You are on page 1of 9

IELTSAcademicReadingTaskType4(MatchingInformation)

Activityteachersnotes
Description
A series of activities to introduce, understand and practise task type 4, focusing on
understanding the task, paraphrasing language in the task, doing the task and reflecting
aboutthetaskafterithasbeencompleted.
Timerequired:

70minutes

Additional
materials
required:

exercise1couldbeputonanOHTortheboard

Aims:

toraiseawarenessoftasktype4byfocusingonthequestions,to
practiseparaphrasingtheinformationpoints

sampletaskandquestions(oneisprovidedbutanycanbeused
althoughexercise2wouldneedchangingasappropriate)

todevelopastrategyforthistypeoftaskbasedonpracticeofa
sampletask.

Procedure
1. Handoutthesamplereadingtaskandthequestions.ShowstudentstheTrueFalse
statementsonexercise1eitheronahandout,ontheboardoronanOHT.Students
completethetaskanddiscusstheiranswerswithapartner.
2. Holdaclassdiscussionoftheanswers,clarifyinganypointsasnecessary.Enlarge
on question 5 by explaining more about the two different tasks and what skills are
neededforboth.
3. Explainthatstudentswillneedtoscanforspecificinformationinthistypeoftaskbut
thattheexactwordsoftheitemmaynotappearinthepassage.Insteadtheyshould
scan for words with the same or a similar meaning. Elicit the meaning of
paraphrasinganditspurpose.Handoutexercise2andaskstudentstoquicklymatch
thesentences.Setatimelimitof2minutesandaskfastfinisherstothinkoffurther
synonymsorparaphrasesthatcouldbeused.
4. Holdawholeclasscheckoftheanswers.
5. Explain that the sentences on the left of exercise 2 are the information points that
they need tofind inthe text. Askstudents to dothe task individually.Suggest they
start with reading paragraph A and then look at the possible information points.
Remind students that not all information points are used. Leave the rest of the
techniqueopenatthemomentandletthestudentsworkthroughallthequestions.
6. Askstudentstochecktheiranswersinpairsandthenholdawholeclasscheck.

UCLES2009.Thismaterialmaybephotocopied(withoutalteration)anddistributedforclassroomuseprovidednochargeismade.Forfurther
informationseeourTermsofUseathttp://www.teachers.cambridgeESOL.org/ts/legalinfo

IELTSAcademicReadingTaskType4(MatchingInformation)Activityteachersnotes
www.teachers.cambridgeesol.org
Page1of9

7. Students now reflect on the technique they used to find the answers. Students
explaintotheirpartnerhowtheyfoundtheanswerandwhattheyfounddifficultabout
thistask.
8. Handoutexercise3andaskstudentstocompletethetask.
9. Holdawholeclassdiscussionoftheiranswers,addinganyfurtherhintswhere
appropriate.

UCLES2009.Thismaterialmaybephotocopied(withoutalteration)anddistributedforclassroomuseprovidednochargeismade.Forfurther
informationseeourTermsofUseathttp://www.teachers.cambridgeESOL.org/ts/legalinfo

IELTSAcademicReadingTaskType4(MatchingInformation)Activityteachersnotes
www.teachers.cambridgeesol.org
Page2of9

IELTSAcademicReadingTaskType4(MatchingInformation)
Activityanswerkeys
KeytoExercise1
1. Thetexthasatitlewhichgivesthemaintopicofthetext.
TrueTheMotorCar,thisiswhatthetextisaboutingeneral.
2. Thereareillustrationswiththistextwhichhelpyouunderstandpartsofthetext.
Falsebutinsometextstheremightbeandthiswouldhelpyouunderstandthetext.
3. Therearemoreparagraphsthanquestions.
Truethereare8paragraphsandonly6questionssonoteveryparagraphwillbe
used.
4. Youcanuseaparagraphmorethanonce.
Trueoneparagraphcouldcontaininformationonmorethanonequestionso
alwaysskimreadthroughallthequestionseachtime.
5. ThetaskisthesameasTaskType5MatchingHeadings.
FalsethistaskisaboutlocatingspecificinformationwhereasTaskType5was
matchingsentencescontainingthemainideaofaparagraph.
KeytoExercise2

