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Element 1

1. Identify the measures that should be taken to prevent slip and trip hazards in an engineering
workshop.
2. Identify the factors to consider when assessing the adequacy of lighting within an open plan
office
3. Explain the procedure for spillage response
4. Identify the main hazards that may be present during demolition of a building
5. Identify the safe working practices for the use of a mobile elevating work platform (MEWP)or a
Scissor lift
6. An independent tied scaffold is to be erected on a building in a busy town centre location. (a)
Outline the precautions that should be taken in order to reduce the risk of injury to members of
the public during erection and use of the scaffold. (b) Outline the inspection requirements for an
independent tied scaffold.
7. Workers who deal with the public may be subject to violent behavior. (a) Give the meaning of
work-related violence. (b) Identify reasons why a member of the public may behave violently
towards a worker.
8. The influence of drugs on workers in the workplace can have a significant effect on health and
safety. (a) Identify possible reasons why a person may be in possession of drugs in the
workplace. (b) Outline control measures that an employer could take in order to reduce the
misuse of drugs in the workplace.
9. A three meter deep trench has to be dug across a car park. (a) Identify a range of hazards
associated with the work. (b) Outline a range of control measures to be implemented.
10. Outline precautions to be taken when repair work is to be carried out on the sloping roof of a
building.
11. Identify welfare and work environment requirements that should be provided in a workplace.
12. Outline the cleaning and housekeeping requirements in a workplace.
13. Identify ways in which accidents may be prevented when using portable ladders as a means of
access.
14. (a) Identify hazards associated with the use of a cement mixer. (b) Outline control measures that
can be used to reduce the risks of injury to operators of a cement mixer.
15. Outline reasons why a scaffold might collapse.
16. Identify the effects of exposure to (i) Hot environments (ii) Cold environments
17. Office workers are to relocate to new premises. Excluding welfare facilities, Outline factors
associated with the new workplace that should be considered when reviewing the health and
safety requirements for the workers
18. Outline precautions that should be taken in order to minimize the risks to persons working at
sub-zero temperatures in cold stores.
19. An organization is to temporarily increase the size of its workforce due to product demand.
Outline requirements of the workplace that will need to be considered with reference to the
health, safety and welfare of the entire workforce.
Element 2
1. Identify the control measures that could be implemented to reduce the risk to pedestrians in areas
where vehicles are maneuvering.

2. Outline the means by which the risk or accidents from reversing vehicles within a workplace can
be reduced.
3. Outline precautions that should be taken when leaving a fork-lift truck unattended
4. Outline factors that should be considered when assessing the risk of an incident while driving at
work.
5. (a) Outline reasons why a vehicle may not be able to stop effectively. (b) Outline activities
associated with vehicles when they are not moving that could result in risk of injury.
6. (a) Identify four ways in which people can be injured by vehicles in the workplace. (b) Give
ways in which a vehicle driver who is not competent may put the safety of people in the
workplace at risk. (c) Identify issues that should be included in training programme for vehicle
drivers in order to reduce the risk of accidents to themselves and other people.
7. Following the introduction of forklift trucks into a workplace, several collisions have occurred.
Give reasons why the physical layout of the workplace may have contributed to the collisions.
8. Outline factors that could cause a forklift truck to overturn.
9. Outline control measures that could be implemented in order to reduce the risk of pedestrians in
a warehouse where separate traffic routes cannot be provided
Element 3
1. Display screen equipment (DSE) workstation user has complained of neck and back pain.
Identify the features associated with the workstation that might have contributed towards this
condition.
2. Identify factors that could contribute towards the development of work-related upper limb
disorders (WRULDs) affecting supermarket checkout workers.

3. A worker is manually loading boxes of components onto metal shelves. (a) Identify FOUR types
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of injury that the worker could suffer while carrying out this activity. (b) Outline the factors in
relation to the load that will affect the risk of injury with Manual Handling.
Outline the specific hazards associated with the use of battery- powered fork-lift truck and
identify the precautions necessary in each case
(a) Identify the possible risk to health associated with the use display screen equipment (DSE).
( b) Identify the features of a chair to ensure it is suitable for use at a DSE work station
Outline a good handling technique that could be adopted by a person required to lift a load from
the ground.
A group of production line workers are required to check the operation of padlocks manually as
the last stage of a manufacturing process. A number of cases of work related upper limb disorders
(WRULDs) have been reported amongst these workers. (a) Outline the specific casual factors
that may have contributed to the condition. (b) Outline the measures that should be considered in
order to minimize the risk of WRULDs to these workers.
Identify possible causes of a mobile crane overturning on a construction site.
Outline factors to be considered when undertaking a manual handling assessment of the work
undertaken by baggage handlers at a large, busy airport.

