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# 2013-14

ELECTRICAL
OBJECTIVE
QUESTION

SUBJECT
CHAPTER-1. BASIC ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
CHAPTER-2. ELECTRICAL MACHINE
2.1 ALTERNATOR
2.2 D.C. MACHINES
2.3 D.C. MOTOR
2.4 - INDUCTION MOTORS
2.5 SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR
2.6 GENERAL ELECTRICAL MACHINE
CHAPTER-3. TRANSFORMERS
CHAPTER-4. POWER SYSTEM
CHAPTER-5. POWER ELECTRONICS
CHAPTER-6. OP-AMP
CHAPTER-7. MEASUREMENTS & INSTRUMENTATION
CHAPTER-8. BASIC ELECTRONICS
CHAPTER-9. CONTROL SYSTEM
CHAPTER-10. ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT THEORY

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## CHAPTER -1. BASIC ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

 Which of the following can vary with ac, but never with dc?
A. Power
B. Voltage
C. Frequency
D. Amplitude
 If all other factors are kept constant, the inductance of the air-core coil is not affected by
A. The frequency
B. The number of turns
C. The diameter of the coil
D. The length of the coil
 The length of time between a point in one cycle and the same point in the next cycle of an ac wave is the
A. Frequency
B. Magnitude
C. Period
D. Polarity
 Capacitance acts to store electrical energy as
A. Current
B. Voltage
C. A magnetic field
D. An electric field
 On a spectrum analyzer, a ac signal having only one frequency component looks like
A. A single pip
B. A sine wave
C. A square wave
D. A sawtooth wave
 A ferromagnetic core is place in the inductor to
A. Increase the current carrying capacity
B. Increase the inductance
C. Limit the current
D. Reduce the inductance
 The period of a ac wave, in seconds is
A. The same as the frequency in hertz
B. Not related to the frequency in any way
C. Equal to 1 divided by the frequency in hertz
D. Equal to the peak amplitude in volts divided by the frequency in hertz
 An inductor works by
A. Charging a piece of wire
B. Storing energy as a magnetic field
C. Choking off dc
D. Introducing resistance into a field
 As capacitor plate area increases
A. The capacitance increases
B. The capacitance decreases
C. The capacitance does not change
D. The current handling ability decreases
 In a small inductance
A. Energy is stored and released slowly
B. The current flow is always large
C. The current flow is always slow
D. Energy is stored and released quickly
 In ac circuit, the ratio of kW/kVA is
A. power factor
B. form factor

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

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D. diversity factor
 Suppose that two ac waves have the same frequency but differ in phase by exactly 1/20 of a cycle. What
is the phase difference between these two waves?
A. 18 deg
B. 20 deg
C. 36 deg
D. 5.73 deg
 The unit of inductance is
A. Mho
B. hendry
C. ohm
 What is the angular frequency of the ac signal having a frequency of 1770Hz
D. Data insufficient
 Thevenin's equivalent circuit consists of
A. series combination of Rth, Eth, Rl
B. series combination of Rth, Eth
C. parallel combination of Rth, Eth, Rl
D. parallel combination of Rth, Eth
 The frequency of DC supply is
A. 16 2/3 Hz
B. 60 Hz
C. 50 Hz
D. 0 Hz
 Load factor is defined as the ratio of
A. max demand/ average demand
C. average demand/ max. demand
 Q factor of an inductive coil is given by
A. 2 fL/R
B. 2 fr/R
C. R/Z
D. lr/l
 The rms value of sinusoidal 100V peak to peak is
A. 100 V
B. 50/2 V
C. 50 V
D. 100/2 V
 Which of the following bulbs will have the least resistance?
A. 220V, 60W
B. 220V, 100W
C. 115V, 60W
D. 115V, 100W
 The wire is stretched to double its length, then its resistance R will become
A. r/2
B. 4r
C. 2r
D. r/4

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

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 The power drawn by the circuit whose input is 20KVA and p.f is 0.8 lagging
A. 12
B. 20
C. 16
D. 8
 The combined resistance of two equal resistors connected in parallel is equal to
A. One half the resistance of one resistor
B. twice the resistance of one resistor
C. four times the resistance of one resistor
D. one fourth the resistance of one resistor
 The superposition theorem is applicable to circuits only having ............ elements
A. non-linear
B. passive
C. resistive
D. linear bilateral
 The Q-factor of a coil is given by
A. its power factor
B. Ratio of max. energy stored & energy dissipated per cycle.
C. reciprocal of its power factor
D. ratio R/Z
 The power factor at resonance in RLC circuit is
A. zero
B. unity
C. 0.5 lagging
 Cells are connected in parallel to
A. Increase the available voltage
B. Reduce the cost of wiring
C. Increase the available current
D. Reduce the time required to fully charge them after use
 the power factor of a purely resistive circuit is
A. zero
B. unity
C. lagging
 Which of the following has minimum running cost?
A. Hydro electric station
B. nuclear power station
C. thermal power station
D.diesel power station
 The color code of a resistor 2.7Kohm with the tolerance of 10% is
A. red, violet, red and silver
B. red, violet, yellow and gold
C. red, violet, orange, silver
D. red, violet, red,gold
 In a 117Vrms utility circuit, the peak-to-peak voltage is approximately
A. 82.7 V
B. 165 V
C. 234 V
D. 331 V
 Watt hour is the unit of
A. Electric power
B. Electric capacity
C. Electric energy
D. Electric charge

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

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 In India,electrical power is transmitted by
A. 1-phase ac system
B. 3-wire dc system
C. 3-phase 3-wire ac system
D. 2 wire dc system
 If two perfect sine waves have the same frequency and the same phase, the composite wave
A. Is a sine wave with an amplitude equal to the difference between the amplitude of the waves
B. Is a sine wave with an amplitude equal to the sum of the amplitudes of the two original
waves
C. Is not a sine wave, but has the same frequency as the two input waves
D. Has zero amplitude (ie, it does not exist) because the two input waves cancel each other out.
 In a ac circuit the product of voltage and current is known as
A. Power
B. Real Power
C. Resistive power
D. Apparent power
 The advantage of AC over DC in utility applications is
A. AC is easier to transform from one voltage to another
B. AC is transmitted with lower loss in wires
C. AC can be easily obtained from dc generators
D. AC can be generated with less dangerous by products
 A network that does not have either voltage or current source is called ......network
A. Active
B. Passive
C. Resistive
D. Dummy
 The sixth harmonic of a ac wave whose period is 1 Milli second has a frequency of
A. 0.006Hz
B. 167.0 Hz
C. 7.0 kHz
D. 6 kHz
 A degree of phase represents
A. 6.28 cycles
B. 57.3 cycles
C. 1/60 of a cycle
D. 1/360 of a cycle
 A battery is source of
A. DC voltage
B. 1 phase AC voltage
C. 3 phase ac voltage
D. ac or dc voltage
 The power plant having highest efficiency is
A. Hydro
B. Thermal
C. Nuclear
D. Diesel
 As the spacing between plates in a capacitor is made smaller
A. The capacitance increases
B. The capacitance decreases
C. The capacitance does not change
D. The resistance increases
 The relationship between frequency and time period of ac waveform is
A. f = T
B. f = 1/ T2

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

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C. f = 1/T
D. f = T2
 The five 0.050uF capacitors are connected in parallel. The equivalent capacitance is
A. 0.010 uf
B. 0.25 uf
C. 0.50uf
D. 0.025uf
 The current gain of a bipolar transistor drops at high frequencies because of
A. Transistor capacitance
B. High current effects in the base
C. Parasitic inductive elements
D. the early effect
 If two perfect sine waves have the same frequency and the same amplitude, but are in opposite phase,
the composite wave
A. Has twice the amplitude of either input wave alone
B. Has half the amplitude of either input wave alone
C. Is complex, but has the same frequency as the originals.
D. Has zero amplitude ( that is, it does not exist) because the two input waves cancel each
other out.
 Three capacitors are connected in series having capacitance of 8uF, 32uF, 16uF, the total capacitance is
A. 32/7 uF
B. 7.32 uF
C. 56 uF
D. 32 uF
 Which one of the following does not affect the power output available from a particular ac generator?
A. The strength of the magnet
B. The number of turns in the coil
C. The type of natural energy source used
D. The speed of rotation of the coil or magnet
 Which of the following are active components
A. resistor and inductor
B. Diode, BJT, FET
C. Opamp, BJT, thermionic triode
D. Capacitor, Inductor
 The energy required to charge a 10 uF capacitor to 100V is
(a) 0.10 J
(b) 0.05 J
(c) 5 X 10-9 J
(d) 10 X 10-9 J
 The current in a inductor changes from 0 to 200mA in 4ms and induces a voltage of 100mV. The value of
inductor is
(a) 2mH
(b) 0.5mH
(c) 8mH
(d) 4mH
 A battery has a short-circuit current of 30A and an open circuit voltage of 24V. If the battery is connected
to an electric bulb of resistance 2 ?, the power dissipated by the bulb is
(a) 80W
(b) 1800W
(c) 112.5W
(d) 228W
 Which of the following is ferromagnetic material?
a) Copper
c) Silver

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

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d) Cobalt
 A complex wave form made up frequency components 1 Hz, 3 Hz, 5 Hz, 7 Hz and 9 Hz. Its fundamental
frequency is
a) 9 Hz
b) 12.5 Hz
c) 1 Hz
d) Indeterminate
 If a 175V dc source were connected in series with the utility mains from a standard wall outlet, the result
would be
A. Smooth dc at a constant voltage
B. Pure ac with equal peak voltages
C. Ac with one peak voltage greater than the other
D. Fluctuating dc
 The main advantage of air as a dielectric material for capacitors is
A. Has a high dielectric constant
B. Is not physically dense
C. Has low loss
D. Allows for large capacitance in a small volume
 Which of the following is a polarized capacitor?
A. Paper
B. Mica
C. Inter electrode
D. Electrolytic
 In a 117Vrms utility circuit, the positive peak voltage is approximately
A. 82.7V
B. 165V
C. 234V
D. 331V
 If a capacitor has a negative temperature coefficient then
A. Its capacitance decreases as the temperature rises
B. Its capacitance increases as the temperature rises
C. Its capacitance does not change with temperature
D. It will not work if the temperature is below freezing
 Inductors in series, assuming there is no mutual inductance, combine
A. Like resistors in parallel
B. Like resistors in series
C. Like batteries in series with opposite polarities
D. In a way unlike any other type of component
 The five 0.050 F capacitors are connected in series. The equivalent capacitance is
A. 0.010 f
B. 0.25 f
C. 0.50 f
D. 0.025 f
 A material with a high dielectric constant
A. Acts to increase capacitance per unit volume
B. Acts to decrease capacitance per unit volume
C. Has no effect on capacitance
D. Causes a capacitor to become polarized
 In a perfect sine wave, the peak to peak amplitude is equal to
A. Half the peak amplitude
B. The peak amplitude
C. 1.414 times the peak amplitude
D. Twice the peak amplitude
 A triangular wave exhibits
A. An instantaneous rise and a defined decay

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

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B. A defined rise and an instantaneous decay
C. A defined rise and a defined decay, and the two are equal
D. An instantaneous rise and an instantaneous decay
 The colour bands on a carbon composition resistor occur in the sequence: yellow, violet, yellow and
silver. Its resistance is
(a) 470 K 47 K
(b) 470 K 23.5 %
(c) 47 K 10 %
(d) 47 K 5 %
 If 120C of charge passes through an electric conductor in 60 sec, the current in the conductor is
(a) 0.5A
(b) 2A
(c) 3.33mA
(d) 0.3mA
 The energy required to move 120 coulomb through 3V is
(a) 25mJ
(b) 360J
(c) 40J
(d) 2.78mJ
 The current carrying capacity of a 1W, 4M resistor used in radio receiver is
(a) 0.5kA
(b) 2kA
(c) 2mA
(d) 0.5mA
 A capacitor is charged by a constant current of 2mA and results in a voltage increase of 12V in a 10 sec
interval. The value of capacitance is
(a) 0.75mF
(b) 1.33mF
(c) 0.6mF
(d) 1.67mF
 Three phase ac supply
A. Has sawtooth waves that add together in phase
B. Consists of three sine waves in different phases
C. Is a sine wave with exactly three harmonics
D. Is of interest only to physicists
 Power is defined as
A. the rate at which current flows in a circuit
B. the product of voltage and resistance in a circuit
C. the rate at which energy is radiated or dissipated
D. the accumulation of energy over time
E. the amount of heat generated in a circuit.
 At the exact moment a 60Hz ac sine wave is at its positive peak voltage, the instantaneous rate of change
in the voltage is
A. Large and positive
B. Small and negative
C. Large and negative
D. Small and negative
E. Zero
 A flute sounds different than a violin, even if the two instruments are played at the same pitch, because
of a difference in the
A. Phase
B. Chamber length
C. Frequency
D. Waveform
E. Bias

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

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 A common-collector transistor circuit is often used
A. to provide high gain and sensitivity over a wide range of frequencies
B. to match a high impedance to a low impedance
C. as a high-fidelity audio power amplifier
D. as an oscillator at microwaves frequencies
E. as the rectifier in a dc power supply.
 The internal conductance of an ammeter is generally
A. Low
B. Directly proportional to the current
C. Inversely proportional to the current
D. High
E. Any value. It doest matter
 A steady magnetic field can be produced by
A. a straight wire carrying a constant direct current.
B. a loop of wire carrying a constant direct current.
C. a coil of wire carrying a constant direct current.
D. a constant-intensity stream of protons in free space, moving in a straight line.
E. any of the above.
 The output wave of a common-gate amplifier circuit with a pure sine-wave input
A. is in phase with the input wave.
B. lags the input wave by 90 of phase.
C. leads the input wave by 90 of phase.
D. is 180 out of phase with the input wave.
E. is inverted with respect to the input wave.
 Which of the following capacitor types is polarized?
A. Electrolytic
B. Paper
C. Ceramic
D. Mica
E. Air variable
 when a non zero net reactance exists in an ac circuit, the apparent power is
A. Zero
B. Equal to the true power
C. Less than the true power
D. Greater than the true power
E. Infinite
 The gauss is a unit of
(a) Charge carrier flow speed.
(b) Magnetic flux density.
(c) Electrostatic field strength.
(d) Electromagnetic field intensity.
(e) Electrical charge quantity.
Ans:B. Exp: In SI system the unit is tesla(T). In CGS system the unit is Gauss
 An average responding rectifier type electronic ac voltmeter has its scale calibrated in terms of the rms
value of a sine wave, when a square wave voltage of peak magnitude 100V is measured using this voltmeter
then the reading indicated by the meter, will be ?
a) 111V
b) 100V
c) 90.09V
d) 70.7V
 A house served by a 220V supply light, is protected by a 9-Ampere fuse. The maximum number of 60 W
bulbs in parallel that can be turned on is
a) 11
b) 33

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

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c) 22
d) 44
 Silicon has a preference in IC technology because
(a) it is an indirect semiconductor
(b) it is a covalent semiconductor
(c) it is an elemental semiconductor
(d) of the availability of nature oxide SiO
 Three equal resistance of magnitude 5 Ohm each are connected in delta. The resistance between any
two pair of terminals of the delta will be
(a) 5 Ohm
(b) 5/3 Ohm
(c) 10/3 Ohm
(d) 3/5 Ohm
 The R.M.S. value of a half wave rectified sinusoidal alternating current with peak value Im is
(a) Im / 1
(b) Im / v2
(c) Im / 2
(d) Im v3
 The unit which indicates the rate at which energy is expended?
A. Watt
B. Ampere-hour
C. Coulomb
D. Volt
 The peak voltage in an ac wave is always
A. greater than the average voltage
B. less than the average voltage
C. greater than or equal to average voltage
D. less than or equal to the average voltage
 When an electrical charge exists but there is no flow of current, the charge is said to be
A. ionizing
B. electronic
C. Static
D. Atomic
 As the number of turns in a coil that carries ac increases without limit, the current in the coil will
A. Eventually become very large
B. Stay the same
C. Decrease, approaching zero
D. Be stored in the core material
 As the number of turns in a coil increases, the reactance at a constant frequency
A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Stays the same
D. Is stored in the core material
 In an RL circuit, as the ratio of inductive reactance to resistance (XL/R) decreases, the phase angle
A. Increases
B. Decreases
C. Stays the same
D. Becomes alternately positive and negative
 The best filter for a power supply is
A. a capacitor in series
B. a choke in series
C. a capacitor in series and a choke in parallel
D. a capacitor in parallel and a choke in series

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

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 Voltage regulation can be achieved by a zener diode connected in
A. parallel with the filter output, forward biased
B. parallel with the filter output, reverse biased
C. series with the filter output, forward biased
D. series with the filter output, reverse biased
 A current surge takes place when a power supply is first turned on because
A. the transformer core is suddenly magnetized
B. the diodes suddenly start to conduct
C. the filter capacitor must be initially charged
D. arching takes place in the power switch
 A dc electromagnet
A. has constant polarity
B. Requires an air core
C. Cannot be used to permanently magnetize anything
D. Does not attract or repel permanent magnet
 In a multi-stage RC coupled amplifier the coupling capacitor______________
A) Limits the low frequency response
B) Limits the high frequency response
C) Does not affect the frequency response
D) Block the DC component without affecting the frequency response
 It is required to measure temperature in the range of 13000 deg C to 15000 deg c. The most suitable
thermocouple to be used as a transducer would be?
a) chromel - constantan
b) Iron - constantan
c) chromel - alumel
d) platinum- rhodium
 Telemetering is a method of?
a) Counting pulses sent over long distances
b) Transmitting pictures from one place to another
c) Transmitting information concerning a process over a distance
d) None
 A dc to dc converter having an efficiency of 80% is delivering 16W to a load. If the converter is
generating an output of 200V from an input source of 20V, then the current drawn from the source will be?
a) 0.1A
b) 0.5A
c) 1.0A
d) 10.0A
 The location of lighting arrestor is?
a) Near the transformer
b) Near the circuit breaker
c) Away from the transformer
d) None
 Which of the following is not a general characteristic of ac wave?
A. The wave shape is identical for each cycle
B. The polarity reverses periodically
C. The electrons always flow in the same direction
D. There is a definite frequency
 All sine waves
A. Have similar general appearance
B. Have instantaneous rise and fall times
C. Are in the same phase as cosine waves
D. Rise instantly, but decay slowly
 The derivative of a sine wave
A. Is shifted in phase by cycle from the sine wave
B. Is the rate of change in the instantaneous value

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

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C. Has instantaneous rise and decay times
D. Rise instantly, but decays slowly
 A phase difference of 180deg in the circular motion model of a sine wave represents
A. revolution
B. revolution
C. A full revolution
D. Two full revolution
 We can add or subtract a .degrees of phase to or from a wave, and end up with exactly the same wave
again
A. 90
B. 180
C. 270
D. 360
 A wave has a frequency of 300kHz. One complete cycle takes..seconds
A. 1.3000
B. 0.00333
C. 1/3000
D. 3.33 X 10-6
 A wave has a frequency of 440Hz, how long does it take for 10: of a cycle to occur?
A. 0.00273s
B. 0.0000273s
C. 0.0000631s
D. 0.00000631s
 One waveform has a peak value of 3V and the other has peak value of 5V. These two waves are in
phase coincidence. The resultant has voltages of
A. 8Vpk, in phase with the composites
B. 2 Vpk, in phase with the composites
C. 8Vpk, in phase opposition with respect to the composites
D. 2 Vpk, in phase opposition with respect to the composites
 Two pure sine waves that differ in phase by 180: can be considered to
A. Be offset by two full cycles
B. Be in phase opposition
C. Be separated by less than cycle
D. Have a frequency of cycle
 A BJT has
A. three PN junctions
B. three semiconductor layers
C. two N type layers around a P type layer
D. a low avalanche voltage
Consider the following statements: [IES2010]
Piezoelectric materials serve as
1.A source of ultrasonic waves
2.When electric field is applied, the mechanical dimensions of the substances are not at all altered.
3.Converts electrical energy to mechanical and vice versa
4.Converts thermal energy to electrical energy
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
A.1 only
B.2 and 3 only
C.1 and 3 only
D.1,2,3 and 4
The current through the 2K resistance in the circuit shown is [GATE2009]

