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Ref

Calculations

Output

Design of pile cap - PC1

av2

Dia. Of pile ( )
Offest from pile

=
=

450 mm
150 mm

Column width in X-direction


Column width in Y-direction

=
=

600 mm
600 mm

Pile spacing in X-direction (2 Lx)


Pile spacing in Y-direction (2 Ly)

=
=

1350 mm
1350 mm

Depth of pile cap


Bottom cover

=
=

750 mm
75 mm

Side cover
Ultimate axial load (N)

=
=

50 mm
4300 kN

K'

0.156

av1
2100

2Ly

2Lx

X
2100

Materials
fcu
=
32
fy
=
500
m
=
1.25
m
=
1.15

N/mm2
N/mm2
(partial saftey factor for concrete - shear)
(partial saftey factor for steel)

Design for main reinforcement:


Effective depth of pile cap (d)

662.5 mm

According to Truss theory:


Reynolds
Hand book

Tension to be resisted by main reinforcement, Ty

= (2 N Ly)/(4 d)
= 2 x 4300 x 675 / (4 x 662.5)
= 2191 kN

Tension to be resisted by main reinforcement, Tx

= (2 N Lx)/(4 d)
= 2 x 4300 x 675 / (4 x 637.5)

According to Flexural theory:


Moment parallel to Y axis
K = M / fcu b d2
Z = d(0.5 + (0.25 - K / 0.9))
Moment parallel to X axis
K = M / fcu b d2
Z = d(0.5 + (0.25 - K / 0.9))

=
=

0.027
629.375 mm

=
=

0.03
605.625 mm

Therefore Ty
Therefore Tx

2276 kN

806.25 kNm

806.25 kNm

=
=

1281 kN
1331.3 kN

In Y-direction

BS 8110-1
Table 3.25

Area of steel required in Y-direction

= Ty / (0.87 x fy)
= 2190570 / (0.87 x 500)
=
5036 mm2

Dia. of bars for main reinforcement

No. of bars required


Provide No. of bars

=
=

Area of steel provided


Spacing of main bars
Percentage of steel

=
=
=

25 mm
10.259
12 Nos
5890 mm2

OK
181.82 mm
0.37 % > 0.13 % OK

Provide
12 Nos. T25 bars

Ref

Calculations

Output

In X-direction
Area of steel required in X-direction

= Tx / (0.87 x fy)

Dia. of bars for main reinforcement

= 2276470 / (0.87 x 500)


=
5233 mm2
=
25 mm

No. of bars required


Provide No. of bars

=
=

BS 8110-1

Area of steel provided


Spacing of main bars

=
=

Table 3.25

Percentage of steel

Check for shear in Y-direction:


Shear stress along critical section (v)

= (N / 2) / (Bx x d)

10.661
14 Nos
6872 mm2

OK

Provide
14 Nos. T25 bars

150.00 mm
0.44 % > 0.13 % OK

= (4300000 / 2) / (2100 x 662.5)


=
1.55 N/mm2
< 5 N/mm2
Table 3.8

3.11.4.4.a

100 As / bv d
Design strength of concrete for shear resistance

=
=

(400 / d) (1/4)
Design shear resistance ( vc)

=
=

Critical section from face of the column (a v)

= 1350/2 - 600/2 - 0.3*450


=
240 mm

Enhanced shear stress = 2 d vc / av

OK

0.42 %
32 N/mm2
0.88
0.45 N/mm2

2.5 N/mm2

>

1.55

OK

Hence, shear links are not required.


Check for shear in X-direction:
Shear stress along critical section (v)

= (4300000 / 2) / (2100 x 637.5)


=
1.61 N/mm2
< 5 N/mm2

3.4.5.2
BS 8110
Table 3.8

= (N / 2) / (By x d)

100 As / bv d
Design strength of concrete for shear resistance
(400 / d) (1/4)
Design shear resistance ( vc)

=
=

3.11.4.4.a

Critical section from face of the column (a v)

= 1350/2 - 600/2 - 0.3*450


=
240 mm

3.4.5.8

Enhanced shear stress = 2 d vc / av

=
=

OK

0.52 %
32 N/mm2
1
0.55 N/mm2

2.93 N/mm2

>

1.61

OK

Punching stress
Perimeter of column (u)
Punching stress

= N / (u d)
=
2400 mm
=
2.76 N/mm2

<

5 N/mm2

OK

Side face reinforcement:


Dia. Of bar used for side face reinforcement

Hence, shear links are not required.


Check for punching shear:
At column face:

3.12.5.4

Spacing of bar

Hence, provide side face reinforcement - 2 nos. T16 bars

16 mm

= ( 2 x fy ) / 500
=
256 mm