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PANITIA BAHASA INGGERIS

SK (FELDA) REDONG, SEGAMAT

TRIUMPH REDONG VOL. 3


No

Skills / Contents

Page

ENGLISH 014 SECTION A PRACTICE


1

Information Transfer

Exercise 1 - 20

5
ENGLISH 014 SECTION B(ii) PRACTICE

Formatted Writing Sample Forma

24

Formal Letter

25

Informal Letter

26

E-mail

27

Personalised / Greeting Card

28

Postcard

29

Message

30

Notice

31

Formatted Writing

32

Exercise 1 - 5

33
ENGLISH 014 SECTION C PRACTICE

3
4

Essay Writing A

43

Exercise 1 20

44

Essay Writing B

64

Exercise 1- 20

65
BONUS NOTES

List of Common Verbs

85

Information Transfer Answers

93

2|Modul Triumph Redong Vol. 3 Mia Antasha

MODUL TRIUMPH REDONG


VOLUME 3

ENGLISH 014
SECTION A
INFORMATION TRANSFER
PRACTICE

3|Modul Triumph Redong Vol. 3 Mia Antasha

EXERCISE 1
Study the notes below and use the information to complete the text.

local fruit

non-seasonal

supermarkets,
markets and fruit
stalls

eaten raw, cooked

made local cakes,


dessert, chips

skin:

flesh :

food value:

vitamins

energy giving

green- yellow when


ripe

soft and sweet

Based on the notes, complete the text below with the correct information.

The banana is my favourite local fruit. It is ___________________________ (1) fruit.


The skin turns from _____________________________(2). Many people like to eat it
because ___________________________ (3) is soft and sweet. Banana is good for our health
as it contains vitamins ___________________________________________(4). It can be
eaten ________________________________________(5). They can be made into cakes,
dessert and chips. They are easily available at supermarkets, markets and fruit stalls.
4|Modul Triumph Redong Vol. 3 Mia Antasha

EXERCISE 2
Study the notes below and use the information to complete the text.

may contain
pesticides

How to wash :

clean and
healthy

before eating
before cooking

germs
bacteria

Cover food

clean water
soap

Based on the notes, complete the text below with the correct information.

Cleanliness is very important when we handle food. There are many ways to ensure
that the food we prepare is ____________________________ (1) to eat. First, we must wash
all fruits and vegetables carefully ___________________________(2). The reason is they
__________________________ (3) which may harm us. To clean them, we must use
__________________________

(4)

to

do

this.

This

will

help

remove

all

_______________________ (5) contamination. Always wash your hands with soap and
water before you prepare or serve food. Finally, remember to cover food to keep from flies.
5|Modul Triumph Redong Vol. 3 Mia Antasha

EXERCISE 3
Study the notes below and use the information to complete the text.

Hatches from an egg.

Lay it eggs.

Turns into pupa.

Eats leaves or flower.

Four different stages of its life.

Based on the notes, complete the text below with the correct information.

A butterfly goes through _______________________________________ (1) in its


life. An adult butterfly will _________________________________________ (2) on a leaf.
The

larva

or

caterpillar

____________________________________.

(3)

It

eats

____________________________________ (4) almost non-stop. The caterpillar then loses


its

old

skin

many

times

as

it

grows.

Then,

it

turns

______________________________________. (5) This is the resting stage. A beautiful,


adult butterfly will come out from the pupa. The life cycle will continue on.

6|Modul Triumph Redong Vol. 3 Mia Antasha

EXERCISE 4
Study the notes below and use the information to complete the text.

Prevent
heart attack
stroke

healthy activity

garden, a park and even


around your neighbourhood.

a pair of shoes

improves general fitness

wear suitable clothes.

Based on the notes, complete the text below with the correct information.

Walking

is

an

activity

that

can

be

carried

out

easily

in

your

___________________________ (1). All you need is __________________ (2) and proper


attire. Walking is a ________________________ (3) as its benefits are plenty. It helps
prevent

diseases

like

__________________________

(4).

Besides,

it

also

________________________ (5). Although walking is a safe exercise, it is important to take


preventive steps to avoid injury. Hence, wear properly fitted, low-heeled shoes that are
comfortable. Also make sure that you wear suitable clothes.

7|Modul Triumph Redong Vol. 3 Mia Antasha

EXERCISE 5
Study the notes below and use the information to complete the text.

Used for :
Personal
Education

communication, works
and in health.

For teachers :
Makes their lesson interesting

Function :
Role as tutor
create, store
information

helps in communication

Based on the notes, complete the text below with the correct information.

Technology is used widely for ______________________ (1) today. All over the
world, we find technology in many aspects of peoples lives such as communications,
___________________ (2). In education, technology is very important. It has four main
functions.

The first function is its ____________________________ (3), for example,

the use of televisions and computers in teaching, just like your personal tutor. Its second
function is knowledge exploration. Here, the CD-ROM is used. Next, technology is to create
and _______________________ (4). Students can use word processing and spreadsheet
software.

Lastly, technology _________________________(5), for example, the e-mail.

Teachers are encouraged to use technology in their classrooms as it makes their lesson
interesting. Students too, are attracted by new technology.
8|Modul Triumph Redong Vol. 3 Mia Antasha

EXERCISE 6
Study the notes below and use the information to complete the text.

mobile phones

carry anywhere

Functions:
text messaging, MMS

reach others anytime,


anywhere

dial the numbers

to talk to someone

Based on the notes, complete the text below with the correct information.

