You are on page 1of 52

om

th
i.c

ar

am

hi
la
k

.c

th
i.c
om

ar

am

la
k

hi

w
.c

w
la

hi

.c

om

.c

th
i

ar

ka

n$|T eTdT

om

Xue TdT

` Cw es+&, ydT $< $Xs< ` sTeT\ |s+,

ksY es ]sY , \T>T T |t ]sT eT]jTT e+&sY T |t ]sY

hi

.c

l eTq<HeT d+es
><e] |ws\T ` 2015

lsdT

y\

ar
t

s. : 34/`

Senior Engineer,
Bangalore.

am

l \eT] |us #e] (myT.f, myT._.m.)


|deTT\ =s :

Mobile : 09742420084 (Bangalore)


Mobile : 9494981000 (Andhra)

Address :H.No. : 4-47,

Email : chilakamarthi@ymail.com

la
k

Contact No. : 09742420084

Web : www.chilakamarthi.com

yeT],
seT+&.

Contact Timings :

Mobile : 9494981000

Sunday : 9.00 pm to 22.00 pm.

hi

Evening : 18.00 pm to 22.00 pm.

w
w

.c

Sreerasthu!

Subhamasthu!

OM SREE GURUBHYONAMAHA HARIHI OM

CHILAKAMARTHI PRABHAKAR
CHAKRAVARTHY SARMA

om

yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy

Aviganamasthu!

yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy

yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy

.c

(M.TECH, MBA, JYOTIRVIDYA VISHARADA FROM TIRUMALA PEETAM)

CHILAKAMARTHI PUSHKARA ARCHANA

ar
t

hi

SREE MANMADHA NAAMA


SAMVATSARA GODAVARI
PUSHKARAS - 2015

QUALIFIED ASTROLOGER IN DHARMA SHASTRA &

am

JYOTISHYA SHASTRA FROM

SREE SEETHA RAMACHANDRA SWAMY DEVASTHANAM


SANSKRITA PATASALA, BHADRACHALAM.

la
k

(AFFILIATED TO SANSKRITA BHASHA PRACHARINI

hi

SABHA, CHITTOOR)
Rs.

34/-

w
w

.c

yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy

om

.c

hi

ar
t

am

la
k

hi

.c

w
w

.c

om
i.c
th
ar
m
ka

hi
la

@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@

$%287 65(( &+,/$.$0$57+,


35$%+$.$5 &+$.5$9$57+< 6$50$

@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@

@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@

@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@

(\eT] dTuse >sT ` e >sT)


am

ar
t

hi

.c

HsjTD des+uyT X+s#s eT<eyT


nd<#s |s+yT e+< >TsT |s+|syT

om

l #Hq+< usr k$T

z+ l >TsTuqeT' V]' z+
l #Hq+< usr k$T HqeT'
jT<q+< s|yT |Xds|yT s+ ' ||+#+ |]#< XSqyT
nV+ Ve >eT+ TjTyT |sV+ < yVeTd

l mdt.{.. leTHsjTD#sT\T >sT

la
k

(e >TsTe >sT)

e >TsTe >] jTT eT]jTT e *<+&T\ jTT odT\


j |d+ |P] #jT&q~. u<#\ lseT#+<T\ y]
b< |<eTT\ j |d+ n+MTjT&q~.

hi

w
w

.c

eTT+<T e

om

s+J$ \eT] |us #e] l dseT#+< k$T


<ekq+ y] d+d bsX\, u<#\+ H e< d+deTTqT
n< jTq+ #dH sT. 2003e d+eseTT qT+& 2007e d+eseTT
es u<#\eT+<T +]+>T #<Te & d+d bsX\
jT+<T <sXg $< eT]jTT Cw $< nud+ |\
rs b+~HsT. &V s&H q+<T myT.f. #<T e eTT+usTT,
u+>fiSsT q>s\ e] ed+#T# bH <s XgeTT\qT
|]+HsT.

lll u< #\ dseT#+< k$T y] ~e eT+>fiXdqeTT\

am

ar
t

hi

.c

usrjT CwXgeTT ||+#ksTT y| #+<*. nH


<<eTT deT> eTTVAs $<qeTT <XeTT H =* +>
|+#vZyT qT 2013e d+eseTT q+<T yd nj< seT eT+~s+
q+<T, lseT#+<eT] b< |<eTT\ #+ deT]+HsT.
2007 qT+& 2013e d+eseTT es qT #dq rsj\
MT< +>uw us j $Y #e] nH o] |d
ydHsT. \eT] |wssq \T>T ys+<] <s_eqeTT\qT
b+<\, l |u s #e] jTTss> XseTT\ T\>\
u<#\ lseTT\ y] b]+#T#THqT.
XuodT\. . .

la
k

leTY sTeT\ >T~yTfifl leTHsjTD#sT\T


sTeT\ |s+ n<\T,
l dseT#+< k$T y] <ekq+
d+d bsX\ n<|\T, u<#\+.

hi

w
w

.c

l \eT] |us #e]

myT.f., myT._.m.,

_sT<T\T

: Cw es+&, ydT $< $Xs<`sTeT\ |s+


ksY es ]sY, \T>T T |t ]sT eT]jTT e+&sY T |t ]sT

b # $<s \ T : Cw $< eT]jTT <sXg $<

(d+d uc |#]D du, sT <s)

n< jTq+

: l dseT#+< k$T <ekq+ y]


d+d bsX\, u<#\+

\T

am

ar
t

hi

.c

om

1. l \eT] lseT#+< eT] >sT (+& >sT) eT]jTT


leT uqTeT (* >sT)
2. sTeT\ |s n<\T
l leH mdt.{.. leTHsjTD#sT\T >sT
3. l b udsY, I.A.S.,., - JEO, sTeT\ sT| <ekq+
4. +<|<X &|P{ d.m+., +$TdsY ` l eTjT\ qs|
5. \T>T $Cq d$T, u+>TfiSsT ` |d&+{ ` & m.s<wsE,
{.{.&. d+ <] m&d .
6. eT+<|* <ekqeTT EO - l V. <eTTfifl.
7. l & mH.$.$.mdt. eT] >sT (jTTs< &sY, $jTq>s+)
eT]jTT leT w|jT >sT
8. l \eT] y+ dTuse >sT, (TT>< |+&T\T, Db+)
9. l \eT] udseT] >sT, (jT+.bsd., O.N.G.C)
10. lksTT,b+&s:Y H>sT, eT]jTT seTw yTH+> b{sY
11. f+& yT : b|sY : $. udsY s& eT]jTT b$T*
12. l &.$. udsY s& eT]jTT leT &. de b$T*
13. Xe #]T dT ` Xe lydse

|d s#sTT

la
k

| \T

|deTTq n$<eTT\ dVjT dVseTT\+~+q H <s|

leT \eT] |P]eT

hi

w
w

.c

la
k

am

ar
t

hi

.c

om

seT+& b#Ts+ b+~q +<|<X jTT k+d s<


n n+{sT. #] |s+, q>s+ H >=| $ qqjT \T>T *|
qT>=H&T. qqjT ~$, \T>T uw jTT yTTyTT<{ >=| $ n
>s$+#&&T . qqjT eT]jTT \T>T *| jTT qd\ + seT+&. seT+&
|Ps HeTeTT seTV+~. & y< d+d eT]jTT $\Te\ T&
+&T e\q |sq #s\T |{ b{ksT . nH nsT<q fi\ T, sb\T
q>s+ HsTT. ~ de+< n~ Hu *q q>s+ . s=swHq T
|uT+ n~]+> d+d jTT >+& q>s+> HeTsD+ #d+~.
seT+& ss qs+<T&T s<> #dT= |]b\q ]b&
#]sT\T #TsT.
~ us<X+ |sq q>s\ {. seTV+~ y+
#fi |]b\q #], k+d d+b~+#T=+~. eT<dt |d&
jTT u>+> +~. eT]jTT _{wt b\q, 1823 d+es+ seT+&
> es&+~. k++ s ><e] |<q s\jT+
& @s&+~. sh+ jTT n~] uw \T>T & |T e\
b+ +<|<X qd\+ n n+{sT.
yTT< #fi\T q>s+ jTT eT\ d+ u\T> +&ysT. s
l ss qs+<T&T B ]+qT u$dTH sT. q>s+ qT |sq\+
seTV+~ < seTV+<es+ n |*#ysT. seT+& qT+&
$jTy& 1893 s \ T s&T yjT T+ ]q~. nH eTTKyTq $<d+d\ T
n< deTjT+ seT+& bs+uyTHsTT. seT+& q>s+ k+
bs+qT, nH <e\qT bZ+~. seT+& #+~q dTuse
+&jTH qdt ||sY, V+< eT+ eek|\T sT>T] sT HsT.
>=| d+|T d+ds nsTTq +<TL] MsX*+>+ |+T\T >sT
seT+& #+~qysT. jTq n+ $|y #s \qT #|{ sT . seT+&
q>s+ 1890 d+es+ seT+& jTT {H sD+ u< qT rdT=HsT.
\eT] \ qsd+V+>sT seT+& >esyT+{ sY J |#ksT.
jTq >=|$. \T>T kV+ jTq mH s#q \T #ksT. jTq 1909
<j bKq+, 1920 >D| jTq sdqTe+{ >=| qe\\T. ~$ qqjT
eTVuseTTqT \T>T ydq |<X+ seT+&.
q>s+ L& dH eT]jTT f\J n_e~ d+ bT |&T+~.
su dqT eTjT+ |< eT]jTT nD><=&q y] n_e~ \+
+~. seT+& nH \j\T HsTT. j\T d+es+ b&T>TH
M{ d+<]ksT. {*+>\ \jT+ eT]jTT l u\ |s dT+<] \jT+
nTe+{ \j\ |<q <VsD\T, >$T |{, kH \jT+ L&
u\T #&e\dq eTTKyTq |D\T, seT+& sh k+d s<,
eT]j T T s \ T, s& T esZ \ <s y X + j T T $T*q b+\
nqTd+<+#&+~.

seT+&

hi

w
w

.c

am

la
k
om

.c

hi

ar
t

yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy

hi

.c

w
w

w
yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy

yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy

yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy

\eT] |wssq

l \eT] |us #e] Xs (|+#+> s)

jTyT.f, jTyT._.@., Cw$<, <sXg$< eT]jTT $<uwD

\eT] d# usY

i.c

om

jT d# : \ : m&sTT d# nq> Xu +&TH n& \ <$


ed+#TqT. eTq jTT y<eTT\ eT]jTT XgeTT\ d# # b<q *|HsT. eTq
|sD\ eT]jTT Vk\ d# eTq |P\T b<q e&+ >eT+#e#T. eTTKeTT>
eTq dHq <seTT |+&>\ jT+<T, $yV~ c&X s\ jT+<T eTq |P\T eT]jTT eTq
eTVsT\T d# b<q HsT. usrjTT\T ydT XgeT+<T eT]jTT jTTs<eT+<T d#
b<q *|HsT. < +& eTq m& u$T <s+> d+u$+#Te+{ >VD
deTjTeTT\, >VDeTT\ e\q eTq jTT |]ds yesDeTT\ esT d+u$+#Tq y{
e\q mH nHs> deTd\T @s&Tq *|q eTq |P\T >VD deTjT+ sTy +{
eT]jTT |]ds b+eTT\qT Xu|s#+ | ] *dq $wjT+. B { >eT+#>
usrjTT\ seTT d# nH~ q~. nsTT *jTT>eTT eTTKeTT> eTq jTTe
=+\eTT> H{ <T e\q eT]jTT <> L& d# jTT b<q >TZeTTK+
|&+ ]+~. B |q]]+#&+ =s eTq us <X |< nsTTqTe+{ l qs+<yB
d# usY nH n+X bs+_#&+ HqT Xu|]DeTT> u$+#T#THqT. n+<Te\q d#
usY jTT w H e+T b> H bs\ H |deTT\ <s d# usY jTT
b<qqT *jTCjTT#THqT. B | sT y] jTT b ysT bw+#e\d+~>
sT#THqT.
2015`16 l eTq< HeT d+eseTT q+<T H bs\+<sT d#><e] |ws\T
#jT e\dq~> sT#THqT. d# ><e] |ws\q> MTsT y[fl ><e] q~ Xu+ #jT qs < T .
, ><e] q~ |ws\T ]> deTjTeTT j +~ $wjTeTT\qT | sT b{+q#
ysT d# ><e] |ws\qT #dqys><TsT.

ar
th

d# ><e] |ws\ b{+#e\dq $wjTeTT\T :


1. |ws kq+

w
w

.c

hi
la

ka

` |ws\ n+ b<q L&<q n+X+ |wskq+.


|ws kqeT+<T | sT ><e] q~jT+<T kqe#]+#eqT. |ws\
|ws kqeT+<T |<e\qT eT]jTT <e\qT d]+ y] nseTT\T $&
|Te+{ >=| deTjTeTT. MTsT kqe#]+#q|&T |dT|, >+<+, qB|yV+
+< qTq eT{ < yb\ eyT |ws kq+ #jTeqT. #d kq+
s>s+ eT]jTT Xg deT. n+ e\+ dT eT]jTT c+|P\ kq+
#jT&+ |ws kq+ <T.
2. |wskHs+ n& ><e] q~ \T e<T.
3. |PC~ seTeTT\ $T*bsTTq edTe\qT # \ eyT bsyjT+&.
4. Bb\qT q~ $& |f|&T n]{\ eTTKeTT> _jT|+& #dq Bb\qT
eyT $&|eqT. =] |\ Bb\T e<\s<T. _jT||+& |$T<
q~ JesX\ VseTT> |j>|&TqT.
5. |ws kqeT+<T q~ eT\eT $dsq eTVb|eTT.
|q #|q $wjTeTT\qT b{+#T e\q ><e] q~ \Tc qe<T.
><e] q~ \TwsV eTT> #d eTq s s \ ys+<] d# ><e] n+<Cj
\,
eT]jTT j eTq<HeT d+es eT+<T d#><e] b{+#e\d+~> sT+.
.....

