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Ramos, Joseph Earl Asunada

4Biology-4
Development of Chick Embryo
Membranes
Structures

24
hr

33
hr

48
hr

72
hr

Somatopleure

Splanchnopleu
re

Somites

Hypomeres

Unsegmented
mesoderm

Proamnion

Amniotic fold

Yolk sac

Pleuropericardi
al membranes

Fate

Other notes

Forms chorion, amnion and part of the


body wall, consists of ectoderm and
somatic mesoderm
Forms the yolk sac, allantois and part of
the body wall
Consists of endoderm and splachnic
mesoderm
Gives rise to the epimeres: Dermatome,
sclerotome and myotome
Delaminates into the splanchnic and
somatic mesoderm

Persists

48
hr

72
hr

Posterior

Lateral plate
mesoderm

Lateral plate
mesoderm
On either side of
the neural tube

Forms the somites


Incorporated into amnion, overgrown
and dissapears
Gives rise to the amnion (inner) and
chorion (outer)
Does not persists

Anterior

Mesenchyme

Unsegmented
mesoderm

Somites
Surrounds head

Enclosing the yolk


Enclosing the
common cardinal
vein
Seperates pleural
from pericardial
cavities

Brain region
Structures

24
hr

33
hr

Neural plate

forms the neural groove and folds

Neural folds
Neural groove
Anterior
neuropore
Neural crest

/
/

Fuses
Becomes the neurocoel

Neural groove
and folds
Neural tube
Neurocoel
Neural tube

Fate

Closes

Forms the ganglia, pigment cells, part


of the gill arches etc.

Other notes

Above the neural


tube and edges of

Anterior

Posterior

Prosencephalo
n

Optic vesicle,
optic cup

Retinal portion of the eyes

Infundibulum

Forms the posterior lobe of the pituary


gland

Prosocoel

Mesencephalo
n
Mesocoel
Rhombenceph
alon
Metencephalo
n
Metacoel
Myelencephalo
n
Myelocoel

Divides into the telencephalon


(Anterior) and diencephalon (posterior)

Give rise to ventricle I-III


/

/
/

Remains the mesencephalon


Gives rise to the cerebral aqueduct
Divides into the metencephalon
(Anterior) and myelencephalon
(posterior)

/
/

Becomes part of IV ventricle


/

Persists

Diencephalon

Persists

Persists

Persists

Jugular
ganglion

Persists

Acousticofacialis
ganglion

Persists

Superior

Persists

Head
ectoderm
Prosencephalo
n
Prosocoel

Mesencephalo
n, isthumus
Mesocoel
Metencephalo
n
Metacoel

Becomes part of IV ventricle


/

Head
ectoderm

Mesencephalo
n

Forms the cerebellum

Isthmus

Velum
transversum
Semilunar
ganglion

the neural plate


With median
vesicle and lateral
out pocketing on
each side
Close proximity to
head ectoderm
Floor of the
diecephalon
Cavity of
prosencephalon

Seperates mid
from hind brain

Dorsal wall of the


forebrain
Close to body and
myelencephalon
Lateral to
meyelencephalon
, above anterior
cardinal vein
Attached to the
otic vesicles and
anterior cardinal
veins
Lateral to
myelencephalon
On both sides of

Mesencephalon

Mesocoel
Rhombencephal
on
Metacoel
Spinal cord
Myelencephalon
Myelocoel
Spinal cord
Central canal

Mid brain

Hind brain

Mesencephalo
n

Telencephalon

Diencephalon

Telencephalon

Auditory

ganglion

the
myelencephalon

vesicles

Other notes

Anterior

Posterior

Proximal wall:
thickened
splachnic
mesoderm
Dorsal wall:
somatopleure
Connect ventricle
to ventral aorta
Fuses with
endocardium to
form the heart
wall
Connects heart to
the foregut

Ventral aorta

Ventricle

Heart
Structures

Amnio-cardiac
vesicle

24
hr

33
hr

48
hr

72
hr

Bulbus
arteriosus

Fate

Gives rise to the amnion and heart

Persists

Epimyocardiu
m

Heart wall
Gives rise to epicardium (Heart
covering) and myocardium (Heart
muscles)