The telephone is a wonderful tool. If you want to ____________________(1), all you


have to do is pick up the phone and _________________________(2). You are instantly
connected to the person you want to talk to. A telephone is one of the simplest devices you
have in your house. Nowadays, we also have the _______________________ (3) which we
can _________________________ (4) we go. With the mobile phone we are able to reach
others anytime, anywhere. Also, the mobile phone has many useful functions like
______________________________ (5) and many others.
9|Modul Triumph Redong Vol. 3 Mia Antasha

EXERCISE 7
Study the notes below and use the information to complete the text.
Tadpole features:
the tadpole

gills

mouth

tail

hatch six to twenty-one

swim around and feed on

days

algae

lays many eggs

floating weeds or grasses

Based on the notes, complete the text below with the correct information.

The female frog _________________________ (1) in static water or water that does
not flow. They will usually __________________________ (2) after being fertilised. After
hatching from the egg, _______________________________ (3) will feed on the remaining
yolk. The young tadpole only has __________________________ (4). It will first stick itself
to floating weeds or grasses in the water. Then, seven to ten days after the tadpole has
hatched, it will ______________________________ (5). By twelve weeks, the tadpole only
has a small tail. It looks more like a frog. The frog will be fully grown between twelve to
sixteen weeks.
10 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 8
Study the notes below and use the information to complete the text.

bridges

rafts

water pipes

Lemang

used as wrappers

bamboo shoots

Farmers

forests

Based on the notes, complete the text below with the correct information.

Bamboo plants can be found in _____________________ (1). They have many uses.
They can be used to make ________________________ (2). Farmers use bamboo to make
stakes for their vegetables to climb on as they grow bigger. We can also use bamboo as food
or to cook food. Certain ____________________ (3) can be eaten. __________________ (4)
is cooked inside the bamboo. The bamboo plant can also be cut up and be used as a mould for
making

gula

melaka.

The

broad

leaves

of

certain

bamboo

species

_____________________ (5) for Chinese bak chang or glutinous rice dumplings.


11 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

are

EXERCISE 9
Study the notes below and use the information to complete the text.

trunks

made in brooms

delicious and refreshing

Grow at:
multipurpose

seashores

beaches

Coconut milk

Based on the notes, complete the text below with the correct information.

The coconut palm is very useful. It can be found growing along the
__________________ (1) in Malaysia. It grows well in sandy soil. It is also known as a
multipurpose tree. The leaves can be ______________________ (2). The _____________ (3)
can be used as bridges. The flesh of the coconut can be used to make oil.
____________________ (4) is used for cooking and baking. The fresh coconut drink is
simply _________________________ (5) especially on a hot day. Therefore, it is not
surprising to find the coconut palm almost anywhere in our country.
12 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 10
Study the notes below and use the information to complete the text.

supermarkets,

flesh :

eaten raw, cooked

markets and fruit

tangy

made fruit juice,

stalls

sweet

food value:

skin:

vitamins C

rough

iron

thorny texture

jams

local fruit

non-seasonal

Based on the notes, complete the text below with the correct information.

The pineapple is one of Malaysia local fruit. It is ___________________________


(1) fruit. The skin has very _______________________ texture (2). Many people like to eat
it because ___________________________ (3) is tangy and sweet. Banana is good for our
health as it contains ___________________________________________(4). It can be eaten
____________________(5). They can be made into jams, dessert and juice. They are easily
available anywhere from fruit stalls to supermarkets.
13 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 11
Study the notes below and use the information to complete the text.
Food:
clear and shallow

hard-bottom sea surface

sea salt water

warm water

plankton

algae

living things

Based on the notes, complete the text below with the correct information.

Corals are like plants, they are ______________________ (1). Coral reefs grow best
in ________________________ (2) water. It is possible for soft corals to grow in places with
warmer or colder water, but growth rates in these types of conditions are very slow. Corals
need clear and ________________________ (3) water to live. It is because lots of sunlight
filters through to their algae. Corals also need _______________ (4) salt water to
survive. Other factors influencing coral distribution are the hard-bottom sea surface. Food
such as _____________________ (5) feeds these corals. The presence of species that help
control macro algae, like urchins and herbivorous fish help provided the food.
14 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 12
Study the notes below and use the information to complete the text.
tooth decay, gum
look and feel good

twice a day

disease and other dental


problems

Daily care:

brushing

flossing

Avoid:
visits to the dentist

unhealthy snacks

carbonated drinks

Based on the notes, complete the text below with the correct information.

Maintaining good oral hygiene is one of the most important things you can do.
Healthy teeth enable you to __________________________ (1) as well as make you possible
to

eat

and

speak

properly.

Daily

preventive

care

including

proper

________________________ (2), will help stops problems before they develop. Besides
regular visits to _____________________ (3), brushing thoroughly _________________ (4),
flossing daily, eating a balanced diet, avoid __________________________________ (5)
and using toothpaste and mouth rinse that contain fluoride can help to decrease the risk of
developing tooth decay, gum disease and other dental problems.
15 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 13
Study the notes below and use the information to complete the text.

antioxidant properties

markets and shopping

levels.

malls

Species:
Contains:

supermarkets, hyper-

lower blood cholesterol

Vitamin C
B vitamins

Jaffa orange

Mandarin orange

Seville orange

Wash the fruits

Based on the notes, complete the text below with the correct information.

Oranges are a good source of vitamins. It contains _________________________ (1).


The nutritional benefits of oranges are many. The fibre found in the membranes may
__________________________ (2) levels. They also contain antioxidant properties.
Therefore

it

is

better

to

eat

the

fruit

rather

than

drink

the

juice.