MT
dTBq $<jTT&T

\eT] |us #e] Xs


www.chilakamarthi.com
1

\eT] |wssq

l \eT] |us #e] Xs (|+#+> s)

jTyT.f, jTyT._.@., Cw$<, <sXg$< eT]jTT $<uwD

|ws yweTT

ewu
qs<

w
w

.c

eTs+
T+>u<

<qdT
|wsyVD

$T<Tq
dsd
s
jTeTTq

hi
la

+u+
d+<T

yTw
>+>

ka

MTq+
bDV

ar
th

i.c

om

|w neX+ |ws+ |w|c nH <Te qT+& eq~ |wseTT.


|c nq> bw+#Tq n nseTT. |wseTT nq> neXeTTqT b+#Tq~ n nseTT
|ws+ <eTT sr |wseTT sT #~ nL& nseTT. |wseTT nq> 12
d+eseTT\ \eTT n nseTT. |wseTT nq> rseTT, |DeTT, XeTT n nseTT\T
\e.
|ws y w eTT eTq |sDeTT\ $<+ > #| &eq~. |PseTT +<T&T,
nV\<$ | eTy+# e+&qT. H&T +<T&T q ejbjT+ >eT eTT
ye CeTTH jT yfiflT #dqT. |eT >eT eTV] yw<sD nV\<$
e< |y+#qT. nV\<$ ejT yweTT eq +<T >T]+#<T. n< deTjTeTTq
ye CeTT < >T]+ >eT eTV] +{ e< s> +<T nV\ #d >s
X|eTT #qT. >eTT X|eTT e\ +<T Xs+ n+ dV d j s|eTT> e]q~.
n|&T +&T&T <e>TsT n>T Vd X| $y#q =s @$T #jTe\jTTH n&>qT.
n|&T Vd +<T V e< rdTyfiflqT. V q eT+&\eTT\ eq
|wsT&T dses+ bd |wsrs+ +<T kq+ #jTeTHqT. +<T&T
kq+ #dq y+H +<T jT<s|+ e#qT. ~ #d +<T&T eT]jTT Vd
XseTTq HjTT+&TqT. n|&T Vd X>+> qqT neT\yTq |wseTT\
=s jeY >T ##T nTs|]#qT. n|&T ds eTV| q<T\T eT |ws yw
|\ eTT eqT n VqT b]+#qT. n<de TjTeTTq Vd L& qq |ws eTT
b~+#eT VqT b]+#qT. n|&T V |wsT y] jTT ] \T|> |wsT&T
q<T\ n+^]+#qT n< deTjTeTTq Vd, q<T\T, V |wsT =j&> Vd
12 sX\ jT+<T d+#]+#Te+{ \eTT\ eTTKeTT> | sjT+<T |y+q 12
~qeTT\T eT]jTT s jTT n+\eTTq 12 ~qeTT\T |wsT&T jTT q<T\
e+&Tq #|qT. |eT V |wsT&T e+&Te+{ ~qeTT\ jT+<T ds<e\T
q<T\jT+<T kqeTT #]+#<sT |*qT. Vd 12 sX\ d+#]+#T deTjTeTTq
@s&T |wseTT\T +~ s |{ e&q~.

d+V
><e]

e+
;e

T
y]
2

q
w

\eT] |wssq

l \eT] |us #e] Xs (|+#+> s)

jTyT.f, jTyT._.@., Cw$<, <sXg$< eT]jTT $<uwD

|ws |\eTT : |ws deTjTeTT q+<T j q~ kqeTT, |PC, <q<seTeTT\T,


eT]jTT sDeTT\T (|+&|<qeTT\T) #jTT e\q eqe\ DeTTH dsb|eTT\T
=\beqT. |ws deTjTeTTq s DeTT\T $&T#Te\q | <e\ }s > *+q
ys>T#THsT. |ws deTjTeTTq |<e\qT d]+#e\dq eX n+<] e+~.
n+<Te\H eTq |P\T |ws\T @s&q d+eseTT q+<T j q~ |]ds b++y]
$yV~ XuseTT\T w~+HsT.

ar
th

i.c

om

><e] |ws yweTT : Vd d+Vs |y+q|&T e#T e+{


|wseTT\T ><e] |wseTT\T, Vd d+V+ |y+#|&T yTT<{ 12 ~qeTT\T
><e] q~ |wseTT\T.
H&T deTVeTT Xq~eTVeTTqT\ |sD $wjT eTT\T #| #T+&qT.
deTjTeTTq |ws yw+ eT]jTT q<T\ |wseTT\T @s&T $wjTeTT\T dT&T
$e]+#qT, deTjTeTTq TTw\T dsq<T\ @ q~ |wseTT wyTq$ n n&>qT?
< dT&T $<+> de<q+ #qT. n q<T\ ><e] q~ |wseTT eTV
|D|\|<eTT n #|qT. ><e] q~ kqeTT #jT+& e\eTT >+>q~ kqeTT#
|DeTT @s&T<T. ><e] q~ >+>q~ d+ |$+ #jT>\ ~e\+ n |sDeTT\T
#| #Tq$. n+<Te\q |PseTT o bsTT eq ysT >+>\+ ><e] \T|
#s+ \<T. nT \T|# >+> b|$eTT n>TqT. n <e sjTeTT. >+>q~
beqeTT #dTe+{ X ><e] eq~. ><e] H >=|q~, ><e] |wseTT\
H |D\eTT >TH <T n dT&T #|> TTw\T q+~+].
|ws qq+ : |$yT q q<T\ eqe\T kq+ #d y] bb\qT b>=T=+THsT.

q<T\T bb\T d]+ n|$T\T neTHsTT. eqe\ e\ n|$Tq q<T\T


bb\T u]+# u< |&TT+f, |wsT&T nH eTVqTue&T V >T]+ |dT #d
V <e nqT>V+ b+~ qqT |$ +> eseT s&T. $<+>
|wsT&T |ws rs+> e] dsZeTTq eT+< q~ jT+<T n+syT H&T.

|wsT #] : |Ps+ T+~\T&H <sT&T <s<yTq J$+ >&T| XsT

w
w

.c

hi
la

ka

>T]+ |e #]+ XsT | + #dT H&T. XsT kq+y\ sTH&T.


XsT&T d+w+ q nwe TsT\ fq \eT] n XX+> kq+ #&T.
n+<Te\q n&T eT&Tqs |Drs\ n~] nj&T. d\ Jes
bw+#>* > X n \_++~. bw+# X d+d+ |ws+ n+{sT. n +~\T&T
|wsT&j&T. V<e dw #jTe\dq neds+ @s&q|&T \+ nedsyTs&
\+ d+ XsT >T]+ |e#]+ XsT |+ #dT \ keC
#e] nsTTq |wsT q ee\dq< sTH&T. XsT&T n+<T n+^s+
\T|>H |wsT&T V<e eT+&\+ |y +#&T. V s+ |P] nsTTq sT y
bDT\qT +# <seTT Hsys& Vd bDT\ Jy<syTq \+ y\
V<e b]+#&T. ]qT V<e&T eT+#&T. |wsT&T qT V<e
e<* yfifl q #b&T. n|&T Vd, V, |wsT\T \d |+< <TsTHsT.
|+<+ |s+ >Vs|+ q Vd yTw+ yTT<\T |H+&T sX\
|y+#|&T |H+&T sE\T $T*q \+ d+eseT+ eT<V deTjT+ s+&T

\eT] |wssq

l \eT] |us #e] Xs (|+#+> s)

jTyT.f, jTyT._.@., Cw$<, <sXg$< eT]jTT $<uwD


eTVAs\ deTjT+ |wsT&T Vd +&\ ssTT+#sT. deTjT+ deTd
<e\T Vd n~|> q q~ |wsT eksT qT |ws \+ qB kq+
|D|<eT |sD\T #|HsTT.

|ws deTjT+ #jTe\dq <H\T

ar
th

i.c

om

|sD\ #|&q |ws deTjT+ #jTe\dq <H\T


1. yTT<{ sE
: dTes <q+, seTT <q+, <q <q+, u<q+ #j*.
2. s+&e sE
: ed <q+, \eD <q+, s <q+ #j*.
3. eT&e sE
: >T& (u\+), XXK, |\ <q+ #j*.
4. H\Ze sE
: |T+ (HsTT) <q+, \+ (qH) <q+, s+ (b\T),
eT<Te (H) <q+ #j*.
5. <e sE
: <q<q+, X <q+, ewu<q+, V\+ <q+ #j*.
6. se sE
: Ww<<q+, ss<q+, #+<q<q+, d] <q+ #j*.
7. @&e sE
: #<q+, +<eT\ <q+, |w e\ <q+ #j*.
8. m$T< s
: #+<q+, +<eT\ <q+, w| e\ <q+ #j*.
9. =$T<e sE : |+& <q+, <d <q+, H<q+, +[ <q+ #j*.
10. |<e sE
: X+ (Ls>jT\T) <q+, k\>eT <q+, |d <q+ #j*.
11. |<=+&e sE : > <q+ #j*.
12. |H+&e sE : \ (qTe\) <q+ #j*.
k<sD+> qB kH\ sD+, |+& |<q+ eT]jTT X< s\T #d
|sT\qT | |] y] odT\T n+<Te&+ Xu|<eT $XdksT. yTT<{ sEq
VsD X<+, =$T<e sEq nq X<+, |H+&e sEq neTX<+ #jT&+ eT+<
TTw\T #bs |sD\T #|HsTT. X<s\T |qjTq+, $yV+ nsTTq |sTw\T
+& eTsD+s+ eyT #j*.

|ws kq+ :` { s +&T X \ THjT y<+ #| + ~. <V] rs&+, Xu| s # & +

w
w

.c

hi
la

ka

nH s+&T V X n+s++> yT<+, q+ nHX\THjT y<+ $e]dT+~.


yT<+ n+f q~ kq+ #d eT&Tks eTTq yd *d *jT #d bb\T bjT
n> q+ n+f { #\Te&+ n+f d+bD #jT &+ B e\q <e X~ sT>TT+<
|sD\ esq . sT HsjTD ds|+ qT jTq ds# bb\T kq+ <s |{|+#\T
nejT $XdksT. rs kq+ eT+ < +f qB kq+
eT+ <+f
|ws deTjT qBkq+ y e T+. deTjT+ <e\+ |wsT q~ |y ks
V+<Te\ $Xd+. sD\ #d bb\T bjT, |ws kq+ k] #d |H+&T
d+es\ \+ |H+&T |D q<T\ kq+#dq |D+ \_dT+<, XyT< j>+
#dq+ |D+ \_dT+< TTw y, yb| \T>TT+< V+& |sD+ e]dT+~.
qB \qT d$d b| | fiq s>T T+< qB \ kqe#]d e+<+, n\d +
yTT<q Xs TT>\T qkjT jT |wT $e]dT+~.
bD{ deTd+ eTqT>& <s+ \+. \+ |{q sTy Je{
<$ ++~. <s\ y+H =\T H> $d] ++~. n+{ <e sb\
*> s~+#&+ V+< d+|<jT+. n> qB kH\T, H{ kH\T, deTT< kH\T,
e> kH\T (\e+ e>kH\T), eT+>fi kH\T n V+<

\eT] |wssq

l \eT] |us #e] Xs (|+#+> s)

jTyT.f, jTyT._.@., Cw$<, <sXg$< eT]jTT $<uwD


k+|<jT+ M{ eTT&|& +~. X<s\T, |+& |<H\T sD\T L& n>
rsj\ |D\ <sq+ L& { eTT&|& +~. X<s\T, |+& |<H\T,
sD\T L& \+ eTT&|&qy. qBs+ |s#]+#&+ y<jTeT |<\T
#bsT. sT\qT <]+#& u^s<T&T >+>q~ u$T rdT e#& |sD\T
#|HsTT. <\T #eT+f dd y#+ #|&eT . qB kH\ |ws
kq+ |D|<eT V+<Te\ $Xd+. jT |wT V qT+& X+, X+
qT+& Je&T |{jT $e]dT+~. JesX\ |<qyTq \+ kq+ beTTKqT
>TsT#dy |ws\T.

2015 ><e] ` |wseTT\T

om

l eTq< HeT d+eseTT n~c& edeTT eT+>fiyseTT wj<


14`7`2015 <jT+ 6 : 31 Vd d+Vs |y+#TqT. Vd (>TsT>VeTT)
d+Vs |y+# \eTT. ><e qB |ws \eTT. |ws kqeTT eT+~.
Xu|<yTq~. n+sZ bDV qB \eTT\T L& |ws deTjTeTT ><e] jT+<T
*jTTqT. |ws ~qeTT\+<T (|H+&T sE\T) qB \eTT\. . . |yTq X |yT
jTT+&TqT. k<sD ~qeTT\ qT+&& d |wseTT\ deTjTeTT qB \d . . . &
+< . . . |yTq njTk+ X >*q s+>eTT\T qB \eT+<T +&Tq . . .
XgsT\T <M]+#sT. |ws X *q s+>eTT\ qB rs b+ ydT\T ` $yV,
>V|yX, >V sD~ Xu seTT\T #jTsT. |wsn<+eTT\ ~ e]dT+~.

ar
th

|ws kq eTVeT

i.c

><e] q~ ~ |ws\T eT]jTT n+ |ws\T sT>TqT.


