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TAG QUESTION

Tag Question: Definicin y reglas


Qu es una TAG QUESTION?
Una TAG QUESTION en si, en una pregunta que hace captar la atencin del receptor. Para confirmar una informacion.
Ejemplo:
En espaol:
Me estas escuchando, cierto?
En ingles:
Are you listening to me, aren't you?
REGLA 1
+

1 Regla:
Esta regla significa que si tu dices algo negativo, la Tag Question ser positiva y viceversa.
Ejemplo:
She is beautiful, isnt she?
She isnt beautiful, is she?
2 Regla
Esta regla es muy importante ya que primero te recuerda temas anteriores y adems te obliga a mejorar tu gramtica
Isisnt
Arearent
Amarent
Waswasnt
Were werent
Simple present 3rd persona dont
Can cant
Simple present doesnt
Verb in past didnt
Will wont
Could couldnt
Should shouldnt
Would wouldn't
Recuerden que...
Can Poder, pero no de tener si no de poder hacer algo.
Ej: Tu puedes hacerlo.
You can do it.

Should Se usa para espresar un consejo.


Ej: Tu deberas hacerlo.
You should do it
Could Se usa para expresar necesidad
Ej: Tu podras hacerlo.
You could do it
Will Es un auxiliar para expresar algo del futuro
Ej: Tu lo vas a hacer
You will do it
Would Aqui les dejo un enlace ya que es un Nuevo tema para nosotros.
Is y Are es, pero
Is se usa para he, she, it.
Are se utiliza para they, we, you, I.
Ej: El es un profesor
Ellos son profesores
He is teacher
They are teacher
Was y Were Es el pasado del verbo Be, que significa ser o estar
Was se usa para he, she, it.
Were se usa para they, we, you.
Ej: El estuvo comiendo
Ellos estuvieron comiendo
He was eating
They were eating
Simple present 3rd persondont, es el negative.
Ej: they kill him?
No, they dont
Son preguntas cortas que realiza el emisor al final de la oracin con intencin de enfatizar.
You have finished your exam. Haven't you?
He doesn't speak German. Does he?
Se utilizan para:
a) Pedir confirmacin.
b) Pedir informacin.
Ello va a depender de la entonacin de la "question tag":
a) Entonacin descendente: se pide al interlocutor confirmacin de lo que uno ha dicho (no es una pregunta, no se pide informacin).
You have been to Paris. Haven't you? (bajando el tono de voz)
El emisor est plenamente convencido de que su interlocutor ha estado en Pars. Le pide (y espera) que se lo confirme.
b) Entonacin ascendente: se pide informacin.
You haven't seen my brother. Have you? (subiendo el tono de voz)
El emisor no sabe si su interlocutor ha visto o no a su hermano. Espera que le responda y que le facilite alguna informacin.
Por ejemplo:
Yes, I have seen him one hour ago in the street

No sorry, I haven't seen him


Tambin se utilizan las "questions tags" con oraciones negativas parasolicitar de modo informal pero corts algn favor.
You couldn't bring me a glass of water. Could you?
Cmo se construye la "Question tag"?
Su estructura es muy simple:
verbo auxiliar (de la oracin principal) + pronombre personal
Your brother has bought a new car. Hasn't he?
My mother phoned me. Didn't she?
Your sister is in London. Isn't she?
You can play tennis. Cant you?
Your brother will go with us to the cinema. Won't he?
El sujeto es siempre un pronombre.
Si la oracin principal es afirmativa la "question tag" es negativa.
You are coming with us. Aren't you?
Y viceversa: si la oracin principal es negativa la "question tag" esafirmativa.
You are not coming with us. Are you?
Algunos casos particulares:
a) Con oraciones imperativas se utiliza como verbo auxiliar "will" y va en afirmativo.
Open the door. Will you?
b) Con oraciones del tipo "Let us..." se utiliza como verbo auxilizar "shall"y va en afirmativo.
Let's play tennis. Shall we?

EXAMPLES
a) ORACIONES AFIRMATIVAS CON EL VERBO TO BE EN PRESENT SIMPLE O CONTINUO.
Se utiliza la misma forma del verbo en NEGATIVO: aren't you? isn't he? isn't she? isn't it? aren't we? aren't you?
aren't they? Aqu tienes algunos ejemplos:
It's a beautiful day, isn't it? (Es un da hermoso, no?)
Martha is angry, isn't she? (Marta est enojada, verdad?)
You are really tired, aren't you? (Ests muy cansado, no?)
They're very nice people, aren't they? (Son personas muy agradables, no?)
You are coming tomorrow, aren't you? (Vas a venir maana, verdad?)
Pedro's flying now, isn't he? (Pedro est volando en estos momentos, no?)
Por favor recuerda que, en ingls americano y UNICAMENTE en este caso en particular, para la primera
persona del verbo to be se utiliza aren't I? como equivalente de am I not?:
I'm late, aren't I? (Llego tarde, no?)
I'm arriving late at night, aren't I? (LLegar tarde por la noche, no?)
b) ORACIONES NEGATIVAS CON EL VERBO TO BE EN PRESENT SIMPLE O CONTINUO.
Se utiliza la misma forma del verbo en AFIRMATIVO o POSITIVO: am I? are you? is he? is she? is it? are we?
are you? are they? Aqu tienes algunos ejemplos:
I'm not late, am I? (No llego tarde, no?)
It isn't a beautiful day, is it? (No es un da hermoso, verdad?)
Martha isn't angry, is she? (Marta no est enojada, no?)

