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# DO NOW!

1.  Evaluate 2(17 – 3x) for x = 4.

2.  Evaluate 4(7n + 6) for n = 5.

3.  Evaluate 3z – 5z + 9z for z = 12.
The Basic ProperJes
There  are  ﬁve  basic  properJes:  associate,
commutaJve, distribuJve, idenJty, and zero.
Every  math  system  you  have  ever  worked  with
has obeyed these properJes!
DistribuJve Property
a(b + c) = ab + ac
This means:
2(3 + 4) = 2 × 3 + 2 × 4
MulJply out and simplify each of the following:
2(x + y)

5(2n – 9)

8(7 + 5)
Rearranging
You  can  also  use  the  distribuJve  property  to
rearrange; this is called factoring out.
4x – 8

This is all true because of the distribuJve property.
Use the distribuJve property to rearrange these:
1.  9x + 27

2.  12n – 36

3.  20a + 55
AssociaJve Property
What does the word “associaJve” mean?
“The grouping of numbers…”
a + (b + c) = (a + b) + c
And mulJplicaJon:
a(bc) = (ab)c
Rearrange, using associaJve property:
2(3n)

5(7c)

1 + (99 + 73)
CommutaJve Property
Commute means to move around!

a + b = b + a

a × b = b × a
Rearrange 3 × n × 5
Use the commutaJve property!
The Zero‐Product Property
The zero‐product property states that if the product
of  two  factors  is  zero,  then  at  least  one  of  the
factors must be zero. If xy = 0, then x = 0 or y = 0.

Solve for x: (x + 5)(x – 1) = 0
Adding 0 to a number leaves it unchanged. We call

99 + 0 = 99
The MulJplicaJon IdenJty Property
We call 1 the mulJplicaJve idenJty. MulJplying
any number by 1 leaves the number unchanged.

12 × 1 = 12
LEARNING LOG – 6.N.2,3,4
Drew  believes  that  ‐2(7x  +  2x  –  13)  can  be
mulJplied out to equal ‐10x – 26. Is he correct?
Which properJes did she use? Explain!
Combining Like‐Terms
6x – 3x + 9 ‐ 5
Simplify these expressions…
and combine like terms!
5x + 3x – 2x + 7 – 3
6x + 4
2n – 7 – 5n + 8 + 6x
‐3n + 1 + 6x
10x – 4m + 8 – 9m + 7 + x
11x – 13m + 15
PRACTICE
Simplify the following expressions, using the properJes.
1.  5a + 7b – 2a + b
2.  23 + 5x +7y – x – y – 27
3.  3(x + 2) – 4x
4.  5(f – 3) – 13
5.  Why is it true that 3(4 + x) = 3(x + 4)? Which
property makes this true?
6.  Why is 3(4x) = (3 × 4)x?
7.  Why is 12 – 3x = 3(4 – x)?
LEARNING LOG – 6.N.2,3,4
Stuart simpliﬁed the expression 5x + 3 – 7x + 11
–  2z  and  found  ‐4x  +  14.  Is  he  correct?  Explain
and show proof!
PRACTICE 2
Simplify the following expressions.
1.  9a – 3b  + 7a + 3b
2.  14 + 3x – 5y – 9x + 3y – 13
3.  6(2x – 5) + 3x
4.  6(3f + 8) – 7
5.  Why is it true that 9(2 + 4x) = 36x + 18? Which
property makes this true?
6.  Why is 7(2x) = 14x? Which property makes this
true?
7.  Why is 15 – 5x = 5(3 – x)? Which property makes
this true?
LEARNING LOG – 6.N.2,3,4
Emma believes that 9x – 39 can be factored out
to  equal  3(13  –  3x).  Is  she  correct?  Which
properJes did she use? Explain!