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

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A.0 mA
B.1 mA
C.2 mA
D.6 mA
Out of the following plant categories
1.Nuclear
2.Run-of-river
3.Pump storage
4.Diesel
the base load power plants are [GATE2009]
A.1 and 2
B. 2 and 3
C.1,2 and 4
D.1, 3,and 4
The following circuit has a source voltage Vs as shown in the graph. The current through the circuit is
also shown

## The element connected between a and b could be [GATE 2009]

The following circuit has R= 10k , C=10F. The input voltage is a sinusoid at 50Hz with an rms value of
10V. Under ideal conditions, the current is from the source is [GATE 2009]

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 15

A.
B.
C.
D.

10mA lagging by 90

Ans: A
In the figure shown, all elements used are ideal. For time t<0, S1 remained closed and S2 open. At t=0,
S1 is opened and S2 is closed. If the voltage Vc2 across the capacitor C2 at t=0 is zero, the voltage across the
capacitor combination at t=0+ will be [GATE 2009]

A. 1V
B. 2V
C. 1.5V
D. 3 V
Ans: D
Transformer and emitter follower can both be used for impedance matching at the output of an audio
amplifier. The basic relationship between the input power Pin and output power Pout in both the cases
is [GATE 2009]
A. Pin = Pout for both transformer and emitter follower
B. Pin > Pout for both transformer and emitter follower
C. Pin < Pout for transformer and Pin = Pout for emitter follower
D. Pin = Pout for transformer and Pin < Pout for emitter follower
Ans: None of the above
The equivalent capacitance of the input loop of the circuit shown is [GATE 2009]

A.
B.
C.
D.

2F
100F
200F
4F

Page 16

## CHAPTER-2. ELECTRICAL MACHINE

2.1 - ALTERNATOR

 Squirrel cage bars placed in the rotor pole faces of an alternator help reduce hunting
A. above synchronous speed only
B. below synchronous speed only
C. above and blow synchronous speeds both
D. none of the above
 The stationary alternator should not be connected to live bus-bars because it
A. is likely to run as synchronous motor
B. will get short - circuited
C. will decrease bus - bar voltage though momentarily
D. will disturb generated emf's of other alternators connected in parallel.
 With a unity load p.f, the effect of armature reaction on the main field flux of an alternator is
A. distortional
B. magnetising
C. demagnetising
D. nominal
 At lagging loads, armature reaction in an alternator is
A. cross-magnetising
B. demagnetising
C. non-effective
D. magnetising
 The frequency of voltage generated by an alternator having 4 poles and rotating at 1800 rpm is
A. 60 Hz
B. 7200 Hz
C. 120 Hz
D. 450 Hz
 The main disadvantages of using short pitch winding in alternators is that it
A. reduces harmonics in the generated voltage
B. reduces the total voltage around the armature coils
C. produces asymmetry in the three phase windings
D. increases Cu of end connections.
 Zero power factor method of an alternator is used to find its
A. efficiency
B. voltage regulation
C. armature resistance
D. synchronous impedance
 Armature reaction in an alternator mainly affects
A. rotor speed
B. terminal voltage per phase
C. frequency of armature current
D. generated voltage per phase
The effect of increasing air gap length in the induction motor will increase the
A. power factor
B. speed
C. magnetising current
D. air gap flux
 The principle of operation of a 3 phase induction motor is most similar to that of a
A. synchronous motor
B. repulsion start induction motor
C. transformer with a shorted secondary
D. capacitor start, induction run motor

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## 2.2 D.C. MACHINES

 Voltage equation of a dc motor is
A. V = Eb + IaRa
B. Eb = V + IaRa
C. V = Eb/IaRa
D. V = Eb + Ia2Ra
 Both Hopkinson's test and Field test
A. Require two electrically coupled series motors
B. Need two similar mechanically coupled motors
C. Use negligible power
D. Are regenerative tests
 which of the following motor has the constant speed?
A. Series motor
B. Shunt motor
C. Cumulatively compound motor
D. All of the above
 The usual test to find the efficiency of the traction motor is
A. Field's test
B. Retardation test
C. Hopkinson's test
D. Swinburn's test
 A DC series motor is best for driving
A. Lathes
B. Cranes and hoists
C. Shears and punches
D. Machine tools
 Retardation test on a dc shunt motor is used for finding
A. Stray loss
B. Copper loss
C. Friction loss
D. Iron loss
 In a DC series motor increasing the load current will
A. Decrease the speed
B. Increase the speed
C. Better commutation
D. Increase the back emf
 One of the main advantage of the swinburn's test is
A. It is applicable both shunt and compound motors
B. It needs one running test
C. It is very economical and convenient
D. It ignores any charge in iron loss
 the main disadvantage of hopkinson's test for finding efficiency of shunt dc motors is that it
B. Ignores any change in iron loss
C. Needs one motor and one generator
D. Requires two identical shunt machines
 The most economical method of finding no losses of a large dc shunt motor is
A. Hopkinson's test
B. Swinburn's test
C. Retardation test
D. Field's test

Page 18

## 2.3 D.C. MOTOR

 The basic requirement of a dc armature winding is that it must be
A. a closed one
B. a lap winding
C. a wave winding
D. either b or c
 The sole purpose of a commutator in a dc generator is to
A. increase output voltage
B. reduce sparking at brushes
C. provide smoother output
D. convert the induced ac into dc
 In small DC machines, armature slots are sometimes not made axial but are skewed, results in
A. quieter operation
B. slight decrease in losses
C. saving of copper
D. both a and b
 The critical resistance of the dc generator is the resistance of
A. armature
B. field
D. brushes
 In a dc generator, the generator, the generated emf is directly proportional to the
A. field current
B. pole flux
C. number of armature parallel paths
D. number of dummy coils
 The commutation process in a dc generator basically involves
A. passage of current from moving armature to a stationary load
B. reversal of current in an armature coil as it crosses MNA
C. conversion of ac to dc
D. suppression of reactance voltage
 The essential condition for stable parallel operation of two dc generators having similar characteristics is
that they should have
A. same kilowatt output ratings
B. dropping voltage characteristics
C. same percentage regulation
 An ideal dc generator has .......... voltage regulation.
A. low
B. zero
C. positive
D. negative
 Which generator has poorest voltage regulation
A. series
B. shunt
C. compound
D. high
 The voltage regulation of an over compound dc generator is always
A. Positive
B. negative
C. zero
D. high

Page 19

## 2.4 - INDUCTION MOTORS

 The crawling in an induction motor is caused by
A. improper design of the machine
B. low voltage supply
D. harmonics developed in the motor
Ans = D
 The speed of an induction motor
A. decreases too much with the increase of load
B. increase with the increase of load
C. decreases slightly with the increase of load
D. remains constant with the increase of load
 The effect of increasing the length of the air gap in an induction motor will increase
A. power factor
B. speed
C. magnetising current
D. air-gap flux
 the difference between the synchronous speed and the actual speed of an induction motor is known as
A. Regulation
B. back lash
C. slip
D. lag
 Rotating magnetic field is produced in A....
A. single - phase induction motor
B. three phase induction motor
C. dc series motor
D. ac series motor
 The stator core of the induction motor is made of
A. Laminated cast iron
B. Mild steel
C. Silicon steel stampings
D. Soft wood
 Star- delta starter of an induction motor
A. Inserts resistance in rotor circuit
B. Inserts resistance in stator circuit
C. Applies reduced voltage to rotor
D. Applies reduced voltage to stator
 The starting torque of a 1-phase induction motor is
A. High
B. Medium
C. Low
D. Zero
 The thrust developed by a linear induction motor depends on
A. Synchronous speed
B. Rotor input
C. Number of poles
D. both A and B
A 3-phase squirrel cage induction motor supplied from a balanced 3-phase source drives a mechanical
load. The torque-speed characteristics of the motor (solid curve) and of the load (dotted curve) are shown. Of
the two equilibrium points A and B, which of the following options correctly describes the stability of A and
B? [GATE 2009]
A.A is stable B is unstable
B.A is unstable B is stable
C.Both are stable
D.Both are unstable

Page 20

##  In a synchronous motor, damper winding is provided to

A. Stabilize rotor motion
B. Suppress rotor oscillations
C. Develop necessary starting torque
D. Both B and C
 Synchronous capacitor is
A. An ordinary static capacitor bank
B. An over excited synchronous motor driving mechanical load
C. An over excited synchronous motor running without mechanical load
D. None of the above
 A synchronous machine is called as doubly excited machine because
A. It can be over excited
B. It has two sets of rotor poles
C. Both its rotor and stator are excited
D. It needs twice the normal exciting current
If the field of a synchronous motor is under excited, the power factor will be
A. Lagging
C. Unity
D. More than unity
 The direction of rotation of a synchronous motor can be reversed by reversing
A. Current to the field winding
B. Supply phase sequence
C. Polarity of rotor poles
D. None of the above
A synchronous motor connected to infinite busbars has at constant full-load, 100% excitation and unity pf.
On changing the excitation only, the armature current will have
B. leading pf with over excitation
C. lagging pf with over excitation
D. no change of pf
 The maximum value of torque angle a in a synchronous motor is.......degrees electrical
A. 45
B. 90
C. between 45 and 90
D. below 60
 The angle between the synchronous rotating stator flux and rotor poles of a synchronous motor is
A. Synchronizing angle

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 21

B. Torque angle
C. Power factor angle
D. Slip angle
 In a synchronous machine when the rotor speed becomes more than the synchronous speed during
hunting, the damping bars develop
A. synchronous motor torque
B. dc motor torque
C. induction motor torque
D. induction generator torque
 When load on a synchronous motor is increased its armature current is increased provided it is
A. normally excited
B. over excited
C. under exciter
D. all of the above

## 2.6 GENERAL ELECTRICAL MACHINE

A field excitation of 20A in a certain alternator results in an armature current of 400A in short circuit and a
terminal voltage of 2000V on open circuit. The magnitude of the internal voltage drop within the machine at a
load current of 200A is [GATE2009]
A.1V
B.10V
C.100V
D.1000V
 Figure shows the extended view of a 2 pole dc machine with 10 armature conductors.Normal brush
positions are shown by A and B, placed at the interpolar axis. If the brushes are now shifted, in the direction
of rotation, to A' and B' as shown, the voltage waveform VA'B' will resemble. [GATE]

Ans: A

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 22

A 220V,50Hz,single-phase induction motor has the following connection diagram and winding
orientations shown.MM' is the axis of the main stator winding(M 1M2) and AA' is that of the auxiliary winding
(A1A2). Directions of the winding axes indicate direction of flux when currents in the windings are in the
directions shown. Parameters of each winding are indicateD. When switch S is closed, the motor [GATE]

A. rotates clockwise
B. rotates anticlockwise
C. does not rotate
D. rotates momentarily and comes to a halt
 The electromagnetic torque Te of a drive, and its connected load torque Tl are as shown below. Out of the
operating points A,B, C and D, the stable ones are [GATE 2007]

Ans:C
 In a transformer, zero voltage regulation at full load is [GATE 2007]
A. Not possible
B. Possible at unity Power factor load
D. Possible at lagging Power factor load
 The DC motor, which can provide zero speed regulation at full load without any controller is [GATE 2007]
A. Series
B. Shunt
C. Cumulative Compound
D. Differential Compound
 A single phase 10kVA, 50 Hz transformer with 1kV primary winding draws 0.5A and 55W, at rated voltage
and frequency, on no loaD. A second transformer has a core with all its linear 2 times the corresponding
dimensions of the first transformer. The core material and lamination thickness are the same in both
transformers. The primary windings of both the transformers have the same number of turns. If a rated
voltage of 2kV at 50Hz is applied to the primary of the second transformer, then the no load current and
power, respectively, are [GATE2012]
A. 0.7 A,77.8W
B. 0.7A,155.6 W
C. 1A,110W
D. 1A,220W

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 23

 The locked rotor current in a 3-phase, star connected 15kW, 4-pole, 230V, 50Hz induction motor at rated
conditions is 50A. Neglecting losses and magnetizing current, the approximate locked rotor line current
drawn when the motor is connected to a 236V, 57Hz supply is [GATE2012]
A. 58.5A
B. 45.0A
C. 45.7A
D. 55.6A
 A 220V, 15kW,1000rpm shunt motor with armature resistance of 0.25, has a rated line current of 68A
and a rated field current of 2.2A. The change in field flux required to obtain a speed of 1600 rpm while
drawing a line current of 52.8A and a field current of 1.8A is [GATE2012]
A. 18.18% increase
B. 18.18% decrease
C. 36.36% increase
D. 36.36% decrease
 In 8 - pole wave connected motor armature, the number of parallel paths are
A. 8
B. 4
C. 2
D. 1
 A salient pole synchronous motor is running at no loaD. Its field current is switched off. The motor will
(A) come to stop.
(B) continue to run at synchronous speeD.
(C) continue to run at a speed slightly more than the synchronous speeD.
(D) continue to run at a speed slightly less than the synchronous speeD.
 The emf induced in the primary of a transformer
(A) is in phase with the flux.
(B) lags behind the flux by 90 degree.
(C) leads the flux by 90 degree.
(D) is in phase opposition to that of flux.
The frequency of the rotor current in a 3 phase 50 Hz, 4 pole induction motor at full load speed is about
(A) 50 Hz.
(B) 20 Hz.
(C) 2 Hz.
(D) Zero.
 The two windings of a transformer is
 The D.C. series motor should always be started with load because
(A) at no load, it will rotate at dangerously high speeD.
(B) it will fail to start.
(C) it will not develop high starting torque.
(D) all are true.
 Out of the following methods of heating the one which is independent of supply
frequency is
(A) electric arc heating
(B) induction heating
(C) electric resistance heating
(D) dielectric heating
 In a stepper motor the angular displacement
(A) can be precisely controlled.
(B) it cannot be readily interfaced with micro computer based controller.
(C) the angular displacement cannot be precisely controlled.

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 24

(D) it cannot be used for positioning of work tables and tools in NC machines.
 The generation voltage is usually
(A) between 11 KV and 33 KV.
(B) between 132 KV and 400 KV.
(C) between 400 KV and 700 KV.
(D) None of the above.
 When a synchronous motor is running at synchronous speed, the damper winding produces
(A) damping torque.
(B) eddy current torque.
(C) torque aiding the developed torque.
(D) no torque.
 A hysteresis motor
(A) is not a self-starting motor.
(B) is a constant speed motor.
(C) needs dc excitation.
(D) can not be run in reverse speed.
 If a transformer primary is energized from a square wave voltage source, its output voltage will be
(A) A square wave.
(B) A sine wave.
(C) A triangular wave.
(D) A pulse wave.
 The power factor of a squirrel cage induction motor is
(A) low at light load only.
(B) low at heavy load only.
(C) low at light and heavy load both.
(D) low at rated load only.
 In a D.C. machine, the armature mmf is
(A) stationary w.r.t. armature.
(B) rotating w.r.t. field.
(C) stationary w.r.t. field.
(D) rotating w.r.t. brushes.
 In a transformer the voltage regulation will be zero when it operates at
(A) unity p.f.
(C) lagging p.f.
 The primary winding of a 220/6 V, 50 Hz transformer is energised from 110 V, 60 Hz supply. The
secondary output voltage will be
(A) 3.6 V.
(B) 2.5 V.
(C) 3.0 V.
(D) 6.0 V.
 The relative speed between the magnetic fields of stator and rotor under steady state operation is zero
for a
(A) dc machine.
(B) 3 phase induction machine.
(C) synchronous machine.
(D) single phase induction machine.
Ans: All are correct
 The current from the stator of an alternator is taken out to the external load circuit through
(A) slip rings.
(B) commutator segments.
(C) solid connections.
(D) carbon brushes.

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 25

 A motor which can conveniently be operated at lagging as well as leading power factors is the
(A) squirrel cage induction motor.
(B) wound rotor induction motor.
(C) synchronous motor.
(D) DC shunt motor.
 The most suitable servomotor for low power applications is
(A) a dc series motor.
(B) a dc shunt motor.
(C) an ac two-phase induction motor.
(D) an ac series motor.
 The size of a conductor used in power cables depends on the
(A) operating voltage.
(B) power factor.
(C) current to be carried.
(D) type of insulation used.
The size of the feeder is determined primarily by
(A) the current it is required to carry.
(B) the percent variation of voltage in the feeder.
(C) the voltage across the feeder.
(D) the distance of transmission.
 The emf induced in the primary of a transformer
(A) is in phase with the flux.
(B) lags behind the flux by 90 degree.
(C) leads the flux by 90 degree.
(D) is in phase opposition to that of flux.
 The relative speed between the magnetic fields of stator and rotor under steady state operation is zero
for a
(A) dc machine.
(B) 3 phase induction machine.
(C) synchronous machine.
(D) single phase induction machine.
Ans: all options are correct
As the voltage of transmission increases, the volume of conductor
(A) increases.
(B) does not change.
(C) decreases.
(D) increases proportionately.
HINT:-Due to skin effect
In a 3-phase synchronous motor
(A) the speed of stator MMF is always more than that of rotor MMF.
(B) the speed of stator MMF is always less than that of rotor MMF.
(C) the speed of stator MMF is synchronous speed while that of rotor MMF is zero.
(D) rotor and stator MMF are stationary with respect to each other.
HINT:-Motor is magnetically locked into position with stator, the rotor poles are engaged with stator
poles and both run synchronously in same direction.
An alternator is delivering rated current at rated voltage and 0.8 power-factor lagging case. If it is
required to deliver rated current at rated voltage and 0.8 power-factor leading, the required excitation will be
(A) less.
(B) more.
(C) more or less.
(D) the same.
HINT:-Over excitation gives leading power factor and under excitation gives lagging p.f .
 Out of the following methods of heating the one which is independent of supply frequency is (A) electric
arc heating
(B) induction heating

