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ASME B 31.1 & ASME B 31.3 CODE COMPARISON CHART


PipingStudy

ASME B31.1-POWER PIPING


B31.3useshigherallowablestressvaluesthanB31.1(B31.1usesan
allowableofapprox117MPaforA53BwhereasB31.3usesabout137MPa
).

ASME B 31.3-PROCESS PIPING


forthesamematerialASMEB31.3usesrelativelyless
allowablestresses

B31.1hasanSIFonreducers.

B31.3doesntuseSIFsonreducers

B31.1includestorsionalstressesinsustaincaseloading.

B31.3neglecttorsioninsustaincaselaoding

B31.1explicitlydefinescalculationmethodsforsustainedandoccasional B31.3calculationmethodsareundefinedforsustained
loads
B31.1Codeallowablestressisbaseduponafactorofsafetyof4
theB31.1CodehasanarrowscopePowerPlantsandDistrictHeating
Plants.Itfocusesonthesteamwaterloop.
B31.1ontheotherisabout40years.

andoccasionalloads
B31.3Codeallowablestressisbaseduponafactorof
safetyof3
B31.3hasthegreatestwidthofscopeofanyB31Pressure
PipingCode.ThatiswhyB31.3createdseveralfluid
services,eachwithspecificrules.
B31.3plantsgenerallyhaveaplantlifeofofabout20to30
years.

B31.1Powercodeisdesignedtohaveahigherreliabilitysincesafetyof

B31.3Processcode,withalowerfactorofsafetyrelatively,

thousandpeopleandindustrieswillbeaected.

alowerreliabilitycanbetolerated

wedontcomputeSIFseparatelyinB31.1,forexampleinB31.1doesnot
recognizeextrudedweldingteenorweldolet.Ifitsconsideredthen
validityofusingtheSIFfromB31.3.
B31.1usesasimplifiedoneSIFapproach(themaximum)forinandout

InB31.3theSIFarecomputedseparatelyforeach
component
B31.3usestwoseparatevalues.TheB31.3Codeappliesthe

plane.IntheB31.1Code,theSIFusedistheLARGERofthetwo(inplane inplaneSIFtotheInplanemomentandtheoutofplane
ascomparedtooutofplane)andthislargerSIFisappliedtobothofthe

SIFtotheoutofplanemoment(allSIFscalculatedper

bendingmomentsoccuringaboutmutuallyperpendiculataxes.

AppendicesDofbothCodes).

B31.1simplywarnsdeteriouseectofthecorrosionwhenjoinedincyclic
loadings.

B31.3instructtheusertoremovetheCorrosionAllowance
fromtheZbeforemakingsustainedandoccasionalstress
calculations.

3/23/2016 1:08 AM

difference ASME B31.1 AND B31.3 - Piping Study

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http://www.pipingstudy.com/difference-asme-b311-and-b313.html

Notes:
1) ASME B31.1 is written similer and it stays parallel with Section I of the ASME B&PV Code on most issues.
2) ASME B31.1 & ASME B31.3 ,both Codes spell out thier intended scopes and their rules are "valid" for the
intended scope.ASME B31 Pressure Piping Codes are "voluntary consensus Codes". When a local building
Code (which is the law -jurisdiction ) requires the use of one of the B31 Codes, Only then does it have "the
force of law".Always check with your local juridiction to see what piping Code is REQUIRED by the law.
3) Code in words dont speak of factor of safety as 4 or 3 ,for exapmle:The basic allowable stress S in B31.3
is typically based on lesser of one third tensile strength and two thirds yield strength. So the 1/3 tensile at
least gives a safety factor of three for S.
4) Listed are few differences .Close comparison of ASME B31.3 and ASME B31.1 you will find vast
differences in materials and fabrication.
5)
i = "In-plane"
o = "Out-of-plane""
These terms relate to the direction of the applied moments. See Figures 319.4.4A and 4B in B31.3.
The magnitude of stress in a component depends upon the direction of the applied moment. For example,
an in-plane bending moment on an elbow will create a higher stress in an elbow than will an out-of-plane
bending moment. B31.3 recognizes this difference by specifying different SIFs for the two moments. B31.1
takes a more simplified (and conservative) approach by specifying only one SIF (the greater of the two) for
both moments (actually, the SIF applies to all three moments as B31.1 also intensifies torsional moments).

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3/23/2016 1:08 AM