_______________________(3) thoroughly to remove any wax or fungicides. There are


different species of oranges including _______________________________

(4) Seville

oranges.

sold

Bottled

by

products

of

oranges

are

_________________________________________ (5) at an affordable price.


16 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

in

EXERCISE 14
Study the notes below and use the information to complete the text.
Used for:
our daily lives

bathing

washing

watering plants

chlorophyll

Transportation:
rafts, boats, canoes and

grow and produce food

important role

ferries

Based on the notes, complete the text below with the correct information.

We use water in _________________ (1). Besides using water for drinking, we also
use water for __________________________________ (2) the plants. Plants need water to
________________________________

(3)

food.

The

green

substance

called

________________ (4) also helps the plants to produce their own food. Water also plays
another important role in human lives. For ages, people have used it as a means of
transportation. People used _____________________ (5) to travel on water to fulfil their
needs.
17 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 15
Study the notes below and use the information to complete the text.
Move - pasture to

Rear:

pasture

camels and goats

little grass in the desert

live - simple tents

tents called yurts

look for food - their


animals

Based on the notes, complete the text below with the correct information.

Nomads are people who change their place of stay all the time. In the North African
deserts, nomadic tribes of people called Bedouins are found. They rear herds of
____________________ (1). However there is so little grass in the desert that they always
have to move around to _____________________ (2) for their animals. To make moving
easy, they ___________________ (3). In Central Asia, people in Mongolia are also nomads.
They move from __________________ (4) with their flock of horses, goats and yaks. Their
homes are large and round tents called _______________(5).

18 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 16
Study the notes below and use the information to complete the text.
Group:
big cats and small cats

eat in a crouched
position

tuck in front legs

tame cats

cannot roar - jaguar and


snow leopard

Small cats purr

Based on the notes, complete the text below with the correct information.
Cats are divided to two main group, ____________________________ (1). The
lion, tiger, leopard, jaguar and cheetah are big cats. There are twenty-eight types of small
cats. Most of them are wild. The ________________________ (2) we keep at home are small
cats. Big cats lie with their front legs outstretched. Small cats ______________________ (3)
under their body. Big cats lie down to feed while small cats eat in a crouched position.
______________________ (4) but big cats roar. However, the ____________________ (5)
cannot roar.

19 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 17
Study the notes below and use the information to complete the text.
Process:

boiled in the can

bacteria are killed

bacteria enter and start

Keep cool to:

attacking

slow down the activity

ABC
Green
Peas

sterile and will not go


bad

easily stored

sar
din

store food

Based on the notes, complete the text below with the correct information.

Canning is one way to ___________________ (1) for long periods of time. In the
canning process, the food is ___________________ (2) and bacteria are killed or new
bacteria prevented from forming. Now, the food in the can is completely _____________ (3)
and will not go bad. Once the can is opened, bacteria enter and start attacking the food. The
opened can now has to be refrigerated to ____________________ (4) of the bacteria. Canned
foods are _____________________ (5) in the pantry.

20 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 18
Study the notes below and use the information to complete the text.

one-month fasting
period

ketupat, lontong, nasi


new clothes

padang and beef


rendang

Forbidden to:
open house

eat

drink

celebrated by Muslims

Based on the notes, complete the text below with the correct information.

Hari Raya is celebrated by ________________ (1) which signifies the end of the
fasting month of Ramadhan. Ramadhan is the name of the __________________ (2) fasting
period when Muslims fast from dawn till sunset. During the period of fasting, it is forbidden
from

___________________

(3).

Muslims

start

the

day

by

wearing

______________________ (4) and gathering in the mosques early in the morning to perform
the Hari Raya Puasa prayers. The Muslims also have _________________ (5) for relatives
and friends to come to their house. Some of the favourite dishes prepared are ketupat,
lontong, nasi padang and beef rendang.
21 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 19
Study the notes below and use the information to complete the text.
Nutritious food:
help to focus

very important

fruits

vegetables

Exercise:

walking

dancing

swimming

eight glasses of water

sleeping and relaxing

Based on the notes, complete the text below with the correct information.

Living a healthy lifestyle is _____________________ (1). Everybody tries to do the


right things to enjoy a healthy lifestyle. As a student, we must keep our health in a good state.
These will ____________________ (2) in the classroom. Eating good, nutritious food like
______________________ (3), and drinking lots of water are part of a healthy lifestyle. We
must drink at least ____________________

(4) of water.

In addition, exercise like

________________________ (5) are important activities for good health. We must also have
a good rest. Sleeping and relaxing are essential too.
22 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 20
Study the notes below and use the information to complete the text.
mobile games, text

Used by:

can be carried anywhere

children, youths and elders

mobile phones are used

many functions

widely

messaging, video
player, online services

free text messages

Based on the notes, complete the text below with the correct information.

Mobile phones have become essential. Life is very difficult to manage without them.
It is light, easy to use and _________________________ (1). Mobiles are being used by
_____________________ (2) alike. They are used in every corner of the world. Even in
developing

countries

mobile

_____________________

(3)

phones
to

are
the

used

widely.
users.

Mobile
Among

phones
them

offer
are

_________________________________ (4) and online services. In Japan, companies send


__________________________(5) to their users about an earthquake and also help to trace
the disaster victims.

23 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

TRIUMPH REDONG
VOLUME 3

ENGLISH 014
SECTION B
FORMATTED WRITING
SAMPLE

24 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

Formal Letter Sample


Senders address

Date
Receivers address

Salutation
Subject

Body

Complementary closure

Signature
................................................
Senders name
25 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

Informal Letter Sample

Senders address

Date

Dear Receivers name


Body

Complementary closure

..................................................
Signature

26 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

E-mail Sample
From: (Senders e-mail address)

Date:05 September 2015

To: (Receivers e-mail address)

Time: 8.50 p.m.

