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DO
NOW!


1.  Evaluate
2(17
–
3x)
for
x
=
4.



2.  Evaluate
4(7n
+
6)
for
n
=
5.


3.  Evaluate
3z
–
5z
+
9z
for
z
=
12.


The
Basic
ProperJes

There
 are
 five
 basic
 properJes:
 associate,

commutaJve,
distribuJve,
idenJty,
and
zero.


Every
 math
 system
 you
 have
 ever
 worked
 with

has
obeyed
these
properJes!


DistribuJve
Property

“MulJplicaJon
distributes
over
addiJon.”

a(b
+
c)
=
ab
+
ac


This
means:


2(3
+
4)
=
2
×
3
+
2
×
4


MulJply
out
and
simplify
each
of
the
following:


2(x
+
y)


5(2n
–
9)


8(7
+
5)

Rearranging

You
 can
 also
 use
 the
 distribuJve
 property
 to

rearrange;
this
is
called
factoring out.



4x
–
8



This
is
all
true
because
of
the
distribuJve
property.

Use
the
distribuJve
property
to
rearrange
these:


1.  9x
+
27


2.  12n
–
36



3.  20a
+
55

AssociaJve
Property

What
does
the
word
“associaJve”
mean?

“The
grouping
of
numbers…”


It
works
for
addiJon:

a
+
(b
+
c)
=
(a
+
b)
+
c

And
mulJplicaJon:


a(bc)
=
(ab)c

Rearrange,
using
associaJve
property:

2(3n)


5(7c)


1
+
(99
+
73)

CommutaJve
Property

Commute
means
to
move
around!



a
+
b
=
b
+
a


a
×
b
=
b
×
a

Rearrange
3
×
n
×
5


Use
the
commutaJve
property!


The
Zero‐Product
Property

The
zero‐product
property
states
that
if
the
product

of
 two
 factors
 is
 zero,
 then
 at
 least
 one
 of
 the

factors
must
be
zero.
If xy
=
0,
then
x
=
0
or
y
=
0.



Solve
for
x:
(x
+
5)(x –
1)
=
0

The
Zero
Property
of
AddiJon

Adding
0
to
a
number
leaves
it
unchanged.
We
call

0
the
addiJve
idenJty.



99
+
0
=
99

The
MulJplicaJon
IdenJty
Property

We
call
1
the
mulJplicaJve
idenJty.
MulJplying

any
number
by
1
leaves
the
number
unchanged.



12
×
1
=
12

LEARNING
LOG
–
6.N.2,3,4


Drew
 believes
 that
 ‐2(7x
 +
 2x
 –
 13)
 can
 be

mulJplied
out
to
equal
‐10x
–
26.
Is
he
correct?

Which
properJes
did
she
use?
Explain!


Combining
Like‐Terms

6x
–
3x
+
9
‐
5

Simplify
these
expressions…


and
combine
like
terms!

5x
+
3x
–
2x
+
7
–
3


6x + 4  
2n
–
7
–
5n
+
8
+
6x

‐3n + 1 + 6x 
10x
–
4m
+
8
–
9m
+
7
+
x



11x – 13m + 15 
PRACTICE

Simplify
the
following
expressions,
using
the
properJes.

1.  5a
+
7b
–
2a
+
b

2.  23
+
5x
+7y
–
x
–
y
–
27


3.  3(x
+
2)
–
4x


4.  5(f
–
3)
–
13


5.  Why
is
it
true
that
3(4
+
x)
=
3(x
+
4)?
Which

property
makes
this
true?

6.  Why
is
3(4x)
=
(3
×
4)x?

7.  Why
is
12
–
3x
=
3(4
–
x)?


LEARNING
LOG
–
6.N.2,3,4


Stuart
simplified
the
expression
5x
+
3
–
7x
+
11

–
 2z
 and
 found
 ‐4x
 +
 14.
 Is
 he
 correct?
 Explain

and
show
proof!

PRACTICE
2

Simplify
the
following
expressions.

1.  9a
–
3b

+
7a
+
3b

2.  14
+
3x
–
5y
–
9x
+
3y
–
13


3.  6(2x
–
5)
+
3x


4.  6(3f
+
8)
–
7


5.  Why
is
it
true
that
9(2
+
4x)
=
36x
+
18?
Which

property
makes
this
true?

6.  Why
is
7(2x)
=
14x?
Which
property
makes
this

true?

7.  Why
is
15
–
5x
=
5(3
–
x)?
Which
property
makes

this
true?

LEARNING
LOG
–
6.N.2,3,4


Emma
believes
that
9x
–
39
can
be
factored
out

to
 equal
 3(13
 –
 3x).
 Is
 she
 correct?
 Which

properJes
did
she
use?
Explain!