536 views

Uploaded by Naveen

Home work solution MONO LAKE problem(Hydrology)

- Applied Hydrogeology
- Montoro and Francisca 2010
- GW Equations Cheat Sheet
- Table 1.9 10.0 Detailed Soils Report
- Hydo Repo
- Applied Hydrogeology
- Bh3 Item 2 Parameter
- kjh.pdf
- Applied Hydrogeology (4th Edition) by c. w. Fetter
- CW_Fetter - Applied Hydrogeology
- D6029
- Groundwater flow
- Applied Hydrogeology Fetter Answer
- Chapter 1 Hydrology Basic Concepts
- Hydrology Manual Solution
- 2002. Hydrology, The Changing Paradigm. Nicholas J. Clifford
- f 1007024346
- Impact_of_Land_Use_Land_Cover_Change_on.pdf
- The Core April 2013 Final
- All_Image Referencing_Site Plan Application_Image Reference_D07-12-15-0143 Geotechnical Report.pdf

You are on page 1of 9

1.

2006 Hydrogeology

Due 3/14/2006

At a water elevation of 6391 ft, Mono Lake has a volume of 2,939,000 ac-ft, and

a surface area of 48,100 ac. Annual inputs to the lake include 8 in. of direct

precipitation, runoff from gauged streams of 150,000 ac-ft per year, and

ungauged runoff and groundwater inflow of 37,000 ac-ft per year. Evaporation is

45 in. per year.

(A) Make a water budget showing inputs, in ac-ft per year and outputs in ac-ft

per year. Does the input balance the output?

(B) Will the average lake level rise or fall from the 6391-ft elevation over the

long term?

(C) What would be the lake surface area when the inputs balance the

outputs?(Assume that the volume of gauged and ungauged runoff and

ground-water inflows remain constant with a change in lake surface area. )

(D) What is the residence time* for water in Mono Lake when the water surface

is at 6391 ft?

*The residence time of a body of water is the average time that is would take for

the volume of water to be exchanged once.

Solution:

First convert all measurements to units of acre-feet per year

Precipitation = 8 in/yr 0.083 ft/in = 0.67 ft/yr

= 0.67 ft/yr 48,100 ac = 32,067 ac-ft/yr

Evaporation = 45 in/yr 0.083 ft/in = 3.75 ft/yr

= 3.75 ft/yr 48,100 ac = 180,375 ac-ft/yr

(A)

INPUTS(ac-ft/yr)

Precipitation

32,000

Streamflow

150,000

Total

37,000

219,000

OUTFLOWS (ac-ft/yr)

Evaporation

180,000

Total

180,000

(B)

The lake level will rise over the long term, as inputs are greater than the only output,

which is evaporation.

(C)

-1-

Homework 1 Solution

2006 Hydrogeology

Due 3/14/2006

In order for the inputs and outputs to be equal, the lake will rise so that the surface

area is greater and more water evaporates as evaporation as well as the precipitation

input is a function of lake surface area.

The excess input at an area of 48,100 acre surface area is 219,000 ac-ft/yr 180,000

ac-ft/yr or 39,000 ac-ft/yr

The net evaporation is total evaporation less precipitation

Net evaporation = 45 in/yr 8 in/yr = 37 in/yr = 3.08 ft/yr

Increase in area = (39,000 ac-ft/yr) / (3.08 ft/yr) = 12,649 ac

Total area of lake = 12, 662 ac + 48,100 ac = 60,762 ac = 61,000 ac

(D)

The residence time = (2,939,000 ac-ft) / (180,000 ac-ft/yr) = 16.3 yr

2.

Figure 2.28 is the hydrograph of a river with a long summer baseflow recession.

Compute the volume of annual recharge that occurs between runoff year 1 and

runoff year 2.

Solution:

Qo in year 1 is 280 ft3/s

0.1 Qo in

-2-

Homework 1 Solution

2006 Hydrogeology

Due 3/14/2006

Vtp = Qo t1 / 2.3026

Vtp = (280 1.4256 107) / 2.3026 = 1.73 109 ft3

Total recession in year 1, t, is 6.4 months.

Vt = Vtp / 10t(t/t1)

Vt = 1.73 109 ft3 / 10(6.4/5/5)

Vt = 1.19 108 ft3 Where Vt is the volume of water that could contribute to

baseflow at the end of the first years recession.