Subject:
Body

Complementary closure
Senders name

27 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

Personalised / Greeting Card Sample

Dear Receivers name


Body

Complementary closure
Senders name

28 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

Postcard Sample

Dear (Receivers name)


Body
Receivers name
Receivers address

Complementary closure
Senders signature .................................
Senders name

29 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

Message Sample

Message Heading (A message to Receivers name)


Body

Complimentary closure
Senders name

30 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

Notice Sample

Notice title / Event


Day
Date & time
Venue
Registration fee

Body / Content / Programmes

Closing statement

Contact person
Organisers name

31 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

TRIUMPH REDONG
VOLUME 3

ENGLISH 014
SECTION B(ii)
FORMATTED WRITING
PRACTICE

32 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 1
Study the menu below.

Famous Malaysian Food


Nasi Lemak

Delicious rice
Spicy sambal
Fried anchovies
Hardboiled egg
Chicken Rice
Fluffy rice
Spicy chilli and ginger sauce
Fried, grilles or steam chickens
Soup

Variety of Kuehs

Some sweet , spicy, and savoury


Traditional preparation
Colourful
Good as evening snack and breakfast
Char Koey Teow

Fried Rice

Stir fried broad rice noodles


Spicy
Cockles and seafood
Speacial sauce ad condiments
Add some vegetables

Traditional Malay, Chinese fried rice


Popular
Served with fried eggs and soy sauce
Served at hawker stalls, restaurant, hotel

33 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

Your friend, Franco Delacroix, from France would like to know a little bit about Malaysian
cuisines. He would like to taste some when he visits Malaysia in October. Write an e-mail for
him, telling him about at least three foods that he might enjoy during his visit.
Write your answer between 50 to 80 words.

From:

Date:05 September 2015

To:

Time: 8.50 p.m.

Subject:
Best Malaysian Food

34 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 2
Study the poster below.
The Multipurpose Plant

The leaves can be made into


brooms.

The flesh of the coconut can be


used to make oil
Coconut palm grows well in
sandy soil.

The trunks can be used as


bridges.

The coconut milk is used for


cooking and baking

35 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

Your friend, Mia Antasha Wilson, from Ireland would like to know a little bit about coconut
plant and the uses of the multipurpose tree. She would like to learn about the tree. Write letter
for her, telling him about at least three uses of the coconut tree.
Write your answer between 50 to 80 words.

..................................................

36 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 3
Study the poster below.

LOVE OUR ENVIRONMENT WEEK


Love our envi ronment ! Care f or all li vi ng t hi ngs.

Remember the tips below:

Do not litter
Do not pluck flowers or plants in parks
Recycle bottles, papers, glasses and aluminium cans
Do not dump rubbish in the seas / rivers

Activities for pupils:

Poster making competition.


Colouring contest.
Games and quizzes.
Story- telling competition.
Making Recycled Paper demonstration
Come and listen to our talk
Venue:
Place :
Time :
Topic :

School Hall
20 July 2007
10.00 am 12.00 pm
How You Can Care for the Environment?

Brought to you by,


The Nature Society
SK Felda Redong
Segamat

37 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

You are the President of The Nature Club Society and you to organize Love Our
Environment Week at your school. Write a formal letter to your headmaster, asking
permission and RM200 budget for the programme.
Write your answer between 50 to 80 words.

38 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 4
Read the dialogue below
Encik Syafiq

: Hello. May I speak with Mr Tan?

Mrs. Tan

: Im sorry. Hes not home. Who is this?

Encik Syafiq

: Its Encik Syafiq from the Taman Aman Committee.

Mrs. Tan

: Would you like to leave a message for him?

Encik Syafiq

: Yes. Tell Mr Tan that we will be having committee meeting on


Friday.

Mrs. Tan

: This Friday? 21 December 2016?

Encik Syafiq

: Yes. Tell him that we will be discussing about Taman Aman Gotong
Royong Perdana event. Ask him to bring the budget from our
collection.

Mrs. Tan

: Ok, will do.

Encik Syafiq

: Before I forgot, the meeting is at 2.00 p.m. and will be held in the
community hall. Thank you.

Mrs. Tan

: Bye.

.
.

39 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

You are Mr Tans wife. Write a message for Mr Tan letting him know about the phone
conversation.
Write your answer between 30 to 50 words.

Message title :

From :

Message :

40 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 5
Study the map below.

41 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

Your friend from Australia would like to visit some places of interest in Kuala Lumpur in
December. He wants to know more about the city. Write an e-mail to your friend telling him
about at least three places he can visit on the KL City Tour bus.
Write your answer between 50 to 80 words.

From:

Date:05 September 2015

To:

Time: 8.50 p.m.

Subject:
Best Malaysian Food

42 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

TRIUMPH REDONG
VOLUME 3

ENGLISH 014
SECTION C Question 1
ESSAY WRITING
PRACTICE

43 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 1
Write a story based on the picture below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

family
zoo
various
riding
elephant
mother
taking
photographs
happy
wonderful time

Begin your story with:

Maria and her family went to the zoo last weekend. Marias father drove them there.
At the zoo ...