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 26

(C) electric resistance heating
(D) dielectric heating
In a capacitor start single-phase induction motor, the capacitor is connected
(A) in series with main winding.
(B) in series with auxiliary winding.
(C) in series with both the windings.
(D) in parallel with auxiliary winding.
HINT:-To make single phase motor self start. We split the phases at 90 degree. Hence, motor behaves
like a two phase motor.
A synchro has
(A) a 3-phase winding on rotor and a single-phase winding on stator.
(B) a 3-phase winding on stator and a commutator winding on rotor.
(C) a 3-phase winding on stator and a single-phase winding on rotor.
(D) a single-phase winding on stator and a commutator winding on rotor.
HINT:-The basic synchro unit called a synchro transmitter. Its construction similar to that of a
Three phase alternator.
 A ceiling fan uses
(A) split-phase motor.
(B) capacitor start and capacitor run motor.
(C) universal motor.
(D) capacitor start motor.
HNIT:-To give starting torque and to maintain speed.
 The torque-speed characteristics of an A.C. operated universal motor has a ______characteristic and
it______ be started under no-load condition.
(A) inverse, can
(B) nearly inverse, can
(C) inverse, cannot
(D) nearly inverse, cannot
HINT:-N direct proportional to 1/ T
 In the heating process of the ________type a simple method of temperature control is possible by means of
a special alloy which loses its magnetic properties at a particular high temperature and regains them when
cooled to a temperature below this value.
(A) Indirect induction over
(B) core type induction furnace
(C) coreless induction furnace
(D) high frequency eddy current
HINT:-Magnetic property of alloy changes with change of the temperature and Heat is
produced due to eddy current = Square(i) * R and i proportional to square(f)
 In order to reduce the harmful effects of harmonics on the A.C. side of a high voltage D.C. transmission
system ______are provideD.
(A) synchronous condensers
(B) shunt capacitors
(C) shunt filters
(D) static compensators
HINT:Xc= 1/C
An A.C. tachometer is just a ________with one phase excited from the carrier frequency.
(A) two-phase A.C. servomotor
(B) two-phase induction motor
(C) A.C. operated universal motor
(D) hybrid stepper motor.
HINT:-It is a special purpose machine. It's stator coil can be energized by
electronically switched
current.
 The rotor frequency for a 3 phase 1000 RPM 6 pole induction motor with a slip of 0.04 is________Hz

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 27

(A) 8
(B) 4
(C) 6
(D) 2
HINT:f = N P/ 120 = 1000* 6/120 = 50 Hz
Rotor frequency fr=s * f = 0.04 * 50= 2.0 Hz
 The speed-torque characteristics of a DC series motor are approximately similar to those of the
_________motor.
(A) universal
(B) synchronous
(C) DC shunt
(D) two-phase
HINT:-Universal motor has same characteristics as DC series motor
It is known as an A.c series motor.
In case of a universal motor, torque pulsation is minimized by _________.
(B) rotor inertia
(C) both rotor and load inertia
(D) none of the above
 A hysteresis motor
(A) is not a self-starting motor.
(B) is a constant speed motor.
(C) needs dc excitation.
(D) can not be run in reverse speed.
 The most suitable servomotor for low power applications is
(A) a dc series motor.
(B) a dc shunt motor.
(C) an ac two-phase induction motor.
(D) an ac series motor.
 The size of a conductor used in power cables depends on the
(A) operating voltage.
(B) power factor.
(C) current to be carried.
(D) type of insulation used.
A stepper motor is
(A) a dc motor.
(B) a single-phase ac motor.
(C) a multi-phase motor.
(D) a two phase motor.
HINT:-Stepper motor works on 1-phase-ON or 2-phase ON modes of operation
 A motor which can conveniently be operated at lagging as well as leading power factors is the
(A) squirrel cage induction motor.
(B) wound rotor induction motor.
(C) synchronous motor.
(D) DC shunt motor.
 The D.C. series motor should always be started with load because
(A) at no load, it will rotate at dangerously high speed.
(B) it will fail to start.
(C) it will not develop high starting torque.
(D) all are true.
 The sheath is used in cable to
(A) provide strength to the cable.
(B) provide proper insulation.
(C) prevent the moisture from entering the cable.

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 28

(D) avoid chances of rust on strands.
HINT:-The sheath in underground cable is provided to give mechanical strength.
 The drive motor used in a mixer-grinder is a
(A) dc motor.
(B) induction motor.
(C) synchronous motor.
(D) universal motor.
HINT:-The universal motor is suitable for AC & DC both supply systems.
 A balanced three-phase, 50 Hz voltage is applied to a 3 phase, 4 pole, induction motor. When the motor is
delivering rated output, the slip is found to be 0.05. The speed of the rotor m.m.f. relative to the rotor
structure is
(A) 1500 r.p.m.
(B) 1425 r.p.m.
(C) 25 r.p.m.
(D) 75 r.p.m.
HINT:-NS = 120f /P = 120 x 50 /4 =1500rpm
N = NS ( 1-s) = 1500 (1-0.05) = 1425
Relative speed = 1500 1425 = 75 rpm
 The primary winding of a 220/6 V, 50 Hz transformer is energised from 110 V, 60 Hz supply. The
secondary output voltage will be
(A) 3.6 V.
(B) 2.5 V.
(C) 3.0 V.
(D) 6.0 V.
 The current from the stator of an alternator is taken out to the external load circuit throu
(A) slip rings.
(B) commutator segments.
(C) solid connections.
(D) carbon brushes.
 In a 3 phase induction motor the maximum torque
(A) is proportional to rotor resistance r2 .
(B) does not depend on r2 .
(C) is proportional to square root of r2 .
(D) is proportional to square of r2 .
 In a D.C. machine, the armature mmf is
(A) stationary w.r.t. armature.
(B) rotating w.r.t. field.
(C) stationary w.r.t. field.
(D) rotating w.r.t. brushes.
 In a transformer the voltage regulation will be zero when it operates at
(A) unity p.f.
(C) lagging p.f.
 In a stepper motor the angular displacement
(A) can be precisely controlled.
(B) it cannot be readily interfaced with micro computer based controller.
(C) the angular displacement cannot be precisely controlled.
(D) it cannot be used for positioning of work tables and tools in NC machines.
 The power factor of a squirrel cage induction motor is
(A) low at light load only.
(B) low at heavy load only.
(C) low at light and heavy load both.
(D) low at rated load only.
 The generation voltage in India is usually

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 29

(A) between 11 KV and 33 KV.
(B) between 132 KV and 400 KV.
(C) between 400 KV and 700 KV.
(D) None of the above.
 When a synchronous motor is running at synchronous speed, the damper winding produces
(A) damping torque.
(B) eddy current torque.
(C) torque aiding the developed torque.
(D) no torque.
If a transformer primary is energised from a square wave voltage source, its output voltage will be
(A) A square wave.
(B) A sine wave.
(C) A triangular wave.
(D) A pulse wave.
 A salient pole synchronous motor is running at no load. Its field current is switched off. The motor will
(A) come to stop.
(B) continue to run at synchronous speed.
(C) continue to run at a speed slightly more than the synchronous speed.
(D) continue to run at a speed slightly less than the synchronous speed.
 The frequency of the rotor current in a 3 phase 50 Hz, 4 pole induction motor at full load speed is about
(A) 50 Hz.
(B) 20 Hz.
(C) 2 Hz.
(D) Zero.
 The speed of a dc motor can be controlled by varying
A. its flux per pole
B. resistance of armature circuit
C. applied voltage
D. all of the above
 Regarding Ward-Leonard system of speed control which statement is false?
A. It is usually used where wide and very sensitive speed control is required
B. It is used for motors having ratings from 750kW to 4000Kw
C. Capital outlay involved in the system is right since it uses two extra machines
D. It gives a speed range of 10:1 but in one direction only
E. It has low overall efficiency especially at light loads
 In a DC motor, unidirectional torque is produced with the help of
A. Brushes
B. Commutator
C. End-plates
D. Both a and b
 The counter emf of dc motor
A. Often exceeds the supply voltage
B. Aids the applied voltage
C. Helps in energy conversion
D. Regulates its armature voltage
 The Eb/V ratio of a dc motor is an indication of its
A. Efficiency
B. Speed regulation
C. Starting torque
D. Running Torque
 The induced emf in the armature conductors of a dc motor is
A. Sinusoidal
B. Trapezoidal
C. Rectangular

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 30

D. Alternating
 A dc motor can be looked upon as dc generator with the power flow
A. Reduced
B. Reversed
C. Increased
D. Modified
 A series motor is best suited for driving
A. Lathes
B. Cranes and hoists
C. Shears and punches
D. Machine tools
The Ta/Ia graph of a dc series motor is a
B. Straight line throughout
C. Parabola throughout
 When load is removed, .......motor will run at the highest speed.
A. Shunt
B. Cumulative compound
C. Differential compound
D. Series
 The power factor of a squirrel cage induction motor is
A. Low at light loads only
B. Low at heavy loads only
C. Low at light and heavy loads both
D. Low at rated load only
 The synchronous speed of a linear induction motor does not depend on
A. Width of pole pitch
B. Number of poles
C. Supply frequency
D. Any of the above

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 31

CHAPTER-3. TRANSFORMERS
 A Buchholz relay can be installed on
A. Auto-transformers
B. Air-cooled transformers
C. Welding transformers
D. Oil cooled transformers
 The chemical used in breather is
A. Asbestos fibre
B. Silica sand
C. Sodium chloride
D. Silica gel
 Material used for construction of transformer core is usually
A. 0.4mm to 0.5 mm
B. 4mm to 5 mm
C. 14mm to 15 mm
D. 25mm to 40 mm
 Helical coils can be used on
A. Low voltage side of high kVA transformers
B. High frequency transformers
C. High voltage side of small capacity transformers
D. High voltage side of high kVA rating transformers
 The transformer ratings are usually expressed in terms of
A. Volts
B. Amperes
C. kW
D. kVA
 The value of flux involved in the emf equation of a transformer is
A. rms value
B. rms value
C. Maximum value
D. Instantaneous value
 The main advantage of auto transformer over a two winding transformer is
A. Hysteresis losses are reduced
B. Saving in winding material
C. Copper losses are negligible
D. Eddy losses are totally eliminated
 During short circuit test iron losses are negligible because
A. The current on secondary side is negligible
B. The voltage on secondary side does not vary
C. The voltage applied on primary side is low
D. Full-load current is not supplied to the transformer
 Which of the following properties is not necessarily desirable in the material for transformer core?
A. Mechanical strength
B. Low hysteresis loss
C. High thermal conductivity
D. High permeability
 The main reason for generation of harmonics in a transformer could be
B. Poor insulation
C. Mechanical vibrations
D. Saturation of core
 A transformer transforms
A. frequency
B. voltage

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 32

C. current
D. voltage and current
 Which is not the basic element of the transformer?
A. core
B. primary winding
C. secondary winding
D. mutual flux
 In an ideal transformer
A. windings have no resistance
B. core has no losses
C. core has infinite permeability
D. all of the above
 The frequency of the secondary voltage of a transformer will be.....
A. less than frequency of the primary voltage
B. equal to the primary voltage
C. greater than the frequency of the primary voltage
D. much greater than the frequency of the primary voltage
 The efficiency of a transformer is maximum when
A. It runs at half full load
B. it runs at full load
C. its Cu loss equal iron loss
 A step-up transformer increases
A. voltage
B. current
C. power
D. frequency
 Which type of loss is not common to transformer and rotating machines?
A. Eddy current loss
B. Copper loss
C. Hysteresis loss
D. Windage loss
 The transformer core is laminated to
A. Reduce the copper losses
B. Reduce the core losses
C. Reduce the eddy current losses
D. None of the above
 Transformer cores are built up from laminations rather than from solid metal so that
A. Oil penetrates the core more easily
B. Eddy current loss is reduced
C. Less lamination is required for the windings
D. Turn ratio is higher than voltage ratio
 the main purpose of using core in a transformer is to
A. Decrease iron losses
B. prevent eddy current loss
C. eliminate magnetic hysteresis
D. decrease reluctance of the common magnetic circuit
 The ordinary two winding transformer's primary and secondary windings always have
A. different no of turns
B. same size of copper wire
C. a common magnetic circuit
D. separate magnetic circuits
 No load test on a transformer is carried out to find
A. copper loss
B. magnetising current

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 33

C. magnetising current and no load loss
D. efficiency of the transformer
 Transformers are rated in KVA instead of KW because
A. load power factor is often not known
B. KVA is fixed whereas KW depends on load power factor
C. Total transformer loss depends on volt ampere
D. It has become customary
 Transformer cores are laminated in order to
A. simplify its construction
B. minimise eddy current loss
C. reduce cost
D. reduce hysteresis loss
 A step up transformer increases
A. voltage
B. current
C. power
D. frequency
 In a two winding transformer, the primary and secondary induced emf E1 & E2 are always
A. equal in magnitude
B. anti phase with each other
C. in phase with each other
D. determined by load on transformer secondary
 In a transformer, the leakage flux of each winding is proportional to the current in that winding because
A. Ohm's law applies to magnetic circuits
B. Leakage paths do no saturate
C. the two windings are electrically isolated
D. mutual flux is confined to the core
 In a two winding transformer, the emf /turn in secondary winding is always......the induced emf power
turn in primary
A. equal to k times
B. equal to 1/k times
C. equal
D. greater than
 In transformer terminology, the ratio 20:1 indicates that
A. there are 20 turns on primary one turn on secondary
B. secondary voltage is 1/20th of the primary
C. primary current is 20 times greater than the secondary current
D. for every 20 turns on primary, there is one turn on secondary
 In performing the short circuit test of a transformer
A. high voltage is usually short circuited
B. low voltage side is usually short circuited
C. any side is short circuited with preference
D. none of the above
Common Data for Questions 1 and 2: [GATE 2009]
The star-delta transformer shown above is excited on the star side with a balanced,4-wire,3-phase,sinusoidal
voltage supply of rated magnitude. The transformer is under no load condition.

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 34

 With both S1 and S2 open, the core flux waveform will be [GATE 2009]
A. a sinusoidal at fundamental frequency
B. flat-topped with third harmonic
C. peaky with third-harmonic
D. none of these
 With S2 closed and S1 open, the current waveform in the delta winding will be [GATE 2009]
A. a sinusoidal at fundamental frequency
B. flat-topped with third harmonic
C. only third-harmonic
D. none of these
Common Data for Questions 3 and 4:
The circuit diagram shows a two-winding, losses transformer with no leakage flux, excited from a current
source,i(t),whose waveform is also shown. The transformer has a magnetizing inductance of 400/ mH.

 The peak voltage across A and B, with S open is [GATE 2009]
A. 400/ V
B. 800 V
C. 4000/ V
D. 800/ V
 If the waveform of i(t) is changed to i(t)= 10 sin(100t)A, the peak voltage across A and B with S closed
is [GATE 2009]
A. 400V
B. 240V
C. 320V
D. 160V

The figure above shows coils 1 and 2, with dot markings as shown, having 4000 and 6000 turns
respectively. Both the coils have a rated current of 25A. Coil 1 is excited with single phase, 400V,
50Hz supply.
 The coils are to be connected to obtain a single phase, 400/1000V, auto-transformer to drive a load of
10kVA. Which of the options given should be exercised to realize the required auto-transformer? [GATE
2009]
A. Connect A and D; Common B
B. Connect B and D; Common C

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 35

C. Connect A and C; Common B
D. Connect A and C; Common D
 In the autotransformer obtained in Question 57, the current in each coil is [GATE 2009]
A. Coil-1 is 25A and Coil-2 is 10A
B. Coil-1 is 10A and Coil-2 is 25A
C. Coil-1 is 10A and Coil-2 is 15A
D. Coil-1 is 15A and Coil-2 is 10A
The single phase, 50Hz iron core transformer in the circuit has both the vertical arms of cross sectional
area 20cm2 and both the horizontal arms of cross sectional area 10cm2. If the two windings shown were
wound instead on opposite horizontal arms, the mutual inductance will [GATE 2009]

A.Double
B.Remain same
C.Be halved
D.Become one quarter
Ans: In a transformer the energy is conveyed from primary to secondary?
A. Through cooling coil
B. Through air
C. By the flux
D. None of the above
 Which loss is not common between a transformer and rotating machines?
A. Eddy current loss
B. Copper loss
C. Windage loss
D. Hysteresis loss
 No load test on a transformer is carried out to find
A. Copper loss
B. magnetising current
C. Magnetising current and loss
D. Efficiency of the transformer
 Sumpner's test is conducted on transformers to find
A. Temperature
B. Stray losses
C. All-day efficiency
D. None of the above
 The efficiency of a transformer will be maximum when
A. copper losses = hysteresis losses
B. Hysteresis losses = eddy current losses
C. Eddy current losses = copper losses
D. Copper losses = iron losses
 The purpose of providing an iron core in a transformer is to
A. Provide support to windings

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 36

B. Reduce hysteresis loss
C. decrease the reluctance of the magnetic path
D. reduce eddy current losses
 The highest voltage for transmitting electrical power in India is
A. 33kV
B. 66kV
C. 132kV
D. 400kV
 The function of conservator in a transformer is
A. To protect against internal fault
B. To reduce copper as well as core losses
C. To cool the transformer oil
D. To take care of the expansion and contraction of transformer oil due to variation of
temperature of surroundings
 The core used in high frequency transformer is usually
A. Copper core
B. Cost iron core
C. Air core
D.Mid steel core
 Cross over windings are used in
A. Low voltage side of high kVA rating transformers
B. Current transformers
C. High voltage side of high kVA rating transformers
D. High voltage side of low kVA rating transformers
 During light loads, the transformer efficiency is low because
A. Secondary output is low
B. Transformer losses are high
C. Fixed loss is high in proportion to the output
D. Cu loss is small
 The open circuit test is carried out in a transformer to find the
A. Cu loss
B. Core loss
C. Total loss
D. Insulation resistance
 The equivalent resistance of the primary of the transformer having K = 5, R1 = 0.1 ohm when referred to
secondary becomes .....ohm
A. 0.5
B. 0.02
C. 0.004
D. 2.5
 A transformer has negative voltage regulation when its load power factor is
A. Zero
B. Unity
D. Lagging
 A transformer has 1000 primary turns, connected to 250V ac supply. To get 400V secondary voltage the
no of secondary turns should be
A. 1600
B. 250
C. 400
D. 1250

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 37

 The iron loss of the transformer is negligible during short circuit test because
A. The entire input is just sufficient to meet Cu losses only
B. Flux produced is a small fraction of the normal flux
C. Iron core becomes fully saturated
D. Supply frequency is held constant
 In operating a 400hz transformer at 50Hz
A. Only voltage is reduced in the same proportion as the frequency
B. Only KVA rating is reduced in the same proportion as the frequency
C. Both voltage and KVA rating are reduced in the same proportion as frequency
D. None of the above
 When a 400Hz transformer is operated at 50Hz its KVA rating is
A. Reduced to 1/8
B. Increased 8 times
C. Unaffected
D. Increased 64 times
 Which of the following does not change in a transformer?
A. Current
B. Voltage
C. Frequency
D. All of the above
 In a transformer the resistance between its primary and secondary is
A. Zero
B. 1
C. 1000
D. Infinite
 If a pump motor is run on 2/3rd of its supply voltage, it will
A. Continue to deliver same power
B. burn
C. stall
D. continue to run at lower speed
 An ideal transformer has infinite values of primary and secondary inductances. The statement is
A. True
B. False
 The noise resulting from vibrations of laminations set by magnetic force, is termed as
A. magnetostriction
B. boo
C. hum
D. zoom
 The degree of mechanical vibrations produced by the laminations of a transformers depends on
A. Tightness of clamping
B. Gauge of laminations
C. Size of laminations
D. All of the above
 The no-load current drawn by transformer is usually........percent of the full-load current?
A. 0.2 to 0.5 %
B. 2 to 5%
C. 12 to 15 %
D. 20 to 30 %
 The dielectric strength of transformer oil is expected to be
A. 1kV
B. 33kV
C. 100kV
D. 330 kV
 During the short-circuit test on a small transformer the frequency is increased from 50-200Hz. The
copper losses will increase by a factor of

