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Study Materials for 1 st Year B.Tech Students

Paper Name: Mathematics Paper Code : M101 Teacher Name: Amalendu Singha Mahapatra Chapter – 2

Successive Differentiation

Lecture 3:

Objective:

In this section you will learn the following

Definition of successive derivatives. The notion of successive differentiation. The Leibniz’s formula. The related problems.

Definition of successive derivatives

We have seen that the derivative of a function of

Study Materials for 1 Year B.Tech Students Paper Name: Mathematics Paper Code : M101 Teacher Name:

is in general also a function of

.
.

This new function may also be differentiable, in which case the derivative of the first derivative is called the second derivative of the original function. Similarly, the derivative

of the second derivative is called the third derivative; and so on to the Thus, if

Study Materials for 1 Year B.Tech Students Paper Name: Mathematics Paper Code : M101 Teacher Name:

-th derivative.

Study Materials for 1 Year B.Tech Students Paper Name: Mathematics Paper Code : M101 Teacher Name:

and so on.

Notation

The symbols for the successive derivatives are usually abbreviated as follows:

Study Materials for 1 Year B.Tech Students Paper Name: Mathematics Paper Code : M101 Teacher Name:

If y = f(x), the successive derivatives are also denoted by

or or, The -th derivative For certain functions a general expression involving may be found for

or

 
or or, The -th derivative For certain functions a general expression involving may be found for
 

or,

 
or or, The -th derivative For certain functions a general expression involving may be found for
 

The

The -th derivative

-th derivative

For certain functions a general expression involving

For certain functions a general expression involving may be found for the -th

may be found for the

For certain functions a general expression involving may be found for the -th

-th

derivative. The usual plan is to find a number of the first successive derivatives, as many

as may be necessary to discover their law of formation, and then by induction write down

the

or or, The -th derivative For certain functions a general expression involving may be found for

-th derivative.

n d y ax Example 1. Given y = e , find . n dx ,
n
d y
ax
Example 1. Given y = e
, find
.
n
dx
,
, ...
,
.
n
d y
Example 2.
Given y = log x
, find
.
n
dx
, , , n d y Example 3. Given y = sinx, find . n dx
,
,
,
n
d y
Example 3.
Given y = sinx, find
.
n
dx
,

, ...

.
.
or or, The -th derivative For certain functions a general expression involving may be found for
Assignment: (1) If u = sinax + cosax , then show that n v = a

Assignment:

(1) If u = sinax + cosax , then show that n v = a {
(1) If u = sinax + cosax , then show that
n
v
= a
{
1
+
(
n
n
n
2n
(2)
If u = x show that
u
=
2
{
1.3.5
.........
(
2
n
1
)}
x
n
(3) If y = 2 cosx(sinx - cosx) then show that
n
+ 1
n
( 1)
2
2 ifniseven
(
y
)
=
n
0
n
1
n
( 1)
2
2 ifnisodd

1

)

n

sin 2 ax

}

1

2

.

WBUT 03

, n being a positive integer.

Objective type questions:

(1) The nth derivative of (ax + b)

10

(a)

a

10

(b) 10! a

10

(c) 0 (d) 10!

(2)

If

y

=

e

x

, then

y

n

is

when n >0 is

(a)

e

x

(b)

(

1) n

(c)

(

1) n

e

x

(d) none.

(3)

If y = xsinx , then

y

n

=

(a)

x

sin(

n + x

2

)

(b) sin(

x

2

+

x

)

+

n

sin((

n

1)

+

2

x

)

(c)

x

sin(

n

2

+

x

)

+

sin((

n

(d) none.

1)

+

2

x

)

WBUT 07

Lecture 4:

Objective:

Leibnitz's Formula for the

Leibnitz's Formula for the -th derivative of a product : This formula expresses the -th derivative

-th derivative of a product :

This formula expresses the

Leibnitz's Formula for the -th derivative of a product : This formula expresses the -th derivative

-th derivative of the product of two variables in terms of the

variables themselves and their successive derivatives.

If u and v are functions of

Leibnitz's Formula for the -th derivative of a product : This formula expresses the -th derivative

, each possessing derivatives upto nth order, then the nth

derivative of their product is given by

n n n ( uv ) = u v + c u v + c u
n
n
n
(
uv
)
=
u v
+
c u v
+
c u
v
+
......
+
c u
v
+
....
+
uv
,
n
n
1
n
1
1
2
n
2
2
r
n r
r
n
Where the suffixes of u and v denote the order of differentiations of u and v with respect
to x.
3
d y
x
Example 1.
Given y = e
log x , find
by Leibnitz's Formula.
3
dx
v = log x
Solution. Let
, and
; then
,
,
,
,
,
.
Substituting in the above theorem we get
n
d y
2 ax
Example 2.
Given y = x e
, find by
Leibnitz's Formula.
n
dx
Solution. Let
, and
; then
,
,
,
,
,
, ...
,
,
. Substituting in the
theorem we get
Leibnitz's Formula for the -th derivative of a product : This formula expresses the -th derivative

Assignment:

2 1. If y = ( x 1) n , then show that 2 ( x
2
1. If
y =
(
x
1) n , then show that
2
(
x
1)
y
+
2
xy
n n
(
+
1)
y
=
0
n
+
2
n
+
1
n
Hence deduce that
d
dp
2
n
(1
x
)
+
n n
(
+
1)
p
=
0
n
dx
dx
n
d
2
n
wherep
=
(
x
1)
n
n
dx
1
2.If
y
=
tan
x
then show that
2
(1
+
x
)
y
+
2
nxy n n
+
(
1)
y
=
0 .Hence find (
y
)
n
+
1
n
n
1
n
o
1
msin x
3. If
y
=
e
show that
2
2
2
(1
x
)
y
(2
n
+
1)
xy
(
n
+
m y
)
=
0 .
n
+
2
n
+
1
n
Also find
(
y
)
.
n
o
Objective type questions:
1.
If
y = sin 2x + cos 2x , then (
y
)
is equal to
n
o
n
n
(a) (
1)
2
(b) 2 n
(c) sin
n
+
cos
n
(d) none
2
2
100
2.
If
y = 5.x
+ 3,theny
=
100
(a) 100!
(b) 5×100!
(c) 0
(d) none.

WBUT2006

WBUT03,05