You are on page 1of 6

VERONICA SANDOVAL UNIT 1 ASSIGNMENT 2.

Artifact #2
Unit 2 Assignment 2.2
Veronica Sandoval
National University

This paper was prepared for


MAT 670 the Theory of Research-Based Best Practice Instruction
Professor: Connie Wallace
December 7, 2014

VERONICA SANDOVAL UNIT 1 ASSIGNMENT 2.2

Abstract
This assignment consist of two Parts. The first part emphasizes the importance of summarizing
and note-taking according to Dean et al. Classroom Instruction that Works. It provides an
example of a summary of an article titled Best Practice: Summarizing and Note taking
Sponsored by the Texas Education Agency (TEA) 2008. Followed by an explanation of the value
of the article and the value of note taking or summarizing. As well as how note taking and
summarizing is a valuable skill for English language learners. Well note taking and summarizing
is necessary, these two strategies need to be taught in a ruled base step by step approach.
Part 2 shows a modified Vann Diagram comparing and contrasting two informational articles
using the Problem Solution Frame. This two articles are based on a same topic, bullying and
cyberbullying for a 6th Grade Social Studies class.

VERONICA SANDOVAL UNIT 1 ASSIGNMENT 2.2

Part 1.

According to the text Classroom Instruction that Works, it is important to provide


structure that guides the process of summarizing. One important step is to teach students the rulebased summarizing strategy. The first step is to:
1. Take out material that is not important to understanding, 2. Take out words that repeat
information 3. Replace a list of things with one word that describes them, 4. Find a topic
sentence or create one if it is missing. (Dean, Hubbell, Pitler & Stone 2012, pg. 80)
This first Part of the assignment contains a summary of an article titled Best Practice:
Summarizing and Note taking Sponsored by the Texas Education Agency (TEA) 2008.
Summary of the Article
Two of the most useful skills that a teacher can teach the students is summarizing and
note taking. Because it provide students with the tools for understanding and identifying the most
important components of what they are learning. First, it is important that students can see the
relevance of learning something. Explain what you wish them to learn and then model it. While
some best practices are specific to certain curriculum, summarization and note taking can be
used in any area for increasing comprehension of content. There are many different types of
summarization techniques. For example reading the text passage twice, making notations in the
reading if they agree or not, if theyre confused, or if it provides enough evidence, etc. There is
also many different types of note taking, outlining, cornel notes, teacher- prepared notes and
verbatim notes. An evaluation may be done to help students become better at summarization and
note-taking by having them self-evaluate and modify for improvement.

VERONICA SANDOVAL UNIT 1 ASSIGNMENT 2.2

As previously mentioned, it is important to provide structure that guides the process of


summarizing. This article besides providing plenty of information about summarizing and note
taking it provides a step by step guide with examples on how to teach these two skills. As I was
summarizing the article I realize that this is not an easy task and requires discipline and practice.
As a future teacher I believe that it is important to teach students at an early age these two
valuable life skills, because this is a skill that can be applied in all aspects of life, socially, at
work and during study. In a subject like Social Studies it is very important for the students to
have a well-organized and understating about the learning content. Well note taking and
summarizing is necessary. I have seen in many classes teachers using Cornell notes for each
lesson taught. When this notes are well organized they use them for future reference and as a
study guide. However, one thing I noticed is that some teachers model how to complete the
Cornell notes and expect all students to acquire the same skill just by demonstrating what to do
without structure. As Hubbell, Dean Pitler and Stone (2012) mentioned, these two strategies need
to be taught in a ruled base step by step approach. In addition, for English language learners it is
important to help them develop academically. As teacher we can help students develop
meaningful listening and writing strategies for note taking by creating appropriate practice
opportunities. Pulling from any prior knowledge that students may have about reading and
writing will accelerate this process, teaching vocabulary, transitions words, emphasizing the
main idea etc.
This is something I will consider for my own class, helping my students achieve and
develop this fundamental skill.

VERONICA SANDOVAL UNIT 1 ASSIGNMENT 2.2

Part 2. Problem Solution Comparison/Contrast of Informational text


Using two informational articles on Bullying and Cyberbullying, students in a Social
Studies class in 6th Grade will compare and contrast, find a problem and solution in each article
using a modified Vann diagram. The articles are: How to Spot and Stop Bullying by Rachel
Pomerance Berl, Oct. 15, 2013 from U.S News World Report and A Curriculum to Strengthen
Students against Cyberbullying by Vijai Singh June 4, 2014. N.Y Times.4
Contrast / Bullying
Problem: The most recent

Comparison
Problem: Often, as with any

Contrast / Cyberbullying
Problem: 9 percent reported being a

year for data collected, 28

cycle of abuse, the one doing

victim of cyberbullying of youth

percent of youth ages 12

the bullying may be getting

ages 12 and 18 years old.

and 18 reported being

bullied by someone else. The

It not occurs inside the walls of the

bullied.

bully at school can be getting

school.

It usually happens in

bullied at home.

Solution: The goal is to encourage

school grounds

students to be both good students as

Solution: Points out that

Solution: Requires surveying

well as civic participants. Protect

schools must find the

their students and analyzing

vulnerable children from

specific approach that

the school environment to

inappropriate approaches. Educate

works for them.

apply a thoughtful strategy.

parents about their children's use of

Solution: Growing

the internet.

awareness about bullying

Solution: Make it clear to

Solution: So what we are hoping

and its associated trauma

students that if they are being will happen is that the students are

has many communities

a victim of bullying or

being given the tools and the

deeply engaged in efforts

cyberbullying it is safe for

perspective and the lens to look

to combat and prevent such them to trust you. Talk to

outside of their school community

behavior.

your kids. It's not always

and say this is something that is

easy to get your kids to open

happening to members of my

up to you. Ask every day

community that is wrong and I have

about their day.

the tools to be able to address that.

VERONICA SANDOVAL UNIT 1 ASSIGNMENT 2.2

Reference
Best Practice: Summarizing and Note taking Sponsored by the Texas Education Agency (TEA)
2008. Retrieved from
http://cte.unt.edu/content/files/_LPSCS/LPSCS_BestPractices/Summarizing%26Notetaki
ng/Note_taking_lesson_all.pdf
Dean C., Hubbell E., Pitler H., and Stone B. Classroom Instruction that Works (2012) Research
Based Strategies for Increasing Student Achievement 2nd Edition.
Pomerance R. How to Spot and Stop Bullying 4 ways to help prevent, detect and address
bullying. (2013) Retrieved from http://health.usnews.com/health-news/healthwellness/articles/2013/10/15/how-to-spot-and-stop-bullying-2? Page=2
Singh V. A Curriculum to Strengthen Students against Cyberbullying June 4, 2014 Retrieved
from http://parenting.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/06/04/a-curriculum-to-strengthen-studentsagainst-cyberbullying/