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You are on page 1of 20

1. Evaluate
2(17
–
3x)
for
x
=
4.

2. Evaluate 4(7n + 6) for n = 5.

3. Evaluate
3z
–
5z
+
9z
for
z
=
12.

The
Basic
ProperJes

There
are
ﬁve
basic
properJes:
associate,

commutaJve,
distribuJve,
idenJty,
and
zero.

Every
math
system
you
have
ever
worked
with

has
obeyed
these
properJes!

DistribuJve
Property

“MulJplicaJon
distributes
over
addiJon.”

a(b
+
c)
=
ab
+
ac

This
means:

2(3
+
4)
=
2
×
3
+
2
×
4

MulJply
out
and
simplify
each
of
the
following:

2(x
+
y)

5(2n – 9)

8(7
+
5)

Rearranging

You
can
also
use
the
distribuJve
property
to

rearrange;
this
is
called
factoring out.

4x
–
8

This
is
all
true
because
of
the
distribuJve
property.

Use
the
distribuJve
property
to
rearrange
these:

1. 9x
+
27

2. 12n – 36

3. 20a
+
55

AssociaJve
Property

What
does
the
word
“associaJve”
mean?

“The
grouping
of
numbers…”

It
works
for
addiJon:

a
+
(b
+
c)
=
(a
+
b)
+
c

And
mulJplicaJon:

a(bc)
=
(ab)c

Rearrange,
using
associaJve
property:

2(3n)

5(7c)

1
+
(99
+
73)

CommutaJve
Property

Commute
means
to
move
around!

a + b = b + a

a
×
b
=
b
×
a

Rearrange
3
×
n
×
5

Use
the
commutaJve
property!

The
Zero‐Product
Property

The
zero‐product
property
states
that
if
the
product

of
two
factors
is
zero,
then
at
least
one
of
the

factors
must
be
zero.
If xy
=
0,
then
x
=
0
or
y
=
0.

Solve
for
x:
(x
+
5)(x –
1)
=
0

The
Zero
Property
of
AddiJon

Adding
0
to
a
number
leaves
it
unchanged.
We
call

0
the
addiJve
idenJty.

99
+
0
=
99

The
MulJplicaJon
IdenJty
Property

We
call
1
the
mulJplicaJve
idenJty.
MulJplying

any
number
by
1
leaves
the
number
unchanged.

12
×
1
=
12

LEARNING
LOG
–
6.N.2,3,4

Drew
believes
that
‐2(7x
+
2x
–
13)
can
be

mulJplied
out
to
equal
‐10x
–
26.
Is
he
correct?

Which
properJes
did
she
use?
Explain!

Combining
Like‐Terms

6x
–
3x
+
9
‐
5

Simplify
these
expressions…

and
combine
like
terms!

5x
+
3x
–
2x
+
7
–
3

6x + 4

2n
–
7
–
5n
+
8
+
6x

‐3n + 1 + 6x

10x
–
4m
+
8
–
9m
+
7
+
x

11x – 13m + 15

PRACTICE

Simplify
the
following
expressions,
using
the
properJes.

1. 5a
+
7b
–
2a
+
b

2. 23
+
5x
+7y
–
x
–
y
–
27

3. 3(x
+
2)
–
4x

4. 5(f
–
3)
–
13

5. Why
is
it
true
that
3(4
+
x)
=
3(x
+
4)?
Which

property
makes
this
true?

6. Why
is
3(4x)
=
(3
×
4)x?

7. Why
is
12
–
3x
=
3(4
–
x)?

LEARNING
LOG
–
6.N.2,3,4

Stuart
simpliﬁed
the
expression
5x
+
3
–
7x
+
11

–
2z
and
found
‐4x
+
14.
Is
he
correct?
Explain

and
show
proof!

PRACTICE
2

Simplify
the
following
expressions.

1. 9a
–
3b
+
7a
+
3b

2. 14
+
3x
–
5y
–
9x
+
3y
–
13

3. 6(2x
–
5)
+
3x

4. 6(3f
+
8)
–
7

5. Why
is
it
true
that
9(2
+
4x)
=
36x
+
18?
Which

property
makes
this
true?

6. Why
is
7(2x)
=
14x?
Which
property
makes
this

true?

7. Why
is
15
–
5x
=
5(3
–
x)?
Which
property
makes

this
true?

LEARNING
LOG
–
6.N.2,3,4

Emma
believes
that
9x
–
39
can
be
factored
out

to
equal
3(13
–
3x).
Is
she
correct?
Which

properJes
did
she
use?
Explain!

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