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How

do the roots
help plants
survive?

Anchor the plant


and absorb water
and nutrients

How do stems help


Carries water,
plants survive? minerals, and food
What type of soil
stays moist the
best?

humus

What will most


likely happen if Some organisms in
runoff water from a the pond food web
farm goes into a
will disappear
pond ecosystem?

land


ocean
Earlier time

ocean


land

Later time

What caused the


changes to the
land?
During which
process are pieces
of rock material
being moved over
Earths surface by
water and wind?

Erosion and
deposition

Erosion

What is one
negative effect that Cause erosion,
building houses can destroy animals
have on the
homes and food
environment?
What can form
fossils?

Bones and leaves

_____ properties
include color, size
of particles,
amount of
nutrients, and
ability to retain
water.

Soil

What are two


things that make
up soil?

Dead plants and


animals, rocks,
sand, silt, clay,
water, air, animals

I have 2 igneous
The rock with
rocks. 1 has large
larger crystals
crystals and 1 has
cooled slowly while
small crystals.
the one with small
Describe the
crystals cooled
difference in how
quickly.
these rocks formed

Name one thing


that scientists can
tell from a fossil.

what the
environment was
like, What ancient
plant or animal life
was like, how the
environment, has
changed what the
animal looked like

Which of these is true of


earths surface?

a. The rocks on Earths
surface move, but
they do not change.
b. All landforms on
Earths surface
extend into the
water.
c. Change to Earths
surface always takes
a long time
d. Earths surface is
constantly changing

How were river


valleys formed?

d. Earths surface

is constantly
changing

Flowing rivers

How were
coastlines formed?

Breaking waves

Earths crust moves


How were
and forces rocks
mountains formed?
upward
How were plains
formed?

Flowing lava or
erosion

Erosion or wearing
How were canyons
down of the land
formed?
by wind and water.
How do leaves help
plants survive?

Produces food