Isthmus

Persists

Ventricle

Persists

Atrium
Sinus venosus

/
/

/
/

/
/

Forms the auricles


Persists
Digestive

Structures

24
hr

33
hr

48
hr

72
hr

Fate

Foregut

Persists

Oral plate

Breaks to form opening of the mouth

Subgerminal
cavity
Anterior
intestinal
portal
Midgut
Stromodeum
Preoral gut

Give rise to the midgut

/
/
/

Other notes
Beneath the
neural plate
In contact with
the floor of the
foregut and
ectoderm of the
head
Beneath the
hypoblast

Incorporated to the yolk stalk

Beneath the
foregut

Forms the buccal cavity

Opens to the yolk


Beneath the
foregut
Seperated from

Forms the mouth

Bulbus
arteriosus
Ventricle
Atrium

Sinus venosus
Vitelline veins

Anterior

Posterior

Preoral gut

Midgut

Foregut
Subcephalic
cavity

Hindgut

Atrium

Foregut

pharynx by oral
plate
Laryngotrache
al groove
Esophagus
Liver
diverticulum

Develops into the larynx, trachea and


lung buds
Persists
Forms the liver and other internal
organs

Duodenum

Persists

Hindgut

Forms the small intestines and cloaca

Caudal
intestinal
portal

disappears

48
hr

72
hr

Dorsal to the gut


Has caudal and
cranial rudiment
Continuous with
the foregut
Continuous with
the midgut

Cranial liver
rudiment
midgut

Caudal
intestinal portal

Opens to the yolk

Caudal
intestinal
portal

Tail bud

Fate

Other notes

Anterior

Posterior

Pronephros (Anterior)
Mesonephros and metanephros
(posterior)

Between somites
and lateral plate
mesoderm
Lateral to
descending aorta
Medial to
mesonephric
tubule rudiment
Opening of the
mesonephric
tubule to the
coelom

Coelom

Mesonephric
tubules

Anterior

Posterior

Excretory
Structures

24
hr

33
hr

Nephrotome

Mesonephric
ducts

Forms the mesonephric kidneys

Nephostome

Persists

48
hr

72
hr

Blood vessels
Structures

24
hr

33
hr

Fate

Sinus
terminalis

Gives rise to terminal blood vessels

Blood islands

Forms first blood cells and vessels

Anterior
cardinal veins

Dorsal aorta

Persists

Persists

Other notes
Part of area opaca
vasculosa
Part of area opaca
vasculosa
Lateral to the
mesencephalon
Dorsal to pharynx

Cardinal veins
Descending
aorta
Omphalomesent
eric arteries

Ventral aorta

Persists

aortic arches

Persists

Carotid loop

Persists

Internal carotid
arteries

Persists

Dorsal
intersegmente
d arteries

Persists

Between spinal
cord and somites

Seperates into postcardinal (Dorsal)


and common cardinal (Ventra)

Common cardinal
attached to sinus
venosus

48
hr

72
hr

Cardinal veins

Below phaynx
Connects dorsal
to ventral aorta
Extension of the
1st aortic arches
Extending from
the carotid loop
alongside the
forebrain
Medial to optic
cups

Other structure
Structures

24
hr

Area opaca
Vitellina

33
hr

Fate

Other notes

Vasculated by the splanchnic


mesoderm

Area pellucida

Ectoderm and mesoderm

Prechordal
plate

Forms the head mesenchyme

Notochord

Coelom

Direct contact
with the yolk
Directly over the
subgerminal
cavity
Consists of outer
epiblast and inner
hypoblast
Between foregut
and neural plate
Between foregut
and neural plate
In between the
delaminated
splanchnic and
somatic
mesoderm

Hensens node
Primitive pit
Lens placodes
Otic vesicle

/
/

Does not persist

Becomes the body cavity

/
/
/

Invaginate to form notochord


/

Forms Eye lens


Forms Inner ear, and endolymphatic

Anterior

Posterior

Area opaca

Area opaca

Head
mesenchyme
Prechordal
plate

Notochord
Hensens node

Notochord
Hensens node

Primitive streak
Primitive groove

duct
Thyroid
rudiment

Forms the thyroid gland

Mandibular arc

Forms the jaws

Maxillary arc

Forms the maxilla

Forms the hypophyis

Persists

Forms the tail

Rathkes
pouch
Transverse
septum
Tail bud

Ventral
diverticulum of
the pharynx
Bears 1st aortic
arch
On either side of
the rathkes
pouch
Dorsal to
stromodeum
Connection of the
isthmus
Ceudal end of the
embryo

stromodeum
stomodeum

notochord

Area vitellina