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AQA GCSE Further Maths Topic Areas

This document covers all the specific areas of the AQA GCSE Further Maths course, your job is to review all the topic areas, answering the questions if you feel you need
practice, and stating your level of confidence
Area a star shows a
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further
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brackets
Simplifying expressions *
(B)

(B)

Factorise the following expression 32 + 6 2

(A)

Solving linear equations *


(B)

Examples

Simplify the expression

62 3
3 4 3

5 + 2
4

3(3 17) = 2( 1)
1
1
( + 8) = 2 + (4 5)
2
3

(A)

(A)

The length, l metres, of a field is 80m greater than its width. The perimeter is 600m
(i)
Write the information in the form of an equation for l.
(ii)
Solve the equation and so find the area of the field.

Expanding brackets * (B)

( + 5)(2 3)

(A)

( 3 2 + 2) ( 2 + 2 1)

(A)

( 2 1)( + 1) ( 2 + 1)( 1)

page. 1

Confidence
(1 beginner,
5 star)

Area a star shows a


topic is both higher and
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Manipulating surds *
Simplifying expressions
(A)

Examples

Confidence
(1 beginner,
5 star)

32 18
(A*)

3 6
(4 + 3)(4 3)

2
3


Factorising * (A)

+ + +

(B)

2 + 6 + 8

(A)

2 16

(A)

4 2 9 2

(A)

2 2 11 + 15

Rearranging formula * (C)

= 2

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32
4 5

Area a star shows a


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(B)

= ( 2 + 2 )

(B)

*Simplifying algebraic
fractions
(A)

2 6
2 8 + 15

42 9 2 + 3
2
+1
1

2
5
+
+1 1

(A)

(A)

*Solving equations
involving fractions
(C)

Examples

+2
1 + 3

+2
6
=
6
2
2
1
1
+
=
3 1 + 8 2

(B)

Quadratic Identities
(A*)

Work out the values of p and q such that 2 6 + 2 ( )2 +

(A*)

, , 3 2 + 5 1 ( + ) +

Function Notation

() = 2 1, (5)
() =

page. 3

+6
, () = 3 (2) = 1
2

Confidence
(1 beginner,
5 star)

Area a star shows a


topic is both higher and
further
The further grade is in
brackets
Domain and range of a
function

Examples

() = 6 4 2 3. ()

Write down the domain and range for f(x)


*Gradients of a straight
line and quadratic
functions
(C)

(B)

page. 4

Find the equation of the line joining (-1, 4) to (2, 3)

For the graph = 2 + 6 + 11, state:


(i)
The vertex (minimum or maximum point)
(ii)
The equation of the line of symmetry
(iii)
The co-ordinates of the point where the graph intersects the y-axis

Confidence
(1 beginner,
5 star)

Area a star shows a


topic is both higher and
further
The further grade is in
brackets
Graphs of functions in
parts
(A)

Examples

Draw the graph of y=g(x) where:


() = + 3; 3 < 0
() = 3 ; 0 3

Here is the graph of y=f(x). (i) Define f(x), stating clearly the
domain for each part
(ii) State the range of f(x) and (iii) Solve f(x)=5

(A)

*Factorising quadratic
equations - Two brackets
(B)
*Coefficients greater than
1

page. 5

2 + 3 18 = 0. .
3 2 + 8 3 = 0. .

Confidence
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5 star)

Area a star shows a


topic is both higher and
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The further grade is in
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*Completing the Square
(A*)

Examples

2 8 + 3 = 0. .

*Quadratic formula (A)

2 2 + 8 = 0. .

*Simultaneous Equations
(B)

Vince has 2.20 to spend on fruit for a picnic and can buy either five apples and four pears or two apples and six
pairs.
Write this information as a pair of simultaneous equations
Solve your equations to find the cost of each type of fruit

Solve
(A)

+ 2 = 3
2 2 + 3 2 = 11

Factor theorem (A*)

Given that 3 + 3 2 3
Show that (x+1) is a factor of f(x)
Factorise f(x)

* Inequalities Linear (B)

Solve 2y + 6 < 5y + 12

5 < 3 1 17

page. 6

Confidence
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5 star)

Area a star shows a


topic is both higher and
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Quadratic inequalities (A)

Index Laws * (A)

(B)

Examples

2 2 3 0

2 = 8

Write as a single power of x:


2 3 8

Sequences * - Linear (C)

Work out the nth term of the sequence: 4, 10, 16, 22, 26,

Quadratic (A*)

Work out the nth term of the sequence 4, 13, 26, 43, 64, .

Limits of a sequence (A*)

The nth term of a sequence is

* Distance between 2
points (C)

What is the distance between the following two points (6, 5) and (3, 1)?

page. 7

Confidence
(1 beginner,
5 star)

21
.
3+2

Prove that the limiting sequence as

2
3

Area a star shows a


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Midpoint of a line
segment (C)

Examples

What is the midpoint PQ with the two points P(6, 5) and Q(3, 1)?