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 38

A. 16
B. 4
C. 1
D. 1/4
 No-load current in a transformer
A. Lags behind the voltage by about 75 deg
C. lags behind the voltage by about 15
 While conducting short-circuit test on a transformer the following side is short circuited
A. High voltage side
B. low voltage side
C. primary side
D. secondary side
 The chemical used in breather for transformer should have the quality of
A. Ionizing air
B. Absorbing moisture
C. Cleansing the transformer oil
D. Cooling the transformer oil
 The path of a magnetic flux in a transformer should have
A. High resistance
B. High reluctance
C. Low resistance
D. Low reluctance
 In case there are burrs on the edges of the laminations of the transformer, it is likely to result in
A. Vibrations
B. Noise
C. Higher eddy currents loss
D. Higher hysteresis loss
 Silicon steel used in laminations mainly reduces
A. Hysteresis loss
B. Eddy current losses
C. Copper loss
D. All of the above
 High frequency transformers sometimes make use of ferrite cores because it has
A. High specific gravity
B. High resistance
C. High hysteresis
D. low permeability
 Harmonics in transformer result in
A. Increased core losses
B. Increased I2R losses
C. Magnetic interference with communication circuits
D. All of the above
 The full load copper loss of a transformer is 1600W. At half-load the copper loss will be
A. 6400W
B. 1600W
C. 800W
D. 400W
 Power transformers are generally designed to have maximum efficiency around

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 39

 Two transformers are connected in parallel. These transformers do not have equal percentage
impedance which results
A. Short-circuiting of the secondaries
B. Power factor of one of the transformers is leading while that of the other lagging
C. Transformers having higher copper losses will have negligible core losses
D. Loading of the transformers not in proportion to their kVA ratings.
 The changes in volume of transformer cooling oil due to variation of atmospeheric temperature during
day and night is taken care of by which part of transformer?
A. Conservator
B. Breather
C. Bushings
D. Buchholz relay
 The transformer laminations are insulated from each other by
A. Mica strip
B. Thin coat of varnish
C. Paper
D. Any of the above
 Which type of winding is used in 3 phase shell type transformer?
A. Circular type
B. Sandwich type
C. Cylindrical type
D. Rectangular type
 During open circuit test of a transformer
A. Primary is supplied rated voltage
B. Primary is supplied full load current
C. Primary is supplied current at reduced voltage
D. Primary is supplied rated kVA
 Which of the following is not standard voltage for power supply in India
A. 11kV
B. 33kV
C. 66 kV
D. 122 kV
 A transformer core is laminated to
A. Reduce hysteresis loss
B. Reduce eddy current losses
C. Reduce copper losses
D. Reduce all above losses
 While conducting short-circuit test on a transformer the following side is short-circuited
A. High voltage side
B. Low voltage side
C. Primary side
D. Secondary side
 Distribution transformers are generally designed for maximum efficiency around
 A transformer oil must be free from
A. Sludge
B. Odour
C. Gases
D. Moisture

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 40

 The use of higher flux density in the transformer design
A. Reduces weight per KVA
B. Reduces iron losses
C. Reduces copper losses
 In a transformer the toppings are generally provided on
A. Primary side
B. Secondary side
C. Low voltage side
D. High voltage side
 Which of the following is not a part of transformer installation?
A. Conservator
B. Breather
C. Buchholz relay
D. Exciter

Page 41

## CHAPTER-4. POWER SYSTEM

Three generators are feeding a load of 100MW.The details of the generators are
Rating(MW) Efficiency() Regulation(p.u.) on 100MVA base
Generator-1
100
20
0.02
Generator-2
100
30
0.04
Generator-3
100
40
0.03
In the event of increased load power demand, which of the following will happen? [GATE 2009]
A. All the generators will share equal power
B.Generator 3 will share more power compared to Generator 1
C.Generator 1 will share more power compared to Generator 2
D.Generator 2 will share more power compared to Generator 3
Ans: None of the above
A 500MW, 21kV, 50Hz, 3-phase, 2-pole synchronous generator having a rated p.f. =0.9, has a moment of
inertia of 27.5 x 103 kg-m2. The inertia constant (H) will be [GATE 2009]
A.2.44 s
B.2.71s
C.4.88s
D.5.42s
For a fixed value of complex power flow in a transmission line having a sending end voltage V, the real
power loss will be proportional to [GATE 2009]
A.V
B.V2
C.1/V2
D.1/V
How many 200W/220V incandescent lamps connected in series would consume the same total power as a
single 100W/220V incandescent lamps? [GATE 2009]
A.Not possible
B.4
C.3
D.2
Match the items in list I with the items in list II and select the correct answer using the codes given below
the lists [GATE 2009]
LIST 1
LIST2
TO
USE
A.improve power factor
1.shunt reactor
B.reduce the current ripples
2.shunt capacitor
C.increase the power flow in line
3.series capacitor
D.reduce the ferranti effect
4.series reactor
A. a2,b3,c4,d1
B. a2,b4,c3,d1
C. a4,b3,c1,d2
D. a4,b1,c3,d2
Match the items in list I with the items in list II and select the correct answer using the codes given below
the lists [GATE 2009]
LIST 1
LIST2
Type of Transmission Line
Type of Distance Relay Preferred
A.short line
1.Ohm Relay
B.Medium line
2.Reactance Relay
C.Long line
3.Mho Relay
A. a2,b1,c3
B. a3,b2,c1
C. a1,b2,c3
D. a1,b3,c2

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 42

 For the system shown below, SD1 and SD2 are complex power demands at bus 1 and bus 2 respectively. If
|V2|=1pu, the VAR rating of the capacitor (QG2) connected at bus 2 is [GATE2012]

A. 0.2 pu
B. 0.268
C. 0.312
D. 0.4pu
 A cylindrical rotor generator delivers 0.5 pu power in the steady-state to an infinite bus through a
transmission line of reactance 0.5 pu. The generator no-load voltage is 1.5 pu and the infinite voltage is 1.5
pu. The inertia constant of the generator is 5MW-s/MV and the generator reactance is 1 pu.The critical
clearing angle, in degrees, for a three-phase dead short circuit fault at the generator terminal is [GATE2012]
A. 53.5
B. 60.2
C. 70.8
D. 79.6
 Power is transfered from system A to system B by an HVDC link as shown in the figure.If the voltages
VAB and VCD are as indicated in the figure, and I>0,then

A. VAB<0,VCD<0,VAB>VCD
B. VAB>0,VCD>0,VAB>VCD
C. VAB>0,VCD>0,VAB<VCD
D. VAB>0,VCD<0
 Consider a step voltage wave of magnitude 1pu travelling along a lossless transmission line that
terminates in a reactor.The voltage magnitude across the reactor at the instant the travelling wave reaches
the reactor is

A. -1pu
B. 1pu
C. 2pu
D. 3pu

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 43

 Consider two buses connected by an impedance of (0+j5). The bus 1 voltage is 10030 V, and bus 2
voltage is 1000 V. The real and reactive power supplied by bus 1, respectively are
A. 1000W,268Var
B. -1000W,-134Var
C. 276.9W,-56.7Var
D. -276.9W,56.7Var
 A three-phase, 33kV oil circuit breaker is rated 1200A, 2000MVA, 3s. The symmetrical breaking current
is
A. 1200A
B. 3600A
C. 35kA
D. 104.8kA
 Consider a stator winding of an alternator with an internal high-resistance ground fault.The currents
under the fault condition are as shown in the figure.The winding is protected using a differential current
scheme with current transformers of ratio 400/5A as shown. The current through the operating coil is

A. 0.17875A
B. 0.2A
C. 0.375A
D. 60kA
 A 50Hz synchronous generator is initially connected to a long lossless transmission line which is open
circuited at the receiving enD.With the field voltage held constant, the generator is disconnected from the
transmission line.Which of the following may be said about the steady state terminal voltage and field current
of the generator?

A. The magnitude of terminal voltage decreases,and the field current does not change
B. The magnitude of terminal voltage increases,and the field current does not change
C. The magnitude of terminal voltage increases,and the field current increases
D. The magnitude of terminal voltage does not change,and the field current decreases
Ans: none of the above
 For enhancing the power transmission in a long EHV transmission line, the most preferred method is to
connect a
A. series inductive compensator in the line
B. shunt inductive compensator at the receiving end
C. series capacitive compensator in the line
D. shunt capacitive compensator at the sending end

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 44

 Consider a three-phase,50Hz,11kV distribution system.Each of the conductors is suspended by an
insulator string having two identical porcelain insulators.The self capacitance of the insulator is 5 times the
shunt capacitance between the link and the ground,as shown in the figure.The voltage across the two
insulators is

A. e1=3.74kV,e2=2.61kV
B. e1=3.46kV,e2=2.89kV
C. e1=6.0kV,e2=4.23kV
D. e1=5.5kV,e2=5.5kV
 Consider a three-core, three-phase,50Hz,11kV cable whose conductors are denoted as R,Y and B in the
figure.The inter-phase capacitance(C1) between each pair of conductors is 0.2F and the capacitance
between each line conductor and the sheath is 0.4F.The per-phase charging current is

A. 2.0A
B. 2.4A
C. 2.7A
D. 3.5A
 For the power system shown in the figure below,the specifications of the components are the following:
G1: 25kV,100MVA,X=9%
G2: 25'kV,100MVA,X=9%
T1: 25kV/220kV,90MVA,X=12%
T2: 220kV/25kV,90MVA,X=12%
Line1: 220kV, X=150 ohms.

Choose 25kV as the base voltage at the generator G1 and 200MVA as the MVA base.The impedance diagram
is.....Options A,B,C,D are given below

Page 45

[A]

[B]

[C]

[D]
Ans:B

Page 46

## CHAPTER-5. POWER ELECTRONICS

 A 240V, 50Hz supply feeds a highly inductive load of 50 Ohm resistance through a half controlled thyristor
bridge. When the firing angle =45, the load power is
A. 418 W
B. 512 W
C. 367 W
D. 128 W
Exp: Vav = (Vm/) (1 + cos) = [(2*240)/() ) ( 1 + cos45)] = 184.4 V
Iav = Vav / R = 184.4/50 =3.69A

## = 3.69 * [(180 -45)/180]

= 3.2A
P = 3.2 * 3.2 *50 = 512 W
..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
 A D.C. to D.C. chopper operates from a 48 V battery source into a resistive load of 24Ohm. The frequency
of the chopper is set to 250Hz. When chopper on-time is 1 ms the load power is
A. 6W
B. 12W
C. 24W
D. 48W
Exp: Vavg = V* f * Ton = 48 x 250 x (10 - 3) = 12V
Iav = Vav/R = 12/24 = 0.5A
Vrms= V* Square root (Ton) * f = 48 * Square root (0.25) = 24V
Irms = Vrms/R = 24/24 = 1A
P = Irms * Irms * R = 1 * 24 = 24W
..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
 A thyristor half wave controlled converter has a supply voltage of 240V at 50Hz and a load resistance of
100 Ohm. when the firing delay angle is 30 the average value of load current is
A. 126A
B. 2.4A
C. 126mA
D. 24 A
Exp:We know the output wave form of the half wave rectifier For any delay angle alpha, the average load
voltage is given by

solving,

## substituting the values in the above equation,

Vav = (2*240) / (2) * [ 1 + cos30 ] = 100.8 V
Iav = Vav/R = 100.8/100 = 126 mA
..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
 A full-wave fully controlled bridge has a highly inductive load with a resistance of 55 Ohm, and a supply
of 110V at 50Hz. The value of load power for a firing angle =75 is
A. 10W
B. 11W
C. 10.5W

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 47

D. 10.9W
Exp:
Vav = [2Vm/()]cos]
= [(2 *(2*110)/ 3.14 ] * cos 75
= 99 cos 75
= 25.6V
Iav = Vav / R
= 25.6/55
= 0.446A = Irms
P = Irms * Irms * R
= 0.446 * 0.446 * 55
=10.9W
..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
 A D.C. to D.C. chopper operates from a 48 V source with a resistive load of 24Ohm. The
chopper frequency is 250Hz. When Ton= 3 ms, the rms current is
A. 1.5A
B. 15mA
C. 1.73A
D. 173mA
Exp: Vav = V *f * Ton = 48 * 250 * 3 *(10 - 3) = 36V
Iav = Vav/R = 36/24 = 1.5 A
Vrms = V* Square root (Ton) * f = 48 * 0.75 = 41.6V
Irms = Vrms/R = 41.6/24 = 1.73A
..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
 A 240V, 50Hz supply feeds a highly inductive load of 50 Ohm resistance through a thyristor full
control bridge. when the firing angle = 45, load power is
A. 456 W
B. 466 W
C. 732 W
D. 120 W
Exp: Vav = (2Vm/) * cos = [(2 * 339)/3.14] cos 45 = 152.6V
Iav = Vav/R = 152.6 / 50 = 3.05A = Irms
P = Square of Irms * R = 3.04 * 3.04 * 50 = 466W
..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
 Thermal runaway is not possible in FET because as the temperature of FET increases
A. The mobility decreases
B. The transconductance increases
C. The drain current increases
D. None of the above
 The ripple frequency from a full wave rectifier is
A. twice that from a half wave circuit
B. the same as that from a half wave circuit
C. half that from a half wave circuit
D. 1/4 that from a half wave circuit
 In a full-wave rectifier using two ideal diodes,Vdc & Vm are the dc & peak values of the voltage
respectively across a resistive loaD. If PIV is the peak inverse voltage of the diode,then the appropriate
relationships for the rectifier is
A. Vdc=Vm/,PIV=2Vm
B. Vdc=2Vm/,PIV=2Vm
C. Vdc=2Vm/,PIV=Vm
D. Vdc=Vm/,PIV=Vm
 The output of a rectifier circuit without filter is

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 48

A. 50 Hz AC
B. smooth DC
C. pulsating DC
D. 60 hz AC
 An advantage of full wave bridge rectification is
A. it uses the whole transformer secondary for the entire ac input cycle
B. it costs less than other rectifier types
C. it cuts off half of the ac wave cycle
D. it never needs a filter
 The best rectifier circuit for the power supply designed to provide high power at low voltage is
A. half wave arrangement
B. full wave, center tap arrangement
C. quarter wave arrangement
D. voltage doubler arrangement
 If a half wave rectifier is used with 165Vpk AC input, the effective dc output voltage is
A. considerably less than 165V
B. slightly less than 165V
C. exactly 165V
D. slightly more than 165V
 If a full wave bridge circuit is used with a transformer whose secondary provides 50Vrms, the peak
voltage that occurs across the diodes in the reverse direction is approximately
A. 50 Vpk
B. 70 Vpk
C. 100 Vpk
D. 140 Vpk
 The main disadvantage of voltage doubler power supply circuit is
A. Excessive current
B. Excessive voltage
C. Insufficient rectification
D. Poor regulation under heavy loads
 A source follower using an FET usually has a voltage gain which is
A. Greater than +100
B. Slightly less than unity but positive
C. Exactly unity but negative
 The average output voltage(Vdc) of the full wave diode bridge rectifier is
A. Vm/2
B. 2Vm/pi
C. 3Vm/pi
D. 4Vm/pi
 The typical ratio of latching current to holding current in a 20A thyristor is [GATE -2011]
A. 5.0
B. 2.0
C. 1.0
D. 0.5
 A half controlled single phase bridge rectifier is supplying an R-L loaD. It is operated at a firing angle
(alpha) and load current is continuous. The fraction of cycle that the freewheeling diode conducts is [GATE 2011]

Ans: D

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 49

Common Data for Questions  & 
In the 3 phase inverter circuit shown, the load is balanced and the gating scheme is 180 degree conduction
mode. All the switching devices are ideal , Vd = 300V

##  The rms value of load phase voltage is [GATE -2011]

A. 106.1V
B. 141.4 V
C. 212.2 V
D. 282.8V
HINT:- VL = Square root(2/3) * Vs
 If the dc bus voltage Vd = 300v, the power consumed by 3 phase load is [GATE -2011]
A. 1.5kW
B. 2.0 kW
C. 2.5 kW
D. 3.0 kW
HINT:- P = 3 * [(Vph * Vph)/Rph]
Common Data for Question 22 & 23:
1 Pulse Transformer (PT) is used to trigger the SCR in the adjacent figure. The SCR is rated at 1.5KV, 250A
with IL=250mA, IH=150mA, and IGmax= 150mA, IGmin=100mA. The SCR is connected to an inductive load,
where L=150mH in series with a small resistance and the supply voltage is 200V dC. The forward drops of all
transistors/ diodes and gate- cathode junction during ON state are 1.0V.

##  The resistance R should be

(a) 4.7K Ohm
(b) 470 Ohm
(c) 47 Ohm
(d) 4.7 Ohm
 The minimum approximate volt-second rating of the pulse transformer suitable for triggering the SCR
should be: ( volt-second rating is the maximum of product of the voltage and the width of the pulse that may
be applied
(a) 2000 uV-s
(b) 200 uV-s

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 50

(c) 20 uV-s
(d) 2.0 uV-s
 " Six MOSFETs connected in a bridge configuration (having no other power device) MUST be operated as
a Voltage Source Inverter (VSI) ". This statement is
[GATE-2007]
A. True, because being majority carrier devices, MOSFETs are voltage driven
B. True, because MOSFETs have inherently anti parallel diodes
C. False, because it can be operated both as current source Inverter (CSI) or a VSI
D. False, because MOSFETs can be operated as excellent constant current sources in the
saturation region
 A single phase full - wave half controlled bridge converter feeds an inductive loaD. The two SCRs in the
converter are connected to a common DC bus. The converter has to have a free wheeling diode [GATE2007]
B. Because the converter does not provide for freewheeling for high values of triggering
angles
C. Or else the freewheeling action of the converter will cause shorting of the AC supply
D. Or else if a gate pulse to one of the SCRs is missed, it will subsequently cause a high load current in
the other SCR
 The power electronic converter shown in the figure has a single pole double throw switch. the pole P of
the switch is connected alternately to throws A and B. The converter shown is a [GATE-2010]

## A. Step down chopper( buck converter)

B. Half- wave rectifier
C. Step Up chopper ( boost converter)
D. full wave converter
 Figure shows a composite switch consisting of a power transistor (BJT) in series with a diode. Assuming
that the transistor switch and the diode are ideal, the I-V characteristic of the composite switch is [GATE2010]

Ans: C

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 51

 The fully controlled thyristor converter in the figure is fed from a single-phase source. When the firing
angle is 0, the dc output voltage of the converter is 300 V. What will be the output voltage for a firing angle of
60, assuming continuous conduction? [GATE-2010]

(A) 150V
(B) 210V
(C) 300V
(D) 100.(pi).V
 The manufacturer of a selected diode gives the rate of fall of the diode current di/dt = 20 A/ms, and a
reverse recovery time of trr =5 ms. What is value of peak reverse current?
Ans: 44.72A
HINT:-The peak reverse current is given as:

## The storage charge QRR is calculated as Qrr = (1/2)*(di/dt)* SQU.(trr)

= 1/2 X 20A/uS X 5u X 5u = 50uC.
substitute the Qrr value in Irr equation.

