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ABSTRACT

In Wireless Sensor and Actor Networks (WSANs), the phenomena`s of sensing and acting are

performed by sensor and actor nodes, respectively. The number of sensor nodes deployed in a

target area may be in the order of hundreds or thousands. Actor nodes are generally few in

number because actors have higher capabilities and can act on larger area. In WSANs, actors are

responsible for taking a localized decision which may require strong co-ordination with

neighboring actors. One of the major problems in WSANs is to place the actors within the

monitored region so that certain goals, such as maximizing actor coverage, minimizing data

collection delay, balancing the acting load etc., can be achieved. However, it may not be possible

in many applications as sensor networks are deployed on a fly. As a result, precise deployment is

difficult at network establishment time. Upon the occurrence of an event, the nodes report the

event to their nearby actor which can be at a considerable distance from the event region.

In order to decrease the energy consumption of nodes and to increase the network lifetime actors

can be repositioned near the event region. In existing literature, very little work has been

reported in the field of actor placement/ repositioning in WSANs. This work has been focused on

the development of an Efficient Actor Repositioning (EAR) algorithm that is aimed to extend the

network life time by reducing the energy consumption of the network.

An actor using EAR algorithm can find the appropriate co-ordinates to reposition/ relocate itself

or some other actor based on Euclidean distance, energy of the region and number of nodes.