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Fresh Water Conservation

History of The Problem


The link between water quality and health has been known since the early ages. Clear water was
considered clean water. Swamp areas were associated with fever.
Disinfection has been applied for centuries. Two basic rules dating back to 2000 B.C. state that water
must be exposed to sunlight and filtered with charcoal and that impure water must be purified by
boiling the water and then dipping a piece of copper in the water seven times, before filtering the
water. Descriptions of ancient civilizations were found about boiling water and water storage in silver
jugs. To realize water purification copper, silver and electrolysis were applied.
Disinfection has been applied for several decades. However, the mechanism has been known for only
one hundred years.
In 1680 Anthony van Leeuwenhoek developed the microscope. His discovery of microorganisms was
considered a curiosity. It took scientists another two hundred years before they started using the
microscope to distinguish microorganisms and other pathogens.
The first multiple filter was developed in 1685 by the Italian physician Lu Antonio Porzo. The filter
consisted of a settling unit and a sand filtration unit. In 1746 the French scientist Joseph Amy received
the first patent for a filter design, which was applied in households by 1750. The filters consisted of
wool, sponges and charcoal.

How was it discovered?


On 31 August 1854, after several other outbreaks had occurred elsewhere in the city, a major
outbreak of cholera reached Soho. John Snow, the physician who eventually linked the outbreak to
contaminated water, later called it "the most terrible outbreak of cholera which ever occurred in this
kingdom.
Over the next three days, 127 people on or near Broad Street died. In the next week, three quarters
of the residents had fled the area. By 10 September, 500 people had died and the mortality rate was
12.8 percent in some parts of the city. By the end of the outbreak, 616 people had died.

Consequences of the problem


Present: The present day consequence of fresh water conservation would be overuse and
pollution.
Future: If the overuse and pollution continues to happened and grow it will cause all of the
freshwater supply to not be usable. Polluting fresh water can be harmful to human health in ways
. Fertilizer, animal manure, and waste-treatment plant effluent all contain nutrients that
stimulate excessive plant and algal growth in freshwater bodies. When the plants die and
decompose dissolved oxygen is depleted causing die-offs of fish and other species living in the
water

Read more:

http://www.pollutionissues.com/Ve-Z/Water-Pollution-Freshwater.html#ixzz48T8cIdfK

Position
It is ATSDRs position that past exposures from the 1950s through February 1985 to
trichloroethylene (TCE), tetrachloroethylene (PCE), vinyl chloride, and other contaminants in the
drinking water at the Camp Lejeune likely increased the risk of cancers (kidney, multiple
myeloma, leukemias, and others), adverse birth outcomes, and other adverse health effects of
residents (including infants and children), civilian workers, Marines and Naval personnel at Camp
Lejeune.

Cause of the problem

Overuse of Water: Water overuse is a huge issue that a lot


of people are dealing with. It may be overused on people, animals,
land, or any other number of things. It may also be used for
recreational activities without any care about the effects that it
may have on the world around them.

Pollution of Water: water pollution is a huge problem,


especially when youre looking at areas that dont necessarily
have a good sewage system. Pollution can be anything from oil, to

carcasses, to chemicals, and to fecal matter. No matter what it is;


it makes a lot of issues for the people who may need to use it.
Conflict: If there is conflict over an area of land, it may be
difficult to access the water that is located there. In the worst case
scenarios, people could end up dying if they try to access the
water in these areas (due to violence). This can result in a variety
of other issues, including pollution, which we discussed in the
previous point.
Distance: There are a number of areas throughout the entire
world that deal with water scarcity because they just arent close
to anywhere that has water. Areas that are considered to be
desert, or areas that are secluded, may not have somewhere that
the people can get water effectively.
Drought: A drought is, in short, an area which is not getting
enough rainfall to be able to sustain the life that is residing there.
Some areas are in perpetual drought, whereas other areas may be
dealing with a drought on occasion. Droughts are common all over
the world, and there is little that can be done to prevent such
things from happening.
Governmental Access. In some countries, specifically those
with dictatorships, the use of water may be strictly controlled by
those in power, causing a scarcity for those who may be located in
those areas of the world. These governments use it as a source of
control over those that they are governing, which can be a huge
problem.
WASHINGTON, D.C. Today, eight sportsmens groups representing
hundreds of thousands of hunters and anglers sent saarrators a letter
opposing the Federal Water Quality Protection Act, which would derail the
Clean Water Rule, produced to clarify protections for headwaters and
wetlands under the Clean Water Act. Sen. John Barrosos s. 1440, which the
Senate will vote on Tuesday afternoon, would also remove protections for
some waters already covered by the Act.
The lettersigned by the American Fisheries Society, American Fly Fishing
Trade Association, Backcountry Hunters and Anglers, International
Federation of Fly Fishers, Isaak Walton League of America, National Wildlife
Federation, Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Partnership, and Trout

Unlimitedurges Senators to vote down


the bill, because it would force the EPA
and Army Corps of Engineers to restart
the rulemaking process, putting valuable
fish and waterfowl habitat at risk in the
meantime.

http://www.conservation.org/what/Pages/fresh-water.aspx