10. In a factory, a conveyor system is used to transfer manufactured articles to the warehouse area.
Identify the control measures to be taken to reduce the risk of injury to workers from the
conveyor

11. A goods lift that usually carries meals from a ground floor kitchen to the first floor of a restaurant
has broken down. Until the lift can be fixed, workers will have to carry meals from the kitchen to
the eating area on the first floor. Outline factors to consider when undertaking a manual handling
assessment of this activity.
12. In order to minimize the risk of injury when carrying out a manual handling operation:
(a) Identify types of mechanical that can be used to assist the manual handling operation.
(4)
(b) Other than using mechanical aids, outline ways to reduce the risks that could be presented by
the load.
13. An Engineering workshop uses an overhead crane to transport materials.
(a) Identify reasons why loads may fall from this crane.
(b) Outline precautions that should be taken in order to prevent accidents to workers at ground
level when overhead cranes are in use.
14. Several large boxes of leaflets have been delivered to the reception building of a workplace.
Workers have been requested to move the boxes to the mailing department located in the
basement on the floor below. Outline precautions that could be taken in order to minimize the
risk of injury from this manual handling activity.
Element 4
1. (a) Identify four hazards associated with the use of a photocopiers. (b) Outline the precautions
that should be taken to reduce the risk to the health and safety of photocopier users.
2. With respect to the operation of machinery, (a) identify the merits, the limitations of two handed
controls as a safety device. (b) Outline types of sensitive protective equipment (trip devices) that
could be used in addition to two-handed controls in order to improve safety.
3. Outline the measures to be taken to reduce the risk of accidents associated with the routine
maintenance of machinery
4. (a) Identify the issues that should be considered to help ensure that work equipment is suitable
for use. (b) Identify measures that could be taken to help ensure that an item of work equipment
remains in a suitable condition.
5. Outline four types of guard used on machinery and in each case, identify a workplace
application.
6. A portable electric drill is being used on a building site. (a) Other than electricity, identify FOUR
hazards associated with the use of drill. (b) Outline FOUR precautions that could be taken to
reduce the risk to workers.
7. Outline control measures to reduce the risk to workers when using non-powered hand tools.
8. An employer has installed new item of machinery. Outline the factors to be considered before the
machine is put into use.
9. Identify non-mechanical hazard associated with machinery and give an example in each case.
10. (a) Identify four hazards associated with the use of a bench top grinder.
(c) Other than a guard, outline four control measures that could be introduced to reduce risk to a
worker using a bench top grinder.
11. (a) Identify specific risks associated with the use of pedestal drill. (b) Outline precautions that
are required to prevent injury when using a pedestal drill.
12. Employers are required to provide adequate information, instruction and training in the safe use
of work equipment.

(a) Identify categories of workers who should receive information, instruction and training in the
safe use of work equipment.
(b) Identify issues that could be included in such information, instruction and training.
Element 5
1. Outline the factors to consider when determining the frequency for the inspection and testing of
electrical equipment.
2. Outline how fires could be caused by electricity.
3. Identify four factors that could affect the severity of injury resulting from contact with electricity
4. Identify the effects in the human body in a severe electric shock
5. Portable electrical equipment, for use at work, should be in good condition and free from defect.
(a) Outline features of portable electrical equipment that should be checked by the user before
use. (6)
(b) Identify additional features of portable electrical equipment that should be inspected during
periodic formal inspection by an appointed person. (2)
6. In relation to the use of electrical cables and plugs in the workplace (a) Identify four examples of
faults and bad practice that could contribute to electrical accidents (b) Outline the corresponding
precautions that should be taken for each of the examples identified.
7. Identify electrical hazards that could be discovered by a visual inspection.
8. Outline control measures that could be used when working with electrical equipment in a
workplace.
9. Outline precautions that should be taken in order to prevent electrical contact when:
(a) Excavating near underground cables
(b) Working in the vicinity of overhead power lines
Element 6
1. Substantial changes are to be made to the internal layout of the workplace. Outline factors to
consider when reviewing the fire risk assessment.
2. With respect to design features of a building (a) identify two types of emergency warning
systems that can be installed in the building to help ensure that all workers can be made aware of
the need to evacuate the building. (b) Outline six structural measures that can help to prevent the
spread of fire and smoke.
3. With reference to the fire triangle, outline the factors that could increase the risk of a fire starting
in a motor vehicle repair workshop.
4. (a) Identify the principles (or significance) of the fire triangle (b) Identify three methods of
heat transfer and outline how each contributes to the spread of fire.
5. Outline the requirements for the safe evacuation of persons from a building in the event of a fire.
6. Identify eight common causes of fires in the workplace.
7. Identify precautions that would need to be considered before welding work can commence.
8. Outline the general role a fire marshal would be expected to undertake in an emergency
evacuation of a workplace in the event of a fire.
9. Outline suitable control measures for safe storage and use of highly flammable liquids in the
workplace.
10. Outline control measures that may be needed to help ensure that persons with sensory
impairments and/or physical disabilities may be evacuated safely in the event of fire.

