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W = Weight per unit length of conductor (kg)

T = Tension in the conductor (kg)

Let the cordinatioin of P are x, y and assuming that at small length of OP = x

a) The weight (w, kg) w.x of conductor acting at a distance x/2 from O

b) The working tension T (kN) acting at point O

Moment's equation of above two forces about point O, we get:

T y w x

x

2

w x2

2T

Saftety factor

The maximum dip (sag) is represented by the value of y at either of support A and B.

At support A:

x = l/2

Sag,

and y = S

w(l /2) 2

wl2

S

2T

8T

L=

W=

ultimate strenght =

safety factor =

T=

S=

90 m

660 kg/km

38.4 kN

1.5

25.6 kN

2609.58 kg

0.26 m

260 m

680 kg/km

3100 kg

2

1550 kg

15.21 kN

3.71 m

40

0.01506

38.4

2.56

1.18

th (kN )

or

m

kg/km

kg

kg

kN

m

2)

L=

W=

T=

h=

x1 =

x2 =

Weight per unit length of conductor (kg)

Tension in the conductor (kg)

different in levels between two supports

Distance of support at higher level

Distance of support at lower level

a) The weight (w, kg) w.x of conductor acting at a distance x/2 from O

b) The working tension T (kN) acting at point O

from the previous Moment's equation, we get:

w x2

y

2T

1kg = 1000/9.81 kN

x1 + x2 = l

Sag at x1,

Saftety factor

S1

w x12

8T

S2

w x22

8T

w

w

x22 x12

( x2 x1 )( x2 x1 )

2T

2T

wl

S 2 S1 h

( x2 x1 )

2T

2T h

( x2 x1 )

wl

S 2 S1

x1

3)

l T h

2 wl

x2

l

T h

2

wl

by neglecting the ice loading, then total weight of conductor per unit length is:

wt

S

w2 ww2

tan

ww

w

wt l 2

8T

VS S Cos

aftety factor

Example:

Conductor 150 mm

weight (kg/m) =

pole span

x1(m) =

60

x2 (m) =

Allowable sag for overhead line

S1(m) =

Wind velocity (m/s)

32

diameter of conductor (mm)

wind pressure (Pa) =

680

20

The maximum tension of conductors is

P = T2 - T1cos30 =

0

N

0.66

60

2.0

Wt =

T1 =

T2 =

S2 (m) =

14

9,256

9,256

2.0

max. sag =

N

N

N

0

3.3%

Design Data

Component

Cylindrical concrete pole

Rectangular concrete pole

Square

Narrow face to wind

Wide face to wind

Crossarms

Insulators

Conductor

Transformer and Similar items

conductor data

Cross sectional area (mm)

Overall outside diamter (mm)

Stranding (No/mm)

Weight (kg/km)

Ultimate tensile strenght (kN)

425

900

800

425

800

800

600

680

900

value

240

20

19/4

660

38.4

185

17.57

19/3.51

508.5

29.9

150

70

Design Condition:

Allowable sag for overhead line =

Wind pressure =

Wind velocity =

5.0%

680

32

Overall conductor diameter (mm)

Ultimate tensile strenght (Breaking load) (kN)

Weight of conductor (kg/km)

Pole Span

S1 (m)

S2 (m)

40

40

45

45

50

50

55

55

60

60

65

65

70

70

75

75

80

80

85

85

90

90

95

95

100

100

105

105

110

110

115

115

120

120

125

125

130

130

135

135

140

140

145

145

150

150

Tension on Pole

T1 (kN)

T2 (kN)

0.198

0.198

0.223

0.223

0.248

0.248

0.272

0.272

0.297

0.297

0.322

0.322

0.347

0.347

0.371

0.371

0.396

0.396

0.421

0.421

0.446

0.446

0.470

0.470

0.495

0.495

0.520

0.520

0.545

0.545

0.569

0.569

0.594

0.594

0.619

0.619

0.644

0.644

0.668

0.668

0.693

0.693

0.718

0.718

0.743

0.743

Pa

m/s

240

deg 45

P (kN)

0.0580

0.0652

0.0725

0.0797

0.0870

0.0942

0.1015

0.1087

0.1160

0.1232

0.1305

0.1377

0.1450

0.1522

0.1595

0.1667

0.1740

0.1812

0.1885

0.1957

0.2030

0.2102

0.2175

185

150

20

38.4

0.66

70

35

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