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Original Title: 4 1 representing percents

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You are on page 1of 8

Focus on

After this lesson, you

will be able to...

show percents

0% and 1%

show percents

that are greater

than 100%

show percents

involving fractions

percent

means out of 100

another name for

hundredths

65% means 65 out of

65

100 or ____ or 0.65.

100

the percent of the recommended

daily value (RDV) of nutrients the

food contains. By reading these

labels you can make wiser food

choices to help maintain a healthy

lifestyle.

The nutrition label on a certain

brand of grape juice says that one

250-mL glass of juice contains

130% of the RDV of Vitamin C,

2% of the RDV of iron, and 1% of the RDV of sodium. Half a

glass would contain 65% of the RDV of Vitamin C, 1% of the

1 % of the RDV of sodium. You have seen

RDV of iron, and __

2

how to represent a percent like 65% on a grid. How might you

1 %?

use grids to represent 130% or __

2

1. a)

b)

diagram shows 130%.

c)

you shade?

hundred grids

coloured pencils

122

How many squares are shaded?

MHR Chapter 4

04_ML8_Chapter04_10th_B.indd 122

4/9/08 4:22:29 PM

did you shade? What percent of the whole grid do the shaded

squares represent?

b) Shade a hundred grid to show half of your answer to part a).

How many squares did you shade? What percent of the whole

grid do the shaded squares represent?

c) Shade a hundred grid to show half of your answer to part b).

How many squares did you shade? What percent of the whole

grid do the shaded squares represent?

d) How does the type of number represented by the percent value

in part c) differ from the types of numbers in parts a) and b)?

Explain why.

2. a)

3.

to show half of 1%? What percent of the whole grid would

your shaded portion represent?

b) What fraction of a 1% square would you need to shade to

3 %?

represent __

4

c) What fraction of a 1% square would you need to shade to

represent 0.37%?

a)

4.

percent values.

a) percents greater than 100%

b) percents between 0% and 1%

c) percents containing a mixed number greater than 1%

History

Link

term centurion was

used to describe an

officer in the Roman

Legion who was in

charge of 100

soldiers. There was

one centurion per

cent, meaning there

was one centurion

per 100 soldiers.

What other English

words do you know

that include cent?

04_ML8_Chapter04_10th_B.indd 123

123

4/9/08 4:22:33 PM

One completely shaded grid represents 100%. What percent does

each diagram represent?

a)

b)

c)

Solution

a) Each grid is divided into 100 squares. A completely shaded grid

represents 100%.

The first grid is completely shaded. There are 100 squares shaded.

In the second grid, there are three full rows of ten shaded and five

squares shaded in the fourth row. There are 35 squares shaded.

There are a total of 135 squares shaded.

100

35

b)

percent represented is between 0% and 1%. You can zoom in on the

partially shaded square and count the number of shaded parts. The

enlarged diagram shows seven out of a total of ten parts shaded.

7 or 0.7 of 1% of the whole diagram.

The shading represents ___

10

7

10

7 % or 0.7%.

The diagram represents ___

10

124

MHR Chapter 4

04_ML8_Chapter04_10th_B.indd 124

4/9/08 4:22:33 PM

c)

another square.

You can zoom in on the partially shaded square to determine

the fraction that is shaded.

5 shaded.

The enlarged diagram shows __

8

5

The shading represents __ of 1% of the whole diagram.

8

_5

8

5 %.

The diagram represents 42 __

8

each diagram represent?

a)

b)

c)

04_ML8_Chapter04_10th_B.indd 125

125

4/9/08 4:22:33 PM

Represent the percent in each statement on a grid.

a) An orange juice container shows that one 250-mL serving contains

120% of the recommended daily value of Vitamin C.

b) A significant portion of the worlds fresh water is found in Canada,

but Canada has only 0.5% of the worlds population.

3

c) A credit card company charges an interest rate of 18__% on unpaid

4

balances.

Solution

a) Since 120% is greater than 100%, more than one hundred grid

is needed.

You can represent 100% by completely shading one grid. You can

represent 20% by shading 20 squares of a second hundred grid.

fractional percent

b)

a portion of a percent,

1

such as __%, 0.42%,

2

3

3

7__ %, 125__ %, 4.5%

4

8

c)

126

1 , divide the enlarged

square of a hundred grid. Since 0.5 represents __

2

square into two equal sections. Shade one of the two sections.

18__

4

Use one hundred grid.

Shade 18 squares to represent 18%.

3 of another square to represent __

3 %.

Shade __

4

4

MHR Chapter 4

04_ML8_Chapter04_10th_B.indd 126

4/9/08 4:22:34 PM

3

a) 180%

b) 0.6%

c) 12__%

8

called a hundred grid. One completely shaded grid represents 100%.

45%

To represent a percent greater than 100%, shade more than one grid.

170%

of one square.

_1 %

3

from a hundred grid to show the whole number and part of one

square from the grid to show the fraction.

1

75 _ %

3

04_ML8_Chapter04_10th_B.indd 127

127

4/9/08 4:22:34 PM

1.

Use hundred grids and words to describe the similarities and differences

between a percent less than 1%, a percent between 1% and 100%, and a

percent greater than 100%.

You are asked to show a classmate how to use hundred grids to show

243%. How do you explain which squares need shading?

1

b) Explain how you would represent 25__% on a grid.

4

2. a)

3.

if we shaded the parts that were not included in the percent. Explain what

she means. Which percents are easier to show using Shindis method? Why?

5.

pages 124125.

4.

diagram if a completely shaded grid

represents 100%?

a)

percent does each diagram represent?

a)

b)

b)

c)

c)

page 126.

6.

128

1

a) 125%

b) 10 __%

c) 0.4%

2

7

d) 262%

e) __%

f) 45.6%

8

MHR Chapter 4

04_ML8_Chapter04_10th_B.indd 128

4/9/08 4:22:35 PM

7.

on a grid.

a) Attendance at the fall fair increased

by 3.2% this year.

b) The average mass of a Singapura cat is

about 0.13% of the mass of a Siberian

tiger.

c) The length of the Yukon River is about

230% of the length of the Fraser River.

8.

show each of the following percents?

a) 300%

b) 466%

c) 1200%

9.

than 100% might be found in everyday life.

10.

pollution work with percents less than one?

11.

of the land area of Saskatchewan. Use

hundred grids to show how the land area

of Alberta compares with the land area of

Saskatchewan.

12.

the recommended daily value of calcium.

Use a hundred grid to show how many

glasses of milk you would need to drink

to get 100% of the daily value of calcium.

1 to a

Use a calculator to convert __

3

1 % be shown

decimal. How could __

3

using a hundred grid?

b) Why are percents involving repeating

decimals sometimes difficult to show on

a hundred grid?

13. a)

100 squares to represent 100%, how

would you show 0.25%?

b) If 400 squares were used instead of

100 squares to represent 100%, how

would you show 0.75%?

14. a)

15.

to represent a very small percent, such as

0.000 0125%.

16.

100%. The square is divided into

smaller equal-sized pieces.

a) If there are 1000 pieces, what percent

do 17 pieces represent?

b) If there are two large squares each

divided into ten smaller pieces, what

percent do 13 pieces represent?

c) If the large square is divided into eight

smaller pieces, show how to represent

1 %.

1 % and 56__

87__

2

4

MATH LINK

Use hundred grids to represent the following data.

97.5% of Earths Water is Salt Water

Fresh Water

2.5% of Earths Water is

osphere

3

10 % of Fresh Water Found in Lakes and Rivers

04_ML8_Chapter04_10th_B.indd 129

129

4/9/08 4:22:36 PM

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