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Concrete Aggregates

Materials Anon

What are aggregates?

Aggregates are simply any collection of rocks. In the aggregates industry, these rocks are classified as crushed stone, sand, and gravel.

We

use

aggregates every day. Streets, bridges, roads and

sidewalks are made of concrete or asphalt which is mostly made up of aggregates combined with a binder that acts like glue. Concrete is used in foundations and basements for houses. Other buildings sometimes use concrete throughout their structures.

Aggregates and Cement

In a combination with aggregate and cement, the proportion of how certain materials are mixed will control many aspects that include:

Suitable workability & placeability of fresh mass, adequate strength & durability of hardened product and minimum cost of the final product

Exampled of Water Through Porous Concrete

Exampled of Water Through Porous Concrete

The Main Functions of Aggregates

To provide a mass of particles which are suitable to resist the action of applied loads & show better durability then cement paste alone.

To reduce volume changes resulting from setting & hardening process & from moisture changes during drying.

Natural and Artificial Aggregates

Natural aggregate: Native deposits with no change in their natural state other than washing, crushing & grading. (sand, gravel, crush stone)

Artificial aggregates: They are obtained either as a by- product or by a special manufacturing process such as heating. (manufacturing of industrial sludge or marine clay).

Types of Aggregate Rocks

Igneous rocks:

lava. (granite)

are formed by solidification of molten

Sedimentary

rocks:

are

obtained

by

deposition

of

weathered & transported pre-existing rocks or solutions.

(limestone) Metamorphic

rocks:

are

formed

under

high

heat &

pressure alteration of either igneous & sedimentary rocks (marble).

Fine Aggregate

Sand and/or crushed stone

Fine Aggregate • Sand and/or crushed stone

Coarse Aggregate

Gravel and crushed stone . We used this type of aggregate in our class experiment of porpous concrete mixtures.

Coarse Aggregate • Gravel and crushed stone . We used this type of aggregate in our

Conclusion

In Civil Engineering aggregates play

a

major

role

in

structural development, mainly because they may be apart of the initial foundation of a building. They are also very important in mixtures with cement paste, in order to develop variations of concrete whether porous or normal.

References

Mamlouk, Michael S., and John P. Zaniewski. Materials for Civil and Construction Engineers. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.

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