 A three phase current source inverter used for the speed control of an induction motor is to be realized
using MOSFET switches as shown below. Switches S1 to S6 are identical switches [GATE2011]

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 52

The proper configuration for realizing switches S1 to S6 is

Ans: C
 Circuit turn-off time of an SCR is defined as the time [GATE2011]
A. taken by the SCR to turn off
B.required for SCR current to become zero
C. for which the SCR is reverse biased by the commutation circuit
D. for which the SCR is reverse biased to reduce its current below the holding current
 A single phase fully controlled thyristor bridge ac-dc converter is operating at a firing angle of 25 degree,
and an overlap angle 10 degree with constant dc output current of 20A. The fundamental power factor (
displacement factor) at input ac mains is [GATE2007]
A. 0.78
B. 0.827
C. 0.866
D. 0.9
 A three phase fully controlled thyristor bridge converter is used as line commutated inverter to feed
50 KW power at 420 V DC to a three phase 415V(line), 50Hz as mains. Consider Dc link current to be
constant. The rms current of the thyristor is
[GATE2007]
A. 119.05A
B. 79.37A
C. 68.73A
D. 39.68A
which of the following statements are true about VI characteristic of SCR?
A. Holding current is more than Latching current
B. SCR will trigger if the applied voltage exceeds forward break over voltage
C. SCR can be triggered without gate current
D. When the SCR is in reverse biased, small leakage current will flow
Options:
A. A, B and C
B. All are true
C. B, C, D
D. C, D
 which of the following statements are true about BJT?
(i) It has more power handling capability than MOSFET
(ii) Has higher switching speed than IGBT and MOSFET
(iii) Has low on state conduction resistance
(iv) Has second breakdown voltage problem
Options:
A. All are true
B. (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)
C. (i), (iii) and (iv)
D. (ii), (iii) and (iv)
 For a JFET, when VDS is increased beyond the pinch off voltage, the drain current
A. Increases
B. Decreases

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 53

C. Remains constant
D. First decreases and then increases
 n-channel FETs are superior to P-channel FETs, because
A. They have higher input impedance
B. They have high switching time
C. They consume less power
D. Mobility of electrons is greater than that of holes
 Which of the following is true about the diodes
A. During forward biased small amount of voltage drop will appear across anode and cathode
B. If the reverse voltage exceed VRRM the diode will destroy
C. trr is depends on softness factor
D. schottky diodes have low trr
Options:
(i) All are true
(ii) A, B, D
(iii) A, B,C
(iv) B,C, D
The feature of schottky diode is low forward voltage drop, not low trr.
 The MOSFET has
(i)Higher Power handling capability than BJT
(ii) Faster switching speed than BJT
(iii) High on state resistance
(iv) Secondary breakdown voltage problem
which of the above statements are incorrect?
Options:
A. (i), (iii), (iv)
B. (ii), (iii)
C. All of the above
D. (ii), (iii), (iv)
 Which of the following is called as uncontrolled semiconductor device?
A. Diode
B. Thyristor
C. GTO
D. MOSFET
 Which of the following is a half controlled semiconductor device?
A. MOSFET
B. GTO
C. MCT
D. SCR
HINT:-In SCR only turn on of the device an be controllable by the gate signal.
Which of the following abbreviation is not a power semiconductor device?
A. SIT
B. SITH
C. MCT
D. IGCT
Options:
1. a and d
2. a only
3. a, b, d
4. All are power semiconductor device
HINT:- SIT Static Induction Transistor
SITH Static Induction Thyristor
MCT - MOS Controlled Thyristor
IGCT Integrated Gate Commutated Thyristor

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 54

 Which of the following statements are correct?
A. IGBT is current driven device
B. IGCT is voltage driven device
C. MOSFET is voltage driven device
D. GTO is minority carrier device
Options:
1. a, b, c
2. b, c, d
3. All are correct
4. None are correct
 The breakdown mechanism in a lightly doped p-n junction under reverse biased condition is called
A. avalanche breakdown
B. zener breakdown
C. breakdown by tunnelling
D. high voltage breakdown
 For a large values of |VDS|, a FET behave as
A. Voltage controlled resistor
B. Current controlled current source
C. Voltage controlled current source
D. Current controlled resistor
 In a full wave rectifier without filter, the ripple factor is
A. 0.482
B. 1.21
C. 1.79
D. 2.05
 Space charge region around a P-N junction
A. does not contain mobile carries
B. contains both free electrons and holes
C. contains one type of mobile carriers depending on the level of doping of the P or N regions
D. contains electrons only as free carriers
 In a JFET, at pinch-off voltage applied on the gate
A. The drain current becomes almost zero
B. The drain current begins to decrease
C. The drain current is almost at saturation value
D. The drain to source voltage is close to zero volts
 The value of ripple factor of a half wave rectifier without filter is approximately
A. 1.2
B. o.2
C. 2.2
D. 2.0
 In an intrinsic semiconductor, the Fermi-level is
A. closer to the valence band
B. midway between conduction and valence band
C. closer to the conduction band
D. within the valence band
 The transformer utilization factor of a half wave rectifier is approximately
A. 0.6
B. 0.3
C. 0.9

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 55

D. 1.1
 Transistor is a
A. Current controlled current device
B. Current controlled voltage device
C. Voltage controlled current device
D. Voltage controlled voltage device
HINT:- For ex, the output current Ic depends on the input current Ib
 If the output voltage of a bridge rectifier is 100V, the PIV of diode will be
A. 100 * Square root(2) V
B. 200/(pi) V
C. 100 * (pi) V
D. 100/2 V
HINT:-Peak inverse voltage = max secondary voltage = Vdc= 2Vm/pi = 100
Vm = 100 * pi/2
 A 240V, 50Hz supply feeds a highly inductive load of 50 Ohm resistance through a half controlled
thyristor bridge. When the firing angle =45, the load power is
A. 418 W
B. 512 W
C. 367 W
D. 128 W
Exp: Vav = (Vm/) (1 + cos) = [(2*240)/() ) ( 1 + cos45)] = 184.4 V
Iav = Vav / R = 184.4/50 =3.69A

## = 3.69 * [(180 -45)/180]

= 3.2A
P = 3.2 * 3.2 *50 = 512 W
........................................................................................................................................
 A D.C. to D.C. chopper operates from a 48 V battery source into a resistive load of 24Ohm. The frequency
of the chopper is set to 250Hz. When chopper on-time is 1 ms the load power is
A. 6W
B. 12W
C. 24W
D. 48W
Exp: Vavg = V* f * Ton = 48 x 250 x (10 - 3) = 12V
Iav = Vav/R = 12/24 = 0.5A
Vrms= V* Square root (Ton) * f = 48 * Square root (0.25) = 24V
Irms = Vrms/R = 24/24 = 1A
P = Irms * Irms * R = 1 * 24 = 24W
..............................................................................................................................
 A thyristor half wave controlled converter has a supply voltage of 240V at 50Hz and a load resistance of
100 Ohm. when the firing delay angle is 30 the average value of load current is
A. 126A
B. 2.4A
C. 126mA
D. 24 A
Exp:We know the output wave form of the half wave rectifier For any delay angle alpha, the average load
voltage is given by

Page 56

solving,

## substituting the values in the above equation,

Vav = (2*240) / (2) * [ 1 + cos30 ] = 100.8 V
Iav = Vav/R = 100.8/100 = 126 mA
....................................................................................................................................
 A full-wave fully controlled bridge has a highly inductive load with a resistance of 55 Ohm, and a supply
of 110V at 50Hz. The value of load power for a firing angle =75 is
A. 10W
B. 11W
C. 10.5W
D. 10.9W
Exp:
Vav = [2Vm/()]cos]
= [(2 *(2*110)/ 3.14 ] * cos 75
= 99 cos 75
= 25.6V
Iav = Vav / R
= 25.6/55
= 0.446A = Irms
P = Irms * Irms * R
= 0.446 * 0.446 * 55
=10.9W
...................................................................................................................................
 A D.C. to D.C. chopper operates from a 48 V source with a resistive load of 24Ohm. The
chopper frequency is 250Hz. When Ton= 3 ms, the rms current is
A. 1.5A
B. 15mA
C. 1.73A
D. 173mA
Exp: Vav = V *f * Ton = 48 * 250 * 3 *(10 - 3) = 36V
Iav = Vav/R = 36/24 = 1.5 A
Vrms = V* Square root (Ton) * f = 48 * 0.75 = 41.6V
Irms = Vrms/R = 41.6/24 = 1.73A
.......................................................................................................................................
 A 240V, 50Hz supply feeds a highly inductive load of 50 Ohm resistance through a thyristor full
control bridge. when the firing angle = 45, load power is
A. 456 W
B. 466 W
C. 732 W
D. 120 W
Exp: Vav = (2Vm/) * cos = [(2 * 339)/3.14] cos 45 = 152.6V
Iav = Vav/R = 152.6 / 50 = 3.05A = Irms
P = Square of Irms * R = 3.04 * 3.04 * 50 = 466W
 The reverse recovery time of the diode is defined as the time between the instant diode current becomes
zero and the instant reverse recovery current decays to
A. Zero
B. 10% of the reverse peak current (IRM)

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 57

C. 25% of (IRM)
D. 15% of (IRM)
 The cut-in voltage and forward-voltage drop of the diode are respectively
A. 0.7V, 0.7V
B. 0.7V, 1V
C. 0.7V, 0.6V
D. 1V, 0.7V
 The softness factor for soft-recovery and fast-recovery diodes are respectively
A. 1, >1
B. <1, 1
C. 1, 1
D. 1, <1
 Reverse recovery current in a diode depends on
A. Forward field current
B. Storage charge
C. Temperature
D. PIV
 The three terminals of power MOSFET
A. Collector, Emitter, base
B. Drain, source, base
C. Drain, source, gate
D. Collector, emitter, gate
The three terminals of IGBT
A. Collector, emitter, base
B. Drain, source, base
C. Drain, source, gate
D. Collector, emitter, gate
 The three terminals of MCT
A. Anode, cathode, gate
B. Collector, emitter, gate
C. Drain, source, base
D. Drain, source, gate
 Compared to Power MOSFET, the Power BJT has
A. Lower switching losses but higher conduction loss
B. Higher switching losses and higher conduction loss
C. Higher switching losses but lower conduction loss
D. Lower switching losses and lower conduction loss
 Which one of the following statement is true
A. MOSFET has positive temperature coefficient whereas BJT has negative temperature
Coefficient
B. Both MOSFET and BJT have positive temperature coefficient
C. Both MOSFET and BJT have negative temperature coefficient
D. MOSFET has negative temperature coefficient whereas BJT has positive temperature coefficient
 Which one of the following statement is true?
A. Both MOSFET and BJT are voltage controlled devices
B. Both MOSFET and BJT are current controlled devices
C. MOSFET is a voltage controlled device and BJT is current controlled device

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 58

D. MOSFET is a current controlled device and BJT is voltage controlled device
HINT:-MOSFET operation is controlled by gate voltage and the BJT operation is controlled by base
current
HINT for Questions 5, 6, 7:

MOSFET

IGBT

MCT

## An SCR is considered to be a semi-controlled device because [GATE 2009]

A. It can be turned OFF but not ON with a gate pule
B. It conducts only during one half-cycle of an alternating current wave
C. It can be turned ON but not OFF with a gate pulse
D. It can be turned ON only during one half-cycle of an alternating voltage wave
 The current Source Inverter shown in figure is operated by alternatively turning on thyristor
pairs(T1,T2) and (T3,T4). If the load is purely resistive, the theoretical maximum output frequency obtainable
will be [GATE]

A. 125kHz
B. 250kHz
C. 500kHz
D. 50kHz
 In the chopper circuit shown, the main thyristor(TM) is operated at a duty ratio of 0.8 which is much
larger the communication interval. If the maximum allowable reapplied dv/dt on TM is 50V/s,what should
be the theoretical minimum value of C1? Assume current ripple through L0 to be negligible. [GATE]

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 59

A. 0.2F
B. 0.02F
C. 2F
D. 20F
 Match the switch arrangements on the top row to the steady-state V-I characteristics on the lower
row.The steady state operating points are shown by large black dots. [GATE]

## A. A-I, B-II, C-III, D-IV

B. A-II, B-IV, C-I, D-III
C. A-I, B-II, C-III, D-II
D. A-IV, B-III, C-II, D-I
 " Six MOSFETs connected in a bridge configuration (having no other power device) MUST be operated as
a Voltage Source Inverter (VSI) ". This statement is [GATE 2007]
A. True, because being majority carrier devices, MOSFETs are voltage driven
B. True, because MOSFETs have inherently anti parallel diodes
C. False, because it can be operated both as current source Inverter (CSI) or a VSI
D. False, because MOSFETs can be operated as excellent constant current sources in the
saturation region
 A single phase full - wave half controlled bridge converter feeds an inductive loaD. The two SCRs in the
converter are connected to a common DC bus. The converter has to have a free wheeling diode [GATE 2007]
B. Because the converter does not provide for free wheeling for high values of triggering
angles
C. Or else the free wheeling action of the converter will cause shorting of the AC supply
D. Or else if a gate pulse to one of the SCRs is missed, it will subsequently cause a high load current
in the other SCR
 A single phase fully controlled thyristor bridge ac-dc converter is operating at a firing angle of 25 degree,
and an overlap angle 10 degree with constant dc output current of 20A. The fundamental power factor (
displacement factor) at input ac mains is [GATE 2007]
A. 0.78
B. 0.827
C. 0.866
D. 0.9

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 60

 A three phase fully controlled thyristor bridge converter is used as line commutated inverter to feed
50KW power at 420V DC to a three phase 415V(line), 50Hz as mains. Consider Dc link current to be constant.
The rms current of the thyristor is [GATE 2007]
A. 119.05A
B. 79.37A
C. 68.73A
D. 39.68A
The transfer function of a compensator is given as GC(s)=[(s+a)/(s+b)]
 GC(s) is a lead compensator if
A. a=1,b=2
B. a=3,b=2
C. a=-3,b=-1
D. a=3,b=1
 The phase of the above lead compensator is maximum at
 Which of the following statements are correct?
1. Thyristor is current driven device
2. GTO is current driven device
3. GTR is current driven device
4. SCR is a pulse triggered device
A.1 and 2
B.1, 2, 3
C.All
D.4 only
 Which of the following statements are correct?
1.GTO is a pulse triggered device
2.MOSFET is uni-polar device
3.SCR is a bipolar device
4.Continuous gate signal is not required to maintain the SCR to be in ON state
A. 1, 2, 4 only
B. 1, 2 only
C.
4 only
D. All
 Which of the following is not a fully controlled semiconductor device?
A. MOSFET
B. IGBT
C. IGCT
D. SCR
HINT:-Only turn on of the SCR can be controlled whereas in other devices we can control both
turn on and turn off
 Which of the following is not associated with p-n junction
A. junction capacitance
B. charge storage capacitance
C. depletion capacitance
D. channel length modulation
 In a p-n junction diode under reverse bias, the magnitude of electric field is maximum at
A. the edge of the depletion region on the p-side
B. the edge of the depletion region on the n-side
C. the p-n junction
D. the center of the depletion region on the n-side

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 61

 An n-channel JFET has IDSS=2mA, and Vp=-4V. Its transconductance gm=(in mA/V) for an applied gate
to source voltage VGS=-2V is
A. 0.25
B. 0.5
C. 0.75
D. 1
The MOSFET switch in its on-state may be considered equivalent to
A. resistor
B. inductor
C. capacitor
D. battery
 The effective channel length of a MOSFET in a saturation decreases with increase in
A. gate voltage
B. drain voltage
C. source voltage
D. body voltage
 The early effect in a bipolar junction transistor is caused by
A. Fast turn on
B. Fast turn off
C. Large collector - base reverse bias
D. Large emmiter - base forward bias
 MOSFET can be used as a
A. Current controlled capacitor
B. Voltage controlled capacitor
C. Current controlled inductor
D. Voltage controlled inductors

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 62

CHAPTER-6. OP-AMP
. A non inverting closed loop op amp circuit generally has a gain factor
A. Less than one
B. Greater than one
C. Of zero
D. Equal to one
HINT: - For non inverting amplifier the gain is A = [1 + (Rf/Rin)]. So it will be always more
than one
. If ground is applied to the (+) terminal of an inverting op-amp, the () terminal will
A. Not need an input resistor
B. Be virtual ground
C. Have high reverse current
D. Not invert the signal
HINT: - Other options are not suitable. Please refer the Goodrich Interview Post for
understanding inverting amplifier and virtual ground.
 The closed-loop voltage gain of an inverting amplifier equal to
A. The ratio of the input resistance to feedback resistance
B. The open-loop voltage gain
C. The feedback resistance divided by the input resistance
D. The input resistance
. When a number of stages are connected in parallel, the overall gain is the product of the
individual stage gains
A. True
B. False
. An ideal OP-AMP is an ideal
a) Current controlled Current source
b) Current controlled voltage source
c) Voltage controlled voltage source
d) voltage controlled current source
HINT: - The ideal Opamp output voltage is maintained constant. It is controlled by input
current.
. The ideal OP-AMP has the following characteristics.
a) Ri= ,A= ,R0=0
b) Ri=0 ,A= ,R0=0
c) Ri= ,A= ,R0=
d) Ri=0 ,A= ,R0=
HINT: - Please refer the golden rules of Opamp.
.Calculate the cutoff frequency of a first-order low-pass filter for R1 = 2.5k and C1 = 0.05f
A. 1.273kHz
B. 12.73kHz
C. 127.3 kHz
D. 127.3 Hz
HINT: low pass filter cut off frequency f = 1/(2RC)
. How many op-amps are required to implement this equation

A. 2
B. 3
C. 4
D. 1

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 63

HINT: - The output voltage of inverting amplifier is Vout = (-Rf/Rin)Vin. By keeping 3 inverting
amplifier, we can get this equation.
. How many op-amps are required to implement this equation Vo = V1
A.4
B.3
C.2
D.1
HINT: - The voltage follower which has one opamp has the output of Vo = Vin
. An OPAMP has a slew rate of 5 V/ S .The largest sine wave O/P voltage possible at a
frequency of 1 MHZ is
A. 10 volts
B. 5 volts
C. 5/ volts
D. 5/2 volts
HINT: - Slew rate is defined as the max. rate of change of output voltage. Its unit is V/S.
Time period = 1/f = 1/1MHz = 1S
V= Vm. sin(t) = Vm. sin(2f.t)
slew rate = dV/dt = d(Vm. sin(2f.t)/ dt=Vm. 2f. cost
 Explain the amplifier operation of OP-AMP?
The golden rules of OP-AMP are:
1. Vout = A. Delta Vin [ A = Gain, Delta Vin = V+ - V-]
2. V-- < Vout < V++
3. Zout = 0 , Zin+ = Zin- = Infinity
The opamp will work as inverting amplifier and non- inverting amplifier based on the supply applied to its
terminals.
Non Inverting Amplifier
Inverting Amplifier

## Interrupted and Asked to derive the equation...

Current i = (Vin-Vout) / (Rin+Rf)
=( Vin - Vx)/Rin = (Vout - Vx)/Rf
Vx = virtual ground =the node at inverting input terminal =0
 Explain how transistor acts as a switch?
The areas of operation for a transistor switch are known as the Saturation Region and the Cut-off Region.
This means then that we can ignore the operating Q-point biasing and voltage divider circuitry required for
amplification, and use the transistor as a switch by driving it back and forth between its "fully-OFF" (cut-off)
and "fully-ON" (saturation) regions as shown below.