~ |ws\T s>T ~qeTT\T :` 14`07`2015 qT+& 25`07`2015 es.
n+ |ws\T s>T ~qeTT\T :` 31`07`2016 qT+& 11`08`2016 es.

ka

><e] kqeTT #d ` nqTcq+, |eTT, eT+eTT, k bseTT\T, me]


<seTTqT nqTd]+, me] #qsTTqT> . . . ysT ` <e bsH<T\qT #dq# >=|
|*eTT \_+#TqT. B |+> sDeTT y<e\dq |<T. | s |<qyTq `
#sT&qTe+{ Xu>VeTT . . . Vd nqT>VyT, +<T sDeTT! Vd,
|wsT L&eq deTjTeTT ~! eeT\T> eTVeT+ bdq, eT+ |qXsD,
<e bsq | eT+ |* eTT\ ksTT. eT+|<X e TT < $#]+#qs< T . sT<e #eTT,
dT<sq e#eTT, qe>Vbsq. K&Ze\, $w dVd HeT bsjD, edVdHeT
bsjTDeTT, XeTT\T @yH ds. . . MT #qsTTq < M\sTTq+ me deTjTeTT
#jT+&.

hi
la

|wsT L& Vd (>TsT&T) ueT+&\+


q<T\ kqeTT #jT& ` sDeTT @$T{ ?

w
w

.c

<e\ >TsTyqy&T. |seT |PE&T, nK+& yT<dT *qy&T, |dT


V deqT&T, c >]w& q uVDe TT&T Vd! eTVjTT os< ` dV jT
` dVseTT\ e\qH <e\T ` nH jTT<eTT\ $jTeTT k~+#sT. >+&eTT\T <{
>f HsT, eT , ds eTTqT B|q eTT #dT HsT. nH <s XgeTT\T, y<, y<+>eTT\
ks+XeTT. j Vd <sH <e\T \TdTHsT. n+<T#H Vd >TsTe,
>TsT&T n |sTeHsTT. eTVjTT e+XseTT #T e\qH deTd <e\ eT
d+Je $< d+b|+q~. +>sT <V#jT *q j Vd $w u&T. <qTdT
` MTq sX\ ` n~|. |qsdT, $XK, |Psu< qeTT\ n~|. deTd $<T\T
XgeTT\T *|q j Vd H&T q CeTTqT

\eT] |wssq

l \eT] |us #e] Xs (|+#+> s)

jTyT.f, jTyT._.@., Cw$<, <sXg$< eT]jTT $<uwD

ar
th

i.c

om

|]o*+#TH&T. q qs 12e kqeTT XHXsT&T |y+#uTq deTjTeTT


<>Zs |&q< >V+#&T Vd. m+<] deTd\H r]q yT<$ Vd. m+ eT+~
<e\ u<\ qT y]+# bjTeTT\T #| q Vd ` q deTdqT |]w]+#Te&+
z . . . n nqTe#T. yT<e\T sT\ deTd\qT |]w]+q+ *> eT
d+ deTd\qT |]w]+#TsT. m+<TH eT+< Vd XHXsT V+ n~
eTs<\T #d d+| |]#&T. XHX sT&T de TT> qTq deTjTeTT jTq >=|<qeTTqT
|dTd (b>T&T) q> q$wjTeTT #$q yX&T. z es+& |! y|TyTq
os#qeTT e\q keqT\T #esT\T nesT. b&T&q +sT ueTT\T
dd XeT\eTesTT. <e\qT d e TT jT++#>\ <w d]deqyTq ~ <T . |T syT q
>VeTT *q <w e\q m+<s sdT\T, |dT <s k~+q X\qT deTT
sTT. . . n<:|qeTT #+<sT. Xe+yTq <w HqT e+ u]+#qT. @*H{
X |u eeTT u] +#T He\q <T. y<e TT #<T eq y&, uVDT&qT, qe>V eTT\
HqT L& &. H jT+<T <jT#| @*H{ X |ueeTT +& b&T. $Xw+
qs d+#]+#Tq|&T qqT u~+# n Vd X y&TH&T. n+ $q
XHX sT&T Vd y| XseTT> #X&T. |* eTT\T e&eTT n+<] d<+eTT
+&* ><! |b sj
T eTT\T, |* eTT\T sTesT #jT &eTT eTq <s e ! sT \
~ <se! qe>VeTT\T @yT . . . |b <sD eeV]+#sq n|] ` eTq
y+#jTeTT <T < ? H |ueeTTqT $wjTeTT |d+V]+#T HjTeTT <T
n XHXsT&T *b&T. Vd nH <s $wjTeTT\T, <VsD\T #| . . . H e+{
uVDTq dVjTeTT #dq+<T eq qweTT > n|]> @MTe. $Xw+ ]q
\ uVDT\T nsT\T <q eTV] e\T *jTy! nqdeT] jTeTT&T deTT
]q \qT. . . uVDT\ neT\T #jT&q deTTqT e msT>y! H | =+ sTD
p|eTT. X HqT fiq T n Vd y&T H&T. n+<T\ XHX sT&T deT+#&T.
y<e TT #<T eq uVDe TT&T, eTT <e\ yT\T sTy&T, $w u & q . . . Vd
$wjTeTT @*q H{ X |ueeTTqT Z+#\ ssTT+#&T XXsT&T!

w
w

.c

hi
la

ka

kMT! V d r! MTs T # | q < s d e TT\T y < be e TT\T,


<s<>\qy < nqTq~ |dT #sj+XeTT <T. $Xw+ HjT+<T MTsT
#|q n_eqeTT`<sD eTsTe$. qqT <]+q $TTq dV jTeTT #jT T HyTT<{
<seTT. s+&e~ nXsTT+, ]+q uVDTq dVjTeTT #jTbe n<seTT.
eT&e~ qe>VeTT\ sT> ud\TTqMT H sDeTT> weTT\T m<Ts >V
<s eTT\T s]+#T +eTT\T @s&s<T. qT @&Tqs d+eseTT\ H |u eeTTqT
@&Tqs |T&jT\ eyT |]$TeTT #dTHqT. @*H{ X |ueeTTqT qT+& |P]>
$TqVsTT+| #T M\T <T. >qT $<eTT> ssTT+ n XHXsT&T q
n_bjTeTT *jTCXsT. d+weTT>ds qH&T Vd T Je&! @&Tqs
d+es\eTT XHXsT<jTe\qe\eTT @&Tqs |T&jT\ |]$TeTT nsTT+<
eTqdTH eTV q+<|&q Vd XHXsTq \T *b&TXHXsTq.

\eT] |wssq

l \eT] |us #e] Xs (|+#+> s)

jTyT.f, jTyT._.@., Cw$<, <sXg$< eT]jTT $<uwD

><e |ws#]

hi
la

ka

ar
th

i.c

om

X|+#HeT| uH+ b+Xwq>yT


dHu^sB Cck CcT>MT
<T >MT >+> |XY u^sBd (de)
j ss dy>MT be
u$T, XeTT, >*, |, sT nqTd+#ueTT\ sXwyTq~>
\TdTq ~. fifl u^ s<T # &q >+>\eTT yTT<{~ . nsTTHL&
>eTT# &q >+> (><e) jT n>kqeTT q~. ><e]
kq+ #dq sTyH >+>kq+ #j\ dT\T #TTHsTT. >+>,
><e]\T s +& deq+> d$+#< q$ nsTTq|{ L&? ><e]jT
n+ Xwy T q ~> #| &TT+~. nq> >+> kq+ #dH #jT bsTTH
><e] kq+ #d |D+ * rsTT+~. ><e] kq+
#jTb >+> kq+ |*+#<T.
X|cs qq erb ~qjT
d<Z<ekq+ \{+ deTT<sY
|wMT q+ q ~ys+ sEq >, qs qsE>,
erbeTT\ >, < eTeT\T sE\ esTd> 3 sE\T (d+< )
> mes ><e q~ kq+ #ks y] jTT \+ { eT+~
}s>T\T \_ksTT.
Xsyrs |:sYeTsD+CVMf
<q+<<TsT >MTe+jT+|syT
syqB rseTTq |dT #d eTT \T>TT+<, >+> rsq qTe #*d
eTT \T>TT+<, sT+ <q+ #d y+ \T>TT+< |<\T
n+{sT. ><e] kq+ #d eT&T |D\T f \ueTesTT.

|ws

w
w

.c

V eTVeTT! ><e] jTT n<T #]qT $|+ eTeTT\qT


q+<|seX\qT #dHe. n<$<eTT> |wseTq> @$T{ ~ 12
d+eseTT\ ks e#T n+ssyT$T{ $eseTT\T L&
$|+|y! n TTw\T s> dT&T *jTCjTkH&T. k<sD
X\\qT +&T|+ m X~ #dT+<, n<$<+> nHH Je\
b||+ eTjT+~eTT&T=H eTVq<T\T |q:#qdeTT\T

\eT] |wssq

l \eT] |us #e] Xs (|+#+> s)

jTyT.f, jTyT._.@., Cw$<, <sXg$< eT]jTT $<uwD

e&yT |ws+ n|+#T=+ q~. Je\+<s eT bb\qT


q<T\ e~*qsTT n{ b|eTT\ +&q q<TT |eTT\TqT?
n d+~> seqdT&q |wsT&H VDT&T eq |+ XsT
nwe TsT\ fq \d~ b<j
T |&q u eTT>y< q qT nse TT
#d =q |X | n ue T$T u q |ws d]> |]D$T+#&T.
n~ *dq V e b]+ |ws q eT+&\T\+
u<|s#T>*>&T.

|wseTVeT

.c

hi
la

ka

ar
th

i.c

om

~T+&> >eTT sTTq nV\ y+#| & q <y+ <T&T,


q ]qT rsT=qT nH esZeTT\ qHw+H&T. T<=H&T
q ejT# >eTT \eTTq kHsy T q~>TqT #d, qT eTT
s|eTTqT b+~ nV\ qqTu$ +|qT++#qT. kHsy T jTq >eTT&T
esZeT<eTTq+< n~ sd eTTVAseTT> >V+q jqyfikqyfi
+&# yqT] XeTeTT #] q yweTTq q +<T, n
b+<Tq+<Tq nV\q> >V+ z nV #qe+yTq
bDyjTT+&jT eTeT<eTT# esTyweTTq qTq |ssTTy
eT<q&++q $ qT+& &dq+<<e > n usq, zs]
dTs|r! ~e&ejTTq j#H $#DqT sTT @j|
eTeTT sTT+{ | #jTT \|&y n{ \Te\qT j
\jTyTbe> n +<T X|+H&T. nV\ ssTTjTbsTT+~.
+<T XseT+ j d+q$. eTTeTT\H\T yTTq>&T ;wD
X||\eTT u]+# >TsTe>T VdHXsTT+H&T. <e>TsTy
s|jT>T e|Te y+&T=, V& b]+H&T. nsTTqqT
n $s| q+|< T . n+ V eT+< e< dsd T ]+|#d
n+<T qeT+&T\| q+<* |ws \eTTqT =+ b+H&T.
eTV+<T&+<T kqeTT #jT > neT$eT>T s|eTT bsTT jT<|Ps
dT+<sT&H&T. X>+> qq n+ |ue deTyTq |ws
eTVeTTq <y+<T&q VdjTT L& nTs|&H&T.

q<T\ |wseTT\ @s&T

w
w

n $djTsy T q |ws eTV eH H >eT+{


bkq~. X>+> qq neT\yTq |ws dyTfiqeTTq
q<T\jTT $fiSflskq$. >+>, >MT q<T\qT eTT+~&T= ds

\eT] |wssq

l \eT] |us #e] Xs (|+#+> s)

jTyT.f, jTyT._.@., Cw$<, <sXg$< eT]jTT $<uwD

w
w

.c

hi
la

ka

ar
th

i.c

om

eTV|q<T\T dwqT b]+q$. n<yfi |wseTVeTqT qTs


\+jTTq Xu>VeT>T >TsT&Tq |ws eb~+|eT
b]+H&T. , |wsT&+<T\ n+^]+#<T. nsTTqqT, q<T\
jTTjTT >TsT jTTjTT bsq| V |\TT\ |wsT d+Tw
H=q]+ m \ Je,JeeTT\ y+#q r]H&T. yTs >TsT&T =
s = d+es+ eTT+&TqT. >eq, >TsT|w jsX\
#]q =* 12~qeTT\\qT, s $&T#T 12 ~qeTT\qT V#
ssTT+|&q q<T\jT+<T qT+& n+^]+H&T. s=
d + e s e TT #=| q > T s T & T 12 sX \qT d + # ] +# T 12
d+eseTT\>TqT. eq = q~ 12 d+eseTT\ es
|ws |D\eTT d+$T+#T#Tq~. y, >TsT&T d+Vs >T&q
e<seTTq eTq ><e q~ |wseeTT, nT >TsT&T d+Vs
|y +#>H eT&T j~ \\ rse TT\ dyT T& |wsT&T ><e]
HXsTT+#TqT. n~ yTT<\T d+es+eTT es rseTT\jTT
><e]jT+< jTT+&TqT. |wsT&T =* 12 ~qeTT\qT d+eseTT
esH= 12 ~qeTT\qT ><e] jT+<T+&TqT. eq yTT<{ 12 ~qeTT\qT
~ |wseTT\jTT, e] 12 sE\qT n+|wseTT\jTT |*#<sT.
n+ |wseeTT nq<T\ s><T. ><e] eyT
d+u$+#T q~ |, eq, k<sD\ >MT kqyT dss
d~ s e TT >, |ws |D\eTT dV k~ |\ eTTqqT>V +#TqT.
n+<T#H eTVeTVQ\>T TTw\H \T ><e] >T]+ T #| #THsT.
X |+#HeT| uH+ n|: Xwe>
dH^sB Cc k CcT >MT
jssdy >MT be eTVeTqTws
+= $wjTeTT k<VsDeTT> $e]+#<qT. ><e] >+> q~
d e TT |$e+eTT#jT >\ ~e\eT eTsbs<T. n+<Te\qH o
bsTTqysT >+><eTTqT ><e] \T|jTqT #seTT\<T.
nT \T|# >+> b|$eTT jT>Tq <e sjTeTT. n+<Te\q,
>+>H beqeTT #jTT X ><e] jTTq< \TdT=qeqT.
eTT #|eqq#. ><e]q >=| q~, ><e |wseTT\q
|D\eTT\T dw H e` n dT&T #| > $ TTw\T q+~+].