44 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 2
Write a story based on the picture below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

Monday
late
running
bus
shoes
slipped
foot
naughty
laughing

Begin your story with:

Last Monday, Joanna had a very bad experience. She woke up late because she slept
late last night, watching television. When she woke up that morning, ...

45 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 3
Write a story based on the picture below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

family
picnic
happy
beach
basket
food
swimming
mat
reading

Begin your story with:

During last school holiday, Mia and her family decided to go for a picnic. They went
to Desaru. They ...

46 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 4
Write a story based on the picture below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

rain
few days
flood
raised
scared
saved
boat
roof
safety

Begin your story with:

Its been raining for few days. Pak Ali and his family were worried. The next day, the
water level started to ...

47 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 5
Write a story based on the picture below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

holiday
camping
family
tents
riverside
fishing
grilling
chopped
firewood
enjoyed

Begin your story with:

John and his family love camping. They go camping all the time. Last Saturday, John
and his family ...

48 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 6
Write a story based on the picture below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

last night
thunderstorm
tree
fell
car
helped
moved
chaos

Begin your story with:

It was raining heavily last night. It was a thunderstorm. When Encik Syafiq wake up
this morning, it was ...

49 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 7
Write a story based on the picture below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

saw
fire
neighbours house
called
fire station
fire brigade
arrived
put out
safe

Begin your story with:

Amal was walking at the park, one sunny afternoon. Suddenly he saw smoke coming
out from his neighbours house. He ...

50 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 8
Write a story based on the picture below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

family
bird park
various
species
colourful
photographs
favourite
happy
enjoyed

Begin your story with:

Kamala and her family went to a bird park, last school holiday. Kamala liked birds
very much. She ...

51 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 9
Write a story based on the picture below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

saw
accident
motorcyclist
hurt
broke
leg
helped
called
ambulance

Begin your story with:

Mia and Syamil were walking to school. Suddenly, they heard a very loud crash. They
saw ...

52 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 10
Write a story based on the picture below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

Community Center
gotong-royong
helped
clean
villagers
brought
food
garbage truck
satisfied

Begin your story with:

Kampung Tekam Community Center was having a gotong royong last weekend. All
the villagers came to help. Hafiz and Kamal ...

53 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 11
Write a story based on the picture below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

favourite
teacher
birthday
celebrated
decorated
classroom
present
happy
wished

Begin your story with:

Yesterday, was Miss Mia Antashas birthday. Nurul and her friends decided to
celebrate her birthday at school. It was a surprised party. Nurul ...

54 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 12
Write a story based on the picture below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

celebrated
twelfth
invited
friends
came
excited
prepared
food
balloons
thanked

Begin your story with:

Last Thursday was Jaya birthday. She invited many of her friends. She ...

55 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 13
Write a story based on the picture below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

walked
home
saw
scruffy old man
homeless
pity
hungry
lunch box
ate
tree
thanked

Begin your story with:

Maria was walking to school that afternoon. When she passed a park near her house,
she saw an old man was sitting under the tree. She ...

56 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 14
Write a story based on the picture below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

catch
butterflies
forest
evening
lost
scared
worried
neighbours
helped
found
cried
.
Begin your story with:

Azrul likes to catch butterflies. One day, he went to catch some butterflies in the
nearby forest. He ...

57 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 15
Write a story based on the picture below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

afternoon
played
football
friends
happy
kicked
broke
windows
apologized

Begin your story with:

Ahmad and Amaluddin were best friends. They always spend time together. One
afternoon, the decided to play football at the park. They ...

58 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 16
Write a story based on the picture below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

market
saw
accident
motorcyclist
hurt
shocked
crowd
helped
called
ambulance
thanked
.

Begin your story with:

Last Monday, Farid and Akmal went to the market. On their way, they saw an
accident. They ...

59 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 17
Write a story based on the picture below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

broom
sweeping
rakes
wiping
windows
rag
pail
wall
painting
cleaning
drain
happy

Begin your story with:

SK Wawasan was having having a gotong royong. Many pupils came to help. Azizah
and Farah ...

60 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 18
Write a story based on the picture below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

bicycle
pail
tree
shoes
fishing rod
shouted
jumped
saved
thanked

Begin your story with:

Kamal and Rajan were cycling along the river. They wanted to go fishing. They

61 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 19
Write a story based on the picture below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

bake
cookies
mother
helped
taught
ingredients
oven
tasted
happy

Begin your story with:

Marina likes baking. She always watches her mother baked cakes and cookies. One
day, she wanted to make cookies. She asked ...

62 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 20
Write a story based on the picture below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

farm
big
animals
workers
shed
pond
sell
fed
healthy
market

Begin your story with:

Pak Hamid was a successful farmer. He was kind and generous too. He owned a big
animals farm. He ...

63 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

TRIUMPH REDONG
VOLUME 3

ENGLISH 014
SECTION C Question 2
ESSAY WRITING
PRACTICE

64 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 1
Write a story based on the pictures below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

first blow balloon tear newspapers


glue - layers

cut paper - make small cones glue balloon

dry paint model - completed

65 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 2
Write a story based on the pictures below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

friend healthy - drinks milk - fruits morning

evening exercises jogs - park house an hour

does - homework night goes bed - 9.30


p.m.