Page 64

##  Interrupted and asked what is virtual ground?Explained.

then i = Vin/Rin - Vx/Rin = Vout/Rf- Vout/Rf
Rearranging we will get the final equation.
 Which of the following amplifier is used in a digital to analog converter?
A. non inverter
B. voltage follower
C. summer
D. difference amplifier
 Differential amplifiers are used in
A. instrumentation amplifiers
B. voltage followers
C. voltage regulators
D. buffers
 For an ideal op-amp, which of the following is true?
A. The differential voltage across the input terminals is zero
B. The current into the input terminals is zero
C. The current from output terminal is zero
D. The output resistance is zero
 The two input terminals of an opamp are labeled as
A. High and low
B. Positive and negative
C. Inverting and non inverting
D. Differential ans non differential
 When a step-input is given to an op-amp integrator, the output will be
A. a ramp.
B. a sinusoidal wave.
C. a rectangular wave.
D. a triangular wave with dc bias.
 For an op-amp having differential gain Av and common-mode gain Ac the CMRR is given by
A. Av + Ac

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 65

B. Av / Ac
C. 1 + [Av / Ac]
D. Ac / Av
 Hysteresis is desirable in Schmitt-trigger, because
A. energy is to be stored/discharged in parasitic capacitances.
B. effects of temperature would be compensateD.
C. devices in the circuit should be allowed time for saturation and desaturation.
D. it would prevent noise from causing false triggering.
 The output voltage Vo of the above circuit is
A. -6V
B. -5V
C. -1.2V
D. -0.2V
 In the above circuit the current ix is
A. 0.6A
B. 0.5A
C. 0.2A
D. 1/12A

## Circuit for questions 22 &23

 Op-amp circuits may be cascaded without changing their input output relationships
A. True
B. False
 An ideal OP-AMP is an ideal
A. Current controlled Current source
B. Current controlled Voltage source
C. Voltage controlled Voltage source
D. Voltage controlled Current source
 A 741-Type OP-AMP has a gain-bandwith product of 1MHz. A non-inverting amplifier using this opamp &
having a voltage gain of 20db will exhibit -3db bandwidth of
A. 50KHz
B. 100KHz
C. 1000/17KHz
D. 1000/7.07KHz
 An amplifier using an opamp with slew rate SR=1v/sec has a gain of 40dB.If this amplifier has to
faithfully amplify sinusoidal signals from dc to 20KHz without introducing any slew-rate induced distortion,
then the input signal level exceed
A. 795mV

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 66

B. 395mV
C. 795mV
D. 39.5mV
 The ideal OP-AMP has the following characteristics
A. Ri=,A=,R0=0
B. Ri=0,A=,R0=0
C. Ri=,A=,R0=
D. Ri=0,A=,R0=
 The approximate input impedance of the opamp circuit which has Ri=10k, Rf=100k, RL=10k
A.
B. 120k
C. 110k
D. 10k
 An opamp has a slew rate of 5V/ S. the largest sine wave o/p voltage possible at a frequency of 1MHz is
A. 10 V
B. 5 V
C. 5V
D. 5/2 V
 Assume that the op-amp of the fig. is ideal. If Vi is a triangular wave, then V0 will be
A. square wave
B. Triangular wave
C. Parabolic wave
D. Sine wave
 A differential amplifier is invariably used in the i/p stage of all op-amps. This is done basically to provide
the op-amps with a very high
A. CMMR
B. bandwidth
C. slew rate
D. open-loop gain
 A differential amplifier has a differential gain of 20,000. CMMR=80dB. The common mode gain is given
by
A. 2
B. 1
C. 1/2
D.0
 In the differential voltage gain & the common mode voltage gain of a differential amplifier are 48db &
2db respectively, then its common mode rejection ratio is
A. 23dB
B. 25dB
C. 46dB
D. 50dB

Page 67

## CHAPTER-7. MEASUREMENTS & INSTRUMENTATION

 The major advantage of electromagnet type meter over a permanent magnet meter is
A. The electromagnet meter costs much less
B. The permanent magnet meter has a more sluggish coil
C. The electromagnet meter need not be aligned with the earths magnetic field
D. The electromagnet meter is more rugged
 A thermocouple
A. Gets warm when dc flows through it
B. Is a thin, straight, special wire
C. Generates ac when heated
D. Generates dc when exposed to visible light
 If the readings of the two watt meters in the 2 watt meter method of power measurement are 4.5 kW and
3.5 kW respectively and the latter reading has been obtained after reversing the current coil of the watt
meter. What will be the total power in kW?
A. 1
B. 3.5
C. 4.5
D. 8
The major advantage of an electrostatic meter is
A. It can handle large currents
B. It measures very small currents
C. It can detect and indicate ac voltages as well as dc voltages
D. It draws a large current from a power supply.
 The change in the direction of a compass needle, when a current carrying wire is brought near, is called
A. Electromagnetic deflection
B. Electroscopic force
C. Magnetic force
D. Electrostatic force
 Ammeter shunts are useful because
A. They prevent overheating of the meter movement
B. They make a meter more physically rugged
C. They allow for measurement of large currents
D. They increase meter sensitivity
 Suppose a certain current in a galvanometer causes the compass needle to deflect by 20 degree, then this
current is doubled while the polarity stays the same. The angle of the needle deflection will
A. Reverse direction
B. Stay the same
C. Increase
D. Decrease
 The major advantage of FETVM over a conventional voltmeter is that FETVM
A. Can withstand higher voltages safely
B. Draws less current from the circuit under test
C. Can measure lower voltages
D. Is sensitive to ac voltage as well as to dc voltage
 The attraction or repulsion between two electrically charged objects is called
A. Electromagnetic deflection
B. Electrostatic force
C. Electroscopic force
D. Magnetic force
 A utility meters reading indicates
A. Current
B. Power
C. Voltage
D. Energy
 When a signal of 10 mV at 75 MHz is to be measured then which of the following instrument can be used

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

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a) VTVM
b) Cathode ray oscilloscope
c) Moving iron voltmeter
d) Digital multimeter
 The most useful transducer for displacement sensing with excellent sensitivity, linearity and resolution
is?
a) an incremental encoder
b) an absolute encoder
c) LVDT
d) a strain gauge
 When variable reluctance type tachometer has 150 teeth on the rotor & the counter records 13,500
pulses per second then the rotational speed will be?
a) 4800 rpm
b) 5400 rpm
c) 6000 rpm
d) 7200 rpm.
 One of the following, which is not a transducer in the true sense, is ?
a) Thermocouple
b) Piezoelectric pick up
c) Photo-Voltaic cell
d) LCD
 Choose the correct statement
(a) Digital multimeters are built using current measuring elements, while analog multimeters are
built using voltage measuring units
(b) Digital multimeters are built using voltage measuring units, while analog multimeters are
built using current measuring units
(c) Both digital and analog multimeters are built using voltage measuring units
(d) Both digital and analog multimeters are built using current measuring units
 An oscilloscope cannot be used to indicate
A. Frequency
B. Peak signal voltage
C. Energy
D. Wave shape
 In two watt meter method of power measurement, if one of the watt meter shows zero reading, then it
can be concluded that
A. Power factor is unity
B. Power factor is zero
C. Power factor is 0.5 lagging
D. Power factor is 0.5 leading
 voltmeters should generally have
A. High internal resistance
B. Low internal resistance
C. The ability to withstand large currents
D. The greatest possible sensitivity
 To measure the applied power supply voltage to the electrical circuit, the voltmeter should be placed
A. In series with the circuit that works from the supply
B. Between the positive pole of the supply and the circuit working from the supply
C. Between the negative pole of the supply and the circuit working from the supply
D. In parallel with the circuit that works from the supply
 Which will not normally cause a large error in an ohmmeter reading?
A. A slight change in switchable internal resistance
B. A small voltage between points under test
C. A small change in the resistance to be measured
D. A slight error in the range switch position
 Which is not function of the fuse?

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

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A. To ensure there is enough current available for and appliance to work right
B. To make sure the current drawn by an appliance can not exceed a certain limit
C. To limit the amount of power that a device can draw from the electrical circuit
D. To make it impossible to use appliances that are too large for a given circuit
 The utility meters motor speed depends directly on
A. The number of watt hours being used at the time
B. The number of ampere hours being used at the time
C. The number of watts being used at the time
D. The number of kilowatt hours being used at the time
 A typical frequency counter
A. Works by indirectly measuring voltage
B. Is accurate to six digits or more
C. Works by indirectly measuring current
 A VU meter is never used to get a general indication of
A. Sound intensity
B. Visible light intensity
C. Power in an audio amplifier
D. Decibels
 An analog voltmeter has a sensitivity of 10k/volt. The galvanometer used in constructing the instrument
will produce a full scale deflection when the current passed through it is An analog voltmeter has a
sensitivity of 10k
(a) 10 mA
(b) 20 mA
(c) 50 mA
(d) 100 A
 Two sinusoidal signals of the same frequency are displayed on a dual-trace oscilloscope. One complete
cycle of each signal covers 6 cm of the horizontal scale and the starting point of the horizontal scale and the
starting point of the two signals are separated by 0.5 cm. The phase difference between the two signals in
degrees is
(a) 30
(b) 45
(c) 60
(d) 90
 Transient signals can be observed using
(a) Storage oscilloscope
(b) Sampling oscilloscope
(c) Wave analyzer
(d) Spectrum analyzer
 The trace on an oscilloscope continually moves to the right of the screen when
(a) The sweep is triggereD.
(b) The sweep period is larger than the signal perioD.
(c) The sweep period is smaller than the signal perioD.
(d) There is no weep.
 In a dual trace oscilloscope, the display appears segmented when
(a) low frequency signals are observed in Alternate mode
(b) low frequency signals are observed in Chop mode
(c) high frequency signals are observed in Alternate mode
(d) high frequency signals are observed in Chop mode
 The meter movement in an illumination meter directly measures
A. Current
B. Power
C. Voltage
D. Energy

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 70

 Consider the following statements:
1.The main shortcomings of diaphragms are that they are prone to shock vibrations.
2.Diaphragms have the advantages of high accuracy and good dynamic response
3.Selection of material for diaphragms mainly depends upon temperature range and chemical nature
of fluid coming in contact with diaphragm during pressure measurement.
Which of the above statements is/are correct? [IES2010]
A. 1,2 and3
B. 2 and 3 only
C. 1 only
D. 1 and 2 only
 If reflection coefficient for voltage be 0.6, the voltage standing wave ratio(VSWR) is [IES2010]
A.0.66
B.4
C.1.5
D.2
 A resistance strain gage with gage factor (Sf) of 2 is bonded to a steel member,which is subjected to a
strain of 1 x 10-6.The original resistance value of this strain gage is 120.The change in resistance due to the
applied strain is [IES2010]
A.60
B.240 x 10-6
C.240
D.60 x 10-6
 Consider the following statements: [IES2010]
Piezoelectric materials
1.Crystal can be shown as electrical equivalent circuit similar to an inductor and a capacitor(Tank
circuit).
2.Quartz,Rochelle salt,tourmaline.
3.Used in voltage stabilizers.
4.This exhibits the reverse effect of electrostriction.
Which of the above statements are correct?
A.1,2 and 4 only
B.1 and 2 only
C.2 and 4 only
D.1,2,3 and 4
Consider the following units for the measurement of pressure directly: [IES2010]
1.Rolta meter
2.Bourdon tube
3.Planti meter
4.Vanes
Of these, the pressure can be measured by
A. 1 and 2 only
B. 3 and 4 only
C. 2 only
D. 1,2,3 and 4
 The measurement of Hall coefficient of a semiconductor with one type of charge carrier gives the
A. sign of charge carrier
B. density of charge carrier
C. both sign and density of charge carrier
D. mass of the charge carrier
 A piezoelectric crystal has a thickness of 2.5mm and a voltage sensitivity of 0.05Vm/N. The piezoelectric
crystal is subjected to an external pressure of 1.6 x 106N/m2,then the corresponding output voltage
is, [IES2010]
A. 200V
B. 3.2 x 109V/m of thickness

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 71

C. 0.07 x 10-9V/(m3/New)
D. 200m V
The two inputs of a CRO are fed with two stationary periodic signals. In the X-Y mode, the screen shows a
figure which changes from ellipse to circle and back to ellipse with its major axis changing orientation slowly
and repeatedly. The following inference can be made from this. [GATE2009]
A.The signals are not sinusoidal
B. The amplitudes of the signals are very close but not equal
C. The signals are sinusoidal with their frequencies very close but not equal
D. There is a constant but small phase difference between the signals
The pressure coil of a dynamo meter type wattmeter is [GATE2009]
A. Highly inductive
B. Highly resistive
C.
Purely resistive
D. Purely inductive
The measurement system shown in the figure uses three sub systems in cascade whose gains are
specified as G1, G2 and 1/G3. The relative small errors associated with each respective subsystem G1, G2,G3
are 1,2 and 3.The error associated with the output is [GATE2009]

A.1+2+1/3
B.(1.2)3
C.1+2-3
D.1+2+3
 A hot-wire ammeter
A. Can measure ac as well as dc
B. Registers current changes very fast
C. Can indicate very low voltages
D. Measures electrical energy
 The device used to indicate the presence of an electric current is
A. Electrometer
B. Galvanometer
C. Voltmeter
D. Coulometer
 A watt-hour meter measures
A. Voltage
B. Current
C. Energy
D. Power
 A voltmeter should have
A. Low internal resistance
B. High internal resistance
C. Electrostatic plates
D. A sensitive amplifier
A. 20/3
B. 10/3
C. 203
D. 103
 The figure shows a three-phase delta connected load supplied from a 400V,50Hz,3-phase balanced
source. The pressure coil(PC) and current coil(CC) of a wattmeter are connected to the load as shown,with
the coil polarities suitably selected to ensure a positive deflection. The wattmeter reading will be [GATE]

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 72

A. 0
B. 1600Watt
C. 800Watt
D. 400Watt
 The probes of a non-isolated, two channel oscilloscope are clipped to points A,B and C in the circuit of the
adjacent figure. Vin is a square wave of a suitable low frequency. The display on Ch1 and Ch2 are as shown on
the right. Then the "signal" and "ground" probes S1, G1 and S2, G2 of Ch1 and Ch2 respectively are connected
to points [GATE 2007]

A. A, B, C, A
B. A, B, C, B
C. C, B, A, B
D. B, A, B, C
 An analog voltmeter uses external multiplier settings. With a multiplier setting of 20k, it reads 440V
and-with a multiplier setting of 80k it reads 352V. For a multiplier setting of 40k,voltmeter
A. 371V
B. 383V
C. 394V
D. 406V
 The rate at which charge carriers flow is measured in
A. Coulombs
B. Amperes
C. Watt-hour
D. Watts
 The main problem with bar-graph meters is that
A. They are not very sensitive
B. They are unstable
C. They cannot give very precise readings
D. They can display only peak values

Page 73

## CHAPTER-8. BASIC ELECTRONICS

ELECTRONIC DEVICES
 A diode can be used as a frequency multiplier because of its
A. Junction capacitance
B. Non linearity
C. Avalanche voltage
D. Forward breakover
E. Charge carrier concentration
 Which of the following is not a common form of data transmission
A. Polarization modulation
B. Frequency modulation
C. Amplitude modulation
D. Phase modulation
E. Pulse modulation
 A very brief, high voltage spike on an ac power line is called as
A. A bleeder
B. An arc
C. A transient
D. An avalanche
E. A clipped peak
 Which of the following is not characteristic of an oscillator?
A. Negative feedback
B. Good output to input coupling
C. Reasonably high transistor gain
D. Alternating current signal output
E. Usefulness as a signal generator
 The other name for beta of BJT is
A. Current amplification factor
B. Voltage amplification factor
C. Power amplification factor
D. Maximum amplification frequency
E. Optimum amplification frequency
 You can find the zener diode in
A. The mixer in a superheterodyne receiver
B. The PLL in a circuit for detecting FM
C. The product detector in a receiver for SSB
D. The voltage regulator in a power supply
E. The AF oscillator in an AFSK transmitter
 When the bias in an FET stops the flow of current, the condition is called
A. Forward breakover
B. Cutoff
C. Reverse bias
D. Pinchoff
E. Avalanche
 The VA rating of a transformer is an expression of
A. The maximum frequency at which it can function
B. The type of core material it has
C. The voltage step-up or step-down ratio
D. The impedance transfer ratio
E. None of the above
 In N-type semiconductor, the minority carriers are
A. Electrons
B. Protons

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

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C. Holes
D. Positrons
 A disadvantage of a half wave rectifier is the fact that
A. The output voltage is excessive compared to that of a full-wave rectifier
B. The output current is excessive compared to that of a full-wave rectifier.
C. The output waveform is harder to filter than is the case with a full wave rectifier
D. It requires several expensive diodes, whereas a full wave rectifier requires only a single diode
 A power gain of 30dB is equivalent to which amplification factor?
A. 0.001
B. 1/30
C. 30
D. 1000
E. None
 A differential amplifier, amplifies
a. and mathematically differentiates the average of the voltages on the two input lines
b. and differentiates the input waveform on one line when the other line is grounded
c. the difference of voltages between the two input lines
d. and differentiates the sum of the two input waveform
 The type of power amplifier which exhibits crossover distortion in its output is
a. Class A
b. Class B
c. Class AB
d. Class C
 The lowest output impedance is obtained in case of BJT amplifiers for
a. CB configuration
b. CE configuration
c. CC configuration
d. CE with RE configuration
 The upper cutoff frequency of an RC coupled amplifier mainly depends upon
a. Coupling Capacitor
b. Emitter bypass capacitor
c. Output capacitance of signal source
d. Inter-electrode capacitance and stray shunt capacitance
 Just as a voltage amplifier amplifies signal voltage, a power amplifier
a. amplifies power
b. amplifies signal current
c. merely converts the signal ac power into the dc power
d. merely converts the dc power into useful ac power
An oscillator of the LC type that has a split capacitor in the circuit is
a. Hartly oscillator
b. Colpitts oscillator
c. Weinbridge oscillator
d. R-C phase shift oscillator
 The function of bleeder resistor in a power supply is
a. the same as that of load resistor
b. to ensure a minimum current drain in the circuit
c. to increase the output dc voltage
d. to increase the output current
 In a bistable multivibrator circuit, commutating capacitor is used
a. to increase the base storage charge
b. to provide ac coupling
c. to increase the speed of response
d. to provide the speed of oscillations
 Removing bypass capacitor across the emitter-leg resistor in a CE amplifier causes
(A) increase in current gain.

