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CHAPTER 27

1. To Justify American intervention in the Venezuela boundary dispute with Britain, Secretary of State Olney invoked
the MONROE DOCTRINE
2. As a result of the settlement of the Venezuelan boundary dispute, LATIN AMERICAN NATIONS WERE
PLEASED BY THE DETERMINATION OF THE US TO PROTECT THEM
3. American military strength during the Spanish-American War came mainly from IT’S LARGE ARMY or
OVERWELMING EUROPEAN SUPPORT or BATTLE-HARDENED ARMY GENERAL or ITS NEW STEEL
NAVY
4. The battleship Maine was sent to Cuba to PROTECT AND EVACUATE AMERICANS
5. Starting in 1917, many Puerto Ricans came to the mainland United States seeking EMPLOYMENT
6. By acquiring the Philippine Islands at the end of the Spanish-American War, the United States BECAME A FULL-
FLEDGED FAR EASTERN POWER
7. When the United States invaded Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War,
8. The greatest loss of life for American fighting men during the Spanish-American War resulted from
a. naval battles in the Caribbean.
b. the war in the Philippines.
c. land battles in the Cuban campaign.
d. sickness in both Cuba and the United States.
9. The 1889 Pan-American Conference resulted in SKETCHED A VAUGE PLAN FOR ECO COOPERATION
THROUGH RECIPROCAL TARIFF REDUCTION; BLAZED THE WAY FOR A LONG AND INREASINGLY
IMPORTANT SERIES OF INTER-AMERICAN ASSEMBLAGES; THE LOWERING OF TARIFF BARRIERS
BETWEEN PARTICIPATING NATIONS
10. When the United States captured the Philippines from Spain, HAWAII WAS ANNEXED BY THE UNITED
STATES???
11. U.S. naval captain Alfred Thayer Mahan argued that CONTROL OF THE SEA WAS THE KEY TO WORLD
DOMINANCE
12. President William McKinley asked Congress to declare war on Spain mainly because the AMERICAN PEOPLE
DEMANDED IT
13. President Grover Cleveland rejected the effort to annex Hawaii because A MAJORITY OF NATIVE
HAWAIIANS OPPOSED ANNEXATION TO THE US
14. Hawaii's Queen Liliuokalani was removed from power because SHE INSISTED THAT NATIVE HAWAIIANS
SHOULD CONTROL HAWAII
15. The Philippine nationalist who led the insurrection against both Spanish rule and United States occupation was
EMILIO AGUINALDO
16. The United States declared war on Spain even though the Spanish had already agreed to SIGN AN ARMISTICE
WITH THE CUBAN REBELS AND END RECONCENTRATION CAMPS
17. By the 1890s, the United States was bursting with a new sense of power generated by an increase in ALL OF
THESE
18. Arrange the following events in chronological order: (A) American declaration of war on Spain, (B) sinking of the
Maine, (C) passage of the Teller Amendment, (D) passage of the Platt Amendment. BACD
19. A major factor in the shift in American foreign policy toward imperialism in the late nineteenth century was
a. the need for additional population
b. the desire for more farmland
c. the construction of an American-built isthmian canal between the
Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Ocean
d. the need for overseas markets for increased industrial and
agricultural production
20. President McKinley justified American acquisition of the Philippines primarily by emphasizing that THERE WAS
NO ACCEPTABLE ALTERNATIVE TO THEIR ACQUISITION
21. A major weakness of Spain in the Spanish-American War was THE WRETCHED CONDITION OF ITS NAVY
22. The "Rough Riders," organized principally by Teddy Roosevelt, WERE COMMANDED BY COLONEL
LEONARD WOOD
23. During the Spanish-American War, the entire Spanish fleet was destroyed at the Battle of SANTIAGO
24. As to whether American laws applied to the territory acquired in the Spanish-American War, the Supreme Court
decided that THEY MIGHT BE SUBJECT TO AMERICAN RULE, BUT THEY DID NOT ENJOY ALL
AMERICAN RIGHTS
25. In his book Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis, the Reverend Josiah Strong advocated
American expansion TO SPREAD AMERICAN RELIGION AND VALUES
26. The Venezuela boundary dispute was settled by ARBITRATION OF THE VENEZUELAN AND BRITISH
CLAIMS
27. During the boundary dispute between Venezuela and Britain, the United States SUPPORTED THE
VENEZUELAN CLAIM
28. The Teller Amendment SAID THE US WOULD NOT TAKE OVER CUBA AFTER THE WAR
29. The numerous near-wars and diplomatic crises of the United States in the late 1880s and 1890s demonstrated THE
AGGRESSIVE NEW NATIONAL MOOD
30. The question of the annexation of __________ touched off the first major imperialistic debate in American history.
HAWAII
31. One reason that the British submitted their border dispute with Venezuela to arbitration was TO STRESS THEIR
GROWING ANGER WITH GERMANY
32. All of the following became possessions of the United States under the provisions of the Treaty of Paris except
GUAM, CUBA, PUERTO RICO, PHILLIPPINES
33. At the time, the most controversial event associated with the Spanish-American War was the PHILLIPINES
34. Of the following, the individual who had the least enthusiasm for U.S. imperialistic adventures as the nineteenth
century ended was
a. Theodore Roosevelt c. Alfred Thayer Mahan
b. Grover Cleveland d. William McKinley
35. Americans favored providing aid to the Cuban revolutionaries for all of the following reasons except
a. outrage at the Spanish use of reconcentration camps
b. anger at Spain's destruction of the sugar cane and sugar mills
c. fear that Spanish misrule in Cuba menaced the shipping to the
West Indies.
d. sympathy for patriots fighting for their freedom
36. Anti-imperialists presented all of the following arguments against acquiring the Philippine Islands except that THE
ISLANDS WERE RIGHTFULLY SPAIN’S, FOR THEY WERE TAKEN AFTER THE ARMISTICE HAD BEEN
SIGNED
37. The battleship Maine was sunk by SPONTANEOUS COMBUSTION IN ONE OF THE COAL BUNKERS
ADJACENT TO A POWDER MAGAZINE; AN EXPLOSION ON THE SHIP
38. In an attempt to persuade Spain to leave Cuba or to encourage the United States to help Cuba to gain its
independence, Cuban insurrectos BURNED THE CANE FIELDS AND SUGAR MILLS
39. The United States gained a virtual right of intervention in Cuba in the PLATT AMENDMENT
40. American imperialists who advocated acquisition of the Philippines especially stressed CONVERTING THEM
FROM SPANISH CATHOLICISM TO PROTESTANT AND PROFITS AND CIVILIZATION
41. The Philippine insurrection was finally broken in 1901 when EMILIO AGUINALDO, THE FILIPINO LEADER,
WAS CAPTURED