Qo in year 2 is 320 ft3/s

0.1 Qo is reached in 5.9 mo

t2 is 5.9 mo or 1.53 107 s

Vtp2 = (320 ft3/s 1.53 107s) / 2.3026 = 2.13 109 ft3

The amount of recharge between recessions is Vtp2 -Vt

Vtp2 -Vt = 2.13 109 ft3 - 1.19 108 ft3

Vtp2 -Vt = 2.00 109 ft3

3.

is 23 cm long. At a head of 3.4 cm, the permeameter discharges 50 cm in 38s.

(A) What is the hydraulic conductivity in centimeters per second and feet peer

day?

(B) What is the intrinsic permeability if the hydraulic conductivity was measured

at 15?

(C) From the hydraulic conductivity value, name the type of soil.

Solution:

(A)

K=

VL

Ath

Where V = 50 cm 3

L = 23 cm

A = 78.5 cm 2

t = 38 s

h = 3.4 cm

-3-

Homework 1 Solution

K=

2006 Hydrogeology

Due 3/14/2006

50cm3 i23cm

= 0.11 cm s = 316.8 ft d

78.5cm 2 i38s i3.4cm

(B)

k=

K

k=

= 1.3106 cm 2

3

2

g

0.999099 g / cm 980cm / s

(C)

An aquifer has a specific yield of 0.19. During a drought period, the following

average declines in the water table were noted:

Area

Size (km)

Decline (m)

A

15

2.34

B

7.5

1.22

C

18.3

0.76

D

22.5

3.44

E

9.44

1.89

F

22.7

0.35

What was the total volume of water represented by the decline in the water table?

Solution:

4.

Vw = SAh

Where S = 0.19

AA = 15 km 2 = 1.5 10 7 m 2

AB = 7.5 km 2 = 7.5 10 6 m 2

AC = 18.3 km 2 = 1.83 10 7 m 2

AD = 22.5 km 2 = 2.25 10 7 m 2

AE = 9.44 km 2 = 9.44 10 6 m 2

AF = 22.7 km 2 = 2.27 10 7 m 2

and

h A = 2.34 m

hB = 1.22 m

hC = 0.76 m

hD = 3.44 m

hE = 1.89 m

hF = 0.35 m

-4-

Homework 1 Solution

2006 Hydrogeology

Due 3/14/2006

VWA = 6.67 10 6 m 3

VWB = 1.74 10 6 m 3

VWC = 2.64 10 6 m 3

VWD = 1.47 10 7 m 3

VWE = 3.39 10 6 m 3

VWF = 1.51 10 6 m 3

Total volume of water the decline of head in the aquifer is 3.07107 m3

5. A confined aquifer has a specific storage of 7.239103 m1 and a porosity of

0.274. The compressibility of water is 4.61010 m 2 / N . What is the

compressibility of the aquifer skeleton?

Solution:

S s = g ( + n ) = 7.239 103 m1

= 1000 kg / m 3 9.81 m / s 2 ( + 0.274 4.6 1010 m 2 / N )

= 7.380 107 m 2 / N

6.

and a hydraulic conductivity of 17.0 ft/d. Formation B has a thickness of 3.5 ft

and a conductivity of 99 ft/d. Formation C has a thickness of 26 ft and a

conductivity of 22 ft/d. Assume that each formation is isotropic and

homogeneous. Compute both the overall horizontal and vertical conductivities.

Solution:

Fm

K ( ft / d )

bm ( ft )

A

B

17.0

99

22

3.5

22

26

-5-

Homework 1 Solution

K haverage =

2006 Hydrogeology

Due 3/14/2006

khm bm

m=1

=

K vaverage =

+

+

= 25 ft d

51.5 ft

51.5 ft

51.5 ft

b

n

Kb

m=1

7.

vm

51.5 ft

= 21 ft d

22 ft

3.5 ft

26 ft

+

+

17.0 ft d 99 ft d 22 ft d

Use the Hazen method to estimate the hydraulic conductivity of the sediments

graphed in Figure 3.33.

Solution:

K = C (d10 ) 2

d10 = 0.16mm

1cm

= 0.016cm

10mm

C 100

K = 100 (0.016) 2 = 2.6102 cm / s

-6-

Homework 1 Solution

8.