\eT] |wssq

l \eT] |us #e] Xs (|+#+> s)

jTyT.f, jTyT._.@., Cw$<, <sXg$< eT]jTT $<uwD

nK+& >$T

i.c

d|><esT\T

om

eTVsh $s$+q ><e] q~ Ceu< MT<T>


+<|<XeTTq q =*s|>TqT+q~. uds, nqT eTV+
dsdr <$ #\ #|\qT b<T|=, yeTT\y& fiXseTT\ q
kjT>\ e&T #d *| d>\ d>TZ|&b ue \qT
s+>]+#T= neT+&\yTq u<# s u]+ #d \T+{
\y\T|q dseTT\ |$qT s>\qT |D| #T= sTqTeT\
<s b|=+&\qT ]+|#d yT< qb+ e s eTV+<eseTT
MT<T> +>fiUeTTy| k+~. n+ $X\jT|eV+# ><e]
b++H nK+& >$T> s~+|&T+~. dsd #\
#|\q, ue\ q, |$qTs>+<\q, seT+&H u <|] ,
<efis+ y| <* | qT+& K+& >$T d| ><e]> 7 bjT\T>
N*bsTTq~.

ka

ar
th

1. T\, 2. jT, 3. us<, 4. >$T, 5. e<>$T, 6.


7. ew nqT 7 ><e bj T \qT d | > <es T \+< T s T .
d | > <es T \qT $$< e TT\qT | y T Tq]+# T # T k
sTdeTT<eTTq *jTT#Tq$. H + n+sV> k
+eT+<* >eTTKeTT <s |qs$<jT deTT< d+>eTeTT
es <<| ysTT yTfifl &$ |eV+#T ><e] n&T>&T>TH
|$yTq<, DDeTTH bjT>eTTq<. eTTKeTT> b|=+&\ q&TeT
|&e |jDeTT #djT rseqT. +jT\? |wsyfi >$T q~
sE ke&q# sTe~y\ d+eseTT\T >+> kqe&q
|*eT |<\T #|#THsT.

|wseTTq |~qeTT#jTe\dq <qeTT\T

w
w

.c

hi
la

1e sE |ws\eTq VsD, nqX<eTT\qT, u, <q, s


<qeTT\T j<X> #jTT eTT.
2e sE, >, eTD, \eD, eg <qeTT\T
3e sE, >, >T&eTT < u\eTT, |\, X<qeTT\T
4e sE, s, s, |T<qeTT\T
5e sE, <q, H>*, ewu, eTVw, <qeTT\T
6e sE, |Tqks, d], #+<q, Ww<<qeTT\T
7e sE, >V, Xj, |s, +<[<qeTT\T

10

\eT] |wssq

l \eT] |us #e] Xs (|+#+> s)

jTyT.f, jTyT._.@., Cw$<, <sXg$< eT]jTT $<uwD

8e sE, |w, #+<q, +<eTT\<qeTT\T


9e sE, |X<, |+&<q, H<qeTT\T
10esE, |w, eTTVs (eTT\Vs), s<qeTT\T
11e sE, jTC|M, |d, +T<qeTT\T
12e sE, c&X<qeTT\T
T #jTT e\qnq+|D, u>|\eTTqT \T>TqT.

kqj>yTq ><e] qBrs |D\T

w
w

.c

hi
la

ka

ar
th

i.c

om

+< |<X seT+& ><e] +&T> |eVdT+ ~. |ws


y\T seT+& ]q+ yue+> @ s b+qT sT>e.
<X+ q\TeT\\ qT+& desDT\T e |wskq+ #]ksT.
seT+& |D dMTbq >=| >=| <yj\T u \ T <]+#e#TqT.
nqes+ : seT+& 80 .MT. <seTT =+&MT< Msy+
d HsjTqk$T, nq+\ , d e<$, y\dq +, m+&>& j
s+
#&<q~. s+&T n+dT\T >\ \jT+.
|s|s+ : H& 15 .MT. <s+eq~. # b<>jT,
fXsk$T, |sTVA, <jT&T eT]jTT + e<ek$T
\jTeTT\T q$. n+ lb<e\u X| s \ |s+ .neTy]
+>sT Ns\<T. Xys+ &sT.l b<e\u d+kqeTT l >D|
d<q+< k$Ty]# {+#&q~.
keTs : H& 13 .MT. <s+|+#seT+ fq
esk$T# |w+#&q es ;yTXsk$T \jT+ q~.
seT+& : ><e] >Tq {*+>Xsk$T, es+&jT , yDT>b\
k$T <y\jT\T \e. eT]jTT <$#, ||sY$T\T >T e<,
l ksTTuu eT+~s+ ||+#eTT yTT<{k] k|+#&q z+
l ksTTs+ HeT{ d|eTT #&<q~.
sT=+& : seT+& 20 . MT. < s e TT =+& M T<
\qsd+Vk$T # bNqyTq~.
s* : seT+& 35 .MT. <seTT >HV Xek$T |
s <]+#e\dq<. $>V+ yqT >HV d s|+ eTT+<s
$ws|+. eeT+&Xsk$T \jT+ L& <]+#<q~.

11

\eT] |wssq

l \eT] |us #e] Xs (|+#+> s)

jTyT.f, jTyT._.@., Cw$<, <sXg$< eT]jTT $<uwD

eT+<|* : = | 4 .MT. <seTT eT+<|* X# |w+ #&q

w
w

.c

hi
la

ka

ar
th

i.c

om

*+>s|+ +{&T. # H>Xsk$T, VXsk$T eT]jTT


yDT>b\k$T \jTeTT\T \e. se\b+ qT+& { yfifl >\ sT.
X j< y~ u\T s*eksT.
eTTXs+ : neT|s+q 12 .MT. <seTT DeTTXsk$T
n+ $XwqT d+]+#Tq~. seT+& 90 .MT. <seTT
eq~.
<efiXs+ : # >\ n>dXsk$T <y\jT+ # $XwyTq~.
=+&| dseTT\ b<eTT<\T \e. ><e]q~ H<=s us
qT {HsT. qsqk$T <y\jT+ #&<q~. l ksTTuu
q\s $>VeTT eq <y\jT+ #&<q~. seT+& 3 .MT.
<s+ eq~.
n+s ~ : sC\T 25 .MT. <s+ l qsd+ Vk$T <ekq+
# bUyTq~. # \+sXsk$T b\&T, seT+&
100 .MT. <s+ eq~. ><e]q~ deTT< d+>eT+ ]> |<X+
+
<seT+ : {|* 13 .MT. <seTT <Do eTT.
e*+>eTT # |<~. \jT+ # |<~. eTD+ neTysT,
seT+& 40 .MT. <seTT eq~. ~ |+#seTeTT {.
neTysT X|seTT\ |seT |r.
{|* : seT+& 60 .MT. <seTTeq {|* eeTT.
kyTXsk$T, fX sk$T eHsT. eTT <q+>, |+>
#d { sT |*$TdT+< #|sT.
dses+ : H& 6 .MT. <s+ >eT+ ueHsjTD
k$T \jT+ # bNqyTq~. & Hs< >T+&eTT, eTT>T+&eTT
\e.
<s|P& : nH <y\jT deTT<jTeTT\ njT|k$T >T&
n<TeTT> ]+#&q~. <<XC]>eTT\T, | <]+#<q$.
e$T&& : CC HsjTDk$T <y\jT+ | <]+#>\sT. 11
n+dT\>\ l <+&seTk$T <y\jTeTT +<H <T.

12

\eT] |wssq

l \eT] |us #e] Xs (|+#+> s)

jTyT.f, jTyT._.@., Cw$<, <sXg$< eT]jTT $<uwD

&* : bXsk$T <y\jT+ >Z+| dMTbq eq~.


nsTTq$* : $Hj T k $T < y \j T + n + $X w q T
d+]+#T=q~. eT]jTT $XXsk$T <y\jT+, Xek$T <y\jT+
u\T <]+#<q$.
sC\T : sC\T qs<*+>Xsk$T <y\jT+ <]+#<q~.

n|q|* :

i.c

om

u\ u\J (y+fXsk$T) <y\jT+, sT|


<]+# ysT eTTqT <]dT+ {sT. seT+& 80 .MT. <s+
eq~.
eTTseTfifl : MsXsk$T <y\jTeTT eT]jTT u< neTysT.
>T+B$ : eTT$T&es+ \ >T+B$ n+HjTk$T
<y\jT+ e+~.

\+>D sh+ |ws kqeTT\T #]+#T |D|<XeTT\T:

u<#\+ :

hi
la

ka

ar
th

KeT+ qT+& 134 $Ts T < s + q~.


+<|<XeTsTTq j< n+ >=| +> U>+qq~.
+ l dseT#+<eT] |sT #&e\dq<<. u s eT<dT
b+eTTq VdsT> qyT kq+ +& lseTeT+~s+
s<q+ ]+#qT. qyT seT<dTqT #sk\yjT> kY
seT#+<T\Tys qyT <q+ #*+ seT<dT +<$eTT #dq
useT<dT eTT |k~+#q d\|sD+ #|&q~.
u<#\+><e] rsq>\ >=| ywy\jT+.
uds : + ~u< s 70 MTs<sq \<T.
# Cq dsdr <y\jT+ |d~yTq~.eT+Js ><e] q<T\
d+>eTkq+ ydeTV] XeTV] + ed+#s |r.
yd|] uds> sb+s+ #+~q~. # ydeTV]. \jT+
L& u\T <]+#e#T.

eTVsh |ws kqeTT\T #]+#T |D|<XeTT\T:

j
T +Xs+ : eTVsh Hd 30 MTs <s+ ><e]|{q

w
w

.c

|<X+. <<XC]+>\ 7e~ e|sD+ C]+>


$Xwk qeTT q~. # ><e] neTy] \jT+ <]+#> Z |<X + .
s\TesZ+ $jTy& qT+& u+usTTy[fl n&qT+& Hd
dwH ~, 30 MTs <s+ q jT+Xs+ #ee#T.

13

\eT] |wssq

l \eT] |us #e] Xs (|+#+> s)

jTyT.f, jTyT._.@., Cw$<, <sXg$< eT]jTT $<uwD

><e] kq$~

w
w

.c

hi
la

ka

ar
th

i.c

om

>+><q+ `
>+>>+>jj <HH+X s|
eTT# ds b|u $w+ d>#
n+<sHeTs CHk+|\+
dsZsVDkbH eTV|D s+D
$XX+ Xe+ &T+&+ <+& bD+# use+
e+<o+ >TV+ >+>+ uy+ eTD ]+
nrweTVjT +<VH|eT
usyjTqeTdTu+ nqTC+<TeTsd
+sCdsrsH+ yTe >:|
j<VyT rs+ dsbbdTjT
jkds> $wZs| s+q:
de <es|D >+>+uH d+XjT+:
q+~ q* de*# eTV|>
$w b< d+u >+> |<>$T
u^sBu>er CVM<XX
<<XHe jTjT XjT
kq |s+ eTVbHXq+
>+><qeTT #d >+> ~>eqT.
n >+>qT <+ qeTd]+, >T|qTq eT{
dTqT { yjTT eqT.
||<eTTH ujT+s
eT+ eTj<eTVss+ |\jT
(\Te nsTT \Te eT{ >T MT~ yj*)
n#eqeTT #d :
10. z+ VwXjTqeT'
1. z+ XyjTkV'
11. z+ |<HujTqeT'
2. z+ HsjTDjT kV'
12. z+ <y<sjTqeT'
3. z+ e<yjT kV'
13. z+ d+sDjTqeT'
4. z+ >$+<jTqeT'
14. z+ ydT<yjTqeT'
5. z+ $wy qeT'
15. z+ |<TejTqeT'
6. z+ eT<Td<HjTqeT'
16. z+ nsT<jTqeT'
7. z+ $ejTqeT'
17. z+ |sTcejTqeT'
8. z+ yeTHjTqeT'
18. z+ VsjT qeT'
9. z+ l<sjTqeT'
19. z+ l cjTqeT'