66 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 3
Write a story based on the pictures below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

father parrot kept - cage

home noticed missing realised lock

sad mother advice - careful

67 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 4
Write a story based on the pictures below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

Mr Arul family beach Sunday


Tanjung Balau

Mrs Arul shady placed food children


sandcastle lunch

sea swimming enjoyed returned tired


- happy

68 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 5
Write a story based on the pictures below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

Encik Hasans house burnt down last


month

Neighbours came help rebuild house


prepared food

six months new house ready thanked neighbours

69 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 6
Write a story based on the pictures below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

Hanna little sister playing backyard


throw over - fence

hit neighbours window broke pieces

Frightened apologised promised careful


forgave returned

70 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 7
Write a story based on the pictures below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

rained heavily bridge broken


headman - rebuild

villager equipment rebuild prepared food

new bridge strong durable unity


strength

71 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 8
Write a story based on the pictures below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

cleanliness campaign pupils parents


teacher took part

collected rubbish cut grass cleared drains

school clean everyone eat canteen happy

72 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 9
Write a story based on the pictures below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

Yesterday Mak Siti market morning


basket - bus

busy bought fish beef fruits vegetables

basket full walked bus stop home


cooked lunch

73 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 10
Write a story based on the pictures below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

Last Saturday Sports Day school field

pupils helped to decorate tents


balloons

Nasir took part high jump won first


prize

74 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 11
Write a story based on the pictures below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

cycling school football practice


junction saw blind man

standing roadside wanted cross busy


many cars

helped crossed road safely grateful


praised

75 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 12
Write a story based on the pictures below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

Syafiq friends scouts school - home

old man fell helped rushed public


phone

went hospital visit bought - food

76 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 13
Write a story based on the pictures below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

Azua parents visit Kuala Lumpur car


excited

went KLCC Petronas Twin Tower


shopping

next day zoo saw animals cages


ride camel

77 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 14
Write a story based on the pictures below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

mother prepared cake cook food


celebrate - birthday

father decorated living room balloons


guests - arrived

invited friends afternoon came party


sing presents

78 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 15
Write a story based on the pictures below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

village burglar climbed window - house

after stealing out geese running


chased pecked

Mak Limah proud happy fed

79 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 16
Write a story based on the pictures below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

spent holidays grandparents village


happy

helped grandfather vegetable farm


water weed feed collected - eggs

night sat told stories enjoyed - home

80 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 17
Write a story based on the pictures below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

naughty boys way home school saw


bird nest

decided nestlings tried climb tree


fell broke - leg

could not walk informed parents sent


hospital regretted

81 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 18
Write a story based on the pictures below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

boys walking library car roadside

woman flat tyre asked help tools

thanked money refused grateful helped

82 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 19
Write a story based on the pictures below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

morning going school late walked quickly

saw accident motorcycle van hurt


leg

crowd watch help no time rushed


school

83 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

EXERCISE 20
Write a story based on the pictures below. You may use the words given to help you. Write
your answer in the space provided. Write your story between 80 to 100 words.

