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74

Lesson 1: Percent

Classwork

Opening Exercise 1: Matching

Match the percents with the correct sentence clues.

I am half of a half.

5 cubic inches of water filled in a 20 cubic inch bottle.

25%

I am less than

50%

100

The chance of birthing a boy or a girl.

A flip of a coin.

30%

15 out of 50 play drums in a band.

1%

I am equal to 1.

35 question out of 35 questions were answered correctly.

I am more than 1.

Instead of the $1,200 expected to be raised, $3,600 was collected for the

schools fundraiser.

I am a tenth of a tenth.

One penny out of one dollar.

10%

100%

300%

$11 out of $110 earned is saved in the bank.

1

%

2

Lesson 1:

Date:

2013 Common Core, Inc. Some rights reserved. commoncore.org

Percent

12/23/13

S.1

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Lesson 1

74

Opening Exercise 2

Color in the grids to represent the following fractions:

a.

30

b.

100

c.

100

1

3

100

Example 1

Use the definition of the word percent to write each percent as a fraction and then a decimal.

Percent

Fraction

Decimal

37.5%

100%

110%

1%

1

%

2

Lesson 1:

Date:

2013 Common Core, Inc. Some rights reserved. commoncore.org

Percent

12/23/13

S.2

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Lesson 1

74

Example 2

Fill in the chart by converting between a fraction, decimal, and percent. Show your work in the space below.

Fraction

Decimal

Percent

350%

0.025

1

8

Lesson 1:

Date:

2013 Common Core, Inc. Some rights reserved. commoncore.org

Percent

12/23/13

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Lesson 1

74

Read your card to yourself (each student will have a different card) and work out the problem. When the exercise

begins, listen carefully to the questions being read. When you have the card with the equivalent value, respond by

reading your card aloud.

Examples:

0.22 should be read twenty two-hundredths.

1

5

1000

7

300

200

100

Lesson 1:

Date:

2013 Common Core, Inc. Some rights reserved. commoncore.org

Percent

12/23/13

S.4

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Lesson 1

74

Lesson Summary

Percent means per hundred. percent is the same as

100

Usually there are three ways to write a number: a percent, a fraction, and a decimal. Fractions and

decimals are related to the ratio of percent over 100.

Problem Set

1.

a.

b.

c.

d.

90%

0.9%

900%

9

10

2.

3.

100%,

4.

100

, 0.001%,

10

10,000

100

Fill in the chart by converting between a fraction, decimal, and percent. Show work in the space below.

Fraction

Decimal

0.0825

6.25

2

300

0.005

150

100

1

5

2

100

1

%

8

33.3%

3

4

100

Lesson 1:

Date:

Percent

100%

0.055

250%

1

5 %

2

Percent

12/23/13

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Lesson 2

74

Classwork

Opening Exercise

a.

Scenario

Whole Unit

90% of a number is 180.

A bag of candy contains 300 pieces and 25% of the pieces in the bag are red.

Seventy percent (70%) of the students earned a B on the test.

The 20 girls in the class represented 55% of the students in the class.

b.

Read each problem and complete the table to record what you know.

Problem

Part

Percent

Whole

museum. If there are 20 students on the field trip,

how many love the museum?

40% of the students on the field trip love the

museum. If 20 students love the museum, how

many are on the field trip?

there are 40 students on the field trip, what

percent love the museum?

Lesson 2:

Date:

2013 Common Core, Inc. Some rights reserved. commoncore.org

12/23/13

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Lesson 2

74

In Tys math class, 20% of students earned an A on a test. If there were 30 students in the class, how many got an A?

Exercise 1

In Tys art class, 12% of the Flag Day art projects received a perfect score. There were 25 art projects turned in by Tys

class. How many of the art projects earned a perfect score? (Identify the whole.)

Lesson 2:

Date:

2013 Common Core, Inc. Some rights reserved. commoncore.org

12/23/13

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Lesson 2

74

In Tys English class, 70% of the students completed an essay by the due date. There are 30 students in Tys English

class. How many completed the essay by the due date?

A bag of candy contains 300 pieces of which 28% are red. How many pieces are red?

Which quantity represents the whole?

Which of the terms in the percent equation is unknown? Define a letter (variable) to represent the unknown quantity.

Write an expression using the percent and the whole to represent the number of pieces of red candy.

Lesson 2:

Date:

2013 Common Core, Inc. Some rights reserved. commoncore.org

12/23/13

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Lesson 2

74

Exercise 2

A bag of candy contains 300 pieces of which 28% are red. How many pieces are NOT red?

a.

Write an equation to represent the number of pieces that are not red, .

b.

Use your equation to find the number of pieces of candy that are not red.

c.

Jah-Lil told his math teacher that he could use the answer from part (b) and mental math to find the number of

pieces of candy that are not red. Explain what Jah-Lil meant by that.

Example 4: Comparing Part of a Whole to the Whole with the Percent Formula

Zoey inflated 24 balloons for decorations at the middle school dance. If Zoey inflated 15% of the balloons that are

inflated for the dance, how many balloons are there in total? Solve the problem using the percent formula, and verify

your answer using a visual model.

Lesson 2:

Date:

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12/23/13

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Lesson 2

74

Example 5: Finding the Whole given a Part of the Whole and the Corresponding Percent

Haley is making admission tickets to the middle school dance. So far she has made 112 tickets, and her plan is to make

320 tickets. What percent of the admission tickets has Haley produced so far? Solve the problem using the percent

formula, and verify your answer using a visual model.

Lesson 2:

Date:

2013 Common Core, Inc. Some rights reserved. commoncore.org

12/23/13

S.10

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Lesson 2

74

Lesson Summary

Equations can be used to solve percent problems using the basic equation:

= .

Problem Set

1.

Represent each situation using an equation. Check your answer with a visual model or numeric method.

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

f.

2.

Forty percent of the students on a field trip love the museum. If there are 20 students on the field trip, how many

love the museum?

3.

Maya spent 40% of her savings to pay for a bicycle that cost her $85.

4.

5.

a.

b.

How much money does she have left in her savings after buying the bicycle?

Curtis threw 15 darts at a dart board. 40% of his darts hit the bulls-eye. How many darts did not hit the bulls-eye?

A tool set is on sale for $424.15. The original price of the tool set was $499. What percent of the original price is

the sale price?

6.

Matthews total points scored in basketball this season were 168 points. He scored 147 of those points in the

regular season and the rest were scored in his only playoff game. What percent of his total points did he score in

the playoff game?

7.

Brad put 10 crickets in his pet lizards cage. After one day, Brads lizard had eaten 20% of the crickets he had put in

the cage. By the end of the next day, the lizard had eaten 25% of the remaining crickets. How many crickets were

left in the cage at the end of the second day?

Lesson 2:

Date:

2013 Common Core, Inc. Some rights reserved. commoncore.org

12/23/13

S.11

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Lesson 2

74

8.

A furnace used 40% of the fuel in its tank in the month of March, then used 25% of the remaining fuel in the month

of April. At the beginning of March, there were 240 gallons of fuel in the tank. How much fuel (in gallons) was left

at the end of April?

9.

In Lewis County, there were 2,277 student athletes competing in spring sports in 2014. That was 110% of the

number from 2013, which was 90% of the number from the year before. How many student athletes signed up for

a spring sport in 2012?

10. Write a real world word problem that could be modeled by the equation below. Identify the elements of the

percent equation and where they appear in your word problem, and then solve the problem.

57.5 = (250)

Lesson 2:

Date:

2013 Common Core, Inc. Some rights reserved. commoncore.org

12/23/13

S.12

This work is licensed under a

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

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