Acomparisonofpastandpresent
transportationmethods

changesinthetypesoftransportovertime

howdrivinghabitscontributetoroad
problems

thewayinwhichpeopledrivemakesroad
problemsworse

therelativemeritsofcarsandpublic
transport

theadvantagesofbothtrainsandcar

thewriterspredictiononfuturesolutions

howtheauthorthinkstransportproblemswill
besolved

theincreasinguseofmotorvehicles

thegrowthintheamountofkilometresdriven
bycar

theimpactofthecaroncitydevelopment

howthecarhasinfluencedthefeaturesof
cities

UCLES2009.Thismaterialmaybephotocopied(withoutalteration)anddistributedforclassroomuseprovidednochargeismade.Forfurther
informationseeourTermsofUseathttp://www.teachers.cambridgeESOL.org/ts/legalinfo

IELTSAcademicReadingTaskType4(MatchingInformation)Activityanswerkeys
www.teachers.cambridgeesol.org
Page3of9

KeytoExercise3

Thebesttechniqueistoreadthefirstparagraphandthenlookthroughtheinformation
pointstoseeifoneofthemcanbefoundinthefirstparagraph.
Agreebecauseyouarelookingforspecificinformation,itiseasiertoreadaparagraph
andthenlookthroughtheinformationpointstoseeiftheparagraphcontainedanyof
them.
Itisagoodideatorereadthesameparagraphseveraltimestomakesureofyour
answerbeforemovingontothenextparagraph.
Disagreeyouwillwastetimeifyoudothisassomeparagraphsdonotcontainan
informationpoint.Itisbettertocontinueandthencheckyouranswersattheend
Iftheexactsamewordsappearinthetextasinaninformationpoint,thenthismustbe
thecorrectparagraph.
Disagreemorethanoneparagraphmaydealwiththesamegeneralareaasan
informationpointsothewordsmayappearinmorethanoneparagraph.Youneedto
lookfortheinformationnotthewords
Ifyoucannotfindaninformationpointforaparagraphquickly,thenyoushouldmoveon
andcomebacktoitagainlater.
Agreesomeparagraphsdonotcontainaninformationpointsodontspendtoolongon
anyoneparagraph.
Everytimeyouhavereadaparagraph,youmustlookatallinformationpointsagain,
eventhosethatyouthinkyouhavematched.
Agreeyoushouldreadthroughthemquicklyagaintocheckthatyouhaventmadeany
mistakesandkeepanopenmindaboutyouranswersuntilyouhavereadallthe
paragraphs.Thiswillalsohelpyoulearntheinformationpointssobytheendyouknow
whatkindofinformationyouarelookingoutforinthetext.

KeytoSampleTask
14.C
15.F
16.E
17.H
18.A
19.D

UCLES2009.Thismaterialmaybephotocopied(withoutalteration)anddistributedforclassroomuseprovidednochargeismade.Forfurther
informationseeourTermsofUseathttp://www.teachers.cambridgeESOL.org/ts/legalinfo

IELTSAcademicReadingTaskType4(MatchingInformation)Activityanswerkeys
www.teachers.cambridgeesol.org
Page4of9

IELTSAcademicReadingTaskType4(MatchingInformation)
ActivityStudentsWorksheet
Exercise1
LookatthetextandanswerTrueorFalseforeachstatement:
1. Thetexthasatitlewhichgivesthemaintopicofthetext

