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# Cones

## & Cylinders Math Lab

Summary: Integrate Harry Potter themes into some great geometry
TEACHER NOTES AND SUPPLIES
Supplies: notebook paper and examples of cones, cylinders, and nets
Supplies: chart paper, measuring tape, calculator, drawing paper,
scissors, and straight-edge
Notes: Review mean, median, mode
Discuss what a prototype is
Discuss perspective (top, bottom, side)
Supplies: cans of fruit, vegetables, soda, etc. paper towel rolls,
Notes: Discuss appropriateness
3-D
Perspective (top, bottom, side)
Radius, diameter, circumference, lateral surface area
Supplies: paper plates, scissors, compass, protractor, calculator, tape,
scales & weights, rice, and graph paper
Notes: Discuss how to find the exact middle of the paper plate.
Review how to draw angles
Review converting fractions to decimals to percents
Review x and y-axis
Review what are appropriate intervals
Review volume
Supplies: notebook paper

Supplies: notebook paper and worksheets from previous tasks
Notes: Review the parts of a friendly letter
CONES & CYLINDERS MATH LAB
You have been employed by Cooks Chapeau & Cloak Shoppe on Diagon
Alley to create prototypes for the next school year at Hogwarts. Mr.
Ollivander is getting ready to retire and he has asked that you take over the
You will have several tasks to complete. You will need to create a net for
a witch or wizards hat (cone), a net for a childs size wand (cylinder), and
to determine what is the best cost efficient size for a students cauldron.
We will gather data for hat sizes together in class, but you will need to
record all of the data on your report form.
CONES and CYLINDERS. Think about where you see them, how they are
used, etc. Make sure to consider each shape as if it were rotated,
translated, or reflected.
After you have completed your list, create a working definition of a net.
Discuss your definition with the others at your table to see if you need to
make any revisions. When you are satisfied with the definition, discuss
where and why nets are used in a real world setting.
TASK TWO: HATS AND HAT SIZES
You will need to record your classmates head size (circumference in cm)
from the chart paper. Next, take the raw data and organize it in order from
least to greatest or greatest to least. After your have organized the data,
determine what the mean, median, and mode is for the class.
Why would these statistics be needed to determine a prototype? Would you
consider the mean, the median, or the mode? Why?
Birthday party hats, New Years Eve party hats and snow cone cups are
cones without bases. DRAW the cone in three different perspectives (top,
bottom, and side). If we cut a party hat and lay it flat, what shape would it
be? Use a straight cut line on the cone from bottom to top. The cut that you
are making will represent the slant height. The point at the top is called the
apex.

Open it up and lay it flat. What do you observe? LABEL the slant height of
the cone.
CALCULATE what the area of the base would be if it existed.
Labels from a soup can or a paper towel roll are cylinders without bases.
Your task is to work backwards and create a net for a wand. Brainstorm
what would be an
appropriate length and circumference for the wand so it can be easily held
and still remain lightweight. Once you have created your 3-D prototype,
draw the wand in three different perspectives (top, bottom, and side views).
Next, open the wand and lay it flat. What shapes make up a cylinder? On
your wand model, LABEL the radius and diameter of the bases. What is the
circumference for each circle base? COMPUTE the lateral surface area for
the wand. Explain the relationship of the circular bases to the lateral
surface. Does it make a difference where the circle shapes are located on
the net?
For this experiment you will need paper plates, scissors, a compass and a
protractor to make various sizes of cauldron prototypes. The cauldron will
be an inverted cone. After you have created the cones, you will be doing
some calculating and measuring.
Take a paper plate and find the exact middle. What are some strategies or
techniques that might be used to accomplish this task?
Draw a radius line from the midpoint to the edge of the plate. Use your
protractor and draw the angle on the paper plate. Cut out the angle and
save both pieces. Carefully tape one of the pie pieces on the cut lines to
make a cone. Do NOT overlap edges when you are taping. This will cause
a measurement error later. Tape the cone on both sides for support.
After you have made the cones, stop and complete the table.
ANGLE In degrees FRACTION OF THE CIRCLE DECIMAL FORM
PERCENT FORM ANGLE In degrees FRACTION OF THE CIRCLE
DECIMAL FORM PERCENT FORM
30 330
45 315
60 300
90 270
120 240

135 225
150 210
180 180
225 135
270 90
What was the circumference for the paper plate before you did any cutting?
Which cone was the most difficult to construct? Why?
MEASUREMENT
Once you are sure your cones will support weight, get a scale and gram
stackers. Fill each cone with rice and record the weight in grams.
GRAPHING
A. The fraction of the circle will be the TITLE for the x-axis (horizontal). Be
sure the scale is correct. Hint! Look at the denominators.
B. The volume will be the TITLE for the y-axis (vertical).
C. Should you connect the dot plots? Why or why not?
D. Make three observations based on the results of the graph.
E. In your opinion, which cauldron would be the most cost efficient to
mass- produce for the students at Hogwarts?
Reflect on the four tasks you have completed thus far. Using a T-chart
format, make a list of the problems you had in the left column. In the right
column, describe how you solved your problems.
Write a friendly letter to Professor Dumbledore describing your
recommendations for the school supplies of hats, wands, and cauldrons.
Support your recommendations using the data you gathered while
completing the five tasks. Dont forget to include vocabulary, formulas, and