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Social Movements and

CULTURE

AlbertoMelucci
Introduced New Social Movement term in 1980

collective action produces orientations and meanings


which actors are able to recognize

Stresses the role of culture in social movements

T.V.Reed

TheArtofProtest
Threeelements:
Movementsinculture:socialmovementsemerge
fromandreturntobroadculturalcontexts
Movementcultures:generalmeaningmaking
patternsthatdevelopamongparticipantsinthe
subcultureformedbyagivenmovement
Cultureinmovements:specificaestheticcultural
artifacts

CulturalSymbolsinSocial
Movements

SocialistRealism

PeaceMovement1960s

CivilRightsMovement

BlackPowerMovement

BlackPantherParty

WomensMovement1960s

RadicalWomensMovement

GayLiberationMovement
Lambda

SolidarityMovement
Poland

GoddessofDemocracy
BeijingStudentMovement1989

Freedom Park (Rosslyn, Virginia)--at the


Newseum
celebrates the spirit of freedom and the struggle to
preserve it.
Exhibits:
segments of the Berlin Wall (the largest display of the
wall outside of Germany),
stones from the Warsaw Ghetto,
a bronze casting of a South African ballot box,
a headless statue of Lenin (one of many that were
pushed over and beheaded when the Soviet Union
collapsed in 1991),

ArtsMovementswithSocial
ChangeIntent

ArtsandCraftsMovement
18701900
(WilliamMorris,Tiffany,etal.)

Started in Great Britain


Mission Style in the U.S.
Opposed opulence of Victorian
flourishes in favor of
simplicity, good craftsmanship,
and good design.

Aesthetic ideas were borrowed from


Medieval Europe (guilds)
Islamic sources
Japanese ideas

MissionStyleLamp
Reaction against Industrial
Revolution
They had a vision of a society in
which the worker was not
brutalized by the working
conditions found in factories, but
could take pride in craftsmanship
and skill.

WilliamMorrissWallpaper

Dadaism
19161924

(ManRay,MarcelDuchamps,etal.)

Founded in Zurich, Switzerland


Anti-art movement
Responded to World War I
Sought to bridge international
differences

Was antagonistic toward


established society
Attempted to change conventional
attitudes and practices in
aesthetics, society, and morality.
Style was absurd, playful

AlbertSavinio
Musicalcomposer
Disharmoniousmusic
Asincereandtruthfulmusicalworkmust
comeoutofthegreatervarietyofmusic
ALLTHATWHICHONEHEARSallof
thatwhichtheearimaginesorremembers.

TheRoleoftheArtsinSocial
Movements

Music

LaborMovement

UnionMaid
WoodyGuthrie
There once was a union maid, she never was afraid
Of goons and ginks and company finks and the deputy sheriffs
who made the raid.
She went to the union hall when a meeting it was called,
And when the Legion boys come 'round
She always stood her ground.
Oh, you can't scare me, I'm sticking to the union,
I'm sticking to the union, I'm sticking to the union.
Oh, you can't scare me, I'm sticking to the union,
I'm sticking to the union 'til the day I die.
This union maid was wise to the tricks of company spies,
She couldn't be fooled by a company stool, she'd always organize
the guys.
She always got her way when she struck for better pay.
She'd show her card to the National Gu ard
And this is what she'd say:
Oh, you can't scare me, I'm sticking to the union,
I'm sticking to the union, I'm sticking to the union.
Oh, you can't scare me, I'm sticking to the union,
I'm sticking to the union 'til the day I die.
You gals who want to be free, just take a tip from me;
Get you a man who's a union man and join the ladies' auxiliary.
Married life ain't hard when you got a union card,
A union man has a happy life when he's got a union wife.

Music
CivilRightsMovement

We Shall Overcome
Mahalia Jackson
Weshallovercome,weshallovercome,Weshallovercomesomeday;
Oh,deepinmyheart,Idobelieve,Weshallovercomesomeday.
TheLordwillseeusthrough,TheLordwillseeusthrough,
TheLordwillseeusthroughsomeday;
Oh,deepinmyheart,Idobelieve,Weshallovercomesomeday.
We'reontovictory,We'reontovictory,We'reontovictorysomeday;
Oh,deepinmyheart,Idobelieve,We'reontovictorysomeday.
We'llwalkhandinhand,we'llwalkhandinhand,
We'llwalkhandinhandsomeday;
Oh,deepinmyheart,Idobelieve,We'llwalkhandinhandsomeday.