TrueFalse

2. Thereareillustrationswhichhelpyouunderstandpartsofthetext

TrueFalse

3. Therearemoreparagraphsthanquestions

TrueFalse

4. Youcanuseaparagraphmorethanonce

TrueFalse

5. ThetaskisthesameasTaskType5MatchingHeadings

TrueFalse

Exercise2
Lookatthefollowinginformationpointsontheleft.Canyoumatcheachonewiththe
sentencewiththesamemeaningontheright?
acomparisonofpastandpresent
transportationmethods

theadvantagesofbothtrainsandcars

howdrivinghabitscontributetoroad
problems

howtheauthorthinkstransportproblemswill
besolved

therelativemeritsofcarsandpublic
transport

thegrowthintheamountofkilometresdriven
bycar

thewriterspredictiononfuturesolutions

howthecarhasinfluencedthefeaturesof
cities

theincreasinguseofmotorvehicles

changesinthetypesoftransportovertime

theimpactofthecaroncitydevelopment

thewayinwhichpeopledrivemakesroad
problemsworse

UCLES2009.Thismaterialmaybephotocopied(withoutalteration)anddistributedforclassroomuseprovidednochargeismade.Forfurther
informationseeourTermsofUseathttp://www.teachers.cambridgeESOL.org/ts/legalinfo

IELTSAcademicReadingTaskType4(MatchingInformation)ActivityStudents Worksheet
www.teachers.cambridgeesol.org
Page5of9

Exercise3
Thinkaboutthesampletaskthatyouhavejustdone.Readthesentencesbelowandanswer
AgreeorDisagreeforeachstatement.
Thebesttechniqueistoreadthefirstparagraphandthenlook
throughtheinformationpointstoseeifoneofthemcanbefoundin
thefirstparagraph

AgreeDisagree

Itisagoodideatorereadthesameparagraphseveraltimesto
makesureofyouranswerbeforemovingontothenextparagraph

AgreeDisagree

Iftheexactsamewordsappearinthetextasinaninformation
point,thenthismustbethecorrectparagraph

AgreeDisagree

Ifyoucannotfindaninformationpointforaparagraphquickly,then
youshouldmoveonandcomebacktoitagainlater

AgreeDisagree

Everytimeyouhavereadaparagraph,youmustlookatall
informationpointsagain,eventhosethatyouthinkyouhave
matched.

AgreeDisagree

UCLES2009.Thismaterialmaybephotocopied(withoutalteration)anddistributedforclassroomuseprovidednochargeismade.Forfurther
informationseeourTermsofUseathttp://www.teachers.cambridgeESOL.org/ts/legalinfo

IELTSAcademicReadingTaskType4(MatchingInformation)ActivityStudents Worksheet
www.teachers.cambridgeesol.org
Page6of9

IELTSAcademicReadingTaskType4(MatchingInformation)
ActivitySampleTask

Therearenowover700millionmotorvehiclesintheworldandthenumberisrising
bymorethan40millioneachyear.Theaveragedistancedrivenbycarusersis
growingtoofrom8kmadayperpersoninwesternEuropein1965to25kmadayin
1995.Thisdependenceonmotorvehicleshasgivenrisetomajorproblems,including
environmentalpollution,depletionofoilresources, trafficcongestionandsafety.

Whileemissionsfromnewcarsarefarlessharmfulthantheyusedtobe,citystreets
andmotorwaysarebecomingmorecrowdedthanever,oftenwitholdertrucks,buses
andtaxiswhichemitexcessivelevelsofsmokeandfumes.Thisconcentrationof
vehiclesmakesairqualityinurbanareasunpleasantandsometimesdangerousto
breathe.EvenMoscowhasjoinedthelistofcapitalsafflictedbycongestionand
trafficfumes.InMexicoCity,vehiclepollutionisamajorhealthhazard.

Untilahundredyearsago,mostjourneyswereinthe20kmrange,thedistance
convenientlyaccessiblebyhorse.Heavyfreightcouldonlybecarriedbywateror
rail.Inventionofthemotorvehiclebroughtpersonalmobilitytothemassesandmade
rapidfreightdeliverypossibleoveramuchwiderarea.IntheUnitedKingdom,about
90percentofinlandfreightiscarriedbyroad.Theworldcannotreverttothehorse
drawnwagon.Canitavoidbeinglockedintocongestedandpollutingwaysof
transportingpeopleandgoods?

InEuropemostcitiesarestilldesignedfortheoldmodesoftransport.Adaptationto
themotorcarhasinvolvedaddingringroads,onewaysystemsandparkinglots.In
theUnitedStates,morelandisassignedtocarusethantohousing.Urbansprawl
meansthatlifewithoutacarisnexttoimpossible.Massuseofmotorvehicleshas
alsokilledorinjuredmillionsofpeople. Othersocialeffectshavebeenblamedonthe
carsuchasalienationandaggressivehumanbehaviour.

