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2014

18791958
80

1997

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27

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2008
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20105

John JacksonWilliam Crotty

consensual society
bipartisan diplomacy

2005

Fisher Ames

1
2

John Jackson and William Crotty, The Politics of Presidential Selection, (NY: Addison-Wesley),
2001, pp. 68-96
Alexis de Tocqueville

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populism

due process of law

public
choice

200111915
plebiscitary democracy
totalitarian democracydeliberative democracy

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1981

pro-choicepro-life

tyranny of majority

les Verts
19972002la Gauche plurielle
Dominique Voynet

rent
seeking

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Pierre Pactet

Pierre Pactet, Institutions politiques et droit constitutionnel, (Paris: Masson), 1992, pp. 143-145. Maurice Duverger

2000pp. 62-76

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parlementarisme rationalis
1958

6
7

1997121711
20007615

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68

2000
2008

frequent and regular


electionsmidterm election

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judicial review

1978

1962
1983

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political corruption

2002

2001

UMP
due paying members
20022007

party realignment
9

19921995240
Le Monde, Edition Internationale, 30.06.2001, p.1.
2004

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10

1800Federalists
1840William Harrison1820James Monroe2311

1860

1978
2002

10

11


10
11

200012215
2004

vote transfer
7%

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ISBN 978-957-11-8088-5 ()
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