Wearenotafraid,wearenotafraid,Wearenotafraidtoday;
Oh,deepinmyheart,Idobelieve,Wearenotafraidtoday.
Thetruthshallmakeusfree,thetruthshallmakeusfree,
Thetruthshallmakeusfreesomeday;
Oh,deepinmyheart,Idobelieve,Thetruthshallmakeusfree
someday.
Weshallliveinpeace,weshallliveinpeace,Weshallliveinpeace
someday;
Oh,deepinmyheart,Idobelieve,Weshallliveinpeacesomeday.

TheTimesTheyareaChangin
BobDylan
Comegather'roundpeopleWhereveryouroamAndadmitthat
thewatersAroundyouhavegrownAndacceptitthatsoon
You'llbedrenchedtothebone.IfyourtimetoyouIsworth
savinThenyoubetterstartswimmin'Oryou'llsinklikeastone
Forthetimestheyareachangin'.ComewritersandcriticsWho
prophesizewithyourpenAndkeepyoureyeswideThechance
won'tcomeagainnddon'tspeaktoosoonForthewheel'sstillin
spinAndthere'snotellin'whoThatit'snamin'.Forthelosernow
WillbelatertowinForthetimestheyareachangin'.Come
senators,congressmenPleaseheedthecallDon'tstandinthe
doorwayDon'tblockupthehall

ForhethatgetshurtWillbehewhohasstalledThere'sabattle
outsideAnditisragin'.It'llsoonshakeyourwindowsAndrattle
yourwallsForthetimestheyareachangin'.Comemothersand
fathersThroughoutthelandAnddon'tcriticizeWhatyoucan't
understandYoursonsandyourdaughtersArebeyondyour
commandYouroldroadisRapidlyagin'.Pleasegetoutofthe
newoneIfyoucan'tlendyourhandForthetimestheyarea
changin'.ThelineitisdrawnThecurseitiscastTheslowone
nowWilllaterbefastAsthepresentnowWilllaterbepastThe
orderisRapidlyfadin'.AndthefirstonenowWilllaterbelast
Forthetimestheyareachangin'.

Film

ManofIronAndrzejWajdaPoland

Theater

BlackPanthers
SolidarityMovement(underground)

Monday, 3 March 2003, protesters


against the United States' thenimpending war in Iraq read
Aristophanes's classic Greek comedy
Lysistrata aloud at more than 1,000
locations worldwide.

ADaywithoutArtAIDS
Awareness

Firstorganizedin1989tobringawareness
tothecrisisofAIDS.
Closeddownmuseums,sentstaffto
volunteerwithAIDSservices,sponsored
exhibits
1997becameadayWITHart

Fashion

GreenWeddings
New trend in the U.K.:
recycled wedding dresses
guests arriving by bicycle
home-grown flowers
locally produced food
walking to the church instead of limo
gifts to charities
www.greenweddings.org.uk
British brides say I do to green weddings By
Sylvia Westall Washington Post April 8, 2007

CultureinSocialMovements:
10PrimaryFunctions(Reed)
Encourage(singinginmassrallies)feel
strengthofgroup
Empower(performingamovementtext)
individualsfeelownstrength,commitment
Harmonizesmoothdifferencesamong
diversecommunities

InformintellectuallyExpressorreinforce
movementvalues,ideas,tactics
emotionallychargedways
InformexternallyExpresstopotential
recruits,bystanders,opponents
Enactmovementgoalshasdirecteffect
(muralsimproveneighborhood)

Historicizeinvent,tell,retellthehistoryof
themovement
Transformaffectortacticssetanew
emotionaltone,redirecttheattentionofgroup
Critiquemovementideologychallenge
dominantideas,values
Makeroomforpleasureproviderespite
fromworkthroughaestheticjoy