A1993studybytheEuropeanFederationforTransportandEnvironmentfoundthat
cartransportisseventimesascostlyasrailtravelintermsoftheexternalsocialcosts
itentailscongestion,accidents,pollution,lossofcroplandandnaturalhabitats,
depletionofoilresources,andsoon.Yetcarseasilysurpasstrainsorbusesasa
flexibleandconvenientmodeofpersonaltransport.Itisunrealistictoexpectpeople
togiveupprivatecarsinfavourofmasstransit.

UCLES2009.Thismaterialmaybephotocopied(withoutalteration)anddistributedforclassroomuseprovidednochargeismade.Forfurther
informationseeourTermsofUseathttp://www.teachers.cambridgeESOL.org/ts/legalinfo

IELTSAcademicReadingTaskType4(MatchingInformation)ActivitySampleTask
www.teachers.cambridgeesol.org
Page7of9

Technicalsolutionscanreducethepollutionproblemandincreasethefuelled
efficiencyofengines.Butfuelconsumptionandexhaustemissionsdependonwhich
carsarepreferredbycustomersandhowtheyaredriven.Manypeoplebuylarger
carsthantheyneedfordailypurposesorwastefuelbydrivingaggressively.Besides,
globalcaruseisincreasingatafasterratethantheimprovementinemissionsandfuel
efficiencywhich technologyisnowmakingpossible.

Somearguethattheonlylongtermsolutionistodesigncitiesandneighbourhoodsso
thatcarjourneysarenotnecessary allessentialservicesbeinglocatedwithin
walkingdistanceoreasilyaccessiblebypublictransport.Notonlywouldthissave
energyandcutcarbondioxideemissions,itwouldalsoenhancethequalityof
communitylife,puttingtheemphasisonpeopleinsteadofcars.Goodlocal
governmentisalreadybringingthisaboutinsomeplaces.Butfewdemocratic
communitiesareblessedwiththevision andthecapital tomakesuchprofound
changesinmodernlifestyles.

Amorelikelyscenarioseemstobeacombinationofmasstransitsystemsfortravel
intoandaroundcities,withsmalllowemissioncarsforurbanuseandlargerhybrid
orleanburncarsforuseelsewhere.Electronicallytolledhighwaysmightbeusedto
ensurethatdriverspaychargesgearedtoactualroaduse.Betterintegrationof
transportsystemsisalsohighlydesirableandmademorefeasiblebymodern
computers.Butthesearesolutionsforcountrieswhichcanaffordthem.Inmost
developingcountries,oldcarsandoldtechnologiescontinuetopredominate

UCLES2009.Thismaterialmaybephotocopied(withoutalteration)anddistributedforclassroomuseprovidednochargeismade.Forfurther
informationseeourTermsofUseathttp://www.teachers.cambridgeESOL.org/ts/legalinfo

IELTSAcademicReadingTaskType4(MatchingInformation)ActivitySampleTask
www.teachers.cambridgeesol.org
Page8of9

Questions1419

SamplePassage7haseightparagraphslabelledAH.

Whichparagraphscontainsthefollowinginformation?

WritethecorrectletterAHinboxes1419onyouranswersheet.
NB

Youmayuseanylettermorethanonce.

14

acomparisonofpastandpresenttransportationmethods

15

howdrivinghabitscontributetoroadproblems

16

therelativemeritsofcarsandpublictransport

17

thewriterspredictiononfuturesolutions

18

theincreasinguseofmotorvehicles

19

theimpactofthecaroncitydevelopment

UCLES2009.Thismaterialmaybephotocopied(withoutalteration)anddistributedforclassroomuseprovidednochargeismade.Forfurther
informationseeourTermsofUseathttp://www.teachers.cambridgeESOL.org/ts/legalinfo

IELTSAcademicReadingTaskType4(MatchingInformation)ActivitySampleTask
www.teachers.cambridgeesol.org
Page9of9