14

\eT] |wssq

l \eT] |us #e] Xs (|+#+> s)

jTyT.f, jTyT._.@., Cw$<, <sXg$< eT]jTT $<uwD

hi
la

ka

ar
th

i.c

om

<V+|fi |qs#eT
w+ T u |X #' @ u $Tus! @ceT $s<e Vs desu
z+ u' z+ uTe' z+ dTe ' z+ eTV' z+' q' z+ |' z+ d+ z+
$Tss D+ us Z<e d BeV ~j jq : |#<j Y zebC
rskMT+ Vu se dTes+ eTyb <T]j
T <s l |sy T Xs
| s+ XuX uH eTTVAs leTV$csj |ese dq n< VD:
~rjT |ss XesV yqd eTq+s, *jTT>, |<eTb<,
+B|, uses, usK+&, ndH eseq yeV] #+<eHq
leTq<HeT d+es <DjTH esTTY _ _ _ed, |ws _ _
_ ~qeTTq _ _ _ ~ #|=qeqT. Xuyds, Xuq, Xuj>
XusD @e+>TD $XwD leH _ _ _ > _ _ _ HeT<jT: _
_ _<s |r dyT : eTeT b< T ]j
T <s l |sy T Xs | s+ eTeT
Vq H+seT# u\jTeq esysw C>Y d|dTw|
nekdT Cq CqyeT seT: d: |s |sDq y d+u$H+
dsc+ bbH+ neH<q <s w<e |s+ <ss eTy
#T ]< |\ |sTcs d< s+ e T ds $jT nuj
T jTTss> Xs_
e<s+ ss_e<s+ d+V+ > <e>Ts ks{rs ><e]
eTVqBkq eTV+]w
eTTesT >C dsrsyTXu
sTTkT eTqTC+# <VyTXse\u
rssqeTdTu+ ds d+XjT
k d+seT ue+<$ eTTjT
dTs#s deTdu+ ds |P
sTTd+V> <e ><e]j+ kqe#s+
dVC~ deTT< rskq+seTV+
|k<+ sTyT<$ ]|T+ sTyTe+
n eTTesT kq+#jTeqT.

w
w

.c

eTkqeTT eT+ ` nX+ s< + $w + edT+<s


sk<ssTTc$T sde+ |<|< dVd|se <M XeT
X+s ds+ VsTyTb|+ <Ts<Td|H qBrseTTq
q eT{ rd= `

15

\eT] |wssq

l \eT] |us #e] Xs (|+#+> s)

jTyT.f, jTyT._.@., Cw$<, <sXg$< eT]jTT $<uwD

w
w

.c

hi
la

ka

ar
th

i.c

om

< TTdesVD wq X VQH +&+&s V+r


|sTw : |] @yH<s|eqT dVdD Xq# jXq eHw
dV dD$sVd kd <M| $<e T VcejT+ eT VqyT b|+
jTqeTj<Tw+ + eTV<d X|H_ eT+
eT<VyT |w+ sTT ds+ |w+ eT |w ds+H
sT<TeT jVq b|q >#$T |se+>+ eTTesT
kqeT#d ` {H eT<eTy* =q }s|+&eTT |T= `
#jT, |Ps @e+>TD. . . l |syTXs |s+ kH+>
<e] | s D+ ]w V<j jT <yH <ysY ds j$T u s y >
ds j$T, uT esy > ds j$T qTesy> ds j$T u se dTesH >
dsj$T
w< bjTH~jjT TTwjT : qw> ds j$T s j$T
dsH TTw> dsj$T, 2. dsTTw |r dsj$T 2 :dsH TTw
b> dsj$T uTTw> dsj$T 2, uTew> dsj$T 2,
dTeTTw> dsj$T 2, usedTe TTw> dsj$T 2.
bNHMr ` keT : |eH jTy+skH nc
n : d+V yVH<j jT |s k H | Hd <qeT ds j$T d<qeTT
dsj$T d<qeTT dsj$T 3, dTe : |H d<qeT dsj$T 3,
u se dTe : | H d<qeT ds j$T 3, qe+ nHq <e] | s Dq
u>yH HsjTD : dT|DT |syTXssDeTdT
k, #eT`@e+>TD $XwD $cj+ |D< Mr `
kq ||eTV ||eTVH+. . . . >D+ XsD+
edTsT<~ sbD+, qeTV eT : |eTV, eT :
||qTVH+ d|rH+ dsc+ |D+ njT |D yds+
cqB kq eTV+ ]w |&T kH+> |sDeTT #jTe#TqT.
k#eT kqeTT #d #eTqeTT #d ` dTss |<H ]w.
z+ <q<$T eTV : nsV qTs+~q+ V<>+
eTeTds |]eD+ #HXjT XwyT |]eD+ s|DqT<<d
n< V]<yTeTyT V]eD+ <sd <><jT e~: $Xd
dVkdV ~w+ + eTV+ s+<jTH ynV+ ~ws<+ z+
$TTs$ dsuqT K>|P w VsD>s eT#~ d$s uds uqeT:
<eTs+ deTsj$T dsT >TMT~ ns$TjTeqT.

16

\eT] |wssq

l \eT] |us #e] Xs (|+#+> s)

jTyT.f, jTyT._.@., Cw$<, <sXg$< eT]jTT $<uwD

i.c

om

jTqj <|+ jT+ XseT\ d+jTT+ k| $X


<s+ jTD+ sjeTV+ n sDeTT\T jTeqT.
nd+ksXjT X : |seTeT cebjT HsjT
BjT d*\+eTj sDeTT jTeqT.
j T #d T C n| > V + T eTj < +
dw&H<+
n +<eTT |+& sT e<\ eqT.
Vd dTs< ds<e deTd >VDs+ eTj<+
HkusjdV VdjTqeT: <eTs+ deTsj$T
ns$TjTeqT. dV~ Ks< dseT |<sTT.
wyD Xu>+> >VDs+ qydT wyDqeT : <seTs+
deTsj$T |ws >H< ndVHsq
ns+ >VDwj+ HjTT Vd |ws sCjT
qeT: <eTs+ deTsj$T
| e |+& T=, uT |T= ><e] |P
#jTeqT. &`eT>`n+<sTqT#jTe#TqT.

ar
th

eT]= ns eT+eTT\T

w
w

.c

hi
la

ka

X |<dq >H< <+HXq


>VDs + eTj<+ d+VjTT Vd
c#j|~ dV ~jTqeT: <eTs + deTsj$T
X nweTs eTVyq >+><s b<
>sdV>VDs + qydT dsdr dV
> dV eTVXsjTqeT: <eTs + deTsj$T.
X #TsK >w dsejT
dsd# dV+ >VHs + qydT dsdr dV
VDqeT: <eTs + deTsj$T.
X rsseTVu> |ws|T $Hdq
>VDs + eTj<+ dsrs~HjT
ks{ rs dV |ws sCjTqeT : eTs + deTsj$T.
X +<<edysT< k< $X <H
keT>X dTsds >V+s + ej]+ +<~
ds<yuqeT : <eTs + deTsj$T.

17

\eT] |wssq

l \eT] |us #e] Xs (|+#+> s)

jTyT.f, jTyT._.@., Cw$<, <sXg$< eT]jTT $<uwD

X eTTqj y\<d| #eeTVsjT:


d+Vd >Tsds >V+s + eTj]+
y*~ d|] uqeT: <eTs + deTsj$T.
X nc ]e< ` q>jT k>jTd<
nb: |sd+ >V+| #keb:
nw~ |uqeT:<eTs + deTsj$T

><e] |P

om

X ><e] eTV>+> dsb| $y#


u <+ eTj<$ >VDs + qydT >$TqeT: ><e]qeT:
<eTs+ deTsj$T

w
w

.c

hi
la

ka

ar
th

i.c

#eTq+
z+ VwXjTqeT:
z+ XyjTkV
z+ |<HujTqeT:
z+ HsjTDkV
z+ <y<sjTqeT:
z+ e<yjTkV
z+ d+sDjTqeT:
z+ >$+<jTqeT:
z+ ydT<yjTqeT:
z+ $wyqeT:
z+ |<TejTqeT:
z+ eT<Td<HjTqeT:
z+ nsT<jTqeT:
z+ eT<Td<HjTqeT:
z+ |sTcejTqeT:
z+ $ejT qeT:
z+ VsjT qeT:
z+ yeTHjTqeT:
z+ l cjTqeT:
uX~ :`
w+T u |X# : jTu$T us:
@ c eT$s<q V s desu
zyT u zyT uT: z+ dTe: zyT eTV: zyT q: zyT |:
z+ d+ z+ $TssD+ usZ <ed BeTV ~jjq:
|#<jY zebCrskeT+ VusTedTes+
d+\+ :` l eTV$csj |eseqd n< VD :
~rjT|ssX sV ye deTq+s *jTT> |<e T b<, +B|,
usds, usK+&, yTssD~>> lX\ dq|<X ndH eseq
eeV] #+<eHd leTq< HeT d+es <DjTH esTT
XeDed X| ` < ` yds, Xuq Xuj>, XusD,
@e+>TD $XwD $cj +, Xu <, leH . . . >. . . . HeT<j
T :.

18

\eT] |wssq

l \eT] |us #e] Xs (|+#+> s)

jTyT.f, jTyT._.@., Cw$<, <sXg$< eT]jTT $<uwD

. . eTeT< s | r d y T d , V er, V q, H+ s w ,
bbH|H<s+, w<e|s+. Xs_e<s+ <ss eT
y# T ]<| \ |sTcsd s s+ ds $< n_e< s+ . nK+& # q d<s+ ,
H> <e>Ts k]{ rsdV ><e] |ws de>eT
eTV|D, |sD cqB |PC+]w <+ > \Xs<q +,
|eX<q+]w n eTT+<T> \X|P#d nq+s+ ><e] e
$>VeTTq c&X|#seTT\ |P #jTeqT.

\Xs<q

w
w

.c

hi
la

ka

ar
th

i.c

om

X \XdeTTU $w: +ssT< de:


eT dV eT<e>Dd:
T k>s ds d|Bb edT+<s:
TT><< jTEs< keTy<V<sD:
n+>XdVds \X+T de:
X >+># jTTeTTH #e ><e] dsd
qs< d+<T y] dH d~+ sT
yVq+ : n|TTs<$ #+<#&|jT ` q|T
s|+ de<jT de>#XuH yVq+ nyVj$T
dq+ : nq+~e d+X eq+<K+ eTVdq+
nHsK+ ndHs+ |*+ dq+ dq+ deTsj$T
b<+ : eTV<e E{pd |jT q|T
b<+ >VDV>+> ><e] ujeV b<+ deTsj$T
ns+ : ><e] qeTdTu+ ds b||DX
>VDs+ eTj<+ uH+|jT]D ns+ deTsj$T
#eTq+ : <T<e+ eTV|DeTeT+ VeT<e+
>VDs+ eTj<+ uH+|jT]D ns+ deTsj$T
|+#eT kq+ : s<~ deTT<+ s+kHseTTeT+
|+#eT+ de+ dsTwqydT |+#eTkq+ deTsj$T
X<<kq+ : dVd sd<$ |$+ $eT\+\+
kHs+ jTe+ ><e] qydT X<<kq+ deTsj$T

19

\eT] |wssq

l \eT] |us #e] Xs (|+#+> s)

jTyT.f, jTyT._.@., Cw$<, <sXg$< eT]jTT $<uwD

i.c

om

eg+ : \deT jTT>+ <$ >TDrqT +|j


eTje+ dTu>>Vq |syTX] eg+ deTsj$T
+sd+ : dd+ >~+ ~e+ |$+ |seT+ Xu+
>VD +sucs+ w k>s$T +sd+ deTsj$T
>+<+ : ss>sT d &+ eTHVs+
>+<+ >VD <$+ ><e] qydT ~e l#+<q+ deTsj$T
nH : nH <efiH ~yH XjH +&\]H
>VDes <<$ ><e] qydT nH deTsj$T
+eT : V]< ++eT+#q d+<s+~+
\V + >VD |syTX] +eT+ deTsj$T
|w+ : eT*X |H> #+|##
>$Tj| |cD |>V+ |cD|Pj$T

20. z+ nqT>V|sjTDjTqeT:
21. z+ n\q+<jTqeT:
22. z+ nq<jTqeT:
23. z+ n;wd~jTqeT:
24. z+ nfi+ HqeT:
25. z+ s><jTqeT :
26. z+ nqT<jTqeT:
27. z+ ne\DjTqeT:
28. z+ nq+rjTqeT:
29. z+ nujTqeT:
30. z+ neT<jTjTqeT:
31. z+ nqeHjTqeT:
32. z+ nq+eTVejTqeT:
33. z+ n|sjTqeT:
34. z+ n|TV]DqeT:
35. z+ neTjTqeT:
36. z+ nsdTjTqqeT:
37. z+ n_sejTqqeT:
38. z+ neTjTqeT:

w
w

.c

hi
la

ka

1. z+ z+s s|DqeT:
2. z+ nq\e]HqeT:
3. z+ n|TsjTqeT:
4. z+ nDe~ >TDjTqeT:
5. z+ neTs|DqeT:
6. z+ nXw<eeTsqeT:
7. z+ nsjTqeT:
8. z+ nTjTqeT:
9. z+ n<sjTqqeT:
10. z+ n$<C\XeTHqeT:
11. z+ n+jTqeT:
12. z+ n>>DjTqeT:
13. z+ neT|<jTqeT:
14. z+ nXV]DqeT:
15. z+ nT<sjTqeT:
16. z+ n+XqeT:
17. z+ nq|jTqeT:
18. z+nXjTqeT:
19. z+ n<TsbjTqeT:

ar
th

>$ nks XHe[

20

\eT] |wssq

l \eT] |us #e] Xs (|+#+> s)

jTyT.f, jTyT._.@., Cw$<, <sXg$< eT]jTT $<uwD

i.c

om

76. z+ TT+sjTqeT:
77. z+ TTw<qeT:
78. z+ TTsbjTqeT:
79. z+ TTE|jjTqeT:
80. z+ @kjTqeT:
81. z+ @eT <sTTHqeT:
82. z+ @~\ <sjTqeT:
83. z+ seqeT:
84. z+ zceTjTqeT:
85. z+ zw~jTqeT:
86. z+ fieqeT:
87. z+ s+<$~HqeT:
88. z+ \*jTqeT:
89. z+ eT\>+~HqeT:
90. z+ eT*HqeT:
91. z+ ejTqeT:
92. z+ +qeT:
93. z+ +#HqeT:
94. z+ eT<qyqeT:
95. z+ ]qeT:
96. z+ eTT<qeT:
97. z+ LsjHjTqeT:
98. z+ ejTqeT:
99. z+ TXcjTqeT:
100. z+ T|jTqeT:
101. z+ >jTqeT:
102. z+ >TV$<jTqeT:
103. z+ >TV$<jTqeT:
104. z+ >e]HqeT:
105. z+ >TDrjTqeT:
106. z+ >TD>>DqeT:
107. z+ >eTqeT:
108. z+ ><esqeT:
z+ >$<ejTqeT:
ncsXHeT
|PC+deTsj$T

w
w

.c

hi
la

ka

ar
th

39. z+ nc+>j d~<jTqeT:


40. z+ nH<ejTqeT:
41. z+ nq+ksjTqeT:
42. z+ ny|jTqeT:
43. z+ n#TjTqeT:
44. z+ njTqeT:
45. z+ nq+kK|<jTqeT:
46. z+ nH<H<jTqeT:
47. z+ |H]$HHqeT:
48. z+ <jTqeT:
49. z+ XseTsqeT:
50. z+ &jTqeT:
51. z+ sd$jTqeT:
52. z+ bsTTHqeT:
53. z+ |$<jTqeT:
54. z+ q+<<jTqeT:
55. z+ q+<eTe]DqeT:
56. z+ jTTcjTqeT:
57. z+ w<jTqeT:
58. z+ cjTqeT:
59. z+c|P]|\|<jTqeT:
60. z+ +<~ |]ejTqeT:
61. z+ XsqeT:
62. z+ Xse\ujTqeT:
63. z+ ;eTsjTqeT:
64. z+ wDjTe]jTqeT:
65. z+ wXqeT:
66. z+ cjTqeT:
67. z+ ~+sjTqeT:
68. z+ <sjTqeT:
69. z+ V|e]HqeT:
70. z+ wXeTHqeT:
71. z+ }ss:|jjTqeT:
72. z+ }]jTqeT:
73. z+ }s>|<jTqeT:
74. z+ TTw+<dTjTqeT:
75. z+ TTDjT$HHqeT:

21

\eT] |wssq

l \eT] |us #e] Xs (|+#+> s)

jTyT.f, jTyT._.@., Cw$<, <sXg$< eT]jTT $<uwD

ar
th

i.c

om

<|+ : dT>+~ Tsdu+ >+< <e$Xw+


n|TjT <|+ >$TjT|j |>V+ <|+deTsj$T
B|+ : nes\+ B|+ nCH+< $HXq+
>$T eTV>+>>VD dTse+~ B|+<sj$T
Hy<+ : nq+#T]<+<$ sdw& deT+
|s+ >MTjT >VDdTs e+~ Hy<+ deTsj$T
+\+ : H>e <fisT+ eTT#sq deT+
s s+ u$+ >MTjT +\+ |>V +\+ deTsj$T
sq+ : nT\+ eTV<$ nCH~ $HXq+
sq+ >MTjT >VDd]+ |s sq+ deTsj$T
eT+|w+ : dV~ Ks < + $s
>VD b] >MTjT eT+ |c+*+d< eT+| w+ deTsj$T
eg+ : deseTjTyk>V+>VHjT
>Tsuw |\< d+Vd >$T VdjT qeT: eg+ deTsj$T
jTC|M+ : + eTj+ qe+T $]+
V >+~ dejTT+ >VD $T<Xs VdjTqeT: jTC|M+
deTsj$T.
>+<+ : ss>sT d dV+ #+<q+ e+
ds Xks dsw qydT VdjT qeT: >+<+ deTsj$T
nH : nH <efiH ~yH Xd+&T+ ]H

ka

deTsj$T <yX >VD sj dV VdjTqeT: nHdeTsj$T

hi
la

|cD : #+|X eH> e# nH # dT |cD ds~


HjT VdjT qeT: |cD deTsj$T

n<+> |P

w
w

.c

s+T|<jTqeT: b< |Pj$T, >TsyqeT: >T|Pj$T,


>~~jTqeT: CeT |Pe$T, JeHjTqeT: +|T |Pe$T,
^wjTqeT: }s |Pj$T, ds#sjTqeT: {+ |Pj$T:
dTs+~jTqeT: <s+ |Pj$T, eTVHqeT: H_+ |Pj$T:
+<es<sTT HqeT: ed\ |Pj$T: CqTueHqeT: uVAsY
|Pj$T +#T+sjTqeT : +s+ |Pj$T, s+&\<]DqeT:

22

\eT] |wssq

l \eT] |us #e] Xs (|+#+> s)

jTyT.f, jTyT._.@., Cw$<, <sXg$< eT]jTT $<uwD

s |Pj$T dTHkjTqeT: Hd+ |Pj$T: dTe<HjTqeT:


e<q+ |Pj$T : |+&j
T qeT: H |Pj$T, VdjT qeT:
s: |Pj$T, ds;w\|<jTqeT: dsD+> |Pj$T

l Vd ncs XHee[

w
w

.c

hi
la

ka

ar
th

i.c

om

| HeTeTTq eTT+<T z+ es qeT:qT *| #<Te eqT.


deTqT>eTsjT
z+ >Tsy qeT:
]XjT
TT><bs>jT 60
>D|sjT
n||jT
d<q+<jT
>|
BesjT
ds>eTCjT
>#sjT
~euwDjT
ds y<+$<
>||jjT
<qTssjT
V$<$Xs<jT
>TDH
<V+
deTH~sTjT
>TDe+XcjT
<jksjT
ds eX+e<jT
nejjT
<]<HXjT
C 10
<Dqd+uyjT dTs+<e+<
jT+jT
<qTH~bjT 40 <e#sjT
y<d<+bs>jT
JyjT
<qTsD<sjT
nq+jT
n;Zsd<sjT d<q+<jT 70
|&VsjT
jeejT
d+<T<X~bjT
n~rjTsbjT
n+^skjT
dsesjT
|VwHjT
n<sdjT
#TsCjT
$bD+|jT
$jT
Ve+><jT
usZecjT
n<s
|wH<jT
H#djT
X|wdeHujT $|qV]D
eXjT 20
*<|ysjT dTs#s
e]cjT
+<~<yjT 50 <jjT
y^#DjT
<y;w<jTjT Xu\DjT
jT>Tsy 80
X~sjT
ndeqjT
dsbjT
K+&CjT
udTs;w<sT
dsXjT
V<qH
|D$esHjT
ds <VcjT
VdjT n_w<jT <ssbjT
ds|PjT
dTs<<jT
<H<jT
n<HjT
<HjT
<s b\HjT
^wjT 30
dsy<sCjT eTTXcjT

23

\eT] |wssq

l \eT] |us #e] Xs (|+#+> s)

jTyT.f, jTyT._.@., Cw$<, <sXg$< eT]jTT $<uwD

$XH
$Xs
$XjdjT
njCjT 90
usHjT
eTVjT
XdjjT
n;w|\<jT

<edTs|PjT
#sjT
<qysjT
dTseTD
|sVjT
\CjT 100
\TT>
>jT

||jT
$wy
cjT
djT
|<y\>VjT
VdjT 108

om

Vd qB|P
#eTq+ : z+ XyjTkV, z+ HsjTDjTkV z+ e<y jT kV,

ar
th

i.c

z+ >$+<jTqeT: . . . .VsjT l cjTqeT:


bDjeT+ : zyT u' zyT uTe: z+ dTe:zyT eTV z+ q: zyT
|: z+ d+ z+ $TssD+ usZ <edBeTV ~jjq:
|#<jY zebCr skeT+ V usedTes+
d+\+ : eTeT b <Tj
T <s jeX <q yVH~ c&X|#s
|PC+]w, HeT<jTe : eTeT #] e d+|Ps d\|
y|s+ Vd |PC+]w <+> |e X<q+]w.

eTT+<T> ><e]eqT |P+qT> VdL&


(>TsT&T) |eTqT |w+ |+#eT\ X~ #jTeqT.

hi
la

ka

V d +k+> + d y V q+ d X | r | | ] ys V d
eyVj$Tk|j
$T. |PCj$T, bD|c|q eTTVAsd T eTTVAs
dTdsue, es<ue dT| dHue, wes|\d~<ue.
\XdeTTU $w : +ssT< deT :
eTd V eT<e>D d:
T k>s ds d|Bb edT+<s
TT><< jTs< keTy<V<sD :
n+>X dVds \dX+T de :
>+># jTeTTH #e ><e] dsd
qs< d+<T y] dH dB+ sT

.c

\Xs<q

w
w

24

\eT] |wssq

l \eT] |us #e] Xs (|+#+> s)

jTyT.f, jTyT._.@., Cw$<, <sXg$< eT]jTT $<uwD

<q+

hi
la

ka

ar
th

i.c

om

n># T<#s d+Vd>TsT|P e|PC+ ]c$T sj


dV d# JeH JesbdHk| dTs] #TsT+ <+&Vd+
es<ujTbD d+
d+Vs des&+ >TsT+<deeTV+
sdV VdjT qeT: <j$T
yVq+: yVj$T sX+ >TsT+|+s<s+
HH\+s sTs+ qe$T dTse+~+
VdjT qeT: yVj$T
dq+ :
Vd dTs< ds\wHXq
d+Vdq+ seTjT+ >VD dTs|P
VdjT qeT: dq+ deTsj$T
b<+ :
s+usT Vks& qMHjT#q
>VDb<eTq|T dTsD+# Vs
VdjT qeT: deTsj$T
ns+ :
dTs< eTVu q | qeTd:
ns+ >+> |+ >Vw dTsdTeT
VdjT qeT: deTsj$T
#eTq+ : <+&d es<ujT bDeTHVs
>VD#eTq+ <e usj dV |u
VdjT qeT: #eTjT+ deTsj$T
X<< kq+ :
\dq eD Xuj <+HXq
k|j$T dTsX+ X< >+> Xu :
VdjT qeT: X<< k q+ deTsj$T

|ws sE |P

w
w

.c

eTsT\ & d+\+ #|


ks{ rsdV |wssE |PC+ ]w
n d+\+ #dq sTy l eTV$weqT ncsX HeTeTT\
> dVdHe\ >, |sTwd $<q+> |P#d Y dY
VsD eTdT n <s$ |eqT.

25

CHILAKAMARTHI PUSHKARA ARCHANA


By SREE CHILAKAMARTHI PRABHAKAR CHAKRAVARTHY SARMA
Panchanga Kartha, M.Tech., M.B.A., Jyothishya Kovida, Dharma Shastra Kovida & Vidya Bushana

I. About Pushkara

ar
th

i.c

om

The Pushkaram for each river come once every twelve years and
lasts so long as the Jupiter remains in the corresponding Zodiac sign (generally, for one year). The first twelve days of Pushkaram are known
as AdiPushkaram, and the last twelve days are called AnthyaPushkaram.
It is believed that during the above period of twenty-four days, Pushkar
the person, who is imbued with the power to make any river holy, will
travel with Jupiter as Jupiter moves from one Zodiac house to another. The
Indravati, Pravara, Wardha, Wainganga, Kanhan, Pench, and Penuganga
rivers flow a huge quantity of water into the Godavari River.

w
w

.c

hi
la

ka

Legends speak that Brihaspathi - the Devaguru enters into each


of the twelve rasis and lives in it for one full year. Just at this auspicious
moment, Pushkar along with his three and half crore thirthas, and
Maharshis join him and make the water holy. The Ganga Pushkaram
begins with the advent of Brihaspathi in the Mesharasi and he lives there
for one full year. Likewise when he enters in Vrishabharasi , Narmada
Pushkaram; SaraswathiPushkaram when in Mithinarasi; Yamuna
Pushkaram when in Karkatarasi, Godavari Pushkaram when in Simharasi,
Krishna Pushkaram when in Kanyarasi; KaveriPushkaram when in
Tularasi; BhimarathiPushkaram when in Vrischikarasi;
PushkaraPushkaram when in Dhanurasi; TingabhadraPushkaram when
in Makararasi; Sindhu Pushkaram when in Kumbharasi and
PraneethaPushkaram when in Meenarasi are celebrated with all pomp and
splendour due. The first twelve days of the year of his entering are held
very sacred. Then the thirtha raj Pushkar and his horde of three and half of
crore thirthas dwell making the water sacred. Along with the first 12 days
of his entering, and twelve days before his leaving are deemed very auspicious and so people in crores, undergoing all hardships go to the rivers
and follow scriptualinjuctions, like bathing, gifting, feeding etc.

