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Unit 2 Review Inductive/Deductive Proofs

Name:____________________________

Day 1

Date:___________________Pd:_______

1. Describe the pattern in the numbers. Then find the next two terms:
a. -20,480, -5,120, -1280, -320 Dividing by 4/multiplying by
-80, -20
b. -5, -2, 4, 13 Each time you increase, the # you increase by increases by 3
25, 40
2. Sketch the next figure in the pattern:
a.

b.

2. Make a conjecture based upon the pattern you observe in the specific cases:

21

3. Find a counterexample to disprove the conjecture:


a. If the quotient of two numbers is positive, then the two numbers must both be positive
6
2

=3

b. The product of ( + )2 is equal to 2 + 2 for 0 0


(2 + 3)2 = 35

22 + 32 = 13

4. Write the statement as a conditional in if-then form. Then write the converse, inverse, and
contrapositive. Determine the truth value for each statement.
The measure of a straight angle is 180.
Conditional: If an angle is straight, then the measure of the angle is 180. True

Converse: If the measure of an angle is 180, then the angle is straight. True

Inverse: If an angle is not straight, then the angle measure is not 180. True

Contrapositive: If the measure of an angle is not 180, then the angle is not straight. True

5. Write the converse of the conditional statement. If its true, write the biconditional.
a. If two angles are a linear pair, then they are adjacent angles whose noncommon sides are opposite rays.

Converse: If two angles are adjacent angles whose noncommon side are opposite rays,
then the two angles are a linear pair (TRUE)

Biconditional: Two angles are a linear pair if and only if they are adjacent angles whose
noncommon sides are opposite rays.

b. If two lines intersect to form adjacent congruent angles, then the lines are perpendicular.

Converse: If two lines are perpendicular, then they intersect to form adjacent, congruent
angles (TRUE)
Biconditional: Two lines intersect to form adjacent congruent angles if and only if the
lines are perpendicular.
6. Apply the law of detachment to write a conclusion.
If a book is a biography, then it is nonfiction.
You are reading a biography.
You are reading a nonficition.
7. Apply the law of syllogism to write a conclusion.
If you play the clarinet, then you play a woodwind instrument.
If you play a woodwind instrument, then you are a musician.
If you play the clarinet, then you are a musician.

For Exercises 810, assume that the following statements are true.
A. If it is Tuesday, then Tom has art class.
B. If Julie has a soccer game, then it is Wednesday.
C. If it is a weekday, then Sarah has homework.
D. If it is not Saturday, then Manuel does not have tennis practice.
E. Julie has a soccer game.

Use only the information given above. For each statement, write must be true, may be true, or is
not true. Explain your reasoning.
8. Sarah has homework.
Must be true since it Wednesday which is a weekday, Sarah has to have homework
9. Tom has art class.
Not true since it is Wednesday b/c of soccer and not Tuesday
10. Manuel has tennis practice.
Not true because it is not Saturday

For the following exercises, write a two-column proof.

11. Given:

12. Given:

Prove:
2

+ 16 = 14

Prove:
Given

2( 12) = 40

Given

3 (3 + 16) = (14)3

Mult (=)

2 12 = 40

Distr (=)

2x + 18 = 42

Distr (=)

2x = 64

Add (=)

2x = 24

Subtr (=)

x = 32

Div (=)

x = 12

Div (=)

13. Given:
Segment Add Post
Prove: x = 8

Substitution (=)
Distributive (=)
Combine Like Terms/ Subs (=)
Subtract (=)
Division (=)

For 14 19, use the given property to complete each statement.


14.

15.

b+6

16.

17.

5(2x 1) = 5

18.

50

19.

AB + 20 = XY

20. Fill in the blanks.

Angle Addition Postulate


Substitution (=)
Subtraction (=)
Vertical Angles Theorem
Substitution (=)
Substitution (=)
Congruent Complements