You aren't really tired, are you? (No ests muy cansado, verdad?)
They aren't very nice people, are they? (No son personas muy agradables, no?)
You aren't coming tomorrow, are you? (No vas a venir maana, no?)
Pedro isn't flying now, is he? (Pedro no est volando en estos momentos, no?)
c) ORACIONES AFIRMATIVAS CON EL VERBO TO BE EN PAST SIMPLE O CONTINUO.
Se utiliza la misma forma del verbo en NEGATIVO: wasn't I? weren't you? wasn't he? wasn't she? wasn't it?
weren't we? weren't you? weren't they? Aqu tienes algunos ejemplos:
It was a beautiful day, wasn't it? (Fue un da hermoso, verdad?)
Martha was angry, wasn't she? (Marta estaba enojada, no?)
You were really tired, weren't you? (Estabas muy cansado, verdad?)
You were studying at 6, weren't you? (Estuviste estudiando a las 6, no?)
He was flying when I phoned, wasn't he? (Estaba volando cuando llam, no?
d) ORACIONES NEGATIVAS CON EL VERBO TO BE EN PAST SIMPLE O CONTINUO.
Se utiliza la misma forma del verbo en AFIRMATIVO o POSITIVO: was I? were you? was he? was she? was it?
were we? were you? were they? Aqu tienes algunos ejemplos:
It wasn't a beautiful day, was it? (No fue un da hermoso, no?)
Martha wasn't angry, was she? (Marta no estaba enojada, no?)
You weren't really tired, were you? (No estabas muy cansado, verdad?)
You weren't studying at 6, were you? (No estuviste estudiando a las 6, no?)
He wasn't flying when I phoned, was he? (No estaba volando cuando llam, no?)
e) ORACIONES AFIRMATIVAS CON OTROS VERBOS COMUNES O DEFECTIVOS.
Teniendo siempre en cuenta el TIEMPO VERBAL, se utiliza el auxiliar en NEGATIVO que corresponde a la
persona de la oracin: didn't she? hasn't she? won't she? shouldn't she? can't she? couldn't she?, etc. Aqu
tienes algunos ejemplos:
You went to Costa Rica in 1990, didn't you? (Fuiste a Costa Rica en 1990, no?)
Elena has traveled a lot, hasn't she? (Elena ha viajado mucho, no?)
Ann will be here soon, won't she? (Ana estar pronto aqu, verdad?)
Tom should pass his exam, shouldn't he? (Tom debera aprobar su examen, no?)
You can play the violin, can't you? (Sabes tocar el violn, no?)
He could find a job, couldn't he? (Pudo encontrar trabajo, verdad?)
f) IMPERATIVOS Y SUGERENCIAS O INVITACIONES.
Despus de la clusula Let's... el tag question que corresponde es shall we? (en interrogativo AFIRMATIVO).
Aqu tienes algunos ejemplos:
Let's go out for a walk, shall we? (Salgamos a dar una vuelta, qu te parece?)
Let's study tomorrow morning, shall we? (Estudiemos maana por la maana, s?)
Despus del imperativo (do/don't do something) el tag que corresponde es will you?(en interrogativo
AFIRMATIVO). Aqu tienes algunos ejemplos:
Open the door, will you? (Abre la puerta, s?)
Don't smoke in this room, will you? (No fumes en esta habitacin, de acuerdo?

To go to Boston is the best choice, isn't it?


Ir a Boston es la mejor opcin, no?
I am on the list of those who have passed the test, aren't I?
Estoy en la lista de los que aprobaron el examen, no?
Pearl and Nick aren't in position to buy such an expensive house, are they?
Pearl y Nick no estn en condiciones de comprar una casa tan costosa, no?
I was at the office when Sarah got there, wasn't I?
Yo estaba en la oficina cuando Sarah lleg, no?
It was a great day to go fishing, wasn't it?
Fue un buen da para ir a pescar, no?
Your friends weren't expecting your call, were they?
Tus amigos no esperaban tu llamado, no?
We were having a good time at the party, weren't we?
La estbamos pasando bien en la fiesta, no?

