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al-Sind

(275 words)
, Ab Al , mystic of the 3rd/9th century.
He is said to have imparted to the famous Ab Yazd al-Bism (al-Basm) (d. 261/874 [q.v.]) the
doctrine of annihilation in God ( fan ; see ba wa-fan ). Moreover, because of his nisba alSind, he was thought to be of Indian origin, and therefore it was assumed that his views could be
traced back to Indian, i.e. Hindu or Buddhist, influences. However, the basis for such an assumption as
provided by the sources is very weak. In fact, hardly anything is known about Ab Al al-Sind. The
nisba may also refer to a place in KKhKursn (Y, Buldn , s.v. Sind ). The only reference in early
literature to Ab Als influence on al-Bism is found in a saying of the latter, mentioned in Ab
Nar al-SarrdKjK (d. 378/988 [q.v.]), al-Luma (275/70.3): I was a companion of Ab Al al-Sind. I
used to give him instructions that enabled him to fulfil his religious duty. In turn, he enlightened me on
the doctrine of Gods uniqueness ( tawd [q.v.]) and on the mystical realities in a pure form ( ai
irfa ). It is only in a later variant of this saying that the term fan is used, see Rzbihn b. Ab Nar
al-Bal al-SKhKrz (d. 606/1209 [q.v.]), SShSar-i sShSaiyyt (ed. H. Corbin, 35 ll. 12-13). Moreover, f
currents have tended to consider not Ab Yazd as the founder of the doctrine of fana but rather his
contemporary Ab Sad al-KShSarrz al-BagKhKdd (d. 277/890-1 [q.v.]).
(B. Radtke)

Bibliography
Sources and bibl. in R. Gramlich, Die schiitischen Derwischorden Persiens, Wiesbaden 1970, ii, 317 n.
1965.