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Intext Quotation

Intext Citation

Behaviorism
General Overview

Behavorism rejected
prior psychological
ideas which proposed
that researchers
should access the
conscious and
unconscious aspects
of the mind to
understand human
functioning. (Winsor,
Murrell, Jackson,
2015 p. 30)

Winsor, D. L, Murrell,
V.S, & MagunJackson, S. (2015).
Lifespan
development: An
educational
psychology
perspective. Boston,
MA: Pearson
Learning Solutions.

Classical Conditioning
Process

The concept of
classical conditioning
was developed in
1904 by a Russian
phycologist named
Ivan Pavolov.
(Winsor, Murrell,
Jackson, 2015 p.32)

Winsor, D. L, Murrell,
V.S, & MagunJackson, S. (2015).
Lifespan
development: An
educational
psychology
perspective. Boston,
MA: Pearson
Learning Solutions.

Watson Findings

John Watson was an


American who
applied the principles
of classical
conditioning in an
experiment known as
the Little Albert
Experiment. (Winsor,
Murrell, Jackson,
2015 p. 33)

Winsor, D. L, Murrell,
V.S, & MagunJackson, S. (2015).
Lifespan
development: An
educational
psychology
perspective. Boston,
MA: Pearson
Learning Solutions.

Operant Conditioning

Operant conditioning
refers to the control of
an individuals
voluntary response;
and place emphases
on an individuals
actions. (Winsor,
Murrell, Jackson,
2015 p. 34)

Winsor, D. L, Murrell,
V.S, & MagunJackson, S. (2015).
Lifespan
development: An
educational
psychology
perspective. Boston,
MA: Pearson
Learning Solutions.

Notes

Intext Quotation

Intext Citation

Reinforcement

Anything that
strengthens or
increases the
likelihood that a
behavior will
continue. (Winsor,
Murrell, Jackson,
2015 p. 34)

Winsor, D. L, Murrell,
V.S, & MagunJackson, S. (2015).
Lifespan
development: An
educational
psychology
perspective. Boston,
MA: Pearson
Learning Solutions.

Punishment

Anything that might


weaken or diminish
the likelihood that a
behavior will
continue. (Winsor,
Murrell, Jackson,
2015 p. 35)

Winsor, D. L, Murrell,
V.S, & MagunJackson, S. (2015).
Lifespan
development: An
educational
psychology
perspective. Boston,
MA: Pearson
Learning Solutions.

Schedules of
Reinforcement

There are two types


of schedules
continuous and
intermittent
schedules. (Winsor,
Murrell, Jackson,
2015 p. 36)

Winsor, D. L, Murrell,
V.S, & MagunJackson, S. (2015).
Lifespan
development: An
educational
psychology
perspective. Boston,
MA: Pearson
Learning Solutions.

Social Learning
Theory

This perspective
involves the
interaction between
individuals and
others. (Winsor,
Murrell, Jackson,
2015 p. 36)

Winsor, D. L, Murrell,
V.S, & MagunJackson, S. (2015).
Lifespan
development: An
educational
psychology
perspective. Boston,
MA: Pearson
Learning Solutions.

Bandura Findings

Bandura argues that

Winsor, D. L, Murrell,

Notes

Learned Helplessness

Intext Quotation

Intext Citation

reinforcement does
not lead to learning.
(Winsor, Murrell,
Jackson, 2015 p. 38)

V.S, & MagunJackson, S. (2015).


Lifespan
development: An
educational
psychology
perspective. Boston,
MA: Pearson
Learning Solutions.

Learned helplessness
develops when an
individual responds
passively to an
adverse stimulus
rather than escaping
and avoiding it.
(Winsor, Murrell,
Jackson, 2015 p.39)

Winsor, D. L, Murrell,
V.S, & MagunJackson, S. (2015).
Lifespan
development: An
educational
psychology
perspective. Boston,
MA: Pearson
Learning Solutions.

Notes