26

CHILAKAMARTHI PUSHKARA ARCHANA


By SREE CHILAKAMARTHI PRABHAKAR CHAKRAVARTHY SARMA
Panchanga Kartha, M.Tech., M.B.A., Jyothishya Kovida, Dharma Shastra Kovida & Vidya Bushana

om

Meaning of word Pushkara :


Pushkara or Pushkar is a Sanskrit word derived from the element
of Push (Pushti) meaning nourishment and Kara means one who does it.
Pushkara is the energy that nourishes. With reference to the sacred rivers,
Pushkara means the one who energize the rivers and provide spiritual
purification. Pushkara also means Lotus, sanctified water, Swan, Sword,
Sky, Lake Etc In Sri Vishnu SahasranamaStothram we find a reference
to the word Pushkara where Lord Sri Maha Vishnu is referred to as
Pushkaraakshah meaning the one who has lotus eyes, the one who provides
nourishment to the entire Universe and the one who is always present in
sacred Theerthas. Pushkara also indicates the 12 years time factor in Vedic
terms. Pushkara or Pushkaram is a festival of a particular river celebrated
once in twelve years based on the transit of Jupiter (Brihaspathi) in the
zodiac.

ar
th

i.c

1) ABOUT RIVER GODAVARI :


The Godavari is the second longest river in India after the river Ganges. It
starts in Maharashtra and flows for 1,465 kilometres (910 mi) into the
Bay of Bengal via the states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. It forms
one of the largest river basins in India. The biggest city on the riverbanks
of the Godavari is Rajahmundry. In this place, the river has the maximum
breadth (about 5 km from Rajahmundry to the other bank at Kovvur.
2) PURANAS ABOUT GODAVARI (HISTORY OF RIVER

hi
la

ka

GODAVARI)
Lord Brahma worshipped LordTrivikram in Satya Loka (on earth) with
the same holy water of the Ganges which came from his lotus feet. He
wanted to get the river Ganges to come in the material realm and that lord
Shankar should hold it on his head, to flow. Brahmas benediction was
fulfilled. However seeing River Ganges in the form of a woman closely
associating her husband Shankar, Parvati was unhappy. She planned to
drive Ganges away from her husband.

w
w

.c

As part of the plan Parvati and her son Ganesh came to live in
Gautamas Ashrama with Parvatis friend Jaya. There was a famine of 24
years and people were affected by the pangs of hunger. However, Varun
the God of Rains, pleased with Sage Gautama arranged rains every day
inGautamsAshrama (dwelling place) which was in Trimbakeshwar.
Gautama used to sow rice in the surrounding fields of his Ashrama in the
morning,

27

CHILAKAMARTHI PUSHKARA ARCHANA


By SREE CHILAKAMARTHI PRABHAKAR CHAKRAVARTHY SARMA
Panchanga Kartha, M.Tech., M.B.A., Jyothishya Kovida, Dharma Shastra Kovida & Vidya Bushana

reap the crop in the afternoon and with it fed a large group of rishis, who
took shelter in his Ashrama on account of the famine. The blessings of the
group of rishis increased the merit (Punya) of Gautam. Lord Indras position
became shaky because of his increased merit. So Indra ordered clouds to
rain all over Trimbakeshwar, so that the famine will be over and Rishis
will go back and the increasing merits of Gautam will be weakened.
Although the famine was over, Gautam urged the Rishis to stay back and
kept on feeding them and gaining merit.

i.c

om

However Once he saw a cow grazing in the paddy field and he


drove her away by throwing Darbha (sharp, pointed grass). The slender
cow died by this. It was Jaya Parvatis friend, who had taken the form of
a cow. This news upset the Rishis and they refused to luncheon at his
Ashram. Gautam requested Rishis to show a way out of this sin.He was
advised to approach Lord Shiva and request him to release Ganges and a
bath in the Ganges would set him free of his sins. Gautam then practiced
penance by going to the peak of Brahmagiri. Lord Shankara was pleased
by his worships and gave him the Ganges.

hi
la

ka

ar
th

However, Ganges was not prepared to part with Lord Shiva, which
irritated him. He made TandavNrutya (dance) on the peak of Brahmagiri
and dashed his jata there. Frightened by this action, Ganges appeared on
Brahmagiri. Later on Ganges appeared in the TrimbakTirtha. Gautam
praised her but she off and on appeared on the mountain at various places
and disappeared in anger.Gautama could not bathe in her waters. Ganges
then appeared in Gangadwar, Varaha-tirtha, Rama-Laxmantirtha, Ganga
Sagartirtha. Still Gautama could not bathe in her waters. The Gautama
surrounded the river with enchanted grass and put a vow to her. The flow
stopped there and the tirtha thus came to be called Kushavarta. It is from
this Kushavarta that the river Godavari flows up to the sea. The sin of
killing a cow by Gautama was wiped off here.
3) HOLY PLACES NEAR GODAVARI RIVER STATE WISE:
MAHARASTRA
Nashik (Holy city and site of kumbhmela bathing festivals)
Trimbakeshwar (shrine to the Jyotirlinga of the god Shiva)
Kopargaon
Puntamba

w
w

.c

1)
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.

28

CHILAKAMARTHI PUSHKARA ARCHANA


By SREE CHILAKAMARTHI PRABHAKAR CHAKRAVARTHY SARMA
Panchanga Kartha, M.Tech., M.B.A., Jyothishya Kovida, Dharma Shastra Kovida & Vidya Bushana

Paithan (Ancient capital of the Satavahana dynasty)


Gangakhed
Nanded (Location of the Hazur Sahib Nanded Sikh gurdwara)
Sironcha (Town situated near the confluence of Godavari and
Pranahita rivers)

2)

TELANGANA

i.

Basara, Adilabad (GnanaSaraswati Temple)

ii.

Dharmapuri, Karimnagar (NarasimhaSwamy Temple)

iii.

Kaleshwaram, Karimnagar (KaleswaraMukhteswaraswamy (Siva)


Temple)

iv.

om

v.
vi.
vii.
viii.

Manthani, Karimnagar (Gautameshwara Swami(Siva) Temple, Sri


Rama, Sarswathi Temples)
Godavarikhani, Karimnagar

vi.

Eturunagaram, Warangal

vii.

Bhadrachalam, Khammam(Temple of Lord Sree Rama)

3)

ANDHRA PRADESH

i.

Rajamundry,
East
Godavari-KOTILINGESWARA
SWAMY(1CRORE SIVA LINGAS)

ii.
iii.

Kovvur, West Godavari


Dhavaleswaram, East Godavari (Where the Akhanda Godavari

ar
th

i.c

v.

ka

splits into two streams called VriddhaGautami and Vashista


before joining Bay of Bengal)
Ravulapalem, East Godavari
Kotipalli, East Godavari

vi.
vii.

Tallapudi, West Godavari


Narsapur, West Godavari

viii.

Antarvedi, East Godavari(Antarvedi is famous for the


LaxmiNarasimhaSwamy temple)

4)
i.

UNION TERRITORY:
Puducherry :

w
w

.c

hi
la

iv.
v.

Yanam (located in East Godavari District, where the


VriddhaGautami joins Bay of Bengal)
29

CHILAKAMARTHI PUSHKARA ARCHANA


By SREE CHILAKAMARTHI PRABHAKAR CHAKRAVARTHY SARMA
Panchanga Kartha, M.Tech., M.B.A., Jyothishya Kovida, Dharma Shastra Kovida & Vidya Bushana

4. VERY IMPORTANT POPULAR PLACES IN GODAVARI BANK:


Nashik Birth Place of Godavari river.One of the four
SinhasthaKumbhMela and also a Hindu religious site.

2.

Trimbakeshwar - One of the 12 Jyotirlingas and old place of worship


for Lord Shiva.

3.

Nanded - Home to Takht Sri Hazur Sahib, one of the five holiest
sites in Sikhism.

4.

Paithan (Pratishtan-AurangabadaDist) - Home to Saint Eknaths


dwelling area, popular Jayakwadi dam, and a picturesque garden
called as SantDnyneshwarUdyan.

5.

Dharmapuri, Andhra Pradesh - The area is famous for the Lord


Narasimha temple (religious spot for Hindus). Godavari runs from
north to south in Dharmapuri, therefore the river is named as
DakshinaVahini (running towards the south).

6.

Basar (formerly, Vyasara) - Sri GyanaSaraswati temple is located


on the banks of the river in Adilabad, Andhra Pradesh. The distance
from Hyderabad, capital of Andhra Pradesh is 210 km. You can
reach there by road and rail (closest important station is Nizamabad,
though Basar station is still there). It is assumed that the sage
Vyasa authored the Mahabharata on the riverbanks of Godavari at
this site, and hence the spot has been named as Vyasara.

7.

Bhadrachalam - Houses Hindu temple of Lord Rama.

8.

Kaleshwaram - Sri KaleswaraMukhteswaraSwamy Temple is


located here on the riverbanks of Trivenisangamam of Pranahita
and Godavari rivers (boundary of Maharashtra and Andhra
Pradesh). The place is 115 km from Warangal city and 125 km
from Karimnagar.

9.

hi
la

ka

ar
th

i.c

om

1.

Rajahmundry - It is the hub for Telugu Literature. Rajahmundry is


an urban settlement that represents Telugu traditions. It is home to
AadikaviNannaya, one of the authors of Kavitrayam. Known for
the Godavari Pushkaralu - an occasion that takes place once in
every 12 years, observed with splendor and grandeur and visited

w
w

.c

10.

Pattiseema - It is a village in Polavarammandal of West Godavari


district, Andhra Pradesh.It is very famous for Sri
VeerabhadraSwamy Temple

30

CHILAKAMARTHI PUSHKARA ARCHANA


By SREE CHILAKAMARTHI PRABHAKAR CHAKRAVARTHY SARMA
Panchanga Kartha, M.Tech., M.B.A., Jyothishya Kovida, Dharma Shastra Kovida & Vidya Bushana

11.

by lakhs of people coming from different places of the world. A dip


in Godavari during the Pushkaram Fair is assumed to be as good
as dipping in the sacred River Ganges.
Antarvedi - Home to LaxmiNarasimhaSwamy temple.

i.c

om

5) Religious StoryAboutPushkaras and Its Significance:


About Pushkara : As per scripts it is said that Pushkara is the son of
Lord Varuna the Presiding Deity of all the rivers. As per the legend behind,
it is said that, once Pushkara prayed Lord Brahma and asked Him for a
boon to live in the sacred waters (emanated from the foot of Primordial
Lord Sri Maha Vishnu) of His Kamandalu with the intention of providing
purity to all the Theerthas (Rivers). Looking at the selfless desire expressed
by Pushkara, Lord Brahma granted him the boon to live in the waters of
His Kamandalu. Later, Pushkara also performed penance and acquired
the JalaTattva Siddhi from Lord Shiva as a boon. By virtue of the boons
acquired from Lord Brahma and Lord Shiva, Pushkara became the King
of all Theerthas and was regarded as the Theerthapalaka.

w
w

.c

hi
la

ka

ar
th

PuranasAboutPushkara&Brihaspathi (Jupiter)
At that time when Pushkara acquired the boons, Brihaspathi
(Jupiter) the Devaguru also performed penance and pleased Lord Brahma.
Looking at the perpetual sacredness of Pushkara, Brihaspathiwanted Lord
Brahma to spare Pushkara to be with him permanently. But Pushkara was
not prepared to go along with Brihaspathi. Then, Lord Brahma resolved
the situation by asking Pushkara to be associated with Brihaspathi (Jupiter)
for 12 days in the beginning and 12 days at the end of his sojourn in a
particular raasi (house) in the zodiac, the transit of which generally happens
once in a year. Accordingly, twelve sacred rivers have been identified in
which Pushkara enters each River once in twelve years coinciding with
the transit period of Jupiter in twelve zodiac signs.It has become a custom
and tradition since time immemorial to celebrate the transit of Jupiter in a
particular house in the zodiac as the Pushkara festival of a particular river.
The schedule is as follows.Pushkara schedule starts with Ganga River
when Jupiter enters into MeshaRaasi which is the first sign in the zodiac.
Incidentally this year it is the turn of Ganga Pushkara that has started
from 8th of May, 2011 when Jupiter entered MeshaRaasi. Pushkara
schedule for a particular river will be for one year, however, the first twelve
days known as AadiPushkara and the last twelve days known as
AnthyaPushkara are held to be highly sacred.