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 75

(B) decrease in current gain.
(C) increase in voltage gain.
(D)decrease in voltage gain.
 Removing bypass capacitor across the emitter leg resistor in a CE amplifier causes
a. increase in current gain
b. decrease in current gain
c. increase in voltage gain
d. decrease in voltage gain
 The minimum number of flip-flops required to construct a mod-75 counter is
a. 5
b. 6
c. 7
d. 8
 The important characteristic of emitter-follower is
a. High input impedance and high output impedance
b. High input impedance and low output impedance
c. Low input impedance and low output impedance
d. Low input impedance and high output impedance
 When an amplifier is provided with current series feedback, its
a. Input impedance increases and output impedance decreases
b. Input and output impedance both decrease
c. Input impedance decreases and output impedance increases
d. Input and output impedance both increase
 The frequency of oscillation of a tunnel-collector oscillator having L= 30H and C = 300pf is nearby
a. 267 kHz
b. 1677 kHz
c. 1.68 kHz
d. 2.67 kHz
HINT: - fo = 1/[2(pi)*square root(LC)]
 The control terminal (pin 5) of 555 timer IC is normally connected to ground through a capacitor
(0.01F). This is to
a. Protect the IC from inadvertent application of high voltage
b. Prevent false triggering by noise coupled onto the pin
c. Convert the trigger input to sharp pulse by differentiation
d. Suppress any negative triggering pulse
 The fan out of a MOS logic gate is higher than that of TTL gates because of its
a. Low input impedance
b. high output impedance
c. Low output impedance
d. High input impedance
 The common collector amplifier is also known as
a. Collector follower
b. Base follower
c. Emitter follower
d. Source follower
 In class-A amplifier, the output current flows for
a. A part of the cycle or the input signal
b. The full cycle of the input signal
c. Half the cycle of the input signal
d. 3/4th of the cycle of the input signal
 In an amplifier with negative feedback
a. Only the gain of the amplifier is affected
b. Only the gain and bandwidth of the amplifier are affected
c. Only the input and output impedance are affected
d. All of the four parameters mentioned above would be affected

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 76

 When the elements of an RLC circuit are both magnitude scaled and frequency scaled, which quality is
unaffected?
a. resistor
b. resonant frequency
c. bandwidth
d. quality factor
 What kind of filter can be used to select a signal of one particular radio station?
a. low pass
b. high pass
c. band pass
d. band stop
 A voltage source supplied a signal of constant amplitude, from 0 to 40kHz, to an RC lowpass filter. The
load resistor experiences the maximum voltage at
a. dc
b. 10 kHz
c. 20 kHz
d. 40 kHz
 The most commonly used amplifier in sample & hold circuits is
A. A unity gain non-inverting amplifier
B. A unity gain inverting amplifier
C. An inverting amplifier with a gain of 10
D. An inverting amplifier with a gain of 100
 Three identical amplifiers with each one having a voltage gain of 50, input resistance of 1K & output
resistance of 250,are cascaded. The open circuit voltage gain of combined amplifier is
A. 49dB
B. 51dB
C. 98dB
D. 102dB
 The cascade amplifier is a multistage configuration of
A. CC-CB
B. CE-CB
C. CB-CC
D. CE-CC
 The current gain of a BJT is
A. gmr0
B. gm/r0
C. gmr
D. gm/r
 Introducing a resistor in the emitter of a common amplifier stabilizes the dc operating point against
variations in
A. Only the temperature
B. Only the of the transistor
C. Both Temperature &
D. None of the above
 Voltage Series feedback (also called series-shunt feedback) results in
A. Increase in both input & output impedences
B. Decrease in both input & output impedences
C. Increase in input impedence & decrease in output impedence
D. Decrease in input impedence & increase in output impedence
 An amplifier without feedback has a voltage gain of a 50,input resistance of 1K & Output resistance of
2.5K. The input resistance of the current-shunt negative feedback amplifier using the above amplifier with a
feedback of 0.2 is
A. 1/11K
B. 1/5K
C. 5K

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 77

D. 11K
Consider the parallel RLC circuit having R= 1, L= 1H, C=1F . What type of response will the circuit
produce?
a. Under damped
b. Over damped
c. Critically damped
d. none of these
 How much inductance is needed to resonate at 5 kHz with a capacitance of 12nF?
a. 2652 H
b. 11.844 H
c. 3.333 H
d. 84.33 mH
 The difference between the half power frequencies is called the
a. quality factor
b. resonant frequency
c. bandwidth
d. cutoff frequency
 A parallel RLC circuit has C=0.25F & L=2H. The value of R which will create unity damping factor is
a. 1
b. 2
c. 0.5
d. 4
 A zero of the transfer function
10(s+1)
H(s) = -----------is at
(s+2)(s+3)
a. 10
b. -1
c. -2
d. -3
 On the Bode magnitude plot, the slope of the pole 1/(5 + j)2 is
 On the bode phase plot, the slope of [1 + j10 - 2/25]2 is
 In an electric circuit, the dual of resistance is
a. conductance
b. capacitance
c. open circuit
d. inductance
 In a series RLC circuit, which of these quality factors has the steepest curve at resonance?
a. Q = 20
b. Q = 12
c. Q = 8
d. Q = 4
 In a parallel RLC circuit, the bandwidth B is directly proportional to R
a. True
b. False
 Wien bridge oscillator can typically generate frequencies in the range of
a. 1kHz - 1 Mhz

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 78

b. 1 Mhz - 10MHz
c. 10MHz - 100MHz
d. 100MHz - 150MHz
 The barrier voltage present in a junction diode is the effect of
A. The P side and N side of the junction forming a battery
B. The emf required to move the holes fast enough to have the mobility equal to that of the electrons
C. The recombination of charge carriers across the junction leaving behind the opposite
charged ions
D. The voltage needed to make the semiconductor material behave as a conductor
 Compare to BJT the FET has
A. High input impedance
B. High gain bandwidth product
C. Better current controlled behaviour
D. High noise immunity
 An intrinsic semiconductor at absolute zero temperature
A. Has a large number of holes
B. Behaves like an insulator
C. Behaves like a metallic conductor
D. Has few holes and same number of electrons
 For the operation of a depletion type N-MOSFET, the gate voltage has to be
A. Low positive
B. High positive
C. High negative
D. Zero
 An emitter follower has high input impedance because
A. Large emitter resistance is used
B. Large biasing resistance is used
C. There is negative feedback in the base emitter circuit
D. The emitter base junction is highly reverse biased
 In a differential amplifier an ideal CMRR is
A. Infinity
B. Zero
C. -1
D. +1
 In a PNP circuit, the collector
A. Has a arrow pointing inward
B. Is positive with respect to the emitter
C. Is biased at a small fraction of the base bias
D. Is negative with respect to the emitter
 A PNP transistor can be replaced with an NPN device and the circuit will do the same thing, provided
that
A. The power supply or battery polarity is reversed
B. The collector and emitter leads are interchanged
C. The arrow is pointing inward
D. A PNP transistor can never be replaced with NPN transistor
 A BJT has
A. Three PN junctions
B. Three semiconductor layers
C. Two N type layers around a P type layer
D. A low avalanche voltage
 The band gap of silicon at room temperature is________
A) 1.3 eV
B) 0.7 eV
C) 1.1 eV
D) 1.4 eV

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 79

 The primary reason for the widespread use of Silicon in semiconductor device technology is
A) Abundance of silicon on the surface of the earth
B) Larger bandgap of silicon in comparison to germanium
C) Favorable properties of silicon-dioxide (SiO2)
D) Lower melting Point
 The cascade amplifier is a multistage configuration of
A) CC-CB
B) CE-CB
C) CB-CC
D) CE-CC
 In a multi-stage RC coupled amplifier the coupling capacitor______________
A) Limits the low frequency response
B) Limits the high frequency response
C) Does not affect the frequency response
D) Block the DC component without affecting the frequency response
 In forward mode npn BJT, if the voltage Vcc is increased then the collector current will increase
A. Due to ohm's law, higher Vcc causes higher current
B. Due to base width decrease less carrier recombine in the base region
C. As the gradient of the minority carriers in the base region becomes steeper
D. Due to both the B and C
 A transistor is in active region whena) IB = IC
b) IC= IB
c) IC=IE
d) IC=IB
 In a JFET gates are always?
a) forward biased
b) reverse biased
c) unbiased
d) none
 In schotty barrier diode current flows because of?
a) Majority carriers
b) Minority carriers
c) Majority and minority carriers
d) None
 The early voltage of a BJT is VA = 75V. The minimum required collector current, such that the output
resistance is at least r0 = 200k, is
(a) 1.67mA
(b) 5mA
(c) 0.375mA
(d) 0.75mA
 TVS diode is used for
(a) Voltage protection
(b) Current protection
(c) ESD protection
(d) None of the above
 The amplifier is which current is proportional to the signal voltage, independent of source load
resistance is called
a)Current Amplifier
b)Voltage Amplifier
c)Transresistance amplifier
d)Transconductance amplifier
 Alternatively the characteristic impedance is called
a)Surge Impedance

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 80

b)Match Impedance
c)Alternative Impedance
d)Reflected Impedance
 In an RL circuit after a very long time of application of step voltage the inductance L is represented in its
equivalent circuit as Incorrect!
a)Open Circuit
b)Short Circuit
c)L / 2
d)2L
 By passing a triangular wave through a differentiating circuit the output wave shape is
a)Spikes
b)Squarewave
c)Sawtooth
d)Sinewave
 Clipper circuits are used to obtain any one of the following waveforms
a)Sharper
b)Rectified
c)Fast Rising
d)Smaller Amplitude
 When a piece of copper and another of germanium are cooled from room temperature to 800 K then the
resistance of a) Each of them increases
b) Each of them decreases
c) Copper increases and germanium decreases
d) Copper decreases and germanium increases
When a sample of germanium and silicon having same impurity density are kept at room temperature
then?
a) Both will have equal value of resistivity
b) Both will have equal value negative resistivity
c) Resistivity of germanium will be higher than that of silicon
d) Resistivity of silicon will be higher than that of germanium
 When an RC driving point impedance function has zeros at s= -2 and s=-5 then the admissible poles for
the function would be?
a) s = 0; s = -6
b) s = 0; s = -3
c) s = 0; s = -1
d) s = -3; s = -4
 A transistor has CE parameter as hie = 10kW, hre=20 x 10-4 , hse = 100, hoe = 25 ms. The hib for this
transistor will bea) 100 W
b) 99.01 W
c) 5m W
d) 101kW
 Which one of the following conditions for Z parameters would hold for a two port network containing
linear bilateral passive circuit elements?
a) Z11 = Z22
b) Z12Z21 = Z11Z22
c) Z11Z12 = Z22Z21
d) Z12 = Z21
 For harmonic generation the amplifier used is
a)Audio Amplifier
b)Class-A Amplifier
c)RC Amplifier
d)class-C Turned Amplifier

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 81

 Zener diodes semiconductors are
a)Lightly Doped
b)Heavily Doped
c)Medium Doped
d)Not at all Doped
 In FET amplifiers, input is Incorrect!
a)A current signal
b)A voltage signal
c)Either a current or voltage signal
d)None of these
 H-parameters of a transistor
a)Are constant
b)Vary with temperature
c)Are dependent upon collector current
d)None of these
 In a voltage series feedback
a)Output resistance increases while input resistance decreases
b)Output and input resistances are reduced
c)Output and input resistances are increased
d)Output resistance decreases while input resistance increases
In a saturated transistor
a)B-E junction is forward biased with C-B junction is reverse biased
b)Both the junctions are forward biased
c)B-E junction is reverse biased with C-B junction is forward biased
d)Both the junctions are reverse biased
For an ideal noise free amplifier, the noise figure is
a)Zero
b)Zero dB
c)Infinity
d)1 dB
When a junction is formed between a metal and a semiconductor, the depletion layer is
a)More on the side of the metal
b)Equal on both sides
c)Less on the side of the metal
d)Less on semiconductor side
 The impurity commonly used for realizing the base region of a silicon NPN transistor is ______
A) Gallium
B) Indium
C) Boron
D) Phosphorus
 A MOS capacitor made using P-type substrate is in the accumulation mode. The dominant charge in the
channel is due to the presence of
A) Holes
B) Electrons
C) Positively charged ions
D) Negatively charged ions
 A Zener diode works on the principle of ______
A) Tunneling of charge carriers across the junction
B) Thermionic emission
C) Diffusion of charge carriers across the junction
D) Hopping of charge carriers across the junction
 A BJT is said to be operating in the saturation region if______
A) Both the junctions are reverse biased
B) Base-emitter junction is reverse biased & base-collector junction is forward biased

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

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C) Base-emitter junction is forward biased & base-collector junction is reverse biased
D) Both the junctions are forward biased
 To obtain very high input & output impedances in a feedback amplifier, the topology used is
A) Voltage-Series
B) Current-Series
C) Voltage-Shunt
D) Current-Shunt
 Cut off frequency of a bipolar transistor ____
A) Increase with the increase in base width
B) Increase with the increase in emitter width
C) Increase with the increase in the collector width
D) Increase with the decrease in the base width
 Negative feedback in amplifiers
A) Improves the signal to noise ratio at the input
B) Improves the signal to noise ratio at the output
C) Does not affect the signal to noise ratio at the output
D) Does not affect the signal to noise ratio at the input
 The action of JFET in its equivalent circuit can be represented as a
A. Current controlled Current source
B. Current controlled Voltage source
C. Voltage controlled Voltage source
D. Voltage controlled Current source
 A change in the value of the emitter resistance Re in a differential amplifier
A. Affects the difference mode gain Ad
B. Affects the common mode gain Ac
C. Affects both Ad and Ac
D. Does not effect either Ad and Ac
 Generally, the gain of a transistor amplifier falls at high frequencies due to the
A. Internal Capacitance of the device
B. Coupling capacitor at the input
C. Skin effect
D. Coupling capacitor at the output
 In a common emitter, unbypassed resistor provides
A. Voltage shut feedback
B. Current series feedback
C. Negative voltage feedback
D. Positive current feedback
 A constant current signal across a parallel RLC circuits gives an o/p of 1.4V at the signal frequency of
3.89kHz. At the frequency of 4 kHz, the o/p voltage will be
A. 1 V
B. 2 V
C. 1.4 V
D. 2.8 V
 Class AB operation is often used in power (large signal) amplifiers in order to
A. Get maximum effeciency
B. Remove even harmonics
C. Overcome a crossover distortion
D. Reducing collector dissipation
 The bandwidth of an RF tuned amplifier is dependent on
A. Q-factor of the tuned O/P circuit
B. Q-factor of the tuned I/P circuit
C. Quiescent operating point
D. Q-factor of the O/P and I/P circuits as well as quiescent operating point
Most of the linear ICs are based on the two-transistor differential amplifier because of its
A. Input voltage dependent linear transfer characteristics

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 83

B. High voltage gain
C. High input resistance
D. High CMMR
 Negative feedback in an amplifier
A. Reduces gain
B. Increase frequency and phase distortion
C. Reduces bandwidth
D. Increase Noise
 A dc power supply has no-load voltage of 30V and a full-load voltage of 25V at full-load current of 1A.
Its output resistance and load regulation respectively are
A. 5 & 20%
B. 25 & 20%
C. 5 &16.7%
D. 25 & 16.7%
 A Zener diode is used for
a) Voltage Regulation
b) Rectification
c) Noise Suppression
d) Blocking A.C
 An SCR is a device having
a) Three layers with four junctions
b) Three layers with two junctions
c) Four layers with three junctions
d) Two layers with three junctions
 An amplifier has a gain of 10,000 expressed in decibels the gain is
a) 10
b) 40
c) 80
d) 100
 An emitter follows has
a) High input impedance and high output impedance.
b) High input impedance and low output impedance.
c) Low input impedance and high output impedance.
d) Low input impedance and low output impedance.
 Semi-conductor diode time constant is equal to
a) The value of majority carrier life time
b) The life time of minority carrier
c) The diffusion capacitance time constant
d) Zero
 To prepare a P type semiconducting material the impurities to be added to silicon are
a) Boron, Gallium
b) Arsenic, Antimony
c) Gallium, Phosphorous
d) Gallium, Arsenic
 FET is a good signal chopper because
a) It exhibits no offset voltage at zero drain current
b) It occupies less space in integrated form
c) It is less noisy
d) It has got high input impedance
 In Bipolar Junction transistors, the type of configuration which will give both voltage gain and current
gain is
a) CC
b) CB
c) CE
d) None

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 84

 To increase the input resistance and decrease the output resistance in negative feedback, the type used
is
a) Voltage Shunt
b) Current Series
c) Voltage Series
d) Current Shunt
 A series capacitance used in a filter circuit represents
a) Low-Pass
b) Band-Pass
c) High-Pass
d) None
 An ideal power supply is characterized by
a) Very large output resistance
b) Very small output resistance
c) Zero internal resistance
d) Infinite internal resistance
 An ideal diode should have
a) Zero resistance in the forward bias as well as reverse bias
b) Zero resistance in the forward bias and an infinitely large resistance in reverse bias
c) Infinitely large resistance in reverse bias
d) Infinitely large resistance in forward as well as reverse bias
 One coulomb-per-second is equal to one:
a) watt
b) joule
c) volt
d) ampere
 Which of the following is one of the functions performed by a diode?
a) filter
b) amplifier
c) rectifier
d) inverter
 What is the power factor?
a) ratio of true power to apparent power
b) peak power times 0.707
c) sin of the phase difference between E and I
d) cos of the phase angle between true power and apparent power
 In order for a BJT to conduct under the conditions of no signal input, the bias must be
A. In the reverse direction at the E-B junction, sufficient to cause forward breakover.
B. In the reverse direction at the E-B junction, but not sufficient to cause avalanche effect.
C. Such that the application of a signal would cause the transistor to go into a state of cutoff.
D. Such that the application of a signal would cause the transistor to go into a state of saturation.
E. Such that the application of a signal would cause the transistor to become nonlinear.
 The high input impedance of a MOSFET makes this type of device ideal for use in
A. Weak-signal amplifiers
B. High-power oscillators
C. High-current rectifiers
D. Antenna tuning networks
E. Graphic equalizers
 The drain of a JFET is the analog of the
A. Plate of a vacuum tube
B. Emitter of a BJT
C. Cathode of diode
D. Positive electrode in a solar cell
E. Substrate of a MOSFET

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 85

 One of the technical limitations of capacitive proximity sensors is the fact that they
A. Are not very sensitive to objects that are poor electrical conductors.
B. Are insensitive to objects that reflect light.
C. Are insensitive to metallic objects.
D. Cannot be used with oscillators
E. Require extreme voltages in order to function properly
 The power factor in an ac circuit is defined as
(a) The actual power divided by the maximum power the circuit can handle.
(b) The ratio of the real power to the imaginary power.
(c) The ratio of the apparent power to the true power.
(d) The ratio of the true power to the apparent power.
(e) The ratio of the imaginary power to the apparent power.
 The amount of current that a silicon photodiode can deliver in direct sunlight depends on
(a) The forward breakover voltage.
(b) The thickness of the substrate.
(c) The surface area of the P-N junction.
(d) The applied voltage.
(e) The reverse bias.
 In an amplifier that employs a P-Channel JFET, the device can usually be replaced with an N-channel
JFET having similar specifications, provided that
(a). All the resistors are reversed in polarity for the circuit in question
(b). The power supply polarity is reversed for the circuit in question
(c). The drain, rather than the source, is placed at signal ground
(d). The output is taken from the source, rather than from the drain.
 Secondary breakdown occurs in
(a). MOSFET but not in BJT
(b). Both MOSFET and BJT
(c). BJT but not in MOSFET
(d). None of these
 In a transistor
(a). = / ( +1)
(b). = / (1- )
(c). = / (-1)
(d). = (+1)/
 In a multi-stage RC coupled amplifier the coupling capacitor______________
A) Limits the low frequency response
B) Limits the high frequency response
C) Does not affect the frequency response
D) Block the DC component without affecting the frequency response

DIGITAL ELECTRONICS
 It is required to construct a counter to count upto 100(decimal). The minimum number of flipflops
required to construct the counter is
A. 8
B. 7
C. 6
D. 5
 The gate that assumes the 1 state, if and only if the input does not take a 1 state is calleD........
A. AND gate
B. NOT gate
C. NOR gate
D. Both b and c

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 86

 For NOR circuit SR flip flop the not allowed condition is....
A. S=0, R=0
B. S=0, R=1
C. S=1, R=1
D. S=1, R=0
HINT: - When S=R=1 the output is subject to unpredictable behaviour when S and R
 A bistable multivibrator is a
A. Free running oscillator
B. Triggered oscillator
C. Saw tooth wave generator
D. Crystal oscillator
 For a large values of |VDS|, a FET behave as
A. Voltage controlled resistor
B. Current controlled current source
C. Voltage controlled current source
D. Current controlled resistor
 When a step input is given to an op-amp integrator, the output will be
A. a ramp
B. a sinusoidal wave
C. a rectangular wave
D. a triangular wave with dc bias
 In a full-wave rectifier without filter, the ripple factor is
A. 0.482
B. 1.21
C. 1.79
D. 2.05
Hysteresis is desirable in Schmitt-trigger, because
A. Energy is to be stored/discharged in parasitic capacitance
B. Effects of temperature would be compensated
C. Devices in the circuit should be allowed time for saturation and desaturation
D. It would prevent noise from causing false triggering
 For a 10-bit DAC, the Resolution is defined by which of the following
a) 1024
b) 1/1024
c) 10
d) None
 SRAM full form is
b) Static Random Access Memory
 What are the minimum number of 2 to 1 multiplexers required to generate a 2 input AND gate and a 2
input Ex-OR gate?
A) 1 and 2
B) 1 and 3
C) 1 and 1
D) 2 and 2

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 87

The output of a logic gate is 1 when all its inputs are at logic 0. Then gate is either
A) A NAND or an EX-OR gate
B) A NOR or an EX-NOR gate
C) An OR or a EX-NOR gate
D) An AND or an Ex-OR gate
 A PLA can be used
A) As a microprocessor
B) As a dynamic memory
C) To realise a sequential logic
D) To realise a combinational logic
 A dynamic RAM consists of
A) 6 Transistors
B) 2 Transistors and 2 Capacitors
C) 1 Transistor and 1 Capacitor
D) 2 Capacitor only
 When a CPU is interrupted, it
A) Stops execution of instructions
B) Acknowledges interrupt and branches of subroutine
C) Acknowledges interrupt and continues
D) Acknowledges interrupt and waits for the next instruction from the interrupting device.