2006 Hydrogeology

Due 3/14/2006

Given the following set of data representing the hydraulic conductivity of core

samples from the same formation, perform the following:

Sample #

K (m/s)

4.3104

1

2

6.1103

3

2.5105

4

1.2104

5

1.0106

6

7.1103

7

9.1106

8

2.2103

9

4.2105

10

8.7104

11

3.5105

(A) Find the arithmetic mean of the data set.

(B) Find the geometric mean of the data set.

(C) Make a histogram of the data set.

(D) Make a histogram of the log transformed data.

-7-

Homework 1 Solution

Solution:

Sample #

2006 Hydrogeology

Due 3/14/2006

K (m/s)

ln (K)

K bin

ln (K) bin

4.30E-04

1.00E-03

6.10E-03

7.75

5.10

5.00E-04

2.50E-05

1.00E-04

1.20E-04

1.00E-06

10.60

9.03

13.82

6

7

8

7.10E-03

5.00E-06

9.10E-06

2.20E-03

4.95

11.61

6.12

4.20E-05

10

8.70E-04

11

3.50E-05

10.08

7.05

10.26

1.69E-02

96.35

sum

5.00E-05

1.00E-05

9

10

1.00E-06

11

12

Geometric mean = 1.57E - 04 m s

histogram data for K

Bin

Frequency

Bin

Frequency

1.E-06

12

5.E-06

11

1.E-05

5.E-05

1.E-04

10

9

8

5.E-04

1.E-03

> 5.E - 3

7

6

5

4

1

0

1

1

-8-

Frequency

Homework 1 Solution

2006 Hydrogeology

Due 3/14/2006

3.5

3

2.5

2

1.5

1

0.5

0

1.00E-06 5.00E-06 1.00E-05 5.00E-05 1.00E-04 5.00E-04 1.00E-03 >0.005

Frequency

K (cm/s)

3.5

3

2.5

2

1.5

1

0.5

0

-12

-11

-10

-9

-8

-7

-6

-5

-4

ln(K)

-9-

- Applied HydrogeologyUploaded bySandro Santos
- Montoro and Francisca 2010Uploaded bysantiag987
- GW Equations Cheat SheetUploaded bycougarfan17
- Table 1.9 10.0 Detailed Soils ReportUploaded by1222johnpowell
- Hydo RepoUploaded byGrs205
- Applied HydrogeologyUploaded byJuliana Quinderé Carneiro
- Bh3 Item 2 ParameterUploaded byZhi Ming Cheah
- kjh.pdfUploaded byharshit
- Applied Hydrogeology (4th Edition) by c. w. FetterUploaded byMaría Del Carmen Álvarez Beret
- CW_Fetter - Applied HydrogeologyUploaded bySilvana Costa Ferreira
- D6029Uploaded bygrats_singco
- Groundwater flowUploaded byElango Lakshmanan
- Applied Hydrogeology Fetter AnswerUploaded byEmRan Leghari
- Chapter 1 Hydrology Basic ConceptsUploaded bytahirsar
- Hydrology Manual SolutionUploaded bydelduque2378
- 2002. Hydrology, The Changing Paradigm. Nicholas J. CliffordUploaded byFcmFelipeConce
- f 1007024346Uploaded byIOSRjournal
- Impact_of_Land_Use_Land_Cover_Change_on.pdfUploaded byTemesgen M. Manderso
- The Core April 2013 FinalUploaded byKelly Frappier
- All_Image Referencing_Site Plan Application_Image Reference_D07-12-15-0143 Geotechnical Report.pdfUploaded byshaikh85
- Assignment 2 HydrologyUploaded byengr_3047
- course outline for Municipal engineering and Urban hydrologyUploaded byArif Samoon
- No to Kaliwa Dam, Yes to Alternative Sources of WaterUploaded byKaye Villaflor
- Drumheller Channels National Natural LandmarkUploaded bySarathi Prabu M
- Hydraulics GlossaryUploaded byMariana Zarnicki
- AbstractUploaded byepidamus1980
- Modeling DrainsUploaded byJonathan Mendoza Chavez
- Marin-Perry-Essaid-paper.pdfUploaded byAnonymous PdzpkU
- FAO-A0975EUploaded byCIO-CIO
- Lecture NotesUploaded byAmirsham Samer

