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ABSTRACT

Through the concept of Ohms Law, resistance and resistivity were differentiated and the relationship
between current (A), voltage (V), and resistance () was established. This notion was applied via the trio
of methods performed in the experiment. First, the resistance of Cu wires with different length, wire size
and diameter, as well as that of a Cu Ni wire with definite parameters, was determined in order to
calculate for the materials resistivity values. The calculated percent error of Cu resistivity was 8.45%
while that of Cu Ni resistivity was 8.49%. Second, through variations of voltage (V) reading with a
constant resistance of 14.00 , several current (A) measurements were noted, leading to the calculation of
percentage errors based on the expected current values. Using the current (A) value with the least
percentage error, the resistance was computed to be 16.6 with an 18.5% error. Lastly, the same set up
was conducted but with varying resistance and current values, keeping the potential difference at 3 V.
Picking the current (A) value with the lowest percentage error, the voltage calculated was 2.72 V with a
percentage error of 9.24%. Therefore, it was recognized that resistance depends on the type, shape and
size of material while resistivity measures resistance per standard length of the resistor per given cross
sectional area. It was also proven that current is directly proportional to voltage but is inversely
proportional to resistance.