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5 INVERSE OF A FUNCTION

i.e. Values of the independent variable are paired with values of the dependent variable.

The inverse of a relation can be found by switching the domain and range of the relation

(interchanging the x and y co-ordinates in each of the ordered pairs).

Recall: In Grade 10, we used SIN −1 to find the angle that has the value of the given ratio.

This is the inverse function of SIN .

Eg.

F −1 = {(3,2), (1,4), (5,6)}

Note: that the –1 is NOT an exponent

and so

Recall that a function is a specific type of relation where each value of x corresponds with

only one value of y.

So if the inverse of a function f(x), is also a function, then the inverse of f(x) is denoted by f-1(x).

Example 1.

−1

Find the inverse f of the function, whose ordered pairs are

{(−2,−8), (−1,1), (0,0), (1,1, ).( 2,8)} . Graph both relations. Is the inverse a function? Explain.

y

8 Findings: From your graph you should see that

by switching the x-and y-coordinates, you are

6

reflecting the original function, f ( x ) , in the line

4 .

line y = x, the graph of the original f ( x ) and it's

x inverse, f −1 ( x ) would match and lie on top of

-8 -6 -4 -2 2 4 6 8

each other.

-2

the x-value equals the y-value, making the

-6 interchange inconsequential.

-8

Finding the Equation of the Inverse

Example 2

Step 3: Rearrange the equation to solve for y.(i.e. "undress" the y (SAMDEB)).

−1

Step 4: Replace with the y with the inverse notation, f ( x) .

Example 3

1

a) f ( x) = −2 x −1 b) f ( x ) = 4( x − 3) +

2

x −5

c) f ( x) =

3

Example 4

b) Graph both f ( x ) and the inverse. Is the inverse function?

c) Determine the domain and range of f ( x ) and its inverse.

Solution y

8

6

4

2

x

-8 -6 -4 -2 2 4 6 8

-2

-4

-6

-8

Example 5

9

The formula to find temperature in degrees Celsius into degrees Fahrenheit is F = C + 32 .

5

Determine the inverse of this function. What does this represent? Is it a function?

Solution

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