Do / Don't / Does / Doesn't


Did / Didn't
I don't play tennis very well, do I?
No juego muy bien al tenis, no?
Those musicians play beautifully that song, don't they?
Esos msicos tocan esa cancin maravillosamente, no?
Wendy doesn't like coffee at all, does she?
A Wendy no le gusta para nada el caf, no?
The room looks great with the new painting, doesn't it?
La habitacin se ve maravillosa con el cuadro nuevo, no?
The movie scared you, didn't it?
La pelcula te asust, no?
Vera came to see you to ask for your advice, didn't she?
Vera vino a verte para pedirte consejo, no?
We didn't come on time to see the festival, did we?
No llegamos a tiempo para ver el festival, no?
Alice and Nick invited you to their wedding, didn't they?
Alice y Nick te invitaron a su casamiento, no?
Have / Haven't / Has/Hasn't
Had / Hadn't

I have chosen the cake you like, haven't I?


He elegido la torta que te gusta, no?
Phillip and Judith haven't been to the World Cup, have they?
Phillip y Judith no han ido al Mundial, no?
Edith hasn't attended classes lately, has she?
Edith no ha asistido a clase ltimamente, no?
The Lord of the Rings has been Tolkien's best book, hasn't it?
El Seor de los Anillos ha sido el mejor libro de Tolkien, no?
We had seen that woman in the shop, hadn't we?
Habamos visto a esa mujer en el negocio, no?
Helen hadn't answered all the questions on the test, had she?
Helen no haba respondido todas las preguntas en la prueba, no?
The doctors hadn't seen a case like that before, had they?
Los mdicos no haban visto un caso como se antes, no?
Martin hadn't finished painting the wall, had he?
Martin no haba terminado de pintar la pared, no?
Will / Won't
Would / Wouldn't
You will come to Spain next winter, won't you?
Vendrs a Espaa el invierno prximo, no?
The coffee machine will be soon working, won't it?
La mquina de caf estar funcionando pronto, no?
John and Peter won't play this tournament, will they?
John y Peter no jugarn este campeonato, no?
We will be seeing you soon, won't we?
Te veremos pronto, no?
You would work on Sundays, wouldn't you?
Trabajaras los domingos, no?
Mike wouldn't mind if I stayed at home, would he?
A Mike no le importara que me quedase en casa, no?

This necklace would be perfect for Mary Ann, wouldn't it?


Este collar sera perfecto para Mary Ann, no?
Victor and Wendy wouldn't think of getting married, would they?
Victor y Wendy no pensaran en casarse, no?
Can / Can't
Could / Couldn't
You can't play the guitar, can you?
No sabes tocar la guitarra, no?
This road can be dangerous to take at night, can't it?
Puede ser peligroso tomar esta ruta de noche, no?
It can't be true that Ben has just arrived, can it?
No puede ser cierto que Ben acabe de llegar, no?
Angela and Jack can call your lawyer if they are in trouble, can't they?
Angela y Jack pueden llamar a tu abogado si estn en problemas, no?
The winners could go to Swiss, couldn't they?
Los ganadores podran ir a Suiza, no?
You could ask Susan what she thinks about your case, couldn't you?
Podras preguntarle a Susan lo que piensa acerca de tu caso, no?
The project could have failed but for Daniel, couldn't it?
El proyecto podra haber fallado si no fuera por Daniel, no?
We couldn't come earlier to the party, could we?
No podramos llegar ms temprano a la fiesta, no?
May / Mightn't
It may rain tonight, mightn't it?
Podra llover esta noche, no?
We may try to talk to Susan to see if she changes her mind, mightn't we?
Podramos intentar hablar con Susan a ver si cambia de opinin, no?
Jane mightn't help me with the cleaning, may she?
No podra Jane ayudarme con la limpieza, no?
Bill may catch the train if he tried, mightn't he?
Bill podra alcanzar al tren si lo intentara, no?
Should / Shouldn't
Must / Mustn't
Sally should have called to tell us that she is ok, shouldn't she?
Sally debera haber llamado para decirnos que est bien, no?
Robert shouldn't propose to Alice if he is not sure about it, should he?
Robert no debera proponerle matrimonio a Alice si no est seguro, no?
Tim and I should take a taxi so we get on time, shouldn't we?
Tim y yo deberamos tomar un taxi as llegamos a tiempo, no?
The students shouldn't behave that way, should they?
Los alumnos no deberan comportarse as, no?
Carol mustn't use make-up in the play, must she?
Carol no debe usar maquillaje en la obra de teatro, no?
I must visit the doctor if the pain continues, mustn't I?
Debo ir al mdico si contina el dolor, no?
The gardener must finish the work now, mustn't he?
El jardinero debe terminar el trabajo ahora, no?
Janet must think of a present for her boyfriend's birthday, mustn't s