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Synopsis

Water level Controller


By
Pushpen Agrawal
Ruchi Kaul
ECE,4th Year

Project Specification:-This will work in following conditions


1. WATER LEVEL BELOW THE LOWEST LEVEL
2. WATER LEVEL RISES TO BRIDGE ELECTRODE
3. WATER LEVEL RISES TO OVRFLOW LEVEL
4. AS WATER LEVEL FALLS DOWN
5. WHEN PUMP RUNS DRY

Main Components:-
POWER SUPPLY

Power supply is obtained using a 230/15v step down transformer. This is then
rectified using bridge

rectifier and filtered using capacitor filter .Then it is given to a regulator IC


(7812).The output of the regulator IC is used for the working of the circuit.

WATER LEVEL SENSING UNIT

The tank is used to fill the water. Certain provisions are provided in the tank, so that
we can automatically control the water level. The tank is provided with three
electrodes (L, B, and U). These electrodes are suspended into the tank .
PUMP CONTROL UNIT

This unit senses the water level by the indication of electrodes and controls the
pump. If the level L is achieved, the tank is automatically filled by the pump. If level
U is achieved, the pump stops filling automatically. Manual switch on/off of pump is
also possible.

PUMP

This is the final part of the block diagram .Using the provision for control; we can
control the working of the pump. The motor used here is 230v induction motor.

DRY CONDITION SENSING UNIT

When the motor runs dry, this unit senses and activates the buzzer circuit. For
sensing, two electrodes (A,B) are used. When A and B, and motor runs then it
activates the buzzer circuit and alarms sound to switch off the motor manually. This
unit will be only active when the motor is working.

WATER
PUMP
POWER LEVEL
CONTROL
SUPPLY SENSING
UNIT PUMP
UNIT

DRY

CONDITON

SENSING UNIT

&

BUZZER
Cost Analysis:-
COMPONENT NAME NUMBER COST
IC 1 7812 1 10 Rs
IC 2 NE 555 1 7 Rs
D1 – D2 1N 4007 6 3 Rs
LED1 LED 1 2 Rs
T1 & T4 BC 548 2 3 Rs
T2 SL 100 1 10 Rs
T3 BC 558 1 3 Rs
R1 10 ohm 1 0.5 Rs
R2,R3 & R4 1M ohm 3 1.5 Rs
R4, R5 & R7 10K ohm 3 1.5 Rs
R8 1K ohm 1 0.5 Rs
C1 (+ -) 1000 uF 1 3 Rs
C2 & C3 0.1 uF 2 2 Rs
C4, C6 & C7 1uF 3 3 Rs
C5 0.01uF 1 0.5 Rs
RL 1 12 V,200 ohm,SPST 1 10 Rs
X1 230 /15 V ,300 mA 1 55 Rs
PUSH TO ON SWITCH 1 5 Rs
PUSH TO OFF SWITCH 1 5 Rs
BUZZER 1 15 Rs
BREAD BOARD 1 85 Rs

TOTAL= 255 Rs
Block Diagram:-