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Name

Date

REVIEW
CALIFORNIA CONTENT
STANDARD 10.6.2

Europe After World War I

Specific Objective: Describe the effects of World War I and resulting terms of peace on
population shifts, world economy, and political borders in Europe and the Middle East.
Read the maps and the summary to answer questions on the next page.
The Treaty of Versailles was only one of a number of treaties negotiated at the end of
World War I. The treaties resulted in new national boundaries and new countries.

Europe Before and After WW I


10W

70N
0

10E

250

20E

30E

40E

10W

70N

500 miles

0
250 500 kilometers
Azimuthal Equal Area Projection

10E

250

20E

30E

40E

500 miles

0
250 500 kilometers
Azimuthal Equal Area Projection

ATLANTIC
OCEAN

ATLANTIC
OCEAN

FINLAND
60N

60N

NORWAY

NORWAY

SWEDEN

ESTONIA

UNITED
KINGDOM

Se

North
S e a DENMARK

Ba

lti

UNITED
KINGDOM
IRELAND

North
S e a DENMARK

RUSSIA

NETH.

GERMANY
BELG.

BELG.
LUX.

FRANCE

SWITZ.

FRANCE
ROMANIA

ITALY

Mediterranea

Se

GERMANY
GERMANY
LUX.

PRUSSIA
E.E.PRUSSIA
(GERM.)

SOVIET
UNION

POLAND
POLAND
CZECHOSLOVAKIA

SWITZ.

AUSTRIA HUNGARY

ITALY

ROMANIA

YUGOSLAVIA

BULGARIA

BULGARIA

Black
Sea

IA

40N

RB

MONTENEGRO

SPAIN

Black
Sea

DANZIG

SAAR

AUSTRIAHUNGARY
SE

Copyright McDougal Littell/Houghton Mifflin Company

NETH.

LATVIA
Se
t i c LITHUANIA
al

SWEDEN

ALBANIA
GREECE

SPAIN

ALBANIA

OTTOMAN
EMPIRE

40N
Mediterranea

20E

30E

Se

GREECE

TURKEY

30E
20E

As the maps show, the postwar treaties carved up old empires into many small new
nations, causing huge land losses for the Central Powers and changing the face of Europe.
The former empire of Austria-Hungary was dissolved, and new nations were created
from its land: Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia.
The Ottoman Turks had to give up much of their land in southwest Asia and the
Middle East. In Europe, they retained only the country of Turkey.
Poland, which had long been divided among Germany, Russia, and Austria-Hungary,
was reconstituted.
Russian land yielded the new nations of Finland, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.
Russia and Austria-Hungary gave up additional territory to Poland and Romania.
CSS Specific Objective 10.6.2: Review 67

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Name

Date

PRACTICE
CALIFORNIA CONTENT
STANDARD 10.6.2

Europe After World War I

Directions: Choose the letter of the best answer.


Use the maps on page 67 to answer questions 16.

Who lost the greatest percentage of


land in the creation of new nations?
A

Austria-Hungary

France

Germany

Russia

Which nation was formed from the


former lands of the Ottoman Empire?
A

Albania

Finland

Hungary

Turkey

Which formerly dissolved nation was


reconstituted on the Eastern Front?

In what region of Europe were the


new nations of Finland, Estonia,
Latvia, and Lithuania created?
A

northeast

northwest

southeast

southwest

After World War I, Serbia became


part of
A

Hungary.

Romania.

Russia.

Yugoslavia.

Bulgaria

After national boundaries were


redrawn, which of the Central
Powers lost access to the sea?

Czechoslovakia

Austria-Hungary

Poland

Germany

Romania

The Ottoman Empire

Russia

Copyright McDougal Littell/Houghton Mifflin Company

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