31

CHILAKAMARTHI PUSHKARA ARCHANA


By SREE CHILAKAMARTHI PRABHAKAR CHAKRAVARTHY SARMA
Panchanga Kartha, M.Tech., M.B.A., Jyothishya Kovida, Dharma Shastra Kovida & Vidya Bushana

i.c

om

Significance of Pushkara Bath:


Astrologically Jupiter (Brihaspathi) the Devaguru is the most
benevolent planet symbolizing the wealth, fortune, learning, knowledge,
divinity, progeny, domestic peace, auspiciousness and above all the karaka
for occurrence of Pushkaram. Pushkara the Theertharaja always resides
in the Kamandalu of Lord Brahma in the sanctified waters that has emerged
out from the foot of Lord Sri ManNarayana. Entry of Pushkara into a
particular river signifies the Pushkara festival when, all the
BrahmaadiDevathas, all the Sages, all the PithruDevathas, all the
Theerthas in this Bhoomandala including Ganga (Ganges) enters into
that particular river along with Brihaspathi and Pushkara. This time of
their entry into a particular river is considered as highly sacred and celestial
that has the power to diminish the ghastly and dreadful sins committed.
Having darshan, taking bath, touching Pushkara waters, drinking the
sacred waters of Pushkara is considered to be highly meritorious and soul
cleansing. It is considered as the most sacred time to perform rites to
forefathers on the banks of Pushkara River that will help them to attain

salvation.

ka

ar
th

6) Pushkara SnanaVidhiVidhanam as per Shastras


(what to do in pushkara)
Our ancient seers have prescribed certain austerities to be observed
during Pushkara time known as PushkaraVidhi.
Most important and every one should do is PushkaraNadiSnana
(taking bath in river),Pushkara Vaasa (staying), PushkaraDarshana,
SiroMundana (tonsuring of head), Fasting, PushkaraPithru Karma(This is to be performed whos parents are died), and PushkaraDaana
(charity).

w
w

.c

hi
la

1) PushkaraSnana
In Hindu philosophy lot of significance has been given for taking
bath which is Nithya karma and that too in a flowing river is considered
as the paramount. It is said that during Pushkara all the
BrahmaadiDevathas, Sages and PithruDevathas will be residing in
that Theertha (River) along with Brihaspathi and Pushkara. During
Pushkara all the theerthas in the Universe will be entering into that
particular river and will be flowing as Antarvahini. Taking bath in a
Pushkara river will help to cleanse the inner selves, wash out the evil
tendencies and open up a path for a righteous living. This bath should

32

CHILAKAMARTHI PUSHKARA ARCHANA


By SREE CHILAKAMARTHI PRABHAKAR CHAKRAVARTHY SARMA
Panchanga Kartha, M.Tech., M.B.A., Jyothishya Kovida, Dharma Shastra Kovida & Vidya Bushana

be taken early in the morning before Sunrise during Brahmi


Muhurtham which is highly meritorious time. It is believed that
PushkaraSnana also has curative properties from chronic ill health.
After PushkaraSnana one has to pray and give Arghya to the concerned
PushkaraTheertha (River), Theertha Raja (Pushkara), Brihaspathi,
Lord Vishnu who is eternally present in all the Theerthas,
BrahmaadiDevathas, Vasishtaadi Sages, Gangaadi Rivers and the Sun
God (Sri Surya Narayana).

ar
th

i.c

om

2) Pushkara Pithru Karma


PithruYagna like performing PithruShraaddha, Tharpana
have been prescribed to get discharged from PithruRuna. This has
been in vogue since time immemorial and even AvatharaPurushas
like Sri Ramachandra (Lord Sri Rama), Lord Parashurama have
performed Pithru karma. We, the human beings are no exception to
this dictum. Performing Pithru Karma during Pushkara days also
forms part of the PithruYagna which is considered as highly sacred
and meritorious. Only those who have lost their parents are eligible
to perform the sacred rites to their fore-fathers. Pithru karma during
Pushkara days has to be performed for all the deceased (SarvaPithru).
It has to be performed on the banks of the sacred Pushkara River like
a Theertha Shraaddha.

w
w

.c

hi
la

ka

This has to be performed preferably in the form of Anna


Shraaddha with PindaPradhana and Brahmana Bhojana.
HiranyaShraaddha is also in vogue where instead of rice, wheat flour
is used for making Pindas and instead of Brahmana Bhojana they
will be offered Dakshina. Pushkarashraaddha can be performed on
any day during the 12 day period of Pushkaram, or on the 9th day or
on the Pithruthithi day if it coincides except on the day of Ekadasi. It
is said and believed that Pithrus (fore-fathers) will descend on Earth
during Pushkara days and will reside on the banks of Pushkara River
longing for their off-spring to perform PithruShraaddha. Performing
Pushkarashraaddha, one will be bestowed with blessings from forefathers, peace and prosperity to the family. It will also work as remedy
for various mundane problems one is facing in life related to marriage,
progeny, health, poverty etc.

33

CHILAKAMARTHI PUSHKARA ARCHANA


By SREE CHILAKAMARTHI PRABHAKAR CHAKRAVARTHY SARMA
Panchanga Kartha, M.Tech., M.B.A., Jyothishya Kovida, Dharma Shastra Kovida & Vidya Bushana

3) PushkaraDaana (Charity)
During Pushkara period Snana, Shraaddha and Dana are
considered to be highly meritorious that gives eternal results. This
charity (Dana) can be given to Brahmins in the form of Dasa Dana
(10 in number) or Shodasa Dana (16 in number). Some of the charities
prescribed are as follows.

om

Anna Dana, Gold, Silver, Bhoo-Dana, Rice, Ghee, Jaggery,


Honey, Grandha (sacred text), Vasthra, PaadaRaksha (Chappals),
Umbrella, Hand Stick, Fan, Sayya (Bedding), Phala (Fruits), Bell
(Ghanta), Paathra (brass/silver vessel), Asana (Mat), Nava Dhanya,
Milk, Cow, Salagrama, Pinda Daana.

i.c

2015 SREE MANMADHA NAAMA YEAR


GODAVARI PUSHKARAS DATES

ar
th

GODAVARI RIVER GETS ITS PUSHKARAS WHEN


GURU IS ENTERING SIMHA RAASI (LEO).
ON 14-JULY-2015 AT 6:31 AM GURU ENTERS IN
TO SIMHA RAASI (LEO) (THIS TIME IS BASED
AT RAJAHMUNDRY, ANDHRA PRADESH
LOCATION). GODAVARI IS THE ONLY RIVER
WHICH HAS AADI AND ANTYA PUSHKARAS.

ka

Important dates of aadi pushkaras are from


14-7-2015 to 25-7-2015

hi
la

Important dates of antya pushkaras are


31-7-2016 to 11-8-2016.

w
w

.c

On 11-8-2016 guru enters in to kanya raasi


(virgo) and river krishna pushkaras will be
started.

34

la
k

am

ar
t

hi

.c

om

ABOUT RAJAHMUNDRY : Rajahmundry is a city and a municipal


corporation in East Godavari district in the Indian state of Andhra
Pradesh. Located on the holy banks of River Godavari, it is the fifth
largest city in Andhra Pradesh. It is known as cultural capital of Andhra
Pradesh as it has a rich cultural past with a flourishing present and a
promising future. The population is 6,13,347 (agglomeration 7,08,341)
(2006 census).
HISTORY : Its original name being Raja Mahendri or Raja
Mahendravaram, it was the first capital of many known Telugu
Kingdoms. The Chalukya ruler Rajaraja Narendra ruled this city around
1022. The city has traces of 11th century fine palaces and fort walls.
However, new archeological evidence suggests that the city may have
existed far before the Chalukyas. The original name underwent a gradual
metamorphosis with the name changed to Rajahmundry during the
British rule. Nannayya, the poet laureate also called AdiKavi (The
first Poet) of Telugu belonged to this place. He, along with Tikkana
and Yerrana, was responsible for the translation of Jaya, Sanskrit
version of Mahabharata, into Telugu. nannaya was the person to
change telugu from an oral language to a language with script.
KandukuriVeeresalingam, who was a social reformer and also the
author of RajashekharaCharithra, the first Telugu novel, was also from
Rajahmundry. Chilakamarthi Lakshmi narsimhampantulugaru a great
poet,writer is from Rajahmundry region. Rajahmundry - The Historical
city is famous all over the A.P for its Political, Economical, Social,
Cultural background.
In its earlier days it was called Rajahmahendrapuram. Later
the name was changed to Rajahmahendravaram and in later stages
during the reign of Mohammedans and British rule the name underwent
many changes like Rajahmahendramu, Rajamandramu, Rajahmundhri
and finally now Rajahmundry. Some people call it with the name
Rajahmahendri also.
Rajahmahendrapuram - Its establishment :
It is difficult to know the history of this city before Chalukyas. Basing
on the few proofs gathered by the Historians, two theories exist about
the origin of Rajahmundry.
1. According to the first theory, Rajahmundry was established by
AmmarajaVishnuvardhana, the first (919 - 934 AD). Some people believe
in this theory as Vishnuvardhana had the title Rajamahendra. His
predecessor AmmarajaVijayaditya, the second (945 - 970 AD) had
Rajaraja Narendra (1022 - 1061 AD) had the same title Rajamahendra.
2. According to the second Theory, Rajaraja Narendra established the
city Rajahmahendrapuram. This theory was based on the statement
Rajamahendra
purasthatha
Rajaraja
Narendra.
(KavyalankaraChudamani written by Pedanna). Both the theories
didnt have any Archeological proofs. But the proofs in the recent
excavations show that this city belongs to the reign even before Eastern
Chalukyas.

hi

w
w

.c

la
k

am

ar
t

hi

.c

om

History during and after Rajaraja Narendras reign (1020 -1072):


Though Rajahmundry was a famous town during
VengiChalukyans, the city got its fame during the rule of Rajaraja
Narendra. His period was famous for the Social and Cultural heritage.
During his rule of approximately 41 years, there was no stability and
peace due to the disputes in the kingdom. The city got its fame when
Nannayya started the translation of The Mahabharata into telugu
on his request . After Rajaraja Narendra, Vijayaditya ruled the kingdom
( 1062 - 1072 AD). Later it was ruled by KulotungaChola, his son
RajarajaVengi-the second and others who stated themselves to be
Cholas and Chalukyas. Later it became a part of Kakatiyas dynasty.
Rajamahendravaram after the Kakatiya rule (1323 AD):
The city didnt have any special history during the Kakatiya rule. In
1323 AD UlgKhan (Muhmad-bin Tughlak) conquered Orugallu (now
known as Warangal) and the Kakatiya dynasty came to an end. He
conquered Rajahmahendravaram and appointed Gujjar as Governor.
The present mosque at the heart of the city was the temple of Sri
VenugopalaSwamy (built during the period of VengiChalukyas) before
Tughlaks period. It was demolished and was converted into Mosque,
and the carvings on the name of GhiyajuddinTughlak at the entrance
of the Mosque stands as the proof for this statement.
The following was the report given by Alexander Riyas,
Superintendent of Archeological Department :
This is one of the oldest of the Mohammedan mosques in the
presidence (Madras), having been built in AD 1324 by Mohammed
Tughlak Shah who, after capturing the fort at Kondapalli after Six
months Continuous trouble, entered a temple here, and after
massacring. Some of the ruins of the of the desolated pagoda, and
began to establish Muhammadan Worship there... ... the pillars in the
front portico are all parts of Hindu temple, as also the inside of the
covering... ...This is a good example of a Hindu temple. which retains
its original features and has been converted into Mohammedan
mosque.(A forgotten Chapter of Andhra History... Mallampalli
Somasekhara Sarma).
Rajamahendravaram - Reddys &Gajapathis rule (1353 - 1448 AD):
The Reddys started a movement against the Muhammadan rule in
A.P and succeeded in their movement. Rajahmahendravaram was ruled
by Reddys approximately for 95 years (1353 - 1448 AD). It was under
the rule of different kings like KapileswaraGajapathi, Bahamani Sultans,
PurushotammaGajapathi, Sri Krishnadevaraya & Prataparudra
Gajapathi. It went into Kutubshahis hands when they defeated the
Gajapathis. Aurangzed conquered the Kutubshahis (Golconda) in
1687 AD.
GEOGRAPHY : Rajahmundry is located at 16.98 N 81.78 E with an
average elevation of 14 metres (45 feet).

hi

w
w

.c

la
k

am

ar
t

hi

.c

om

DEMOGRAPHICS : As of 2001 India census, Rajahmundry had a


population of 653,987 with males and females sharing the population
almost equally. Rajahmundry has an average literacy rate of 70%,
higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy being 74%,
and female literacy 66%. 10% of the population is under 6 years of
age.
ATTRACTIONS : The biggest attraction in Rajahmundry is River
Godavari. The two bridges are the most attractive long bridges found
in Andhra Pradesh. There are many beautiful ghats and parks on the
river bank. Sir Arthur Cotton had great plans for Rajahmundry but he
decided to build a dam in Dowleswaram due to its proximity to a hill
that suited his purpose. The dam consisted of four divisions:
Dowleswaram Division, Ryali Branch Division, Madduru division and
Vijeswaram division. This was in all 900 yards (800 m) long and 9 feet
(3 m) high. It was a great moment in the life of this great man to
achieve this rare feat. The Godavari lost a lot of its fury and was able
to generate fourfold revenue through irrigation and Godavari district
suddenly jumped from being a poor district to one of the richer ones,
second only to Tanjore. Asias largest rail-cum-road bridge on the
river Godavari linking Kovvur and Rajahmundry is considered to be
an engineering feat. The Dowleswarambridge across the Godavari is
seven kilometres south of Rajahmundry. RallabandiSubbaRao
museum has an amazing collection of artifacts including coins,
sculpture, pottery, inscriptions and palm-leaf manuscripts.
It is also one of the Hindu piligrimages. There are a number
of temples here like the Kotilingalu (10 million Sivalingas) temple on
the bank of the river Godavari. The city hosts holy congregations
called the Pushkaram that takes place only once in every 12 years,
which brings together millions of people from all over the country to
take a holy dip in the river. It generally lasts for 12 days and people
over prayers and make offerings to their departed family members.
A huge temple has been constructed by the ISKCON
foundation on the banks of Godavari. Popularly called as
GowthamiGhat, it is a major attraction for young population as a
recreational center.
Papi Hills and its surroundings located near Rajahmundry
is a visual treat to the spectators. There is a village called PerantalaPalli
on papi hills, which is visited by every person who goes there,
because of its beautiful waterfall. Another spot is Pattiseema.
Pattiseema is known for its natural beauty. Many film shootings on
R.Godavari happen here. And Pedapatnam Lanka is a beautiful place.
It is called as Konaseema which lustres with greenery. Many places
in konaseema are rich sources of oil and natural gas.

hi

w
w

.c

am

la
k
om

.c

hi

ar
t

yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy

hi

.c

w
w

w
yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy

yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy

yyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy

.c

hi
la

om

i.c

th

ar

ka

@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@

@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@

@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@

w
@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@

ka

.c
hi
la
.c
om

ar
th
i