering

CLASS EXAMPLE

A new cooling tower is to be constructed on a flexible raft immediately adjacent

to an existing machine room as shown in the schematic below. The ground

profile for the site comprises 15m of stiff clay overlying incompressible rock.

The stress transmitted to the surface of the soil by the cooling tower is

125kN/m2. For the soil properties presented in the schematic, estimate the

elastic displacements at X and Y in the machine room which will result from the

construction of the new tower. Due to the sensitivity of the machinery, there is

concern over the angular distortion of the machine room due to the immediate

elastic settlement as this may affect operation. The immediate angular distortion

must not exceed 1/750; advise on the influence of the new cooling tower in this

regard. See pages 112-113 of notes (86-87 Latex version) for definition of

angular distortion. You can assume negligible distance between the machine

room and raft for new tower.

SECTION

Flexible raft

Stiff clay

Eu = 25MPa

= 0.3

15m

New Tower

PLAN

10m

Machine Room

10m

20m

0.1

Values of F1

0.2

0.3

____

) and F2

0.4

(----)

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

L/B = 1

2

F1

L/B = 2

4

L/B = 5

F2

6

L/B = 5

L/B = 10

8

L/B = oo

L/B = 2

L/B = 1

L/B = oo

10

You are reminded of the formulae:

corner q

B

( 1 2 )I

Eu

where

L/B = 10

1 2

1

I F1

F2

SOLUTION

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