went grocery bought bread sugar alone

way home met neighbour old cross


decided - help

carried bags reached gave bag


thanked

84 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

TRIUMPH REDONG
VOLUME 3

BONUS NOTES
LIST OF
COMMON VERBS

85 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

MOST COMMON VERBS


accept

care

could

enjoy

happen

lead

open

reduce

settle

teach

account

carry

count

examine

hate

learn

order

refer

shake

tell

achieve

catch

cover

exist

have

leave

ought

reflect

shall

tend

act

cause

create

expect

head

lend

own

refuse

share

test

add

change

cross

experience

hear

let

pass

regard

shoot

thank

admit

charge

cry

explain

help

lie

pay

relate

should

think

affect

check

cut

express

hide

like

perform

release

shout

throw

afford

choose

damage

extend

hit

limit

pick

remain

show

touch

agree

claim

dance

face

hold

link

place

remember

shut

train

aim

clean

deal

fail

hope

listen

plan

remove

sing

travel

allow

clear

decide

fall

hurt

live

play

repeat

sit

treat

answer

climb

deliver

fasten

identify

look

point

replace

sleep

try

appear

close

demand

feed

imagine

lose

prefer

reply

smile

turn

apply

collect

deny

feel

improve

love

prepare

report

sort

understand

argue
arrange

come
commit

depend
describe

fight
fill

include
increase

make
manage

present
press

represent
require

sound
speak

use
used to

arrive

compare

design

find

indicate

mark

prevent

rest

stand

visit

ask

complain

destroy

finish

influence

matter

produce

result

start

vote

attack

complete

develop

fit

inform

may

promise

return

state

wait

avoid

concern

die

fly

intend

mean

protect

reveal

stay

walk

base
be

confirm
connect

disappear
discover

fold
follow

introduce
invite

measure
meet

prove
provide

ring
rise

stick
stop

want
warn

beat

consider

discuss

force

involve

mention

publish

roll

study

wash

become

consist

divide

forget

join

might

pull

run

succeed

watch

begin

contact

do

forgive

jump

mind

push

save

suffer

wear

believe

contain

draw

form

keep

miss

put

say

suggest

will

belong

continue

dress

found

kick

move

raise

see

suit

win

break

contribute

drink

gain

kill

must

reach

seem

supply

wish

build

control

drive

get

knock

need

read

sell

support

wonder

burn

cook

drop

give

know

notice

realize

send

suppose

work

buy

copy

eat

go

last

obtain

receive

separate

survive

worry

call
can

correct
cost

enable
encourage

grow
handle

laugh
lay

occur
offer

recognize
record

serve
set

take
talk

would
write

86 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

ADJECTIVES

FEELINGS

PERASAAN

CHARACTER

SIFAT

LOOKS

angry

arrogant

attractive

anxious

brave

beautiful

bored

clumsy

big

shy

courageous

nice

scared

diligent

dark

puzzled

hardworking

elegant

surprised

intelligent

fair

happy

clever

gorgeous

sad

smart

handsome

excited

funny

tall

gloomy

strict

short

joyful

selfish

small

sleepy

pleasant

spacious

tired

rude

neat

hungry

polite

large

ill

talkative

tiny

worried

quiet

good-looking

confident

humble

ugly

hungry

friendly

hideous

87 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

RUPA

CONDITIONS

KEADAAN

FEATURES

dirty

long-lasting

clean

expensive

tidy

cheap

neat

high-quality

cold

delicious

hot

modern

crowded

old-fashioned

empty

challenging

hectic

easy

bad

difficult

good

interesting

terrible

suitable

excellent

reasonable

new

useful

old

educational

comfortable

nutritious

enjoyable

heavy

dull

light

hectic

affordable

CIRI-CIRI

88 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

ADVERBS

accurately

surely

assiduously

attentively

beautifully

truly

carefully

clearly

diligently

lovingly

excellently

gently

faithfully

excitedly

gracefully

joyfully

hungrily

cheerfully

loudly

sadly

nicely

fast

neatly

well

obviously

badly

pleasantly

terribly

quickly

quietly

soundly

busily

tidily

attentively

skillfully

accidentally

slowly

proudly

softly

comfortably

definitely

patiently

89 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

THE LINKING TECHNIQUE APPROACH


What is Linking Technique approach?
Linking technique approach is where the pupils are to write other corresponding
sentences to the sentence they wrote before. Here, the use of WH-Questions tag
plays important role to brainstorm and generate ideas of what to write. Pupils
are also not bound to the only words given to help them write. However, this
technique is used solely to help pupils to write something if they are short on
ideas.
What is Linking Technique?
Linking technique acquires few step or method. First, they have to group the
words given in each picture into smaller group. Then, they write simple sentence
based on one smaller group words. From there, pupils will circle words that they
can elaborate on using WH-Questions tag. Same process goes to the new
sentence.
Sample writing using linking technique approach.
Step by step using linking technique.
Example:
Step 1

Group words into smaller group.

90 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

Step 2

Write sentences from the smaller group words

(kitchen bake cake)

Shiela is in the kitchen and wants to bake a cake.

Step 3

From the sentence, circle word you want to elaborate

Shiela is in the kitchen and wants to bake a cake.


lemon

favourite

what

why

Brainstorm
using WHquestions
tag

cake

She is going to bake a lemon cake. It is her favourite cake to bake.

From the first sentence of the smaller group fragments, you have already written
3 sentences.

Shiela is in the kitchen and wants to bake a cake. She is going to bake a lemon
cake. It is her favourite cake to bake.

91 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

Grammar Check :

1. Make sure you essay is either in Simple Present and Present Continuous
or Simple Past and Past Continuous Tense.
2. Simple present tense ( +s, +ies, +es ) use 1, 2 I love You +S S
Technique and present continuous tense using is and are follow by
ing.
3. For simple past tense, circle the verbs and add +d, +ed, +ied or totally
change (caught, went, brought) or not change the verbs (put, cut, read).
4. Past continuous tense, find the is and are and change to was and
were.

92 | M o d u l T r i u m p h R e d o n g V o l . 3 M i a A n t a s h a

TRIUMPH REDONG
VOLUME 3

ANSWER SCHEME
INFORMATION TRANSFER
ANSWER

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INFORMATION TRANSFER ANSWERS


EXERCISE 1 ANSWER
The banana is my favourite local fruit. It is non-seasonal (1) fruit. The skin turns
from green to yellow when ripe (2). Many people like to eat it because the flesh (3) is soft
and sweet. Banana is good for our health as it contains vitamins and energy giving food
value (4). It can be eaten raw or cooked (5). They can be made into cakes, dessert and chips.
They are easily available at supermarkets, markets and fruit stalls.
EXERCISE 2 ANSWERS
Cleanliness is very important when we handle food. There are many ways to ensure
that the food we prepare is clean and healthy (1) to eat. First, we must wash all fruits and
vegetables carefully before eating or cooking (2). The reason is they may contain
pesticides (3) which may harm us. To clean them, we must use clean water and soap (4) to
do this. This will help remove all germs and bacteria (5) contamination. Always wash your
hands with soap and water before you prepare or serve food. Finally, remember to cover food
to keep from flies.
EXERCISE 3 ANSWERS
A butterfly goes through four different stages of its life. (1) in its life. An adult
butterfly will lay it eggs. (2) on a leaf. The larva or caterpillar hatches from an egg. (3) It
eats leaves or flower (4) almost non-stop. The caterpillar then loses its old skin many times
as it grows. Then, it turns into pupa. (5) This is the resting stage. A beautiful, adult butterfly
will come out from the pupa. The life cycle will continue on.
EXERCISE 4 ANSWERS
Walking is an activity that can be carried out easily in your garden, a park and even
around your neighbourhood. All you need is a pair of shoes and proper attire. Walking is a
healthy activity as its benefits are plenty. It helps prevent diseases like heart attack and
stroke. Besides, it also improves general fitness. Although walking is a safe exercise, it is
important to take preventive steps to avoid injury. Hence, wear properly fitted, low-heeled
shoes that are comfortable. Also make sure that you wear suitable clothes.
EXERCISE 6 ANSWER
The telephone is a wonderful tool. If you want to talk to someone, all you have to do is pick
up the phone and dial the numbers. You are instantly connected to the person you want to
talk to. A telephone is one of the simplest devices you have in your house. Nowadays, we
also have the mobile phones which we can carry anywhere we go. With the mobile phone
we are able to reach others anytime, anywhere. Also, the mobile phone has many useful
functions like text messaging, MMS and many others.

