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The Muscular System

Chapter 10 Section 3
Muscle Action
 Involuntary muscles- muscles that are
not under your conscious __________
 Involuntary muscles are responsible
for activities such as _________ and
_________
 ___________ muscles- muscles that are
under your control
Types of Muscles
Skeletal Muscle Smooth Muscle

 Skeletal muscles are  Smooth muscles are

attached to the ____________ muscles


_________ of your  Smooth muscles
skeleton function
 Skeletal muscles automatically to
provide the force that control many types of
moves your bones movements
 __________- a strong Cardiac Muscle

connective tissue  Cardiac muscle has


that attaches muscle characteristics in
to bone common with both
 Skeletal muscle smooth and skeletal
appears banded, or muscles
__________  Cardiac muscle is
Muscles at Work
 Muscles can only __________, not
extend, therefore skeletal muscles
must function in ____________
 While one muscle __________, the
other muscle in the pair returns to
its original position
Taking Care of Your
Skeletal Muscles
 Exercise helps to maintain muscular
_______ and ___________
 Exercise makes individual muscle cells
grow wider, and in turn, causes the
whole muscle to become _________.
 Warming up increases the ________ of
joints as well as muscles to prevent
injury
 Muscle strain occurs when muscles are
overworked or overstretched
 _______ can be overstretched or partially
torn
Review
 Name the three types of muscle tissue.
Where is each type found?

 Describe how the muscles in your upper


arm work together to bend and
straighten your arm

 How do voluntary and involuntary


muscles differ in structure and
function?