Page 88

## CHAPTER-9. CONTROL SYSTEM

 An open loop system represented by the transfer function G(s) = (s-1) / (s+2)(s+3) is
A. stable and of the minimum phase type
B. stable and of the non-minimum phase type
C. unstable and of the minimum phase type
D. unstable and of the non-minimum phase type
 The open loop transfer function G(s) of a unity feedback control system is given as,
G(s) = [ k(s+2/3) / s2(s+2) ]
From the root locus, it can be inferred that when k tends to positive infinity,
A. three roots with nearly equal real parts exist on the left half of the s-plane
B. one real root is found on the right half of the s-plane
C. the root loci cross the j axis for a finite value of k; k0
D. three real roots are found on the right half of the s-plane
 Given that

## then the value of A3 is [GATE2012]

A. 15A+12I
B. 19A+30I
C. 17A+15I
D. 17A+21I
 The matrix [A]=

is decomposed into a product of a lower triangular matrix [L] and an upper triangular matrix [U]. The
properly decomposed[L] and [U] matrices respectively are............The options A,B,C,D are given below.

A
B
C
D
Ans: none of the above
 The input x(t) of a system are related as y(t) = t- x()cos(3)d. The system is [GATE2012]
A. time-invariant and stable
B. stable and not time-invariant
C. time-invariant and not stable
D. not time-invariant and not stable
The feedback system shown below oscillates at 2 rad/s when [GATE2012]

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 89

A. k=2 and a=0.75
B. k=3 and a=0.75
C. k=4 and a=0.5
D. k=2 and a=0.5
 The Fourier transform of a signal h(t) is H(j) = (2cos)(sin2)/. The value of h(0) is [GATE2012]
A. 1/4
B. 1/2
C. 1
D. 2
 The state variable description of an LTI system is given by

where y is the output and u is the input.The system is controllable for, [GATE2012]
A. a10,a2=0,a30
B. a1=0,a2=0,a30
C. a1=0,a2=0,a3=0
D. a10,a20,a3=0
 The state transition diagram for the logic circuit shown is [GATE2012]

Ans: D
 Given that

A. 15A+12I

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 90

B. 19A+30I
C. 17A+15I
D. 17A+21I
 A system is described by the following state and output equations
[dx1(t)/dt] =-3x1(t)+x2(t)+2u(t)
[dx2(t)/dt]=-2x2(t)+u(t)
y(t)=x1(t)
where u(t) is the input and y(t) is the output
The system transfer function is [GATE 2009]
A. (s+2)/(s2+5s-6)
B. (s+3)/(s2+5s+6)
C. (2s+5)/(s2+5s+6)
D. (2s-5)/(s2+5s-6)
Ans: C
 A two-port network is defined by the relation: [IES 2010]
I=5V1+3V2
I2=2V1-7V2The value of Z12 is
A. 3
B. -3
C. 3/41
D. 2/31
Ans: C
 The Z-transform of x(K) is given by [IES 2010]
x(Z)= {(1-e-T)z-1} / {(1-z-1)(1-e-Tz-1)}
The initial value of x(0) is
A. Zero
B. 1
C. 2
D. 3
Ans: A
 Consider the following statements with reference to the phase plane:
1. They are general and applicable to a system of any order.
2. Steady state accuracy and existence of limit cycle can be predicteD.
3. Amplitude and frequency of limit cycle if exists can be evaluateD.
4. Can be applied to discontinuous time system.
Which of the above statements are correct? [IES2010]
A. 1,2,3 and 4
B. 2 and 3 only
C. 3 and 4 only
D. 2,3 and 4 only
Ans: B
 For the circuit shown below, the natural frequencies at port 2 are given by s+2=0 and s+5=0,without
knowing which refers to open-circuit and which to short-circuit. Then the impedences Z11 and Z22 are given
respectively by [IES2010]

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 91

A. K1{(s+5)/(s+2)}, K2{(s+2)/(s+5)}
B. K1{(s+2)/(s+5)}, K2{(s+5)/(s+2)}
C. K1{(s)/(s+2)}, K2{(s+2)/(s+5)}
D. K1{(s+2)/(s+5)}, K2{(s+2)/(s+5)}
Ans: C
 Consider the following statements in connection with two-position controller:
1.If the controller has a 4% neutral zone,its positive error band will be 2% and negative error band will be
8%.
2.The neutral zone is also known as dead banD.
3.The controller action of a two-position controller is very similar to that of a pure on-off controller.
4.Air-conditioning system works essentially on a two-position control basis.
Which of the above statements are correct? [IES2010]
A. 1,2 and 3 only.
B. 2,3 and 4 only.
C. 2 and 4 only.
D. 1,2,3 and 4
Ans:B
 The polar plot of an open loop stable system is shown below. The closed loop system is [GATE 2009]

A.Always stable
B.Marginally stable
C.Unstable with one pole on the RH s-plane
D.Unstable with two poles on the RH s-plane
Ans:C
 The open loop transfer function of a unity feedback system is given by G(s) =(e -0.1s)/s.The gain margin of
this system is
[GATE 2009]
A. 11.95 dB
B. 17.67 dB
C. 21.33 dB
D. 23.9 dB
Ans: D

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 92

The first two rows of Rouths tabulation of a third order equation are as follows.
s3 2 2
s2 4 4
This means there are [GATE 2009]
A.Two roots at s = j and one root in right half s-plane
B.Two roots at s = j2 and one root in left half s- plane
C.Two roots at s = j2 and one root in right half s-plane
D.Two roots at s = j and one root in left half s-plane
Ans:D
The asymptotic approximation of the log magnitude vs frequency plot of a system containing only real
poles and zeros is shown. Its transfer function is [GATE 2009]

A.[10(s+5)]/[s(s+2)(s+25)]
B.[1000(s+5)]/[s2(s+2)(s+25)]
C.[100(s+5)]/[s(s+2)(s+25)]
D.[80(s+5)]/[s2(s+2)(s+25)]
Ans:B
The trace and determinant of a 2x2 matrix are known to be -2 and -35 respectively. Its eigen values
are [GATE 2009]
A.-30 and -5
B.-37 and -1
C.-7 and 5
D.17.5 and -2
Ans:C
A Linear Time Invariant system with an impulse response h(t) produces output y(t) when input x(t) is
applied. When the input x(t-) is applied to a system with impulse response h(t-), the output will be [GATE
2009]
A.y(t)
B.y(2(t-))
C.y(t-)
D.y(t-2)
Ans:D
For the Y-bus matrix of a 4-bus system given in per unit, the buses having shunt elements are [GATE
2009]

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 93

A. 3 and 4
B. 2 and 3
C. 1 and 2
D. 1,2 and 4
Ans:C
The unit step response of a unity feedback system with open loop transfer function G(s) = K / ((s+1)(s
+2)) is shown in the figure. The value of K is [GATE 2009]

A. 0.5
B. 2
C. 4
D. 6
Ans: D
 For the driving point impedance function, Z(s)=[as2+7s+3]/[s2+3s+b], the circuit realization is shown
below. The values of 'a' and 'b' respectively are [IES2010]
A. 4 and 5
B. 2 and 5
C. 2 and 1
D. 2 and 3
Ans: C
 For the following driving point impedance functions, which of the following statements is
true? [IES2010]
Z1(s)=(s+2)/(s2+3s+5)
Z2(s)=(s+2)/(s2+5)
Z3(s)=(s+2)/(s2+2s+1)
Z4(s)=(s+2)(s+4)/(s+1)(s+3)
A. Z1 is not positive real
B. Z1 is positive real
C. Z3 is positive real
D. Z4 is positive real
Ans: D
 The steady state error of a unity feedback linear system for a unit step input is 0.1. The steady state error
of the same system, for a pulse input r(t) having a magnitude of 10 and a duration of one second, as shown in
the figure is [GATE2011]

A. 0
B. 0.1
C. 1

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 94

D. 10
Ans:A
 A point z has been plotted in the complex plane, as shown in figure below [GATE2011]

The plot of the complex number y=1/z is...........The options A,B,C,D are given below.

A.
B.
C.
D.
Ans:D
 The system represented by the input-output relationship y(t)= 5t- x()d, t>0 is
A. Linear and casual
B. Linear but not casual
C. Casual but not linear
D. Neither linear nor casual
 For the system 2/(s+1), the approximate time taken for a step response to reach 98% of its final value is
A. 1s
B. 2s
C. 4s
D. 8s
 Given the finite length input x[n] and the corresponding finite length output y[n] of an LTI system as
shown below, the impulse response h[n] of the system is
A.h[n]={1,0,0,1}
B.h[n]={1,0,1}
C.h[n]={1,1,1,1}
D.h[n]={1,1,1}
 The frequency response of G(s)=1/[s(s+1)(s+2)] plotted in the complex G(j) plane (for 0< <)
is....Options A, B, C, D are given below

A.

B.

C.

D.

Ans:A

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 95

 The system x=Ax+Bu with
A=

B=

is
A. stable and controllable
B. stable but uncontrollable
C. unstable but controllable
D. unstable and uncontrollable
 The characteristic equation of a closed-loop system is a(s+1)(s+3)+k(s+2)=0,k>0. Which of the following
statements is true?
A. Its roots are always real
B. It cannot have a breakaway point in the range -1<Re[s]<0
C. Two of its roots tend to infinity along the asymptotes Re[s]=-1
D. It may have complex roots in the right half plane
 The frequency response of a linear system G(j) is provided in the tabular form below
|G(j)| 1.3 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.5 0.3
G(j) -130 -140 -150 -160 -180 -200
A. 6dB and 30
B. 6dB and -30
C. -6dB and 30
D. -6dB and -30
 An openloop system represented by the transfer function G(s) = [(s+1)/(s+2)(s+3)] is
A. stable and of the minimum phase type
B. stable and of the non-minimum phase type
C. unstable and of the minimum phase type
D. stable and of the non-minimum phase type
 The open loop transfer function G(s) of a unity feedback control system is given as,
G(s)=[ k(s+2/3) / s2(s+2) ] From the root locus, it can be inferred that when k tends to positive infinity.
A. three roots with nearly equal real parts exist on the left half of the s-plane
B. one real root is found on the right half of the s-plane
C. the root loci cross the j axis for a finite value of k; k not equal to 0
D. three real roots are found on the right half of the s-plane
 The response h(t) of a linear time invariant system to an impulse (t), under initially relaxed condition is
h(t) = e-t+e-2t. The response of this system for a unit step input u(t) is
A. u(t)+e-t+e-2t
B. (e-t+e-2t) u(t)
C. (1.5-e-t-0.5e-2t) u(t)
D. e-t(t)+e-2tu(t)

Page 96

## CHAPTER-10. ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT THEORY

 The period of the signal x(t) = 8 sin (0.8t + /4) is [GATE 2010]
A. 0.4s
B. 0.8s
C. 1.25s
D. 2.5s
 The switch in the circuit has been closed for a long time. It is opened at t=0. At t=0+,the current through
the 1F capacitor is [GATE 2010]

A. 0A
B. 1A
C. 1.25A
D. 5A
 The second harmonic component of the periodic waveform given in the figure has an amplitude of [GATE
2010]

A. 0
B. 1
C. 2/
D. 5
 As shown in the figure, a 1 resistance is connected across a source that has a load line v+i=100. The
current through the resistance is [GATE 2010]

A. 25A
B. 50A
C. 100A
D. 200A
 If the 12 resistor draws a current of 1A as shown in the figure, the value of resistance R is [GATE 2010]

A. 4
B. 6
C. 8
D. 18

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 97

 If the electrical circuit of figure (b) is an eqiuvalent of the coupled tank system of figure (a), then [GATE
2010]

## A. A,B are resistances and C,D capacitances

B. A,C are resistances and B,D capacitances
C. A,B are capacitances and C,D resistances
D. A,C are capacitances are and B,D resistances
 The two-port network P shown in the figure has ports 1 and 2, denoted by terminals (a,b) and (c,d),
respectively. It has an impedence matrix Z with parameters denoted by Z ij. A 1 resistor is connected in series
with the network at port 1 as shown in the figure. The impedance matrix of the modified two-port network
(shown as a dashed box) is [GATE 2010]

A
B
C
D
Ans:C
 The Maxwell's bridge shown in the figure is at balance.The parameters of the inductive coil are [GATE
2010]

A. R=R2R3/R4, L=C4R2R3
B. L=R2R3/R4, R=C4R2R3
C. R=R4/R2R3, L=1(C4R2R3)
D. L=R4/R2R3, R=1/(C4R2R3)

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 98

Statement:

The L-C circuit shown in the figure has an inductance L=1mH and a capacitance C=10F
: The initial current through the inductor is zero, while the initial capacitor voltage is 100V. The switch is
closed at t=0. The current i through the circuit is: [GATE 2010]
A. 5cos(5x103t)A
B. 5sin(104t)A
C. 10cos(5x103t)A
D. 10sin(104t)A
: The L-C circuit of statement is used to commutate a thyristor, which is initially carrying a current of 5A
as shown in the figure below. The values and initial conditions of L and C are the same as in statement. The
switch is closed at t=0. If the forward drop is negligible, the time taken for the device to turn off is [GATE
2010]

A. 52s
B. 156s
C. 312s
D. 26s
 The voltage applied to a circuit is 1002 cos(100t) volts and the circuit draws a current of
102sin(100t +/4) amperes. Taking the voltage as the reference phasor, the phasor representation of the
current in amperes is [GATE 2011]
A. 102- /4
B. 10- /4
C. 10+ /4
D. 102+ /4
 A reactance network in the Foster's I form has poles at =(infinity). The element in box-1 in the above
network is [IES2010]

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 99

A. a capacitor
B. an inductor
C. a parallel LC circuit
D. a series LC circuit

 For the circuit given above, the Thevinin's resistance across the terminals A and B is [GATE 2009]
A. 0.5k
B.
C. 1k
D. 0.11k
 For the circuit given above, the Thevenin's voltage across the terminals A and B is
[GATE 2009]
A. 1.25V
B. 0.25V
C. 1V
D. 0.5V
 For the circuit shown, find out the current flowing through the 2 resistance. Also identify the changes to
be made to double the current through the 2 resistance. [GATE]

A. (5A;Put Vs=20V)
B. (2A;Put Vs=8V)
C. (5A;Put Vs=10A)
D. (7A;Put Vs=12A)
 The common emitter forward current gain of the transistor shown is 100. The transistor is operating
in [GATE 2007]

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 100

A. Saturation Region
B. Cutoff Region
C. Reverse active region
D. Forward active region
 The three terminal linear voltage regulator is connected to a 10 ohm load resistor as shown in the
figure. If Vin is 10V, what is the power dissipated in the transistor [GATE 2007]

A. 0.6W
B. 2.4W
C. 4.2W
D. 5.4W
In the circuit shown, the three voltmeter readings are V1=220V, V2=122V, V3=136V

##  The power factor of the load is [GATE2012]

a. 0.45
b. 0.50
c. 0.55
d. 0.60
 If RL=5, the approximate power consumption in the load is [GATE2012]
a. 700W
b. 750W
c. 800W
d. 850W
Common Data Questions: 19&20
With 10V dc connected at port A in the linear nonreciprocal two-port network shown below,following were
observed:
(1)1 connected at port B draws a current of 3A
(2) 2.5 connected at port B draws a current of 2A

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 101

 For the same network, with 6V dc connected at port A, 1 connected at port B draws 7/3 A. If 8V dc is
connected to port A, the open circuit voltage at port B is [GATE2012]
a. 6V
b. 7V
c. 8V
d. 9V
 With 10V dc connected at port A, the current drawn 7 connected at port B is [GATE2012]
a. 3/7A
b. 5/7A
c. 1A
d. 9/7A
 A balanced RYB-sequence,Y-connected(Star Connected) source with VRN=100 volts is connected to a connected (Delta connected) balanced load of (8+j6) ohms per phase.Then the phase current and line current
values respectively,are[IES2010]
A.10A;30A
B.103A;30A
C.10A;10A
D.103A;103A
 Assuming both the voltage sources are in phase, the value of R for which maximum power is transferred
from circuit A to circuit B is [GATE2012]

a. 0.8
b. 1.4
c. 2
d. 2.8
 The voltage gain Av of the circuit shown below is [GATE2012]

a. |Av| 200
b. |Av|100
c. |Av|20
d. |Av|10

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 102

 If VA-VB=6V, then VC-VD is [GATE2012]

a. -5V
b. 2V
c. 3V
d. 6V
Solution Hint:
As Va-Vb =6 => I = V/R = 6/2 = 3A
entering current = leaving current [ KCL]
so current from Vd to Vc is same as 3A
convert the current source to voltage source
V = IR =2 x 1 = 2V

Vd = Vc + 2V + (3x1)V = Vc + 5V
Vc-Vd = -5V
The circuit shown is a [GATE2012]

## a. Low pass filter with f3db=[1/(R1+R2)C] rad/s

b.High pass filter with f3db=[1/(R1C)] rad/s
c. Low pass filter with f3db=[1/(R1C)] rad/s
d. High pass filter with f3db=[1/(R1+R2)C] rad/s
 In the circuit shown, an ideal switch S operated at 100kHz with a duty ratio or 50%. Given thatic 1.6A
peak-to-peak and I0 is 5A dc, the peak current in S is [GATE2012]

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 103

a. 6.6A
b. 5.0A
c. 5.8A
d. 4.2A
Solution Hint:
ic = 1.6A peak-to-peak
The positive peak = ic /2
The current flows through the switch has a peak of = Io + ic /2
For your information...The current waveform is like this

## The lowest point will be 5A....highest point will be 5+ 0.8

 The i-v characteristics of the diode in the circuit given below are
i={ [ V- 0.7 /500]A, V > or = 0.7 V
0A, V< 0.7 V
The current in the circuit is [GATE 2012]

a. 10 mA
b. 9.3 mA
c. 6.67 mA
d. 6.2 mA
Sol. Hint:
we have to find v and then apply in ct. equ...
KVL...10 = 1K * i + v
10 = 1000i +v = 1000(v-0.7/500) + v
solve it ....v= 0.8...
 In the following figure, C1 and C2 are ideal capacitors. C1 has been charged to 12V before the ideal switch S
is closed at t=0. The current i(t) for all t is [GATE 2012]

## ELECTRICAL INTERVIEW QUESTION & ANSWER

Page 104

a. Zero
b. A step function
c. An exponentially decaying function
d. An impulse function
Sol. Hint:
If it is RC ckt...ie any Resistance in series with capacitor, it will be an exponentially decaying function....here no
resistance...so charge instantly....ie impulse function...
 The impedance looking into nodes 1 and 2 in the given circuit is [GATE 2012]

a. 50
b. 100
c. 5 K
d. 10.1 K
Ans:A