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EXERCISE 7 ANSWER
The female frog lays many eggs in static water or water that does not flow. They will usually
hatch six to twenty-one days after being fertilised. After hatching from the egg, the tadpole
will feed on the remaining yolk. The young tadpole only has gills, a mouth and tail. It will
first stick itself to floating weeds or grasses in the water. Then, seven to ten days after the
tadpole has hatched, it will swim around and feed on algae. By twelve weeks, the tadpole
only has a small tail. It looks more like a frog. The frog will be fully grown between twelve
to sixteen weeks.
EXERCISE 8 ANSWER
Bamboo plants can be found in forests. They have many uses. They can be used to make
bridges, rafts and water pipes. Farmers use bamboo to make stakes for their vegetables to
climb on as they grow bigger. We can also use bamboo as food or to cook food. Certain
bamboo shoots can be eaten. Lemang is cooked inside the bamboo. The bamboo plant can
also be cut up and be used as a mould for making gula melaka. The broad leaves of certain
bamboo species are used as wrappers for Chinese bak chang or glutinous rice dumplings.
EXERCISE 9 ANSWER
The coconut palm is very useful. It can be found growing along the seashores and beaches
in Malaysia. It grows well in sandy soil. It is also known as a multipurpose tree. The leaves
can be made in brooms. The trunks can be used as bridges. The flesh of the coconut can be
used to make oil. Coconut milk is used for cooking and baking. The fresh coconut drink is
simply delicious and refreshing especially on a hot day. Therefore, it is not surprising to
find the coconut palm almost anywhere in our country.
EXERCISE 11 ANSWER
Corals are like plants, they are living things. Coral reefs grow best in warm water. It is
possible for soft corals to grow in places with warmer or colder water, but growth rates in
these types of conditions are very slow. Corals need clear and shallow water to live. It is
because lots of sunlight filters through to their algae. Corals also need salt water to
survive. Other factors influencing coral distribution are the hard-bottom sea surface. Food
such as plankton and algae feeds these corals. The presence of species that help control
macro algae, like urchins and herbivorous fish help provided the food.
EXERCISE 12 ANSWER
Maintaining good oral hygiene is one of the most important things you can do. Healthy
teeth enable you to look and feel good as well as make you possible to eat and speak
properly. Daily preventive care including proper brushing and flossing, will help stops
problems before they develop. Besides regular visits to the dentist, brushing thoroughly
twice a day, flossing daily, eating a balanced diet, avoid unhealthy snacks and carbonated
drinks and using toothpaste and mouth rinse that contain fluoride can help to decrease the risk
of developing tooth decay, gum disease and other dental problems.

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EXERCISE 13 ANSWER
Nomads are people who change their place of stay all the time. In the North African deserts,
nomadic tribes of people called Bedouins are found. They rear herds of camels and goats.
However there is so little grass in the desert that they always have to move around to look for
food for their animals. To make moving easy, they live in simple tents. In Central Asia,
people in Mongolia are also nomads. They move from pasture to pasture with their flock of
horses, goats and yaks. Their homes are large and round tents called yurts.
EXERCISE 15 ANSWER
We use water in our daily lives. Besides using water for drinking, we also use water for
bathing, washing and watering the plants. Plants need water to grow and produce food.
The green substance called chlorophyll also helps the plants to produce their own food.
Water also plays another important role in human lives. For ages, people have used it as a
means of transportation. People used rafts, boats, canoes and ferries to travel on water to
fulfil their needs.
EXERCISE 16 ANSWER
Cats are divided to two main group, big cats and small cats. The lion, tiger, leopard, jaguar
and cheetah are big cats. There are twenty-eight types of small cats. Most of them are wild.
The tame cats we keep at home are small cats. Big cats lie with their front legs outstretched.
Small cats tuck in front legs under their body. Big cats lie down to feed while small cats eat
in a crouched position. Small cats purr but big cats roar. However, the jaguar and snow
leopard cannot roar.
EXERCISE 17 ANSWER
Canning is one way to store food for long periods of time. In the canning process, the food is
boiled in the can and bacteria are killed or new bacteria prevented from forming. Now, the
food in the can is completely sterile and will not go bad. Once the can is opened, bacteria
enter and start attacking the food. The opened can now has to be refrigerated to slow down
the activity of the bacteria. Canned foods are easily stored in the pantry.
EXERCISE 19 ANSWER
Living a healthy lifestyle is very important. Everybody tries to do the right things to enjoy a
healthy lifestyle. As a student, we must keep our health in a good state. This will help us
focus in the classroom. Eating good, nutritious food like fruits and vegetables, and drinking
lots of water are part of a healthy lifestyle. We must drink at least eight glasses of water. In
addition, exercise like walking, dancing and swimming are important activities for good
health. We must also have a good rest. Sleeping and relaxing are essential too.
EXERCISE 20 ANSWER
Mobile phones have become essential. Life is very difficult to manage without them. It is
light, easy to use and can be carried anywhere. Mobiles are being used by children, youths
and elders alike. They are used in every corner of the world. Even in developing countries
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mobile phones are used widely. Mobile phones offer many functions to the users. Among
them are mobile games, text messaging, video player and online services. In Japan,
companies send free text messages to their users about an earthquake and also help to trace
the disaster victims.

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