11. A small fire has started in a motor car repair workshop and is currently contained to a waste bin
holding cardboard packaging material.
a. Outline sources of ignition that may have started fire. (2)
b. Identify reasons why a water extinguisher would be the most appropriate to tackle this small
fire and give the reason why the fire would be extinguishing using it. (2)
c. If the fire is not extinguished quickly, explain how the transmission of heat may cause this
fire to spread to other parts of the workplace. (4)
Element 7
1. (a) Identify the health risks associated with exposure to blood borne viruses. (b) Identify the
workplace circumstances where a worker could be exposed to blood borne viruses. (c) Outline
precautions that will reduce the risk from exposure blood borne viruses.
2. (a) Identify the health risks associated with exposure to the leptospira bacteria. (b) Identify the
workplace circumstances where leptospira bacteria may be present. (c) Outline precautions that
will reduce the risks from exposure to leptospira bacteria.
3. Outline factors to consider when undertaking an assessment of health risks for a hazardous
substance.
4. A hazardous chemical is to be used to clean the internal walls within a working factory
environment. Outline the control measures that should be taken in order to reduce the risks to
health during this cleaning activity.
5. (a) Identify four possible ill health effects that can be caused from working with cement. (b)
Outline control measures to reduce the risk of exposure to cement.
6. An organization uses small quantities of toxic chemicals
a. Identify four possible routes of entry of toxic substance in to the body
b. Explain the difference between acute and chronic health effects
c. Identify the sources of information which could be used in the assessment of risk of toxic
substances
d. Outline the control measures that might be required in order to minimize risk to worker
7. Identify the information that should be included on a materials safety data sheet supplied with a
hazardous substance
8. Outline factors to consider when selecting respiratory protective equipment (RPE) to give
suitable protection against exposure to airborne substances.
9. (a) Identify forms of biological agents.
(c) Outline control measures to reduce the risks of ill-health from exposure to biological agents.
10. Outline factors that could reduce the effectiveness of a local exhaust ventilation (LEV) system.
11. An Organization produces a range of solid and liquid wastes, both hazardous and non-hazardous.
Outline arrangements that should be in place to help ensure the safe storage of the wastes prior to
their collection and disposal.
12. As part of a cleaning process, solvent is to be sprayed on to components before being painted.
(a) During the spraying process, identify the forms that the solvent could take.
(b) Outline control measures that could be taken in order to help reduce the risks of exposure
to this solvent.
13. Workplace exposure limits (WELs) are set for hazardous substances. (a) Identify the two types of
exposure limit. (b) Outline two purpose of WELs. (c) Outline the limitations of WELs.

14. (a) Identify the health risks associated with exposure to legionella bacteria. (b) Outline
precautions that will reduce the risks from exposure to legionella bacteria.
15. (a) Identify the health risk associated with exposure to silica dust
(b) Identify the workplace circumstances where silica dust may be present
(c) Outline precautions that will reduce the risk from exposure to Silica dust
Element 8
1. Identify four types of engineering control that may be used to reduce noise in the workplace and
give a practical example of each.
2. (a) Outline the possible health effects from exposure to high level of noise. (b) Give two
examples of noise control techniques other than personal hearing protection that would protect
against the noise.
3. A maintenance worker regularly uses a hand held grinder and is exposed to vibration. (a) Identify
the symptoms that the worker may experience due to this exposure. (b) Outline six control
measures that can be used to reduce the risk from vibration.
4. Other than those associated with the physical environment, Outline possible work-related causes
of increased stress levels amongst workers.
5. (a) An Organization has identified that noise measurements in the workplace are required.
Give the meaning of the following terms:
(i)
Frequency,
(2)
(ii)
Decibel (dB), (2)
(iii)
A weighting. (2)
(c) Identify types of noise measurement technique.
(2)
6. (a) Identify health effects that may be caused by ionizing radiation. (b) Outline the main control
measures to reduce the effects of exposure to ionizing radiation.
7. (a) Identify two types of non-ionizing radiation and give an occupational source of each. (b)
Outline the health effects associated with exposure to non-ionizing radiation.
8. A hospital has installed an X-ray facility.
a. Identify the principles health effects associated with exposure to X-ray radiation. (4)
b. Outline the control measures that could be taken to reduce the risks to the operator from
exposure to X-ray radiation.