- EarthUploaded byMinesh Jethva
- BHU PET 2012 GEOLOGYUploaded byNaveen
- Geol_127_Lecture_8_Aquifer Properties Confined and Unconfined (1)Uploaded byRaj Kumar
- Barren Measures of Raniganj FormationUploaded byNaveen
- Barren Measures of Raniganj FormationUploaded byNaveen
- Government of India Ministry of Mines NATIONAL MINERAL POLICY, 2008Uploaded bydanishtext
- B.sc (Hons) Lecture1Uploaded byNaveen
- Geology-IUploaded byNaveen
- Decision Support SystemUploaded byNaveen
- Patches and Service Pack - Esri SupportUploaded byNaveen
- Patches and Service Pack - Esri SupportUploaded byNaveen
- Lecture Notes ForaminiferaUploaded byNaveen
- Chapt01 ImageUploaded byNaveen
- HydrologyUploaded bychairulabdienviro
- GridDataReport-razanteUploaded byJorge Gonzalez
- GIS-Lab1Uploaded byNaveen
- GIS-Lab1Uploaded byNaveen
- ExplosivesUploaded byNaveen
- Chadwick 2000Uploaded byNaveen
- HydrocarbonsUploaded byNaveen
- HydrocarbonsUploaded byNaveen
- Drivage of Inclines in Mandla North Coal Mine(22.09) (1)Uploaded byNaveen
- Structural GeologyUploaded byNaveen
- AssignmentUploaded byNaveen
- Geology Objective Questions Mock Test 1Uploaded byNaveen
- Lecture Unit OperationsUploaded byNaveen
- Radioactive Minerals of IndiaUploaded byNaveen
- GSI SYLLABUSUploaded byNaveen
- Met a TextureUploaded byNaveen

- Exceprt: The Future of PowerUploaded bywamu885
- Chapter 1Uploaded byArief Za Gen
- Production and Characterization of Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) From Burkholderia Cepacia ATCC 17759 Grown on Renewable Feed StocksUploaded byIftikhar Ali
- If Light Crew QR ITC FDP CAP371 CC Rules.xls-revHEAD.svn000Uploaded byVadivelu Jayavelu
- Real Analysis II HW 2 - Bahran - University of MinnesotaUploaded byLinden JavaScript
- Christie LIT MAN USR Solaria One ENGUploaded byccapers
- Air Traffic ManagementUploaded byJonathan
- Guide to Reducing the Cost of Metal Stamped PartsUploaded bymanortool
- Glossary Chapter 6Uploaded byZhwan Raouf
- Mindshare NA's Guide to SXSW 2016Uploaded byMindshare North America
- FAA Reg on Prohibition on Personal Use of Electronic Devices on the Flight Deck Docket No. FAA–2012–0929Uploaded byMichael James
- aine mackenUploaded byapi-123092549
- AAC-ATCQ Concept for Next Gen ATCUploaded byanantia
- 599852 VCI Update InstructionsUploaded byyosemite_g3
- Recall Petition - MaryAnna Clemons - Second - May 18Uploaded byAlissa Bohall
- bankers-adda_-how-to-crack-sbi-po-2014-exam-in-2-months_.pdfUploaded bysonalibhimte
- Prevention of MoneyUploaded byRajesh Govardhan
- GST PPT TaxguruUploaded by50raj506019
- ATADU2002 datasheetUploaded byhind
- Set Up Apache Spark on a Multi-Node Cluster – Y Media Labs Innovation – MediumUploaded byPedro Fernandez
- Polaris Elite DatasheetUploaded bydirecthit
- Solucionario Capitulo 18 - Paul E. TippensUploaded byCarlos Francisco Corado
- PRES Fund I LP - Offering MemoUploaded byShan Ahmed Batla
- nhct-2a-reportUploaded byapi-364422685
- Birth PlanUploaded byjessestew
- marketing chapter 3 reviewUploaded byapi-173610472
- Objective Question Bank for I MidUploaded byvamshi
- Kodak Carousel Service ManualUploaded byRobert B. Whitaker
- Johann Sebastian Bach- ProposalUploaded byGrace Puspita
- 100_2013_FeaturesUploaded byKGW News