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9905

99 4 2

180030

(vector)
1840 (force)
(energy)

a bi P(a, b)
OP O

1800

1831
1831 1799

Euler e a bi e a (cos b i sin b)

184060

(William Hamilton, 18051865) 1843


(Quaternion)

z a bi q a bi cj dk
a q (scalar part) bi cj dk q (vector part)

i, j, k
1845