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Chapter 6 Lecture

Human Geography: Places and


Regions in Global Context
Sixth Edition

Interpreting Places and


Landscapes
Wendy A. Mitteager
State University of New York, Oneonta

Key Concepts

Relationships between people and space


Environmental behavior
Territoriality
Cognitive images
Landscapes
Sacred spaces
Place-making
Modernity

Figure: Chapter 6 Opener The Vietnam Veteran Memorial illustrates the


power of landscape to affect us

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Behavior, Knowledge, and Human


Environments
Interdependence
between people
and places
Understanding
environmental
perception and
knowledge
Cindi Katz

Figure 6.1 Conflicting environmental


perceptions in California
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Behavior, Knowledge, and Human


Environments, (contd)

Figure 6.2 A Shepard's map, drawn by a 10-year-old Sudanese


boy, illustrating his detailed environmental knowledge
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Place-Making
Places are socially
constructed
Territoriality
Proxemics
Insiders and
Outsiders
Figure 6.3 Graffiti as territorial markers

Apply your knowledge: Describe the relationship between


ethology and territoriality. Evaluate examples that you experience in
everyday life of proxemics as a territorializing force.
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Place-Making, (contd)
Cognitive images
Paths, edges,
districts, nodes,
landmarks
Distortions

Figure 6.5 Cognitive image of Boston

Apply your knowledge: Use the five elements to map out your
image of the college campus.
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Place-Making, (contd)

Figur6

Figure 6.6 Images of Los Angeles as seen by residents


of different communities.
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Place-Making, (contd)

Figure 6.7 Preference map of the U.S. held by a group of Virginia Tech students, based on
the perceived attractiveness of cities and states as places to live.
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Landscapes as Human Systems


Derelict landscapes
Ordinary landscapes
Humanistic approach
in geography

Figure 6.10 Vulgaria: size and


ostentation are the dominant
factors in upscale
U.S. residential development
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Landscapes as Human Systems, (contd)

Figure 6.8 Some cities are


immediately recognizable because of
their famous landmarks.
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Landscapes as Human Systems, (contd)

Figure 6.9 These ordinary landscapes in New England and Middle America have become
symbolic of the U.S.
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Coded Spaces
Landscape as text
Semiotics
Commercial spaces
Palaces of consumption

Sacred spaces

Figure 6.13 Sacred sites of Hindu India


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Coded Spaces, (contd)

Figure 6.12 Angor Wat, Cambodia is a sacred


space for Buddhists

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Figure 6.15 Points of origin of European


group-organized pilgrims to Lourdes in 1978

Jerusalem, the Holy City

Figure 6.A Map of Jerusalem

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Figure 6.B Dome of the Rock

Place and Space in Modern Society


Modernity
Emphasizes reason, scientific rationality, creativity,
novelty, and progress

Figure 6.17 Modernized rural landscape, U.K.


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Figure 6.16 Modernist urban landscape, an


office district in Paris

Globalization and Place-Making


Spread of Modernity to peripheral regions
Cyberspace
With its own landscape

Commonalities of a shared, global


consciousness

Figure 6.18 The slow city movement, a


grassroots response to globalization,
supports slow food.
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Cyberspace and Social Networking

Figure 6.D How people share content

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Figure 6.F

Cyberspace and Social Networking, (contd)

Figure 6.C Estimated number of worldwide


users of social networks

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Figure 6.G Number of Facebook


users compared to populations of
selected countries

Waldkirch, Germany

Figure 6.H The heart of the town is


the Marktplatz, which dates from the
early Middle Ages.
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Figure 6.J The Slow City movement in Waldkirch


allows for social bonds to develop among pedestrians.

Places as Objects of Consumption


Culture industries
Advertising strategies

Visual and experiential


consumption
Heritage industry

Figure 6.19 Las Vegas showcases historic


settings based mostly on stereotypes

Apply your knowledge: Compare and contrast modernity and


postmodernity. Give specific examples of each.
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Places as Objects of Consumption, (contd)

Figure 6.20 Thames Town in Shanghai,


China combines commercial, residential, and
cultural elements

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Figure 6.21 Consumption in style at the Bed


Restaurant, Florida

Future Geographies
Homogenization of culture
Cosmopolitanism

Figure 6.22 The McDonalds Buddha seated in


lotus position in Shanghai, China was removed
within one month due to criticism. In 2005, a less
controversial version was introduced around
Thailand without much objection.
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End of Chapter 6

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