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Structure of

Matter
Analyze what makes up matter
Compare the different models of an atom.

Structure of Matter
Define
matter

anything that has


mass
_________
and takes
up space

Structure of Matter
What is
matter?

air is matter
water is matter
most of the things
you see, taste,
smell, and touch are
made of matter

Structure of Matter
What isnt
matter?

light
heat
thoughts, feelings,
ideas
these things have no
mass, nor do they take
up space

Structure of Matter
What
makes up
matter?

atoms

Structure of Matter
Define
atom

a particle that makes


up most types of
___________
matter

Structure of Matter
Can matter matter is not created
destroyed
nor
be made or _________
destroyed? ___________, it just
changes into a different
form this is the law of
conservation of
matter

Structure of Matter
Before Lavoisier, people used
matter
to think _________
could
appear and disappear.

Structure of Matter
What was
Daltons
model of an
atom?

the atomic theory of


matter: each type of
matter was made of
only _________
one kind of
atom

Structure of Matter
How small
is an atom?

1 million lined up in a
row would be as thick
as a human hair
(too small to be seen
by a classroom
microscope)

Structure of Matter
What is an
electron?

invisible particles of
an atom with
negative charges

Structure of Matter
What was
Thomsons
model of an
atom?

Thomson thought an
atom was a ball of
______________
positive charges
with negatively
charged electrons in
it

Structure of Matter
What was
Rutherfords
model of an
atom?

Rutherfords model
nucleus
included a ________
with protons inside
and electrons around
the nucleus

Structure of Matter
Define
nucleus

positively charged,
central part of an
atom

Structure of Matter
Define
proton

positively
___________
charged particles in
the nucleus of an
atom

Structure of Matter
How was
James Chadwick, a
the neutron student of Rutherford,
discovered? discovered neutral
particles that gave the
nucleus more mass

Structure of Matter
Define
neutron

neutral particle in the


nucleus of an atom

Structure of Matter
What was
Bohrs
model of an
atom?

Bohrs model indicated


that electrons traveled
in paths around the
nucleus
(lowest energy levels
closest to the nucleus)

Structure of Matter
Modern
Atomic
Model

Electrons travel in an
electron cloud rather
than in paths

Credits
http://
www.ghulmil.com/wp-content/uploads/fluff-of-flower-in-air-wallpape
r.jpg
http://syaefusay.files.wordpress.com/2011/02/water3.jpg
http://www.planet-science.com/umbraco/ImageGen.ashx?image=/
media/65658/nose_78158080.jpg&width=600&constrain=true
http://uic.igc.gulbenkian.pt/images/microscopy/H-7650.JPG
http://i.stack.imgur.com/y13JW.png
http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=Thomson%27s+atomic+
modelimages&qs=n&form=QBIR&pq=thomson%27s+atomic+modeli
mages&sc=0-14&sp=-1&sk=#
view=detail&id=8C58BF5E3E17BA9DAB28A83C513AB09BC1D44
C28&selectedIndex=0
http://www.iun.edu/~
cpanhd/C101webnotes/modern-atomic-theory/images/Rutherfordatom.jpg
http://
scienceblogs.com/startswithabang/files/2010/11/protons-neutronselectrons.jpeg
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_
DZbDcIFlgfo/TMJXcsEuiMI/AAAAAAAAABs/2XDtHGG03Dk/s1600