Gradient of a line
between 2 points (C)
Equation of a straight line
* (C)

What is the gradient between the two points P(6, 5) and Q(3, 1)?

Perpendicular lines * (A)

Points P and Q have coordinates P(3, 1) and Q(5, 7) find the equation of the perpendicular bisector of this
straight line

Equation of a circle (A)

Write the equation of the circle with centre (1, -2) and radius 3

(A)

The line segment AB is the diameter of a circle. A is the point (1, -4) and B is the point (5, 2). Work out the
equation of the circle.

(A)

The circle ( 2)2 + ( + 3)2 = 50 intersects the line y = x 5 at the points P and Q. Work out the
coordinates of P and Q.

page. 8

Points P and Q have coordinates P(3, 1) and Q(5, 7) find the equation of the straight line

Confidence
(1 beginner,
5 star)

Area a star shows a


topic is both higher and
further
The further grade is in
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Pythagoras Theorem * (C)

Trigonometry * (B)
Trig ratios

page. 9

Examples

Confidence
(1 beginner,
5 star)

Area a star shows a


topic is both higher and
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The further grade is in
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Circle geometry and circle
theorems (A)

Examples

Confidence
(1 beginner,
5 star)

A (12, 6) and B (14, 4) are two points on a circle, centre C (20, 12).
y

Not drawn
accurately

C (20, 12)
A (12, 6)
M
B (14, 4)

Work out the coordinates of the midpoint M, of AB.


Show that the length CM = 7 2

Work out the radius of the circle.


page. 10

Area a star shows a


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Circle theorems * (B)

Examples

Find the angles n, m and k

page. 11

Find the angles n and m

Confidence
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5 star)

Area a star shows a


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Sine and cosine rule * (B)

Examples

Confidence
(1 beginner,
5 star)

Find the side marked x


Find side marked x

B
xm
8m

61
7m

Special Triangles
(30, 60, 90)
(45, 45, 90) (A*)

(A*)
Lines and planes in three
dimensions (A)

page. 12

Find the lengths of the other two sides of a right triangle if the length of the hypotenuse is 42 cm and
one of the angles is 45.

Find the lengths of the other two sides of a right triangle if the length of the hypotenuse is 8 cm and
one of the angles is 30.

Area a star shows a


topic is both higher and
further
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Trigonometrical functions
for angles of any size (A*)

Examples

Draw the graph y = sinx

Draw the graph y = cosx

Graphs

Area of a triangle * (C)

Solutions of
trigonometrical equations

page. 13

Find the area of the triangle ABC

Solve the equation = 0.5 0 360 1

Confidence
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5 star)

Area a star shows a


topic is both higher and
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(A*)

Examples

Solve the equation 3 = 2 0 360 1

(A*)

Solve the equation 2 sin2 + 1 = 0 0 360 1

Trigonometrical identities
(A*)

Solve the equation 2 cos 2 + 1 = 0 0 360 1

(A*)

Differentiation
(A*)

Use the identity = to solve the equation 2 + = 0 0 360

Differentiate the following:


= 5 + 12 3 + 3
= 3 5 + 2

(A*)

page. 14

Work out th gradient of the curve = 3 ( 2) at the point (3, 27)

Confidence
(1 beginner,
5 star)

Area a star shows a


topic is both higher and
further
The further grade is in
brackets
(A*)

(A*)

(A*)

(A*)

Examples

For the function = 5 2 on which there is the point P (3, 6). Find:

i)

The gradient function

ii)

The gradient at point P

iii)

The equation at the tangent at point P

iv)

The equation of the normal at point P

Work out the values of x for which = 2 + 4 is increasing

Work out the values of x for which = 2 3 3 2 72 is decreasing

For the curve = 3 12 + 3

Find

ii)

State the type of turning points and their x-coordinates

iii)

Find the corresponding y values

and the values of x for which

Matrices (A*)

0
Calculate [
2

(A*)

4 2
2
] = ( )
Work out the value of p [
1 1 3
4

page. 15

i)

1 2
][
3 3

4
]
2

=0

Confidence
(1 beginner,
5 star)

Area a star shows a


topic is both higher and
further
The further grade is in
brackets
(A*)

(A*)

page. 16

Examples

Work out the matrix that represents the following transformations


i)

Rotation through 270 (anti-clockwise) about the origin

ii)

Enlargement, centre the origin, scale factor 3

1
Point P (3, -2) is transformed by the matrix (
0
0 2
(
).
1 0

1
) followed by a further transformation by matrix
1

i)

Work out the matrix for the combined transformation

ii)

Work out the coordinates of the image point of P.

Confidence
(1 beginner,
5 star)