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INTRODUCTION TO DRAWING INTRODUCTION TO CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY ENGLISH

MODULE 1

Project 1 :
Understanding Different Types
of Professions & Drawings in
the Environment

Built
Environment
CHA YUN XIAN

EE HUI TENG
CHLOE SIM TIING ERN
ANGELA WEE KAH MAN
FIONA CHIMWEMWE
CHIUDZU
CHIA KEH CHIAN

WHO ARE THE


PROFESSIONALS WE NEED
IN A CONSTRUCTION SITE?

THE TEAM PLAYERS


ARCHITECT

ENGINEER
INTERIOR

QUANTITY
SURVEYOR

What is QS all about

RESPONSIBILIITIES OF A QUANTITY
SURVEYOR

Cost planning
Commerci
al
manageme
Procurem
nt
ent advice

Value
engineering
Prepare bill
of quantities
Allocate
work to
subcontracto

COST PLANNING

Budget estimating
Cost planning
Make sure project is
kept within budget

COMMERCIAL MANAGEMENT

responsible for
overseeing many
different aspects of
a company
managing risks,
overseeing
employee
performance,
negotiating
contracts &
planning individual

PROCUREMENT ADVICE

process includes
preparation and
processing of a
demand
able to advise
clients
determine if
operations will
continue

VALUE ENGINEERING
minimise the cost of a
project
enhance value for
money while still
achieving the required
standard and quality
promotes substitution
of materials & methods
with less expensive
alternatives

PREPARE BILL OF
QUANTITIES
make cost feasibility
studies, establish
construction budget
objective of bill of
quantities :
- To provide sufficient
info on the quantities
of works to be done to
allow bids to be
prepared accurately

ALLOCATE WORK
TO
SUBCONTRACTORS
interact with the site
employees and
employees from
subcontract
organisations
value completed
work
arrange payment
approve payments
made once the works
are done

SCOPE OF WORK & TASKS AT


DIFFERENT STAGES OF
CONSTRUCTION

Standard
Service:
4 STAGES

PRE CONSTRUCTIO
N

STAGE 1 :
ESTIMATING & COST
ADVICE

Receiving
instruction from
the employer,
advising on
various courses
of action and
procedures to
suit the particular
requirements of
the
Project.
Financial
design
criteria
advice

Preliminary
and
comprehensi
ve estimates
of
construction
cost
Other cost
advice

STAGE 2:
DOCUMENTATION AND
PROCUREMENT
Preparing documents for procurement
of construction contracts
Soliciting tender offers
Financially evaluating and reporting on
tender offers
Examining and verifying priced

STAGE 3 :
CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION

Preparing the
procurement
documentation
for subcontracts

Attending other
meetings at
reasonable
intervals to suit
the nature and size
of the Project

Proceeding
with
preparing
the final
account.

Examining and
reporting on
tender offers for
subcontracts,
including financial
comparisons with
budget.

Preparing
schedules of
predicted
cash flows.

Attending progress
meetings on site at
reasonable
intervals to suit
the nature and size
of the Project in
order

Preparing
valuations for
the issue of
payment
certificates

Preparing cost
estimates for
proposed
variations for
Employer
decisionmaking.

Maintaining a
running financial
management
statement and
monitoring against
the financial
budget.

Adjudicating and
resolving the
financial and
contractual
aspects of claims
between the
Employer and the
contractor,

STAGE 4 :
FINAL ACCOUNT

Determining
and
agreeing all
variations
and
adjustments
for
incorporatio
n into the
final
account.

Agreeing
and
finalizing
all
subcontrac
ts and
adjusting
against
provisional
sums.

Concluding
the final
account,
including
fluctuation
s in costs
(if
applicable)
.

Preparing and
presenting the
final account
to the
Employer,
including any
necessary
reconciliations
and
explanations
against the
financial
budget.

DRAWINGS THAT A QS REFERS TO

Architectural
Drawing
Structural

Architectural
Drawing

Project drawings provided by the architect, typically showing the


floor plan ;elevations; finish schedules; and details of moldings,
cabinetry, doors, and other such matters necessary for the builder

tructural Drawing

Drawings, usually prepared by


a structural engineers, of the
design and working drawings of

Bill Of
Quantities (BQ)
An itemized list
ofmaterials,parts,
andlabor(with
theircosts)requiredtoconstruct
,maintain, orrepaira
specificstructure.
Bill of quantity is to:
Assist with the agreement of
thecontract sumwith the
successfultenderer.
Provide aschedule of
ratesassisting with the
valuation ofvariations.
Provide a basis for the
valuation ofinterim payments.
Provide a basis for the